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The Dansville advertiser. (Dansville, N.Y.) 1860-1866, May 02, 1861, Image 1

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LOCAL INTERESTS AND ««EML INTELLIGENCE. ' je»#cairTiOH nuc% ' i' ' Oni I>oll*r pOJ| Yonr, in Advance. il',50. Delivered to Village Subscribers. HE .IIUTIMi IAS THE LAI8EST CI A .1INM Of any pspor in this section, and subscribers hrc con itantly coming in.. We shall aim, as horolofore, to make, it ono of tho best Advertising mediums in tho country, and bellcro thnt wo'givo our patrons nioro ..than \value rccoivod\ by the following low BATES OF ADVERTISING: % col | y, col. 11 col. 1 square. 'One Weok, One Month, Threo Month*, Blx Months, One Yoar, W 1.26 3.00 S.OO 8.00 2.00 4.00 S.00 12.00 20.0 0 3.00 0.00 10.00, 18.00 30.0 0 4.00 S.OO 18.00 30.0 0 50.0 0 Published Weekly, BY A, 0, BimNELL; ^Thre^e dents p'dfObjjy, YOL. II. DANSVILLE, N. T,, TH^RSDAX TW 2;,1861, ( Prpbibitory Liquor I^aw, STATE OT NEW YORK, 1 IN SSKATE, Aran. 0,1800. J ' jret Jrjvrar' tngjrrjsn. We offer the most liberal inducements to agents 'who would like to canvass for subscriber*,—made known ,on i.pplicnlion. Tho Advertiser ROCS postngo free in the County, and is.but 3^ cenfs por quarter •i*ew )ver^. ( Addro&s , , , • \ . • : A. O BUNNELL)Dansrllto/N,? Mali Street, . . . Daasvllle, N. Y. I IK supplied with tho largest and host assortment, of the latest and moat approved stylos of Typo, Cut*, Borders, Ornamontn, etc., together with the celebra­ ted Washington Hand Press and Franklin Fast Working Power Job Press And therefore have unequalled facilities in thin sec­ tion for printing in tho neatest manner, on short no­ tice, And at the lowoal eash price, every description of Plain and Decorative Work! IXCITJDINU »rafu, J*»U», Check*. Kcctlat* Order*, aaa all atacr IMaaka, Law Oaw«,ltri«r>aaa Patau, • niUUcaas Letter Head*, Baaks, PasaahleUI Catalacnea, WeaaJa* Caras, Ball TlalcrU, J'Jala MI TiatW Cant*, Circular*, Pracrammes, LaaaU, Uaaaallla, l>~{«r*, ajcv Superior Execution of Work In Color* and Bronie. Thoso wanting Job Printing done well, promptly, and at living price*, will please send it t o tho Otllco ol Tax DAMDVIUX At >vzRTi$». F. II. MARSHALL, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL - And Blank Book Manufacturer, Burns' Blook, Cornor of Bumilo nnd Stato Streets, Rochester, N. Y. A. <) BCNN ELL, Agents for Dansvillo and vicinity ENG RAVING. L. C. MIX, Designer and Engraver, JtOOM Na. 8«, AltCADK, OVKIl TJIK P. O., Rochester, N\. \V. fy Views of Public Buildings, Academies, Ma­ chinery, Animal*. Honk !llu~trations. Heals, Jte., ex­ ecuted rm reasonable terms Electrotypes and Hterootypos furalshed to ordifrj » • ' A. i) III'NNELL, 8m3 Agont for Dnnsville anil vicinity A CARD. Mr L. PF.RHAM (Into with F .1 Nelson.) respect- fully announces to the cltir.ons of Dnnsville nnd vi­ cinity that he is now sitnnlod with A J I.eaeh. where he would bo happy to see all of his old customers and friends iindal! who may chooso to honor him with a cull Having had \Fifteen Years of Experience In Watch Repairing, ho fintters himself that he will fully sustain the reputation ho has already acquired «s a practical Watch Maker and Jeweler. lOtf GIVE HIM A CALL. 1IU11I1ARD & FAl'LKXEH, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law. Ofllee over Sweet JL Co's Exchange, NEW BANK liLOCK, MAIN STREET, Dunsvillc, N- Y. C. I*. JJVDMV89, SPUING WATER, N. Y. DEALER IN Dry Goods, Groceries, Tailors' Trimmings, Hosiery, Gloves, Shirts, Drawers, Rubbers, Hoots and Shoes, Drugs and Medicines, Clocks, Watches, Jewelry, Yankee Notions, &c, Ac SCOTT'S CORNET BAND, Itanivtlli, JV. V. This celebrated Band, composed of fifteen excel­ lent muHieinnx, is now bettor prepnred than over be­ fore, to oxocuto all orders for music for Military and >Qvio procession*. Anniversary Exercises, etc., etc Orders respectfully solicited Address ('APT A. St'oTT. Dansvillo, N. Y. Beauty to Ladles ISA PRETTY SHAPED BONNET, TRIMMED IN OOOf) STY'LE, A Inrge assortment now ready at the Emporium of Fashion and First Premium \Millinery Store of Mr. and Mrs ,1 il I'rusin. Wost side of Main Street, Dansville 0 FHJJ)*K STMJVJfJXMtT, Harls>r ancl Hair Dresser. Dau«ville. N. Y. Rooms in Day's building, formerly occupied by Leounrd's cigur shop, Maui street ZJ W CJ8ES Put up in tho best style, on short notice, nnd in ti.e typo required hy law, at tho Advertiser Ottice. A O. III'NNELL. 