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The Katonah times. (Katonah, N.Y.) 1878-1911, March 05, 1909, Image 7

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4 THE BUSY AWKR1CAN UEE. LOW TRAILS OF THE LION. His Honey Sells for Enough to Paj Interest on the Public Debt. The value of $125,000,000 placed •on the anaual output of lioii.v |. u ia this farm crop only slightly behind raw cane su^ar, which haJ a valua­ tion at the refineries of $2S.'JU0,u'J0 KJonrparlSons with the output of tiio aixty-four beet-sugar factories, which Wave a capacity of 49,500 tons of beats dally, may seem odious Yet the product of this coddled and fos­ tered industry—$4 5.000.000^\vas less than double of that of the busy hive communities The bee in effect, pays tho interest on the public debt—$24,310,320 Shall not the insect which Napo eon made an imperial emblem ha\c some state recognition such as Massachu­ setts gives to the codlish in Its legis­ lative halls? As a mayer of fact, the prod-uctg t>f the Nc-w England fisheries which have been the subject of treaties and International conven­ tion-., and occasionally raised the spectro of war, amount in value to only half the bee's product • At least the boe deserves a share in *he national affection which is lavished on the hen. This indus­ trious worker maintained it? reputa­ tion during the year by glvlrp; poul­ try products a value of $600,000,000. exceeding that of the wheat crop. That the dairy products counted for more than any crop except corn tes- tliles to the Importance of another of the humbler farm industries. The great proportions to which the lesser agricultural products have grown, tbe orchards with their minor item of 1,764,927 barrels of cider, the $113,000,000 worth or miscel­ laneous vegetables, the 5,000,00 0 tons of cottonseed, once plantation vaste, but now furnishing the equiv­ alent In value of seven 20,000-ton hattlcships, make a nature wonder story of never-failing. Interest Hole In the Wutcli Key. \Tbe queerest patent.\ said the at­ torney. \Well tho queerest patent 1 know of, was the patent of a hole ' An old farmer out St Louis way. patented a hole, and what is more, lie made a lot of money on it Now, though, it isn't worth the paper it Is written on. \The farmer one morning In the dim past went to wind his big silver turnip and found the key stuck full ef dirt. He tried to dig th« dirt out with a pin. No go. \'Consarn ye,\ he said.'TU fix ye ' \And he arllled a hole in tbe key, end with a single breath blew out every bit of tho dirt. \He patented tbat^h'oie He built a factory, bou^Uc LUHWC&S C* k»y« and made holes for them His plant turned out 27,500 holes a day. 'In fact^-aii the. vrorld used the rmer 'a watch key*, which were the Jklnid tnattwpujd keen CIWM Frequently Lives for Days on Such Plobian Food as Rats. The king of beasts,\ declares a wilier upon the lions of Africa, is an unmitigated nuisance. The stock- OWIILT loathes him for the havoc he range s c ong the herds. There is no bL -iu.it/ against tim. Ho is always traveling. A pair of Jlons may find a \spot where game is easily obtain­ able, and make a considerable stay tin re. but their real home is the whole \eld. if the lion slew only as much as he coul''. cat, he would 1> L- less liateful, but he will ofteu kill four or live oxen and content himself with de\ourlng only the entiaU of on;-. He is a low, .crafty brute, one tliat takes no risks, for, unlike tbe leoii ard, he will never leap a wall unless he can see what is on the other side. A paper fence would keep him away from a herd of cattle provided they did not break out through terror of his growling and his smell. The . lion's roar is the subject of another fiction: not that hi is not capable of making the most terrible, awe-Inspir­ ing sound emitted by any livini; thlnp, but because when he is roar­ ing he is harmless. It is tho lion which keeps quiet that is to be fear­ ed, for as a rule, the male and fe­ male work in couples, and the one that makes tho nolbe is merely driv­ ing tli'e game down the wind to the silent partner. In a single rsspect only—on tho scorp of strength—does the lion do serve \is name of \king of beasts ' He can drag a largo bullock over rough ground with the greatest ease; he can carry a mule on his bark after holsti.i^, it there by sone strange sideways, jerk of his head he can leap a five-foot fence with a full-sized donkey gripped in his mouth Otherwise, speaking from a seven years' experler.ee In the llou countrj, I have no hesitation in de scribing the king of beasts aa a fraud, at least so far as'his. alhgod nobility is concerned His re^al attribute! lo.