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Herkimer Democrat. (Herkimer, N.Y.) 1877-1904, August 17, 1904, Image 7

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1 PiM'SJLSTFOeM SeiBocratic Candidatsi’s Spee:Ii Accepting Nomination. REPEATS GOLD DECLARATION Denounces^ Executive U surpation. Touches on Colorado Labor W a r. A s s e r ts Necessity of T a riff Revision. R egulatiob of- T ru s ts — O pposes Mili­ tarism and im p eriaiism . Esopus, N. Y,, Aug. 10—The speech of acceptance of Alton Brooks Parker in reply to the committee which noti­ fied him of his- nomination for the presidency toy the Democratic party is as follows: Mr.r. Chairmanhai and Gentlemen of the Com- C mittee: I have rmgned the office of chief judge he court of appeals of this state in or- that I may accept the responsibility that the great convention you represent has put upon me without possible preju­ dice to the court to which I had the hon­ or to belong or to the eminent members of the judiciary of this state, of whom I of the court of appeals < der that I may accept may- now say as a private cltlzei justly proud.- At the very threshold'of this response and before dealing with other subjects I must, in Justice to myself and to re­ lieve my sense of gratitude, express m y' profound appreciation of . the confidence reposed in me by the convention. After nominating me and subseotuently receiv­ ing a communication declaring that I re­ garded the gold standard as firmly and irrevocably established, a matter concern­ ing Which I felt it incumbent suppoirt ileh I felt it incumbent upon me to known my attitude so that here- ■■ justly say that his (ured through indi- no man could justly say » had been secured through indi­ ion or mistake, the convention reiter­ ated its determination that 1 should be the standard bearer of the party in the present contest. T h is m a rk of trust and confidence est honor m e—an hont . fate of the campaign, the future can in no degree lessen or impair. I The admirable platform upon which the party appeals to the country for its confidence and support clearly states the principles which were so well condensed in the first inaugural address of Presi­ dent Jefferson and points out with force directness the course to be pursued )ugh their proper application in order ■ sd reforms in both the ‘ the goverJiment, its prom ise to cbi file ises and to rlgM ear or howevff several admiii- i departments of the government, duct of whose officials has cre- and to punii ^have been guilty of trust; to oppose the gra: 3 by which the fe breach of theij inting of specia privileges by which : the expense of th< lomy in the expenditr of the people and to that end to re- ore to the methods of the may pro! economy in the expenditure of turn once more to the methO( founders of the republic by observing in disbursing the public funds the care and caution a prudent Individual observes with respect to his own, still the spirit of the platform assures conservative instead Of rash action, the protection of the inno­ cent as well as the punishment of the guilty; the encouragement of industry, economy and thrift; the protection of property and a guarantee of the enforce­ ment for the benefit of all of man’s in­ liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” liiberty, as understood in this country, means not only the right of freedom from actual servitude, imprisonment or re­ straint, but the right of one to use hia faculties In ail lawful ways, to live and work where he will and to pursue any lawful trade or business. These essen­ tial rights of life, liberty and property are not only guaranteed to the citizen by the constitution of each of the sev­ eral states, but the states are by the fourteenth amendment to the constitu­ tion of the United States forbidden to deprive any person of an y one of them Without due process of law. Occasionally, by reason of unnecessary or impatient agitation for reforms or be­ cause t^e limitations placed upon the de- ■ ' the constl- jood, whether th e power exists in them or not, it becomes desirable to call attention to the fact that the people, in whom all power resides, have seen fit through the medium of the constitution ferred and to say to departm< by it, “Thus far shalt ‘ farth< peoplt \ and distril I of created thou go and no sought the partments of government—the e legislative and judicial—certain and It Is the duty of those admh each departmefit so to act as to xather than t< •ng the three lent—the executive, fi—certain powers,\ tnistering act as to preserve xather than to destroy the potency of the co-ordinate branches of the govern- nt and thus secure the exercise of all lany years after he ! life, said, ‘af the lent m aintaii if each othei institui three powers of our govemm< their mutual independence of eael It may last long, but not so if either can assume the authority of the other.” It must be confessed that in the course of our history executives ha've employed powers not belonging to them. Statutes have been passed that were expressly for­ bidden by the constitution, and statutes have been set aside as unconstitutional when it v/as difficult to point opt the pro- fEendedended againstgainst in be off a aeir enactment. All this has been done 1th a good purpose, no doubt, but In isregard nevertheless of the fact that ourss is a governmentvernment off laws, nott of men. is a go o laws, no deriving i t s “ju s t pow ers from the of the . govermn< come for the ben< succeed us we mu£ against the danger of usurpation of thority which resides in the whole authority pie, whet of men acting without a commii the people. Im p a tience of the restraints o f law\ s of its delays is becom ing n ifest from day to becoming more and more manifest from day to day. \Within the past few years many instances have been brought to our attention where in different parts of our bfcoved country supposed criminals have been»seized and punished by a mob, notwithstanding the fact that the~ constitution of each state guarantees to every person within its Jurisdiction that his life, his liberty or his property shall not be taken from him ■without due process of law. fn a struggle* between employers and employees dynamite Is said to have been used by the latter, resulting in the loss of life and the destruction of property. The perpetrators of this offense against the laws Of God and man and ail others en- luia, had support of the mliitaxy ports from state without trial p.