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The Dansville advertiser. (Dansville, N.Y.) 1860-1866, April 25, 1861, Image 1

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la »«v»te4 U ItOl MTtREST! AND RtlFJUU. UTRUttiCf. , tntcurv** me*, <^ l ps>lWr^r-Ye*r, Ip. .Axlv»n#«. $1>0, Otiittred to Village Subtcriltri. rii miKTim us iln UIOIST CIKUUTIOS K)l a *#J *s«* > (MM* Motion, and sqbecrikers areeoa 1, Untl| coming in. We shall aim, aa heretofore, to pake It one of the beat Advertising medium* in the eejntry, and beliere that we giro our patrons more •loan \value rccoived\ by tho following low ,\ IIATES OK ADVERTISING• l 4 col- I \j col. 11 col. One Week, One Month. Thiee Month* Six Months, One Year, 1 squnre. 60 1.23 3.00 6.00 2.00 4.00 8.00 12.00 30.00 3.00 i«.00 12.00 18.00 30.00 4.00 8.00 18.00 30.00 50.00 jeMJTTS WJiJYTfB. We offer the most liberal Inducements to agents who weald like to canvass for subscribers,—made cf kaown.on application, dee In the «4#ewh«re. Tho Advertiser gees postage Co«W. and 1. but 3* conU per quarter Address A. O. BUNNELL, Dansville, N, Y. JV. O. BUNNELL'S MBTABLI8HMENT. jfala Mrvrt, . Daaavlllc, Jf, 1 AM supplied with tho Uirac.it nnd bost assortment, t( the latest and most approved stylos of Typo, Cuts, Borders, Ornnments, etc., together with the celebra­ ted Washington Hand Pross nnd FmiWin Fast Working P-wer Job Press And therefore have unequalled facilities in thin «jc lien for printing in tho neatest manner, on short no­ tice, and at tho lowest cash price, every description of Plain and Decorative Work! IXCLVBIifO •wfU, Metes, CVetk., R««f»i«, miUn, mmi all ether Btaaka, law C »ee»,»iteS»«*« IMBU, BUlMteJs Letter Rnii, W*441a«Car4>, B»Jl TVtkrU, J>Ula a*4 Tlatea Caraa, ftfth, Published Weekly, BYA ;Q. :l ft I VOL. II. DANSYitLR N. t., ^HlI5 ^1 >?|q[L p, 1861. NO, hietwIiHittM at Werk In Color, and Stonss. Those wanting Job Printing done well, promptly, and at living prices w«l please send it to the Office of T»» DASSVHA* Aoviansis. P. H. MARSHALL, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL BooK-Binder Ani BUusk IMK MsmnfJactwrer, Burns' Dlock, Corner of Buffalo and State Streets, Rochester, N. Y. A. O. BUNNELL, Agents fur Dansville and vicinity ENGRAVING. L. C T MIX, Designer and Engraver, IMJt X*. Si, AKCADE, OVER THE P. •„ TtochvHtcr, TS\. V\. 49*. Views it Public Buildings, Arademips, Ma­ chinery, Animals, liook illustrations, .Seal*. Ac., ex- ecuteu an, ro>isonoblo n-rms. Electrotypes nnd Stereotypes furnished tp orili-rl A O. lUINNrXL. t Sqi3 Agent for Dansville and vicinity ^ A CARD. Mr. L. PERU AM (late with F J Nflson.) reipcet- rttily announces to the ottiaenH of Dansville and vl- einfly that he in now situated with A. J. Leach, where hy would be happy to see all nf liis old customer* amxl-frlenas and nil who may chonso te honor hlra wkHk-eaU. JUvlngiiJul Fifteen Years of Experience In Watch Repairing, ho flatters himself that he will fully sustain the reputation hn has Already acquired as a practical Watch Stoker nnd Jeweler. litf GIVE 11191 A CALL. IIIJiaBARD *. FAULKNER, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law. Onioo over Sweet A Co's Exchange, NEW BANK BLOCK, MAIN STREET, Dansville, N. Y. c. v. jJS'nmvas, SPRINOWATER, N. Y. DryJObeds, Qraoeries, TiJlora* Trimmipge, Hosiery, QIovos, Shirts, Drawers, ituhbors, Hoots and Shoes, Drugs and Mediclnos, Clocks, Watches, Jowolry, Yankee Notions, AQ., AC. SCOTT'S CORNET BAND, This«e|ar utsfe' sled Bnnd, composod of fifteen excel­ lent mttMelnnK is riowbetter prepared than ever bo- fare, to oxccut\all orders for muiie for Military nnd Civic prores «iioiV Aniiivi.r»nry ExerciMes, etc., etc Orders ruspoctnilly snlicited. tddr \ Address CAPT. A. St'OTT, Dansville, N. Y. Ileauty to Ladles 13 A PRETTY SHAPED BONNET, TRIMMED IN GOOD STYLE, A large nisortmont now ready nt the Emporium <>f Fashion nnd KirKt Premium Millinery Storo of Mr atd -Vf*. J.'Ji. l'rusla, C Meet side <it M»in ptrcot, Dttftsrillo. * rmjj\-K BVXiJS'HJmjar, iJirber arid llmr,Dreiser, Dnnsville, N