<o some of their glamor ./hen ono learns that tho so-called monarch frequently llvi-s for days at a time on such pleb- lan food as fieic rats; and tho vis­ ion of the kingly creaturo sitting pa­ tiently on a Hat rock waiting for the rats to come out from underneath is a rather unherolc one. CUSTEKS FIGHT AND F0RSYTHS SIEGE BY BUFFALO BILL FEOM'TBUE TALES OF THE PLAINS* coPVTuoKxisoe.Br mixun r.canr G 5i?«r*ke7l«Ml. watch.\.- f.»> Malaria and Degeneration. A bold and Interesting generaliza­ tion concerning the vast effect* which malaria may have produced on tho history ct greuc ana famous na­ tions and people has recently appeared In England in the form of a book by W. H. S. Jones, fupplemented vlth an Intro­ duction by Major Ronald Ross. It ls_ suggested that the mosquito has been largely responsible for the de­ cline of certain nations, as, for in­ stance, Greece, in the character of whose peoples historians have re­ corded a great change during the fourth century before the Christian era. Major Ross's investigations suggest that malaria may have been 'ntrod'-rccd Into Greece at that time. The conclusion is also drawn that malaria did not exist in Italy much before 200 B. C, unci the suggestion Is made that Hannibal's army Intro­ duced it. \Malaria says Mr. Jones, \made the Greek weak and ineffic­ ient; it turned the sterner Roman in­ to a bloodthirsty brute—atra bills mado its victims mad.\ The moral seems to be that nations like Indi­ viduals, should beware of mosqui­ toes. HOAT to Tell Kubic In a Doji. Here are tho symptoms rnd pro gressive stages of rabies, given by Dr. George C Rambaud of the Pas tour Institute, by which owners of dogs may know the diseases in their in t .i. Tuo »>mpiom3 appear in this order. 1. Change in the disposition of the dog. it Unusu I show of attachment ster. ppearance from It* home »8rfira.> v tours. t,o twq days, inge in the bark or total' barking, even- on ijroroca- trbn. 5. Lack of appetite, difficulty In chewing and swallowing solid food. 6. Excitement and hallucina­ tions. The dog nnaps at imaginary ob­ jects and may attack its master, it la excited by- the sight ot another dog though this stage may ba absent in the dumb form of the disease. 7. The dog eats Its own bedding, tears cushions.\ carpets, &c. 8. It seems to be unable to eat The dog takes food Into the mouth but the food drops out after ono or two attempts to swallow it. Drink­ ing, however. Is interfered with very little, o. not at all, and there is no hydrophobia (\water fear\) in the strlcted sense of tho word. 9. Unsteady gait, which shows the beginning of naralvsin in the hind quarters The pupil\ of the eyes are dilated 10. Later, there are paralysis of the lower jaw, shown by the drop­ ping ot the jaw. general parnlys-W and death. ENERAL SHERIDAN institut­ ed methods of fighting tbe In­ dians somewhat In their own style and continued them wi­ der tho most distressing conditions in the winter. Among his ablest and most daring lieutenants at the time was General George A. Custer, the dashing enTOlry Hero of tbr- Army of the-Poto^ mac. His final campaign Is so strikingly remembered thfftit is well here to give a short description of one of his thrlll- Ingly successful,' battles, sometimes called \Custer 's Virtory ofr .thc Washi­ ta \ General Sheridan, who was in com­ mand of the\department was himself In the field. These Indians having perpetrated many outrages, popular Indignation seconded and demanded active retribution. The Indians rat urally lu winter