=rsorjs suspected of belonging to organiza­ tion of which tile penieti’ators of the .dy­ namite outrages Wove suppesed to be members. In both cases the rtign of law the failure of government to protect the citizen and his property, which not only justified the action of your convention in quire and to enjoy property or to' residd where his interests or inclination may de­ termine, and the fulfillment of the assur­ ance to rebuke and punish all denials of these rights, whether brought about by individuals or government agencies, should be enforced by every official and supported by every citizen. The essence of good government lies In strict ob­ servance of constitutional limitations, en­ forcement 'Of law and order and rugged opposition to all encroachment upon the sovereignty of the people. estions but emplia- hich, exists betw< __ __ _ _ _ and many other forms ernment. It has beer Stance that there are po;j7ets ; power of the law, sustained by an enlightened public sentiment. The difference in these powers is the differ­ ence between a republic such as ours. trlotlsm, and a monarchy, sustained force exerted by an individual, unco trolled by laws other than those made* sanctioned t stitutionalisi .resen ts ism, the other imperialism. The present tariff law is unjust in its operation, excessive in many of Its rates and so framed in particular Instances as to exact inordinate profits from the peo­ ple. So well understood has this view be­ come that many prominent members the Republican party and at least two of its state conventions have dared to voice the general sentiment on that subject. That party seems, however, to be col­ lectively able to harmonize only upon a plank that admits that revision may from time to time be necessary, but it is so phrased that it is expected to be satis­ factory to those in favor of an increase of duty, to those who favor a reduction thereof and to those opposed to any change whatever. - Judged by the record of performance rather than that of promise on the part o f th a t paxty in the past, it would seem a s If the outcome in the event of its success would be to gratify the latter class. W ith 1 of both the legislative £ t h e govem - tere h a s been stlon nor an attem pt a t re- inrea- ment since Mare neither reduction nor an attempt duction in tariff duties. It Is not un Eonable to assume In the light of that ord that a future congress of that party will not undertake a revision of the tariff downward in the event that it shall re­ ceive an indorsement of its past com that subjectbject by the people.eople. Itt is t ict su by the p I is a fa( and should be frankly .conceded thi should our party he successful In the com­ ing contest we Cannot hope to secure a majority- in the senate during the next four years, and hence we shall be unable to secure any modification in the tariff save that to which the Republican ma­ jority in the senate may consent. \While therefore we are unable to give assur­ ances of relief to the people from such excessive duties as burden them, It is due to them that we should state eur position to be in favor of a reasonable reduction of the tariff, that we believe that it Is de­ manded by the best interests of both man­ ufacturer and consumer, and that a wise and beneficent revision of the tariff cSi be accomplished as soon as both branehe! of congress and an executive in favoi it are eledbed w ithout or IS on other occasions manifested Itself, lis can be achieved by providing that ich*a reascpiable period shall Intervene such* a reascpiable p« betw een the date of 1 Statute making a revision and Its enforcem ent as shall b< cient for the industry or business affect­ ed by such revision to adjust Itself to the changes and new conditions Imposed. So confident am^I In the belief that the de- of the people for a reforr enactm ent c a the date of t)e deemed si : representa- is and a Democratic executive be Cho- by -the people even a Republican sen­ ate may heed the warning and consent to give a t least som e m easure of relief to the people. The combinaeons, popularly called trusts, which aim to secure a monopoly of trade in tte necessaries of life as well as In those thaga that are employed upon the farm, in- the factory and in many oth­ er ■ fields of induBfry have been encour­ aged and stimulated by excessive tariff,, duties. Thade operate to furnish a sub­ stantial ipar^et In the necessities of eigh ty m illions o f people b y practically excluding compstltlon. \With bo large a market and highly remunerative prices continuing lons after the line of possible competition would naturally be reached, the temptation of all «agag^ In the same business to combine so as to prevent com­ petition- at home and a resulting reduc­ tion of prices has proved irresistible in a number of cases. All men must agree that the net result of enacting laws that foster such inequitable