Y. Rooms \n Daj'a l^uUtliug, formerly occupied by Lcounrd's cigar skpp, Vajn streut. I~M W> CJ0JS8 Put tip in the l>est style, on short notice, and In O.e *rpe redu red liv luw, at the Advertiser (ttHee A. O. BUNNELL. ircjSTTvuwfc c Alios Tinted, in Colors and Plain, gotten up in every style, well printed, and fttrnlNjiorJ at the /West ratos, by A. O. Uuunoll, at the AUvortixor Utncc. \ 1 Mm*, a s.. Mmrru .w, XanuracAurer of Hair /ewerry*S'ueh as Ear-Rings, Pins, Neuklncoe, Kings. Oraaoletn, Crossen, Charms, Guard Chains, Vest Chains, Ac, opposite the Amer­ ican Hotel) Main street. V .9JMTJJV MVP, Faaninnnble Barber and Hair Dresser Rooms ad- |ointng American Hotel, Main at., Dnnsville, N Y. r. JCM Mrr.v «r«vvjj«, X.^nufneturor of Buggios and Cutters, comer of Pine and Spruce streets, Dansville. Ho manufactures tho best and highest finished OirringcS; Buggies and Cut. • ' Carriage Tr ' - tws in Westorn New York: alt. Sign Painting done to order. trimmings for M For Schools. 1 Hh+swVyfnon. Merchants, Mechanics and others, printed at low ratei. Call at tho Advo- t.serOlTlco, Dau»vUlp,J(, Y. A. O. BUNNELL. Btaeksmlths'.'Proprietora of the Star Blaoksmitrt 'n. Everyihing ndd inn a WOT] 5hq», Opsi^n Street, noor Main. Everythin In their llfM 4o'ae ! on abort Dutibe 'an i a workmanlike manner. For the Advertiser. Oar Native Land. I T ia and to think wo «ro plunging In tho midst of » civil war, That our glorious Union, may crumble Into fragment*, Star liy.Star \ That our grand old Constitution May bo trampled undot tho hocl Of tho anarchist or tho despot With rod hands and heart* of steel, s Yes! the draught)* very bitter To drink from this treason-filled cup, And think that this generation ' Of ours is growing up To bo citireni of A COTTHT^T t God grant that it shall he so, That tho Union shall stand unbroken ' No mnttor what tempests blow. 0 ! how wo listened in childhood To tho talcs of our country's fcirth, And thought it tho best and wisest Most glorious of all on earth 1 Hpw our hearts have thrilled at reading Our national history, BclioTinR for us w»s written A marrollous dostiny 1 And now, just as wo'ro standing Upon the threshold of life, To see the country divided, Recruiting for mutual strife, All of our golden visions Transmitted to battle smoke, With tho tcrriblo bursting of bomb shells, And tho cleaving sabre-stroke,-^. 01 where is tho youth who foels ivot As though ho would strike them dead Who have brought in peril our Unipn Fer which so many have bled,— Do thoy hail from the sultry Gulf-States, Or that Puritanical soil, The inexhaustiblo fountain Of all isms wicked and vilo. I appeal to tho MEN of tho nation Who hold for us in trust, Of Freedom this priceless heritage Bequeathed by the great and just, Leave not to my generation' A country without a name, Sent into lighting factions, Scathed with Disunion's flame! But if wo must fight to maintain it, Let us fight like tho hosts of hull, And cither conquer or perish 'Nenth that banner we lovoiso woll I Long life to our Native Country 1 Victorious in all its wars! And over our peerless Republic Wave ever tho Stripes and Stars! W Dansville, U. 3. A. (yet, thank God I) April, 1801. Prohibitory Liquor Law. Voter's New Pictorial Dictionary Ter, ^40 at No. 1 American Hotel Dloek. Wsf R.UBBT. [The following is tho report of a select committee of tho Stale Assembly, relotive to amending tho Con* stitution of the State of New York, so as to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors as iv beverage, was transmitted to the Legislature March 11. Wo trust all will give it an attentive perusal.