drifted southward If possible, and Sheridan had made a rendezvous at Camp Supply, In Indian Territory, a hundred miles south of Fort Dodge. Believing that they were iu camp in concealment somewhere, Sheridan elected to detach Custer and his regiment and send them on a scout, while lie himself would seek in anoth er direction, with Canjp Supply as a base On Nov 23, at 4 o 'clock in the morning, in a snowstorm. Custer re­ ported himself ready to march with liis usual evidenced anxiety to tight On the 2Cth the Canadian river was reached, and Major Elliot was sent on a prospecting tour, while he crossed the river with his immediate com­ mand. The Ice was not strong enough tp bear them up, so they had to break through it in fording the river. After crossing Scout Corbin brought news thHt Elliot had struck a trail on the south side of the river. This he was sent orders to follow until night and then to wait for Custer and Ills men. Leaving the wagon train behind him under an escort, abandoning some and taking thc'Ir pack train of mules, a hundred rounds of ammunition and commissary stores of one day's rations of coffee and hard tack and some for­ age for his horses, he hastened on. Troop after troop was relieved at *ba uuui for breaking the road, and the horses were pushed, to the limit of their condition of safety, as the In­ dians, if they were in as large a num­ ber \ar believed, might amirasb -Elllot- and his men. They, c hjfjj JjUUgt, ; at- 0 o'clock. - \' A council was cal cided is, *alt ufttfl thejLlo follow 'ihi rest did the coramiuw .«a «w ,«igm*^ saddle girths being Iwjsiwrt^^^Tbe horses given their scanty suppiy. With an able disposition of the scoats In advance, Custer led his men, and In about nn hour's ride Little Beaver ap­ proached and wild he smtlt are.' A halt, and Custer and the scouts went forward, crawled up over the ridge, Fruit and Sugar for Horses. Grain is not the only fruit on which the horse thrives. In Egypt the Khedive's- best mares are fed largely on currant3, and these ani­ mals are noted for their endurance and speed. Fig3, during the fig harvest, form the food of the horses of Smyrna; they turn to it from oats or hay. The green tops of the sugar cane are fed to the houses of the West IntUe3, and for long weeks in many parts of Canaaa windfall 'apples form the horse's only food. In Tasmania peaches and in Arabia dates take the placo of the usual hay and -oats, corn and bran. A Successful Marriage. An old farmer was once asked the •question, \is marriage a failure?\ and his reply was, \My missus minds the hbuse, tends the children, milks the cows, feeds the poultry, looks af­ ter the pigs, make the bread, churns the butter and other odd jobs, and all for nothing a week, and -what could ii» cheaper than that? No r -marriage lsn t a failure down jny way.\ Sheep as Beasts of Burden. In the Northern part of India sheep are put to a use unthought of in European or American countries They are made to serve as beasts of burden, because they are more sure­ footed than larger beasts, and the mountain paths along the foot of the Himalayas are ^teep and difficult. The lo<-.d for each sheep is from 16 to 20 pounds. Che sheep are driven from village to village with the wool still growing, and in each town the farmer shears as much wool as he can 6ell there and loads tho sheep with the grain whlcu he reoelves In exchange. After his flock has (been sheared he turns its homeward, each sheep having on its back a small bag containing the purchased grain. New Tire Puncture Remedy. Concerning the new substance call­ ed \miraculum\ invented by an Australian for repairing and preserv­ ing pneumatic tires of vehicles. Con­ sul Albert Halstead of Birmingham, furnishes tha following Information. A compound has been brought to the United Kingdom from Australia which, it is claimed, will prevent the puncturing of p'ueumatic tires on bi­ cycles, motor bicycles and motor cars. The new composition Is short­ ly to be placed in the British market. A New Word. The latest expression in the word crop of 1908 Is \notel.