13USIXICSH CA.TiU.S Tinted, in Colors and Plain, gotten up in every style, nt the lowest rates, by nrtlsor Ofliee. >«,.w.i, ,t|,ni|u|. IIO'l 1 (III it . well printed, and furnished A.D. Bunnell, at the Advortli MBS. V. //. A0TTU.lt, Manufacturer of Hair Jewelry, such us Ear-Rings, Pins, Necklaces. Rings, Hruoelets, Crosses, Charms, Huard Chains, Vest Chains, *o., opposite tho Amer­ ican Hotel, Mum street. U MJMTfJS* HOP, Fasnonablc Rnrtier nnd Hair Dresser Rooms ad- loming American Hotel, Mnin St.. Ditnsulle, N Y. T. KM WI-Y JTOJYJSB, Vitnnfacturcr of Uuggies nnd Cutters, corner of Pino *»dSpruco streets, I mnsvilln He manufactures the best anil highest llnished Curringcs_ Buggies and Cut- ers in Western New York Carriago IVimmings for »lo. Sign Painting done to order 12 For Schools, Nurserymen, Merchants, Mechanics ?nu others, printed at low rates. Call at tho \dvo- A. O BUNNELL. s, printed at low rates. tsor Olnce, Dansvillo, N. Y. K JtcCOZZ.UJt. Blaeksrmths, Proprietors of the Star Blacksmith chop Ossinn Street, near Main. Everything in their ime iiono on'short notice and in a' workmanliko manner Q Webster's New Pictorial Dictionary for it No 1 American Hotel Block. W\f II LI BUY Seport of tho Majority of the Cof^mittoo on I^icr* n »l Affair* of Towns viindi.Counties, on the petitions for an amendment of tho Constitution, relative to tho sale of intoxicating liquors. Tho mujority of tho commUtoo on internal affuir* o( tQwns and cpyntica, to^f ^iah wis Grcono county, praying that tho Constitution of this State may bo amended go as to pro­ hibit tho sale of intoxicuting ( liqjuorjj as a beverage; also tho petition of citizens of Madison county, asking for thaenmo amend­ ment; also of citizen* of Atheni, Greene county, upon tho same subject; also of citi­ zens of Antwerp, Jefferson county, praying for tho samo, BeporUi That tboy bavo had tho same undor con­ sideration, and havo come to a favorable con­ clusion thereon, and report and fecommend the adoption of the annexed concurrent res­ olution. In presenting this subject to the consider­ ation of tho Senate, the committoo would stato somo reasons, and urgo soma .considera­ tion* in favor of tho adoption of tho roport. Por a great number of years, tho peoplo of this State have been dooplv interested in tho excise laws, and tke-irtlfflFpiistration thereof. Whilo tho peoplo of this.Stato har.o deplored tho evils of intemporanco, and tho groat de­ fects existing in tho license system, thoyhavo been divided as to tho proper remody to bo applied. Ono class of our citizons has coiitcnded that thero should bo no restriction in tho li­ quor trndo, that all exciso laws should bo repealed, that tho saio of intoxicating liquor should bo open null free to all, that no legal sanction should bo g 'tTon to* it, but left to regulato and remedy its own evils jmddofocts. Another class has favored nn exciso law, such as was in force up to 18-10. Othors havo advocated a law moro stringent In iU pro­ visions, such as the present exciso law, whilo others havo domanded a prohibitory law.