—Ed. Ada.] Mr. Wnger, from tho select committee, to which wore referred various petitions, pray ing for an amendment of the Constitution by concurrent resolution, BO as to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors as abovcrago' submits tho following Report» Tho subject matter of the several petitions presented to your committeo has been duly considered, and from tho investigation and reflection given to it, thoy arc fully persua­ ded thnt tho use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage is, and always has been, a proliflo source of pauporism, crimo, and wretched­ ness. It has imposed heavy burdens upon tho pcoplo, in tho shapo of taxation, and greatly added to tho expense of the adminis­ tration of our criminal laws. They are not aware of any good it has ever dono, or that it possesses a single redeeming quality ; and from tho naturo and chnracter of the truffle, its post nnd present history, every page, of which is black with horrors, they bclievbais further continuance by legislative sanction, would be a crimo. Tho civilized world is raising its.voico against it, awakened from its long, protract­ ed stupor, by recent developments of science and a more perfect understanding of the truths of the Bible. All patriotic men, and all christian men now unito to condemn it, as ruinous to tho health, morals, and hap­ piness of society. Time and experience, the common arbiters and touchstono by which to test tho merit of all othical propositions and questions rolating to tho individual, social, or public weal, have pronounced judgment of condemnation against it. Tho moralist and tho statesman, tho man of ccionco and tho man of God, all unite in boaring witness against it, as tho most un- uncompromising enemy (o tho individual, social and moral well-being of man, and tho progress of tho race, that, tho ingenuity or mnlico of man ovor devised. That alcoholic liquors, ofovery c^lass, ope­ rate as poisons when taken into tho stomach, nnd are, in thoir ostential characteristics, destructive to tho health and physical ener­ gies of man*; no matter what tho opinions of medical men may havo formerly boon, is now conceded by all. ' • What leading tomperanoo men in this country havo for years contonded for, and labored to eihibit by logical deductions, havo, in these lattor times, become iixed facts. Moro than two thousand medical men, of tho highest standing and respectability in Great Britain, as well as thousands in this country, have subscribed to tho following propositions: 1st. That a yery large proportion of hu­ man misery, including porerty, diseaio, sjnd crimo, it Induced by the use qf alcoholic or fermented liquors,,a»boTcrago«, ; ; , 2d. That tho most perfect health is com­ patible with total abstinence, from all into*- eating beverages, whether it is in the form of distilled, spirits, or as wine, boor, al°, P° r \ twr» or cider. •' 8d. That person* *cqustome4. to inch drinlu may, with perfeofcwfetyi, discontinue them entiroly, cither gradually or at ©act. 4th. That total and universal abstinence from alcoholic liquors and intoxicating bev­ erages bf all sorts, would greatiy contribute to the health, longevity, prosperity^morali­ ty, and hippincss of tho human race. Dr. McColloch, of Scotland, 1 ono »f tho very best living medical authorities, says: f Alcohol is a stimulo-narcotlc poison.\— This is not only now proved, but admitted by all competent authorities. What is a stimulo-nnrcotic poison ? Positively, l.t is a mnttor which has tho proporty of disturbing and injuring, in any degree, the natural functions, or deranging tho hcalty organiza­ tions of tho body by virtuo of its \specific qualitUc.\ Ncgativoly, it cannot fulfil tho, purpose or supply tho placo of food or drink in any dogroo, innocently or permanently. Poison is tho namo of an intrinsic quality, and has no reference whatqver to quantity, quantity being only considered in regard to the extent of its poisonous oflccts.' Ono par­ ticle of opium, or ono drop of alcohol is as certainly and truly a poison as a pound or a a gallon. Food and drink aro not poisons, and poisons novor can be food or drink, in tho true meaning of the terms. To hear men, who ought to know better, speak of them in reciprocal terms, betrays a pitiable ignorance of, or duplicity in, tho logical definition and nature of tho things indica ted. Can tho torras \temperate or\mode­ rate,\ then, bo applied to the dietetic use of poison? No, wo can correctly use