\, it was first used \a Cincinnati and means a per­ son wh/'^has no telephone. A Welsh Record. -'- There\ Are on the membership roll of a church In Pyle, Wales, twelve people whose ages average years, the youngest of the group be­ ing 77, and the oldest 93. Is this a record? * With a cheer the cavalry charged. saw a little Are smoldering, which the scout said had been used by those guarding the ponies. The main camp was tit no great distance. Whispered commands were given and Cook's sharpshooters dismounted and advanced. The regiment was divided into four squadrons—Major Elliot was to go around on the left and get in the rear of the camp; Thompson, on the right, irai to connect with Elliot; Captain Myers on the right and Thompson on the left, with Custer and four troops In what would! be the center. Hoping for no discovery by the foe, C'hsfor was to gauge tbe time necessary and give tbe signal to attack With the bugle. About nn hour before dawn Captain Myers' ti^op took up the last n >»' VC1 ,„ . nearest position A moment before i!.e 82 H ' Ben oral vcas nbout-to order the charge teoun«»ed tl rifle shot signal WAS heard from one of the Indjari guards in ' ie camp, and Custer's bugle sounded Three echoes came from three different directions, the cavalry charged, and •with cheers the fracas opened. Jump­ ing from their lodges, hiding behind (rocs or lining the bank of the little stream that acted as a rifle pit. the reds fought iu valu Black Kettle himself was killed, besides 103 of his warriors. The village was captured: the pony herds wero«hot, as they could not b_e carried .nw^y. taking an hour to kill S75 of them. The village and all its possessions of winter provisions. In­ cluding a thousand buffalo robes, hun­ dreds of pounds of dried mont, etc., were destroyed Over 500 pounds of powder and a thousand pounds of lead wore at the same time captured Fifty- three squaws and children were made prisoners, thus entirely destroying Hliiek Kettle. Elliot and a party of fourteen, who had followed some flying parlies, were missing, having run Info o larger band of Indians in a large nd joining village, which threatened now t\ rush on tho command and give tit for tat. but Custer milled every man threw out skirmishing parties and ad vanced. with his bunds and bugles playing, and after some sharp fighting tho Indians, believing that ho must have re-enforcementa and seeing Major Hell, with an escort, coming dashing ith n load of ammunition. Which, by the way, was badly needed, and hav­ ing Little- Rock, tboir fighting chleJL killed, they broke nway and scattered. An unknown number were killed and wourded during ilie nil day fightin A white woman and child wpre found in the village who were killed by the. Indians for revenge during tho oponlu of tho fight Our loss wa«s seven killed and ele-. en wounded. Owln^ to the condition of tbe weath­ er, L -tc.. It was necessary to get back to Camp Supply to recuperate, which was successfully accomplished. That same winter Custer repeated the same trick on a larger village and wiped it from the face of the earth and cap tured Satanta, whom he held until many white captivps were given up In exchange. After some rest following the baltle of the Washita a search party was sent nut *«v find trace of Elliot and his men. whose remains they found, the story being afterward learned from the Indians how catas­ trophe overcame them. Flushed with success in the Black Kettlo village 1 , JBUiot pursued the flying band and ran \ ( teto the midst of a big band of braves teaming to assist in the flght They J^ere, .seen, an ambush was quickly Ij ^jltfacted, and they were surrounded, •'plrteir horses were shot down and oth- 1 '«*• dismounted, and they stood back to back till all died gallantly fighting. Often the white men had narrow escapes from extermination. General George A. Forsyth's siege on tho Arlck- stree rive? in September, 1888, being n famous example. General Forsyth was In command of a body of about fifty plainsmen, en­ listed as scouts, and camped beside tho Arickarce river, a small stream In northwestern