— These conflicting views havo necessarily pro­ duced chnngeublo legislation, and tho, public mind has, for a soriesof yoars, boon Excited and disturbed upon tho.subjeot. AH oxpo- rionco hits demonstrated tho fact, that tho laws which have been in force, from timo to time, havo failed to accomplish tho desired results, or to stay tho tide of intemperance Tho excise law embraced in tho Uevisud Stat­ utes, of 1830, constituted tho Supervisor and justices of tho peace of the several towns, tho board of exciso. There wore two prominent objections to this law and its execution: 1. It made the excise and tcmpcrancoV[ucs tion directly political, and thereby supervi­ sors and justices of tho peace wore frequent ly elected upon this issue, without regard to other qualifications. Who does not rcmcm ber the severe and excitingrtsbntcsts upon this question, for tho Inst twfeniy-flvo or thirty j ears, at the town moctings; and tho manner in which both political parties havo been em bnrrusscd by this question--? 2. Tho law was, in many places, improp erly executed. This law required that tho board of exciso, before granting a license, should bo satisfied of tho following particu Inrs: 1. That tho applicant had a good moral character. 2. That ho had tho necessary accommodn. tions to entertain travelers. . 3. That a tavern was absolutely necessary for tho actual accommodation of travelers, where it was proposed to be kept. Licenses, undor this law, were, in many towns, granted to many intompcrato and immoral persons, who had only ono room, in which tho liquor was sold, and who had not one necessary accommodation required by tho statute. The result was that these li­ censed taverns, in most cases, were turned into grog shops, nnd failed to answer tho pnrposo designed. These taverns wero tol crated on the ground that thero was n o other way by which the traveling public couVd bo accommodated, there being no authority in tho board of exciso to grant a license,, with out giving tho right to sell intoiicnting li­ quors. In 1812, a law was passed, giving tho boards of excise of the soveral towns, tho right to grant^p, licenso to an Inn-kooper (whoro ho desired such a licenso), to kcop an inn or tavern, without having the right to sell intoxicating liquors, and tho people look cd to this law with higli hopes for a remedy for the then existingcvijs in tho traffic; but thoso high expectations wero not realized for a timo these houses wt ro tolerably well sustained, but tho diversion of |ravcl from the roads to the, railroads, and thti loss of tho profit on tho sale of liquors, soon closed theso houses. Tho next legislative act upon this subject was passed May 14, 1845 (J and which was amended by tho act of 1846,'tyhich gav to the electors of tho several to^n$ and cit ies (tho city nnd county of Now York ox cepted), tho right to dctermino.\ by ballot whether tho board or boarda ot excise, in their respective towns nnd, cities^ should or sh'ould not grant lico'nscs for tho) salo of in toxicatingiiquors; a. majority of ihe electors of-*tlie State, at tho first election -hold under said act, decided in favor of no licenses; but soon the objection was raised that tho law houldbe general* throughout tho State, of M.ieast in ..each county; that it, that tho voto should bo takon for tho wholo Stato, and if a majority of tho doctors should dcoldo against license, then no liconsos should bq granted in tho Sljatc, or that tho.aajno should bo the ca40 i jn 11 th »,iororal countio*.- It was urged that whilo in one town the salo .was prohibited, jn. tl^o adjoining town it was \pormitted.; if liquor could not bo purchased in tho ono town, it could bo in «n ; adjoining town, and thoroby tho objoot and intont ot tho law was in somo measure 'defeated. Tho, Legislature, without giving this law and its advocates a fair trial and hcn'rjng, repealed tho samo in 1847. Tho next cnactmqnt upon this subject was tho prohibitory or Maino aw, passed at tho session of 1855, and which took effect in its main features on tho 4th of July, 1855. This law, for a whilo, in sover­ al localities of tho Stato, was enforced by its friends, and its benefits wero seen in tho de­ crease of crimo and drunkenness, and tho expenses attending criminal prosecutions,' and in tho promotion of tho peace and good order of society. But its exocution and en­ forcement was resisted by its onomios at every stop. Some of its provisions