thess terms only in regard to what is wholesomi, appropriate, and good, physically, morally, and roligiously. To speak of the tompcrate or moderate dietetic uso of ~a poison, is an abuse of lan­ guage which would ho scouted and ridiculsd, if applied to anything sate the use of thne popular intoxicants. Allow this to bo il lustrated analogically—tako it morally:— What would you think of a man, who at tempted to palliate or defend his falsehood and dishonesty by pleading that ho wu temperate liar or a moderate thief ? Take it physically : Whnt would you think pf an other, who should boast that ho ate arsenic and strj'chnlnoand drank prussic acid, tern pcratcly and moderately, as diet and re frcshmcnt? If these shock propriety, and excite disgust, how is it that so many' aro blind to tho equal absurdity of tho so-called tcmporato or modcrato use of drinks, tho cs scntial ingredients of which are tho stimulo- nnrcotic poison, alcohol ? It is habit, custom, and fashion, which cnuso men to sco the mote in tho eye of tho opium-eater, and blind them to tho alcoholic beam in their own. AU-ulml is n poison, and total abiti- nencofrom the dietetic uso of theso drinks in every shape, f<irm, 6r quantity, is. the only true, tho only logical temperance and mod­ eration in regard to them. Professor Todd, in his'great work entitled \Tho Physical Anatomy of Mlin,\ says that \ wero intoxi­ cating drinks not rapidly absorbed from the stomach, it would bo utterly impossible that digestion could go on in thoso who use them!\ \By carefully conducted experiments in England and Franco, by some of thoir most distinguished chemists, it is proved, beyond a doubt, that alcohol undergoes no chango in tho body, it being expelled, unchanged, by tho lungs, skin, and kidnoys; that it is nei­ ther a blood-former nor a blood-warmer, nor food in any sensoor degrco, cither plastic or respiratory ; and that It should ho \prescri­ bed medicinally, and as carefully as tiny other poisonous agent,\ It is not only a social and moral, *but a brain^poisoncr. Dr. Percy, a distinguished physiologist, has made many careful experi­ ments, and has actually distilled it from the substances of tho brain. The experiments havo been repeatedly performed by many scientific men, and it has become an estab­ lished fact, \ Alcohol is not necessarily found irt the cavities of tho brain, nor on tho brain, but united with its substances,\ What practical conclusions, then, ought your committee to arrivo at, in view of tho foregoing expositions of the doletorlous ef­ fects of intoxicating drinks? Evidently nnd inevitably, that total abstinence from all alcoholia poisons, as articlos of diet and refreshment, is a personal and imperative duty of every man in this broad land, and that tho total and immediate prohibition of its sale, /or such purposes, tho duty of the State. \ ' '\ ' , Excessive indulgence in' intoxicating drinks, among the half-civillfeed nations of tho old irffOTld, was doem»d / criminal.\and thj uso thereof, as bevcrslgea!., p?i under rigid restrictions. ' ' \. Many of the'European nations have enact­ ed condemnatory laws, considering the traf­ fic therein a fruitful sdurce of 'violence and crime, demoralization and woe: At ihii moment England iff greatly arops- «d ©nihil momentous question. Shell jfaaw king herculean cflott*'-to rid lwr people.:of this murjl^ous trattc.' Tlme.'was, when tho principal Hferary^and sCl'etit|flo publications in that country came to the rescuo and 1 de-' fence of the rum tr'amc. By the rum'traffic, wo mean the traffic in wine, brandy, alcohol,' beer, cider, every thing.'thai intoxicates'.