Kansas. The Indians had been reported as uprising, and the expedition was projected for the pur­ pose of flndiDg out the true state of affairs. It 'being a season when very little water was In the river, tbe party removed its camp to an island in the middle of the stream. There their worst fears were early realized, for at 9 o'clock on the morning of Sept. 17, Y iSGS, Chief Roman Nose entered the river valley with his braves, squaws and children and prepared for an at­ tack. Roman Nose was a heroic speci­ men of the Indian warrior, and he headed a parly of nearly a thousand hostile braves. General Forsyth immediately began making the best preparations he could with a view to fortifying hi3 position, digging rifle pits and placing saddles and other available material lu a circle around hN men There was so little water' iu the rher bed that he knew band to hand encounters would result from the impending attack unless the advancing host could be repelled be­ fore they reached the Imperiled sol­ diers. Indian sharpshooters ranged in lildlng along both banks of the stream began pouring Into the Forsyth posi­ tion a deadly fire at close range. The besieged men crouched iu the rifle pits they bad dug in tbe sand, their fire­ arms in recdiness, awaiting the word of command Closer came the caval­ cade of redskin3 until their fellow- sharpshooters were compelled to cease firing for fear of killing their own men. Then Forsyth shouted \Now'\ and a crash of musketry rang from fifty guns. It was apparent that the Indians were bent upon riding down their prey and killing them on the spot The first volley made no change In their Intentions. At a second volley they did not waver, but when others followed too rapidly to count the ranks began to thin out. and at last Roman Nose went down, shot dead from bla horse. The death of their defiant lead­ er sent consternation Into the ranks of liis followers, and when they were within a hundred yards of the mlnla- tur-- fort they broke In a panic. Lining 1bo ne T t two hours tbe For­ syte I irty i\v their cifle pits deeper, pirengthened their barricades with the brdles of their destroyed hordes and •iro'o.'tcd themselves .is best they could against a second atta'k. At 2 o'clock the thdlans were again driven off, arid for a third time they returned at 4 o'clock to be once more and finally re­ pulsed. The_ Forsyth par-ty suffered se­ verely In all three of tho attacks. All their horses and mules had been killed, thus cutting off their menus of escape. Lieutenant Fred needier, a nephew of Henry Ward Ileochor, the distinguish­ ed Brooklyn divine, nnd five of his men, had also been killed or mortally Xvounded, nnd seventeen men, Includ­ ing General Forsyth, had been serious­ ly wounded. Practically only seven men out of the original number were unharmed. Fort Wallace, the nearest military post, wRs a hundred miles away, und the situation was indeed desperate for General Forsyth and his men, without food and surrounded by nearly a thou­ sand Indlnns. Tbe dead horses were ut into strips for food, nnd a well nslde the circular breastworks was Jug for water. Tbe defense was fur­ ther strengthened as best It could bc,_ tind, ever watchful, they passed four days with no sign from the Indians save an occasional shot when a scout Indiscreetly rose to stretch himself. On the second day the horse meat C. L. HUNT & CO. IK- Dry Lumber and Lehigh Coal, Persons contemplating Building wll do well to call and examine thta Stock befor purchasing. Goldens Bridge, - N.Y. P. DIEHL * » Bakei ^ Coniection , Oakea. Plea, Etc. First-claag and * ways reliable. Supplies DOYLE'S BAKERY,K»toa*h • • Brewster, N. Y. •o#o«oeo»o»oaoBjofJo»joi LEWIS p. MILLER | Real Estate 1 Fire - - — And Life - Insurance, KATONAH, - N. Y. —o— Bend Description of Tour _ Property \For Sale\ or S \To-Rent.