wero, in tho opinion of tho friends of prohibition, really objcctionnblc, and tho Court of Ap­ peals, at an qarly day, pronouncod tho law unconstitutional in «ovoral of its provisions, and tho Legislature soon after repealed tho act. Tho presont exciso law, entitled \An act to suppress intemporanco, and to regulato tho salo of intoxicating liquors,\ passed April 10, 1857, hos somo good provisions, but it has failod to meet tho approbation of tho friends of temperance generally, and thercforo it has not boon properly enforced. Tho pooplo, In many counties, compluin in their sovoral petitions presented to tho Son- ato at this session, and roforrcd to your com­ mittee: 1. That tho commissioner^ of exciso have not exorcised u proper discretion in licensing taverns; thnt they havo granted licenses to every applicant, having no regard to tho moral charactor of tho applicant, or his* ac­ commodations, or tho necessity of an inn whore it was proposed to bo kept. 2. That tho comniissionors^iavo failed to pay over to tho county treasurer tho exciso money collected, and that tho commissioners havo, in many other respects, neglected to discharge their duties under tho law. This law has not boon enforced, and the benefits which its friends had anticipated havo not been realized. From tho forogoing roviow of legislation upon this subject, it will bo scon that, on account of the diversity of public sentiment, tho cnactmont of laws obnoxious to'tho peo­ ple, and tho frequent chango of the laws re­ lative to this subject, no practical bonefllhas bocn derived therefrom. Many good and worthy citizens of this Stato havo objected to legislation upon this subject, and have contended that tho temperance reform should bo carried forward by moral suasion. To this end, they have organized temperance soctoties. As early as 182G, societies wero organized, pledging its members to abstain from certain kinds of intoxicating drinks, but allowing its members to drink wine, beer, alo, and cider. It was soon found to bo wrong and inexpedient to prohibit somo kinds of drink, and allow tho members of such societies to get intoxicated on other in toxicating drinks ; tho consequence was, that in 1829, societies wero formed upon tho prin ciplo of total abstlnenco from all thnt can intoxicate This was a consistent pledge, and tho societies thus organized were, for a timo successful in their efforts to do good but it failed to interest and obtain the mas­ ses to join this movement; a prejudico ex­ isted in tho public mind against these organ­ izations, and thoir influenco was necessarily limited. At a later .period, the \Washingtonian movement was inaugurated, which supplied somo of the defects of tho total abstinenco societies, and reached a class of our citizens not before at all interested on tho side of tern perance. Many drunkards wore reformed and mony who had been beforo violently op posed to any temperance organization, en gaged zealously in this movement, and much good was offected thoroby; but this orgnn ization, liko all of its predecessors, failed to enlist the people goncrully under its bannor At a lator period, tho Sons of Tcmpcranco enmo into existence, and still rotnins its or ganizntion, and exerts, in certain localities of tho State, an effective influonco; but thero has been, for many years, in tho publicmind a prejudico against secret societies, and this limits tho uscfulfl£«*_of thoso societies, and thoy, too, fail in accomplishing tho desired rosults. Tho Carson League has been in troduccd with considerablo success in many counties of the State, and tiro peoplo of tho county of Courtland havo adopted it with groat success ; but it, too, has failed to renc tho masses. It will be soon, therefore, that notwith standing tbo'attcmpts which havo been made from time to time, by legal onactmcnts, and the organization of temperance societies, to limit and suppress intemperance, it has con tinucd its ravages, and still continues to carry wrtnt, desolation