— First and forcmont in the animated contro­ versy then waged between the'friends and enemies of Umperaaoe, .stood the Westmin­ ster Rev lew, fte #cka<jwledgfd ckamplofs o£ wine drinking. It earnestly and skillfully, and with apparent sincerity, .advo«a>Ud the moderate use of alooboil, a* feti«c aecessary; indeed, as .food to sustain and nourish sV bodyl But what position does that influen­ tial journal occupy to-day! It has turnod a complete somersault JCagnamimousIy backing down from the position strenuously advocated by it a few years ago, acknowl­ edges its error ; and now, instead of being a staunch defender of alcohol, ranks among the - ablest advocates of prohibition. This is ominous of good. It portends, tho final reault of tb* struggle now being made in Gjwa*^BrTtain, to exterminate the traffic in intoxicating liquorsin that enlightened land. IrWbe last January number of that Re­ view, it acknowledges that recent chomical investigations, by English and French chem­ ists of the highest celebrity ln^their profes­ sion, have exploded the doctrine so long ad­ vocated and defended in its columns, viz*, the necessity of the moderate use of alcohol, and its utility as food for the body. The Review now classes It as a poison, and declares that those who make use of it as a beverage, are poisoned I That whenever it ia prescribed as a medicine, it should be with tho samocare \as any other poisonous agent\ If, then, it is proved and settled, as it seems to be, beyond dispute, that all intoxi­ cating drinks are poisonous, always pernic­ ious, as a beverage, can this great question of tho ago be any longer ignored! Is it not high time that legislators cleared their skirts from all complicity in this nefarious ''busi­ ness! Should thoy not relieve thomsolves from all responsibility in the discontinuance of a power in the State, moro potent for ovil than all other influences combined; moro destructive to all the important interests of this great Stato, whether pecuniary, social, moral, or domestic, than pestilence, or war, or famine! If this Legislature is not pro- pared to try a prohibitory law again (having tho fear of tho Court of Appeals before their eyes), then pass a concurrent resolution, and allow the question to be submitted to the people, and let them decide whother or not they desiro to havo prohibition incorporated in the organic law of the State. There can be no serious objection, even by those who aro against prohibition, in allow­ ing it to bo submitted to the people, and tak ing their verdict, for tho voico of the people istito paramount law; most especially is this true in a government by tho pcoplo,— Whero the peoplo rule, servants havo only to Ooey, when their voico is heard and their verdict pronounced. All who aro Opposed to tho rulo of the peoplo, aro expected to op- poto tkvo submission of this amendmont to them. All who are willing to acknowledge thsmselvcs tho 'sorvants of tho people, arc rcsdy to hear what their masters say. For \know yo not, that to whom yo^yicld your­ selves servants to obey t his servants yo are whom yo obey!\ therefore, all yo who aro •ndisposed to yield a willing obedience to the mandate of tho popular voico, will seek to avoid tho expression of their command, by keeping from them a power 'which they alone havo power to exorcise. By refusing to submit it to the people, you placo them in tho ludicrous position \Of having pownr in themselves to do it, But It is a power thoy havo no power to do.\ No ono, it is presumed, of tho mombers of tlm honorable body, but will consont to de­ fer to thoir constituents, and let tho ballot box decido. If their vordict should be against this amendmont, tho question of pro­ hibition would, at least for tho present, be put at rest. Its friend! would submit in si­ lence, but not without sorrow. If they should decide in favor of the proposed amendment, philanthropists will be glad, Christians rojo^co, and wholo communities wfill clapthelr hands. It will be glad tid­ ings of great joy to many pcoplo. The pub­ lic pulso will palpitate with gratitude. The great heart of the Christian world will throl> with dolight over the grave of tho greatest enemy of thoir poaco->-the greatest enemy 1 of man. Wealth' and happiness will in­ crease, taxation and orimo decrease, private and public morals bo ameliorated, liberty strengthened, society improved,, and ,tho whole being of man elevated, socially, intel­ lectually, morally.. But opposera of prohibition, although they admit and deplore the evils of intem­ perance, seem to take roftfge in the license system, as though it v /s* only 'panacea for the dreadful evil. They admit ttoi imperfections ofthesySi tern, but contend that it may he revised; amended and improved. It is unnecessary here to state,.for history records thai the. 