\ 2 d«o«o«o«o«o»o«o»o«o«oajo«o#. They crawled into thr Imffalo skeleton for refuge could not be eaten. Suffering became Intense, and sending; for help was ab­ solutely necessary, else the command would perish. Jack Stilwcll. a noted scout, then a beardless youth in buck­ skin, volunteered to go to Fort Wal­ lace. Old Pete Trudeau, a frontiers­ man, sdld he would go with him. At mldplght the pair crept out from the breastworks and were quickly lost sight of. Stilwell decided that tha best route to take would be by^goinjf directly ashore and over tbe bluff and not to detour up or down the river.or follow the ravines Into the interior,' for he judged that the Indiana would guard these seemingly less perilous avenues, feeling that no one would take a chance of escaping over the bluff. Crawling on their stomachs and sojuetlojca on their hands and knees, three miles were covered before dawn. They saw Indians on every hand. The first stage of their long Journey brought them to the top of tbe divide between the Arickarce and South Re­ publican rivers. There they concealed themselves for the day in a washout, or head of a draw, where the banks had been overgrown with tall gran and sunflowers. From over the hill they could hear firing all day. which told them that their comrades still held out. <* Next night they crept away across the south fork of the Bepubllcan, nnd the morning of the fourth day found them on the prairie at the bead of Goose creek. The Indians seemed to have been left behind, and the boy and man decided now to travel also by day. This piece of recklessness near­ ly cost them their lives, for about 8 o'clock In the morning they saw In­ dians coming toward them, and they dropped into the grass. Fortunately the Indians bad not discovered them but It was necessary to hide quickly In looking for a place to conceal them­ selves on the open plains they discov­ ered some weeds growing around a buffalo carcass. Crawling to their prospective shelter, they found that the buffalo bad been killed about a year before nnd that the skeleton was intact, with Utile bits of hide banging to the ribs in'places.* In a \moment they had crawled into the skeleton with its almost unbearable stench. The tenseness of their situation, cou­ pled with tbe dangers at hand, began to affect Trudeau's mind, and he al­ most broke down completely. He wanted to shout,\ shoot bis revolver nnd leap out from their hiding place, but Stilwell persuaded htm to remain quiet until dark, when a refreshing drink of w\ater revived him. and they traveled on through the night. The nest day was foggy, and they traveled by daylight without trouble. About 11 o'clock, when almost utterly ex­ hausted, they saw coming out of the haze of the Denver wagon road two Soldiers bearing dispatches. The cou­ riers were on the way to Colonel Car­ penter's command, I3 ing at Lake Sla­ ter, about fifty miles from where Gen­ eral Forsyth was besieged. Spurring their horses, they mado all haste to r< 'one' Carpenter's camp, and his fn -ce was quickly marched to General I'Tt '-th'i relief. R H. LENT'S Livery, Sale, AND Exchange Stables X ATOM AH, N.Y. STAGE AND MAII*JJNB. Going to Cross River, South Saiom. and Lake Waceabuc from TC«ton ^h; Leaving at 8.15 a.m., and returning at 15 p. m. ThePOTOCOHfir SAVINGS BA]U( BREWSTER, H. Y. A semi-annual dividend at the rate of Four Per Cent. per annum has been declared and will be credited to depositors Jan. 1, 1909, on all sums not exceeding 13,000. Deposits made on or before the tenth of each quarter, January, April, July and October will draw in­ terest from the first of that quarter. W. S. PADDOCK. President. A. F LOBDELL, Sec. &Trea». G..H. REYNOLDS, Aset. Secy. N OW is the time to buy awnings. Over 300 to select from. The only maker of REVERSIBLE AWNINGS No cloth to get in the pul­ leys. A child can operate then. Don't forget po get one of my flags. Full number of stars on them. Fred W. Sanford •• \Th« Awning Man\ KATONAH, • - NEW YORK. •o«o«o»o#o»o»o»o»o»o#o#o»o N. H. VORIS, I General luctioneer, | Real Estate igent, and | Land Ippraiser. o C o • £ Northern Westchester and South- 0 ern Putnam Counties Farms a I 5 specialty. All business promptly j • and carefully attended to. 1 GOLDENS MIDGE, N.Y. •o#oeo#o#o9oto9o*o«o9c

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