and death to many a home Intemperance has not only invaded tho fam ilv o'relo, and leftits blight there, but i t has aid Us strong.grasp upon tho -younjpr incn of our S 'tatOj 'and'folded'many a ont} in.Its ^oad- • ly embrace; ; Those young mpn wljo arju, to 1 come after us, ujxjn whom ,tho \affairs of this govornmont'must soon. rcsjt, w^o aro .thcj hopo* of the pcopio, ni'iist, if possible\ bo protected against Ih's ^avil. '^ho U Lpglslatuxe and tho pooplo should'awake ^o Uiomagnitutlo of this, question, and ilio earnest inquiry should bo, 1 What can bo dorio by tho Legislature.? what can bo dono fy tho people ip stay ttia tido of t1i\s evil ?' It is not only a question of morals, that concerns the poaco, good ordor, and happi­ ness of our pcopio, but it is a question of fi­ nance It was ascertain cd< sovoral years ago, from a comploto visitation and full ex­ amination of all tho jails, ponitontiarios, and' poor houses of the Stato, and of tho expenses attending tho Btipport of tho'aamc, that morci than three-fourths of all the crime,ai\d pau­ perism in tho Stato originated in intemper­ ance. Committees of boards of supervisors,; n soveral counties of tho Stato, havo at a moro rccdnt dato, investigated and reported upon this subject; such reports establish tho fuct, beyond all controversy, that moro than three-fourths of all tho taxes imposed upon the pcopio annually, aro caused by intemper­ ance. Should not this arouso tho whole peoplo to action ? Thoy aro immediately and deeply interested in this question, and they should not lcayo it to tho caro nnd nianngo-' mont of tomporanco men and tcmpornnoo organizations ulono, for although thoso havo accomplished much good, and groat credit is duo to tho sclf -sHcriflcing men who havo uphold and sustained them : still thoy havo failed to reach tho masses, and their influonco has boon limited. Tho efforts havo hereto­ fore been made in the branches of tho tree ; it is now proposed to 6triko at tho root of tho evil, and it is behoved by your committeo that efforts niado upon this subject will be almost useless, unless sustained and partici­ pated in by tho masses of tho people, and sus­ tained by public opinion. It is, by the conctirrontresolutlon reported by your committoo, proposed to submit this whole question to tho people, from whom all powor emanates, and'as a majority decide, so lot it bo dctoraiincdji' and it is beliovcd that, if a full and fair olscussion of tho ques­ tion bo had beforo tho pooplo, that decision will be in favor of tho amendment proposed; and when thnt decision is made, it should be filial, and not loft to changeable legislation; and therofore it is proposed, by tho amend­ ment reported, to ongraft it ijito tho Consti­ tution, and make it a part of tho organic law. Your committeo boliovo that, tho plan pro­ posed by thom, is a proper ono to romcdy tho ovil. After it shall have received tho sanction of this Legislature, and tho Lcgis lattiro to bo chosen at tho noxt general elec­ tion of Senators, it will bo submitted to tho pcoplc .it is hoped, at a special election, whore it will bo decided upon its own issue and mOrits, unmingled with any political issue or considerations, leaving the people frco to voto upon this question, irrospectivo of party; this question has already embarrassed po­ litical parties and thoir action too long, and should bo rpmoved therefrom by tho modo proposed. That the amendment proposed in the reso­ lutions herewith reported, will recotvo tho full and candid consideration* of tho Senate, nnd such action bo taken thorcon as shall redound to tho honor and glory of tho Stato and tho best interests of tho pcopio is tho sincere dcslro of tho committee. All which is respectfully submitted. Dated April 0,18C0. EPIIRAIM GOS8, JOSHUA FIERO, Js. Concurrent resolutions, amending the Constitution to as to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors as a beverage, Resolved, (if the Assembly concur,) Tnat tho Constitution of this