conditions is most unfortunate Sor the people as a whole, I s*em a s if all ought to agree istive remfedy would be to ap- nodlfy the offending law. The is justly made, cannot be' laid doors of the courts of this country. The decisions of the supreme court of the U nited States, th e court of appeals of this state and the courts of last resort in many other states warrant the asser­ tion that the common law as developed affords a complete legal remedy against monopolies. The fact th^t they have mul­ tiplied In number and increased' In power has been due not to the failure of the courts to apply the law when properly moved by administrative officials or pri­ vate individuals, but to the failure of offi­ cials charged with the duty of enforcing the law to take the necessary procedure to procure the judgments of the courts in the appropriate jurisdiction, coupled with the fact that the legislative departments of some of our state governments as well as congress In the manner already re­ ferred to have by legislation encouraged their propagation. \What Is needed. In addition to the passage of a statute i*vls- ing the tariff duties to a reasonable basis, is not so much other and different lawS as officials haTdng both the disposition and the courage to enforce existing law. While this is my view of the scope of the common law, if it should be made to ap­ pear that it is a mistaken one then I fa­ vor such further legislation within con­ stitutional limitations as vdll g ive the gsople a Just and full measure of protec- It Is difficult to understand how any citizen of the United Stat^, much less a descendant of Revolutionary stock, can tolerate the thought of permanently deny­ ing the right of self government to the minds of our descendants reverence and devotion, for a government hy the people while denying ultimately that, right to the inhabitants of distant countries whose territory we have acquired either by pur- I acquired either by pur­ chase or by force? Can we say to the Filipinos, \Your lives,/your liberty and your property may ba taken from yon \Without due process of/lav/ for all time,” and expect we will long glory in that fea­ ture of Magna Chartr^ which has become incorporated, in sub'sMnce and effect, Into constitution of every state as well as Are hope for the respect q £ 'the civilized yorid while prouldy guaranteeing to citizen o f the Uaited n ites States ery citizen vaw Shall IBs made e ____________ .hall abridge the privileges or immunities of Citizens of the United States or deny to any person the equal protection of the law s and at the sam e time n o t only deny similar rights to the inhabitants of the Philippines, but take away from them the right of trial by jury and place their lives and the disposition of their property In the keeping of those whom we send to them to be their governors? We shall certainly rue it as a nation If we make any such attempt. Viewing the question even from the standpoint of national selfishness, there is no prospect that the twenty millions of dollars expended the purchase of the islands and the hundred and fifty millions said to :n since disbi us. The ac< ilippines Inti State s t h a t no enforced which s twenty millions of dollars expended in the purchase of the islands and the six hundred and fifty millions been since disbursed will ever come back to us. The accident of war brought the e respon* which thus came to us, but that responsibility will be best subserved by .ring the islanders Bible for self governme:nt them the assurances that It will come as lably prepared for ‘ • that the ra as rapidly as pos- tne and giving to that It will come as soon as t it. Then rtion sc w hec( sertion so often made of late that we have icome a world power will then be lort. Ours Is' all recently that United States has attained that eminence. Our country became a world power over a century ago, when, having thrown off for­ eign domination, the people established a lent, the proceed from the will of the people them­ selves. It grew as a world power as its sturdy citizens, to*whose natural increase were added immigrants from the jold world seeking to obtain here the liberty and prosperity denied them in their own countries, spread over the face of the land, reduced the prairies and forests to eultlvation,^ built cities, constructed high­ ways and' railroads, till now a nation which at the formation of the government numbered only three millions In popula­ tion has become eighty millions, and fyom ocean to ocean and the lakes to the gulf the country is the abode of a free and prosperous people, ad\^anced in the high­ est degree in the learning and arts of \ , the ai legree in the lean civilization. It is the liberty, the advan< ment and the prosperityosperity off itsts cltizeiens, not anyny career pr o i citiz i career of conquest, that make the itry a world power. This condltloh we owe to the boiftity of Providence, un­ folded In the great natural resources of the country; to the \wisdom of our fa- tilers, zzi8.zii£est:ed in \ spirit of the people them selves. We are not 'a military people, bent on conquest or engaged in extending our domains In foreign lands or desirous of securing natural advantages, however great, by force, but a people loving peace not only for ourselves, but for all the na­ tions of the earth. The display of great military arma- lay please the eye .and for the mo- :clte the pride of the citizen, but it bring to the country the .brains, brawn and muscle of a single immigrant or Induce the Investment here of a dollar of capital. Of course such armament as lay be necessary for the security of the intry and the protection of the rights le or