'li­ cense system is not a new^vention, but ha* been tried bj different nation's.of\ the earth fojrmore than three thousand jears, and has invariably proved a delusion and a cheat. Egyptians, Grecians, Romans, have each of thevria their tarn, expeirieaoed the evils of | {nU *a ?**ar*oe« «M havelsad mxtarse to laf islatlye enactments in. relating re-? strictin'g iU sale; without remedying or re­ moving the evils thereof. No good result^ eve>have,flowed, or' can evCr/be expected to'flow from it. All'license systems aro founded in fraud and Injustice; and are ad- W'rably' .calcjulajte^ to^a^wii the oyils . The.fdotprmU ofjtbdholjbgtf beeyv tr«A rioWttWVtWtr^ has been marked^in th'ey propane, to remedy.. If the sale of Intoxicating liquors as bever­ ages be a good thing, then away with mon- jopojliea. . Do not abridge by, legislative re- stricliopi, a^common-law right. If it is a rightful business, then if,is a lawful businessl And all men hare a right to engage in it.— Andlaw-makers aro bound faithfully to pro­ tect them in tho exorcise thoroof. And if protection in a lawful business is a duty to­ ward all; then, donylng it to one and oxtond- it to another, is in dorogation of a natural right, an act of palpable injustice. Tho restriction of tho salo 'of intoxicating drinks to tho few, and prohibiting it to the many, 'u,an acknowledgment, that it has a pernicious tendency. If prohibition is an act of justice to many, then it is justice to all. ,No'Legislature would think of licensing a man to soli but­ ter, cheese, grain, hortos, dry goods or land. Why not! Becauso it is a common-law right, to engage in such businosss. No Leg­ islature would think of licensing a man to Commit theft', robbery, burglary, or murder. Why not! Because it is wrong—forbidden by tho common-law. A right therefore is to be protected, beoause it is right, and wrong prohibited because it is wrong t with­ out regard to tho naturo or extent of tho right, or the character of the wrong. Legalizing a wrong can nevor mako it right; prohibi­ ting a right can never iunke it wrong. Tho air we breathe, the light of heaven that wo enjoy and the earth on which we tread, aro natural rights, freo and accessible to all without distinction; but no moro so than occupations that injure nobody. Tosted by theso principles, your commit­ tee cannot perceive how tho license system can bo just or expedient. Our opposition to it, is predicated upon the following ground*: Becaysc it has also proved a failure wher­ ever it has prevailed, as an antidote to in- temporance, in every age and in evory, country. Because it is the provinco of the Legisla­ ture, to protect the whole people, and not a priveleged Because a licensed sale of intoxicating bev­ erages, encourages drinking, thereby direct­ ly tending to indure and perpetuate all tho vices of intemperance. .Because it is of immoral tendency, corrupt­ ing tho heart, destroying the body, polluting the morals, demoralizing the oharaoter, do- bauching and debasing wholo olnssos of soci- •ety. Because, multitudes congregate in jilaccs whero intoxciating liquors are sold accord­ ing to law; their appetites aro formed; there drunkenness usually begins; there pauper­ ism and crimo date thoir origin. Because tho protection which tho law af­ fords gives a kind of respectability to tho traffic, in tho eyes of tho world Because it increases tho expenses of tho State, augments tho taxes and burdens of tho people, according to recent reliable statis­ tics moro than ono-half. Because it leads men into temptation, be­ guiles them from useful and honest industry, begets indolcnco and sloth, \a Blothfulness that castcth into a deep sleep,\ ''and sloth liko rust consumes faster than labor wears.