State bo amended as follows: The salo of intoxicating liquors, as a bev ernge, is horcby prohibited; and no law shall bo enacted, or bo in force, after tho adoption of this amendment, to authorizo such snlo, nnd tho Logislaturo shall by law prescribo the necessary fines and penalties for any vio lation of this provision. Resolved, (if tho Assembly concur,) That tho foregoing amendment bo referred to tho Legislature to bo choson at tho noxt general election of Senators, and that in conformity to section ono, of article thirteen, of tho Cofi* stitution, it bo published for threo months previous to tho timo. of such election. iNsionf INTO CuARACTEji.--Soon after tho election' of \Mr. Buchanan to tho Presi­ dency, tho London Times' had hn article about htm In which tho following very ro markablo paragraph occurs. Tho readers will plcaso remember thnt tho words wero written in 1857: \Mr. Buchanan has been tho most ductilo and fJcxiblo of politicians. Ho is not a man of groat resolution or violont counsels, but he possesses a peculiar facility of effacing him self and yielding implicitly to tho influenco of thoso who surround him—often persons of inferior judgment to'his own. Ho Isia thor ough-paccd demagogue and unscrupulous partisan, and, though unoxcoptionablo in private life, has grown gray in all manner of intrigues and.manouvors.\ „•.« •i — A \Now.-England Woman\ calls ppon hoe sex to plow, and plant, and till,$ho earth, in placo of thoir husbands and brothers who may go to the war. Tho Chivalry will sneer Rtsuch a suggestion, but, weimaglno, not at the spirit which prompts it. proptfecfcr 'orthji peaceful end to a \nlSStf days' wonder!\ How much longer shin \w« wait?. Ho* mucV-ion^'er' *re wo to bo de­ luded by hopes of p «aco where there jrand clin ^.M^i ^^mj ^ru* must we accept T Howmuch md 'rci. disgrace sball'Wo tu'ffoH ^How^many : rn6re Vrocious lives aro -we to .throw away 'ln' a ^dMpeVfta struggle, unarmed, Uhpr^Kfcaj 'agaVhW ^aS'- ful odds, beforo wo walcq up to thb a 'fao>Hlfe- fonj the (5ovornmeat ,.|h.all .i **om fb b«gin to suspect— ; that w« aro inyoly .cd In aw.ariwHorc tho dcsporation .of treason on one side, -JtAo bo mot by the 'desneratlon 'of • loyalty2 on the \We know thoso rebels are in eatncslr Oho who has lived for tho last 'ilvVnibrittiiHn Charleston,' who novor permitted an bp'por- Hunity of possessing 'himself of facts tooscarlo 'Hlm ',«nd 'whosd sdurces of information'Were of tho highest charactor, assures\ us thtftl'tUo troops alono'fn k 'nd around Charleston. ,on tho day of'thd-flvkcifafton' <5\f 'Por tVuintor, •amounted to 13^500 m'oh, TVo kn'cV'fr'pm other sources just as direct that rogifHfe 'n't after regiment, to tho numbor of thousands, havo been recruiting- anil gnthoring,' mafeb- ing and counter-marchin'g through btlAJr sections of tho robellious country for Tn'o 'rilh It is said that'Gen. Beauregard, and' that other traitor and robol, A. H. Stephens, 'aVo •at this moment-in Virginia. \Whcthcr 'they aro or not, wo know they command all* the railroads south of 'Washington; that \they havo on foot ah army of 'perhaps 15',0fJ0, perhaps 20,000, perhaps 80,000, men; aha that, larger or fraiallety tho best thing tho^ catudp'.with it, is to lead' it into the flol'tS .-J- WhorerisitT Who knows T Has i t moved'f Who can tell? How many-will'ii number when \it gets into tho moro populbU'sregiorl of the Northern SUvo States T .Who- dnn - conjecture! Only j this ,yrt do know-r -that tho first ton days of tho campaign havrbeon' taken to put 5,000 mon in the Capital; -thnii when tho approach thereto is interruplod( tho Government hastens to offor assurance* to tho offended Stato—Heaven help lis l*—ot merely defensive intentions, and consontsto bo turned. out ofthe'wayl And this as all wo aro doing, Umoly and tardily as :it is done, whilo other things of imperative hd' cossity arcneglcctod altogether. This delay fills us with alarm and aston-* ishmcnt. Wo do riot doubt tho filial end; becauso braver and wiser counsels must pro- vail. But in the mean timo disaslor scorn* imminent. One thing, at least, wo urgo up­ on the merchants: Let thorn ta>p measure*, to protect their' own commerce, whicji, llip Government secmstohavoforgotten. TJiorq nfo. ships dnough.'fn this port that oo .ji Vp flu­ ted out ana \tirmed with guns onpughifjo mc.ef, tho vessels which undoubtedly Jpavls has had providod in Southern port*. Unlcs*„ somo stops of this sort aro taken, thoy may expect to bo sacrificed.