,. , I ...... ____ . STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK, COLLEGE AT CORTLAND Volume XVIII Number 16 Racism topic discussed at Higgins By JEFFREV ROSENJJLOOM Special to the Press Racism was the topic of discussion at Higgins Hall last Wednesday. Kevin Stone, Debbie Lesser, and Janis Strong, R.A. 's at Hig- gins Hall organized a panel discussion about racism in- cluding members of the Cor- _ tland College faculty and community. The panel was made up of Bill Hopkins, psychology, John Sosa, sociology, Kathryn Russell, philosophy, Marilou McLaughlin, assis- tant to the president and af- firmative action officer, Paul Kalland, residence hall direc- tor of the Twin Towers, and Marty Mack, Mayor of Cort- land. An opinion poll was distributed through Higgins Hall. The poll showed that 82 percent . feel there is a racism problem in our socie- tv today while 13 percent feh there was no problem. The poll also showed that only 34 percent Jta:ve experien~ed racism, wl\ile-66·percent had not. James Clark, State Univer- sity· College at Cortland president, spoke first. He defined racism as \treatment of a group of people based on certain characteristics,\ usually carrying negative connotations. Clark said racism is not only a U.S. problem but an international problem. Clark said in the U.S. we have been addressing the problem thorugh affirmative steps, and are in the forefront on this movement. Mack said racism \creates artificial obstacles\ to jobs and education. Mack said these obstacles were at one time institutional but have now been removed. Racism is now more subtle and harder to locate, said Mack. Sosa said racism is an ideology containing a logic. These l<'gics are flawed because ·'they are based on assumptions not science,\ ''Americans have a tolerance to watch suffering,\ said Hopkins. Prejudices are learned and not taught, .said Hopkins. McLaughlin showed the Black History Month need for affirmative action by stating statistics o~ the poor in the U.S. She stated that ten percent of white peo- ple are poor, 25~ percent are hispanic, 33 percent are black, and 50 percent are Native Americans. Most of the speakers tried to give ideas to change racism. Mack said, to change racism the objective evidence must be brought forth that something is being done, Mack continued, \this is what affirmative action does.\ Hopkins said there needs to be an emphasis on characteristics that signify humanness and not dif- ferences. Both Russell and McLaughlin agree the key is in education. Russell said ''teachers must take a stand in opposition to racism.'' \We can all do our part, then we can do away with the problem,\ said Kalland. After Kalland spoke the discussion was opened to stu- dent questions and com- ments. One student said \people are instilled by sodety to be1Jrejudtcedn and RAs Debbie Lesser. Kevin Stone, and Janis Sturvy. asked where prejudiced starts Sosa answered,\ prejudice starts in t.he elementary schools and 75 percent of culture is instilled into a per- son by four years of age.\ Donald -Somerville, minority affairs coordinator for CCSA, said at Mondays student senate meeting that this forum will be visiting all the residence halls before the end of the semester. \The FBI and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. By KATHRYN ZONA StoffWriter The sandwich seminar on Tuesday was on the FBI and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. presented by Donald Wright. People identify with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as a reas.~uring democracy in the lives, but realistically Dr. King was more a radical threat as discovered by the FBI. The FBI didn't begin to take notice to King until 1958 when he was stabbed by ablack woman, and while in the hospital when a black communist by the name of Davis donated blood for him. In January 1962 the FBI began to make some drastic measures after finding more information on King. He had a good friend, Stanley Levin- son member of the com- , munist party who helpede~it King's book and also d~d King\s income taxes. So m !962 the FBI got authoriza- tion to tap Levinson's home. 1 n November 1962 King criticized the FBI on the Albany Georgia Case and called them racists. In August 1963 the Domestic Intelligence Department put out . a memorandum on Martin Luther King Jr. saying that he was a dangerous negro, as Hoover put i~. Two months later the FBI loosened their ties with Stanley Levinson and learned new information on King. The Domestic Intelligence Department took over. Wherever King went agents had already been. For in- stance when King was scheduled to go to Washington D.C., agents had previously planted nine microfilms in his room at the Willard Hotel. They got 12 reels of tape just from that visit alone. Hoover said he would destroy King and sent these reels to President Johnson. The FBI was out to discredit King. There were three essential categories dur- ing the surveillance on King. The first being during 1962- 'the reason as the FBI felt was to protect Americans from communist parties. The second being to find outKing's personal and private life, exactly what he was and wasn't doing during his off hours. That was the 1964-65. Finally in 1965-66, was chiefl.Y a political surveillance. Kings last rnro years of his N.Y. State adopts new EOP logo By PATRICK GORMLEY Staff Reporter _ The logo for Cortland Col- l'ege's Educational Oppor- tmnity Program was recently adopted by the New York State Council of E.O.P. Directors. The logo, created by Don- na Curtin, Sperry Learning Genter graphic artist, will be . used. by all E.O.P. units statewide. . ,., ~ Curtin said· Cortland ,col- lege's E.O.P. director, Torn Newkirk was responsible for bringing the logo to the at- tention of the Council of E.O.P. directors in Albany .. \They were the ones who elected to adopt it, and [they] called us to get permission,'' she said. Curtin, a S.U.N.Y. Binghamton graduate is in her fifth year at Sperry Center. She has also designed various college publications, , · . as weU as freelance work for · . Cornell University, . . . .... '· .. . . political activities, who he spoke with and why. The FBI was so intent on finding out everything that the Congress started looking in the surveillence process. Then the FBI got a little nervous, so they held back. The reason for the FBI wan- ting to know all about King was because King was a chief critic of the FBI and because King was persuasive and because he made notice of there being no blacks in the FBI. Authors' Wright said, some of the books he read before the seminar, views were more or less tied together. Some believe King was a cultural threat to America, and looked upon the FBI as an organization from King as being a radical change. The FBI believed King was a representative of a paranoid style enemy of American society. In 1958, King stated \I am a Marxist\ and he believed in radical re-distribution in American society. King also believed that you don't gain success through moral per- suasion and that economic class was more important than race.