\ Because, by tho abolition of licenses, tho ballot boxes, tho security of freemen, would bo emancipated from tho control of liquor vendors, thorebysccuring f and perpetuating the liberty of tho citizen, thoblossings of our free institutions, and the inalienable rights of man for generations to coma. Continue the system, and tho sin and shamo andsorrew which grows out of itslcgit- imatc operations, will be perpetuated. There will bo no relief from tho burdons of oner­ ous taxation, from the vices, violonco and disorders, pauperism and crime, inherorit in the wholo system. It is in vain to oxtonu- ate. Tho combined wisdom of conturies hns never been ablo to perfect, to improve or to'| amend tho system so as to obviate or remedy the evils that havo thoir origin in this odious lf»w. Years have come and goney century after century has passed away, and alcohol, under, the sanctions of law, through, the ope­ rations of legislative enactments in tho form of license,.continues its ravages still! The storm may rage without, and spread desolation around; but it ia limited in extent and duration, having emptied tho ' vials of its wrath r oniy up on a few, it gives place to the calm and tho sunshine. Tornadoes mny howl'in fleroe anger along tho sky, leaving in' their track, destruction and death',- but their Vj'ontindanoe is but of short duration'^their^frightfAir ravages aro soea< over and forgotteni But this is not the ens*'with regard to the Operatidns of this inhuman, wieked traffic. It is not confined either in.extent or daration. The world of nature is itsdominlon, the world of.man its' victims.- UnliWihe viiiUtioM o f the tor- naddand the stbm,-it*'ravages have not been temporary,'but have been perpetuated from age to age ( And if the license system remains, will continue itst ravages till tho day of doom. ashes and in blood, through -ruined' habitations' 'and desolated homes; over/broken hearts, crushed. - aAc-' tions, rujifed fortunes and* dlsap 'poVtfttd.. hopes. /Brilliant,n\lndt havrbeea wrecked, intellectual lighU. suddenly, gone, out, and (> manly and vigpVoui^framoSj.b.ursting.into^ nianhood and into fame, havo been sent to , • untimely gravee, J' f ^ rW ' ' Never, until the people shaU obey the, in.v junction of H!oly writ, and \look not upon* the wine when it is rod, when H giytth iU color ln'the cup, for at tho last it 'biteth like a stirpont, and stingolh like an adder^irijl, thoy be free from the sin and cwioVofbYacif, Intemperance I Bfpthing } but ^.prohibition caaromovo tho temptation: t \ ^ •^Out of sight, ou> of m'lhd.\ Prohibitory laws havo produced aaluUry effects whercvertlicy havo boon onforccd .^-e. In those States where thoy hay* 'oftTcienr execution, never weirerthe people moro pros- peroous, never had they a greater exemption Irom the destiwtivo'power'of-rurnP 5 iia ' J A In this State, in tbo year 18&6, whsnthe law was only partially executed while belng r tested through tho courts, thoro was far lose, of drunkenness, far less intoxicating liquors sold or usf d, than before or since.. • That year was an era, long to bo remembered, of, freedom from rowdyism, violcnco and crime,, than wo havo witnessed at any timo since, j Even the partial execution and observ­ ance .of tho Sunday law in tho city of New York is attended with auspicious results, notwithstanding tho numerous petitions sent in for its repeal. According to roccnt reliable statistics, itappcars ( that tho t total number of arrests for drunkenness, disorder, and crime, on tho Sundays of the. last 18 months, wore 10,483; w.hilo for tho Tuesdays; of tho same period they amounted to^ 15,608 —a difforonco in favor of tho law, even aa, yotonly partially onforccd, of 6,020. In- fcrontiaUy! 