— N. Y, Trib, Xlio &ituntion. According to our latest advice's, tho rlfo's- ont posturo of affairs in nnd about Washing­ ton is as follows: ' 1. Thoro were some forty-flvo hundred men under Gen.\ Scott's orders in Washing­ ton on Monday, and no fears apprehended of an immediuto attack, nor of its Success should ono bo mado. 2. .Tho principal rebel force known to bo embodied this sido of Charleston, S. C, con­ sists of about threo thousand Virginia and Maryland secessionists who oft 'Monday morning were still at Harper's Ferry, Thoy tiro understood to bo undor the command of Col. Leo, late of tho TJ. S. Army, - 3. The rumor that this forco, or any force, hud appeared on Arlington flights-!-a'cross tho Potomac from Washington, nnd fivo milc3 from tho heart of tho city—is not'eon- firmcd. It might bo possiblo from thai po­ sition to bombn'rd tho President 's- Hous.0 and tho west end of Washington, but not t o ren­ der that city untenable. 4. Our Seventh Regiment and tho Massa­ chusetts Sixth appeared off Annapolis on Monday morning, only to find that city, and the U. S. Navy School thoro located, in tho hands of a body of secessionists, principally from Baltimore, who had found in tho Naval School a strong position, and had trained its guns to disputo tho landing. Considerablo delay obcurrcd, but ultimately our mon landed without loss —probably at somo dis­ tance from the pier— and prepared to march across tho country to Washington, thirty odd miles distant. T{io road is a good ono, tho region very thinly peopled, whilo it af­ fords no favorable positions for disputing tho march of a resolute body of troops, except possibly at the bridgo over tho Patuxent.— Wo feel confldont that tho Sovonth reached Washington without loss on Monday night or early yosterday. G.' A- Massachusetts corps has ch 'argo of tho Bnltimoro and Ohio (branch) Railroad so far cast from Washington as„tho Annap­ olis Junction; -but tho branch trionce.to/An­ napolis has been so broken up as to render it impracticable It is, besidoa, destltuto of oars. 6. Gen. Scott has burned tho uppor bridgo over tho Potomac, near Georgetown. This indicates that ho begins to think ho has work beforo him. 7. Tho Secessionists of Maryland,havo, a rumor that Fort Pickons, Florida, has been takon, wi.th a heavy loss of life, Though wo do not credit this, wo'must consider that the tolcgraph south of Washington is wholly in thoir hands, and that thoy would havo the first nows-ofany such' result. '8. Maryland bolow tfio : Su'-i-Jtichanna i* wholly in ttio'hnnds of thoScccssioniiU, who, by telling tho.pcopio all manner, of, r»l»e r hootjs about the Northern hordes summoned by Lincoln to subduo thorn an^ set their no-' gr 'obs froo, have' produced a general fright. Nobody diiro say-ho is for the Union;; <»nd thousands arp .trying to.got tnou Mmlw. beyond tho reach of danger.— N. Y. Tntmn*, JO \-> y,^P»?gled.Bannyr. oarly ^twilight's Whoso\ broad\ stripes and brightstari'tn^fi ^i tho perilous fight, - k \ ^ ' O'er tho ramparts wo watch'd; 'Wirt' »o I i 'gallantly streaming, • '< ''' •• , ,An4 thfljrock«t!» red- glare, . ( • T.beVbombs.bursting in.air, Gavo proof through 'tne,\night. that our flag was still thero, • *Oh t say, 1 doos the star-spangled banner • tstiU wayo, O'er tho jand of tho ( froo, and tho homo of tho bravo'?' \ On tho shpr/5, dimly seen through tho jnist of the deep, Where tho foo s haughty host in dreadii- lonoe rcposos, What is that, which tho breezo o'er tho tow­ ering stoop, As it fitfully blows, half conccal'd, half discloses ? Now it catches tho gleam Of tho morning's.first beam, In,, full glory.