1 if prohibition'worka'well on one! day, it will in seven; and if in 'soven, then through tho year. If it operates favorably in ono locality, therb is every reason to be­ lieve it, will in another. If.it tends to di­ minish tho number of arrests and prevents tho commission of crimo in ono town, by parity of roason it will In tho State. r Under tho operations of the present U- conso system, crimo is increasing with as­ tonishing rapidity. Thousands and tens of thousands aro annually boing made drunk­ ards; 80,000 or 40,000 annually go down to. drunkards' graves! and tho army that travel that dreadful road is steadily augmenting.. It is painful to contemplate^ In almost ov cry dally paper wo tako up, we find an ac~ count in its columns of a suddon death; a, horriblo crimo committed; a revolting mur­ der perpetrated; a noted man sont to tho lu­ natic asylum; a wholo family barbarously massacred; a suicido gono hurriedly and un­ prepared to judgment—all by reason of al­ cohol ! 1 A State Inebriate Asylum is boing erected at Binghamton, to receive tho unhappy vic­ tims of intcmperanco. When it is .comple­ ted, it is estimated that 400 inebriates can find comfortable accommodations! At this a very time, 4,2B1 applications havo been ip*da for admission ! What aw to become of the residue! Ton additional ones should/ bo orccted straightway, if all these aro to bp cared for; nnd what tens of thousands of oth­ ers, if all confirmed drunkards are to be provided for! If tho Legislature and the people should;, in ^their wisdom, continue tho license syir torn—if tho tens of thousands of licensed dram shops, scattered in wido profusion ovor this Stato, shall bo permitted to pour forth tho lava of destruction and death, the Slated at tho end of the year, would need an addi­ tional number! Asylums, poorhouscs, jails and prisons will bo in great domand, but perhaps not groatcr than tho supply of in­ mates 1 What an unfortunate multitude! what a multitudo of unfortunates! shutout from society and the world—from tho light or heaven and tho light of reason 1 What] a dreadful record alcohol and his-accessorial agents will havo to hear read at that great day I Aro thoy not \treasuring up- for themselves wrath against the day of wrath !*•' Uappy, indeed, will ho bo who bears though 'an humble part, in removing from our midst tho sin, the shamo arid Sorrow of which alcohol ia the author* Ho \will not only roccivo tho approbation of his own conscience, but tho applause of philanthrop­ ic millions and the favor of heaven. Your committee, full of hopo and conQ-« donco in tho ultimate triumph Of truth, a net the redemption, of our Stato from this perni­ cious and porvnding ovil, belioving that'tho peoplo, iii' thoir sovcroign capacity, will bo permitted to decide tho question for' them­ selves, and thereby show to tho world that they aro not only capable of so^f-govprn- tncntrbutof self-emancipation fromn wcrso than Egyptian bondage, rdady arid willing to pur|fy thoir own laws, when thoy flnd'by long experience they are destructive .lojife, hoalth anoV,happinoss, woyild,; thorofore, Jp, pursunnco of tho foregoing' suggestions, and .to consummate tho end proposed, respectful­ ly present and ask tho passage of the •follow-' ing rosohationsi , J- n - i UJ , , Resolved, (if tho^Senate .concur',), That tho Constitution' o£ this State bo Jtmonded as follows:' • Tho.saWof intoxicating liquors a*' a bev'- erageds-'heroby prohibited; and no law shall bo enacted or bo inforco, after tho adoption of this amendmont, to authorize such sale; and tho legislature shall by law prcscribo the nccossa/y fines and penalties for any, vi­ olation of this provision., ,, i . , , , Resolved, (if tho Sonato.c0nc'ur).That r the foregoing amendmont bo referred to the Legislature to'bo choson at tho next genera! election ofi Senators; .and that in conformity to aeotion one of articlo thirteen of the Con-, stitution, it ho published for ' threo'months, previous to the timo of such election.'' •' -D. J.WAdER, ' \WILKES AK&EL. ''Without intending to bo -understood as\ acquiescing in all the statements or' reasons Contained m tho foregoing report, I sler nev­ ertheless, acquiesce in the. pf op.t^iy pf lead­ ing tho wbolo question to tho'.vote' of the - • • *\ Dated 7th Match, 1M1& people!

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