- reflected now shines on tho Itrcam; 'Tis tho Btar -spnnglcd banner, oh! long may it wave, O'er tho land of tho frco, and tho homo of tho bravo! And whoro is the band who so vauntingly sworo That tho'havoc of war, and tho battle's confusion, ' A homo and n country should leave us no more ?, Their blood has wash'd out their foul foot­ step's pollution. No rcfugo could savo * Tho hlreling,und slave, From tho torror of flight or tho gloom of the gravo; And tho star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave, O'qr the land of tho free, and tho homo of tho bravo. Ob! thus bo it over whon freemen shall stand Between their loved homo and war's deso- olation; Bless'd with victory and peace may tho Heaven-rescued land Prnwo tho powor that hath mado and pro- served us a nation. Then conquer mp must, '< When-our causo it is just, ' And thisboour motto—\In Godisour trust!\ And tho star-spangled bannor in triumph shall wave, O'er tho land of the free, and tho homo of tho bravo. Hark I hark! from tho»soil of tho rebel and slave The thunders of battloarofoarfully raging; Wbcro the hand of tho ruffian and brain of the khavo Baso war on our brothers aro wantonly waging. But by Liberty's light, And thnt dear country's might, We'll strike down the traitors, with God for tho right; And our star-spnnglcd bannor victorious shall wavo Still the prido of tho free, and tho trust of tho brave. No more in the clnmor of war may we own What factions in peace havo our passions incited;* • * But now for our country, our country alone, Her honor and weal, bo our hearts all united! So by Liberty's light, And that dear country's right! Triumphant wo must be, with God for tho right; And our stnr-spanglcd banner victorious shall wave, Still tho prido of tho free, and tho trust of the bravo 1 Deltvy* are Danauro us. No intelligent man who has been in tho South for tho last four months—and wo r e ccivo visits from such porsons daily—has any other testimony to give than that tho rebels of thnt region nro thoroughly in earnest. A Union man, doubtless, may find thero somo Union fooling, \even as i n a strango country a Freemason may-.find, through cautious movement, that a momberof his Chapter, or whatever it is, may bo in tho same crowd with himsolf whon, from any causo, no hap­ pens to bo i n imminent danger of his life.— But this Union fooling practically doos not exist; its oxistencois not oven beliovod in by tho traitor/, and he who openly avows its possession may prcparo to fly for his lifo Or lose it. Tho predominant South—the only •South possessed of voico, or courago, or pur po3c —is animated by the deepest hnto of tho North and tho most desperate determination: to subdue it. The simple fact is, wo aro to fight for our oxistenco. This war is ono in which ono party or theothcr is to bo utterly subdued-. Tho' distinction otNbrih and South, When this w*r « finished, will bo recognized no lohgor as describing two peoples. Tho Union will bo one of fact—all Northern or all Sou'thorn. Let us riot mistake this, for a mistako is fatal. Tho fttiluro to sco i t heretofore has led the country to tho 'very brink of utter ruin. Wo waited till six States went out of the Union'; wo waited till at least 10,000 men encompassed Fort Sumter, and thou­ sands moro Fort Pickens; wo waited till forts and. arsenals, mints and treasuries',' cus­ tom-houses and vessels, wero stolen, arid thoir forco or their, wealth turnod against us; w.o waitod ( till„t*;oops werOjdrlycn. out _of fi Texas; ti^ Sumter w.as takon j perhaps t til| Pickens, ifcas attacked.; ti\l, jlm direct corii- botween the ^Torth and her Capital is d.os- troyedf and Northern soldiers lay dead in, tho way; till tho Capital U«clf is \in immi^ ncnt danger; and. we havo waited through all these events because we were lulled inte\

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