abroad must be ler course would be economy, but pusillanimous, lowever, against the feeling, prevalent, that by reason of the commanding position we have assum­ ed in the world we must take part in the disputes and broils of foreign coun­ tries and that because We have grown great we should Intervene In every Impor­ tant questionstion thathat arisesrises inn other parits que t a i other par the world. I also protest against the erection of any such military establish­ ment as 'WQuia be required to maintain the country in that attitude. \IVe should confine our internationaal activities solejy in which the rlgftts of ti lation, but of independence. The government of the United States w a s organized solely for th e people o f the United States. \While it was contemplat­ ed that this country should 'become a refugfe for the oppressed of every land who might be fit to discharge the duties of our citizenship, and while we have al­ ways sympathized with the people of ev­ ery nation in their struggles for self-gov­ ernment, the government was not created for a career of political or civilizing evan­ gelization in foreign countries or among alien races by intervention In their af­ fairs. The most efficient work, we can do in up lifting th e people pf other countries is by the presentation of a happy, pros­ perous, self governing nation as an ideal to be emulated, a model to be followed. The general occupation of our citizens in the arts of peace, or tbfe absence of large military armaments, tends to Impair nei­ ther patriotism nor physical courage, 'knd for the truth of this I refer the young men of today to the history of the civil war. For fifty years, with the exception o f the w a r w ith M exico, this country had with a who thinks that the nation had grown effenainate during that period Should read the casualty rolls of the armies on either side at Shiloh, Antletam, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg, at Stone River and Chlckamauga. I would be the last man to pluck a single laurel from of any one o f the m ilitary he- but* I in s ist tijat their inost heroic de proceeded lnflnltely_m o re from devol to the country than from martial spirlt. i ceptanee. Mr. Chairman, In most graceful speech you have reminded me of the great re­ sponsibility as well as the great honor of the nomination bestowed upon me by the convention you represent this day. Be assured that both are ^appreciated, so keenly appreciated that I am humbled in their presence. I accept, gentlemen of the committee, the nomination, and if the action of the convention shall be indorsed by an _elep— tion by the people I will, God heipkik me, give to the discharge of the duties of that exalted office the best service of 1 1 am capable and at the end of retireire to privateate life.ife. I shallall which term ret to priv l I sh not be a candidate for nor shall I accept a renominSMon, Several reasons might be advanced for this position, but the con­ trolling one with me is that I am fully persuaded that no Incumbent,of that office should ever be placed In a situation of possible temptation to consider what the effect of action taken by him In an ad­ ministrative matter of great impoiftance might have upon his political fortunes. Questions of momenlous consequence to all of the people have been in the past and will be in the future presented to the president for determination, and In ap­ proaching their consideration as well as in weighing the facts and the arguments bearing upon them he should be unem­ barrassed by any possible thought of the Influence his decision may have upon anything whatever that may affect him personally. I make this statement not in criticism of any of our presidents from \Washingtoh down who have either held the office for two terms or sought to suc­ ceed themselves, for strong arguments can be advanced in support of the re-election Of a president. It is simply my judgment that the interests of this country are now so vast and the questions presented are frequently of such overpowering magni­ tude to the people ^that it is indispensable to the mainteni before the peoi magistrate should that that independence shoi £ all lependent, but )uia be known Bottled Ale Lager Soda FOR FAMILYIUSE BOITLWG WiKS F. R MUNSON, Mgr. i.EElAjEi OF..*. MERiy NOOSE, HERKIMER,, N. Y. T e leph o n e 25. FIRE IHSHRAHCE! C. B. ROOT, A g e n t. Real Estate Bought, or Sold. 210 S. W a s h in g td n St., P hone .%1. - - H eekimee . N. Y SHOES REPAIRED. \MEN’S SOIiBS - - 50c LADIES’ AND BOY’S - - 40c Stock and \Work Guaranteed. M.SMUKLER, n . » The Semi-Weekly Democrat, one dollar a year. A New Departure The DOUGLAS S2.50 Shoes are the best iu the world, and we have added a^complete line to our stock of §3.00 and S3.50 DOUGLAS Shoes: Men’s Light \Weight Vici for dress - - §2.50 Men's Patent Colt has the get up of the §3.00 shoe §2.50 Men’s Box Calf Blncher, heavy sole - §2.50 Men’s Box Calf Lade, heavy sole - - - §2.50 Men’s Kangaroo Calf, built for wear - - §2.50 iken’s Kangaroo Calf, broad plain toe - - §2.50 These Shoes are the GOODYEAR WELT, built on snappy, up to-date lasts. They are right for wear and proper for dress., Our Line is Complete. We repeat: The New Douglas $2.50 Shoe is the Best $2.50 Shoe in the World! GRAND OPERA HOUSE BLOCK, Herkimer, N. Y. P h o n e 4 0 . X , %AR C O U P O N . ■ . J A P A N a n d R U S S I A .,. I guess t h e w a r w ill e n d ............................................................................. and t h a t ........... . ................................. w ill be victorious. The first pne guessing the above questions correctly will receive the first prize, the second nearest the second prize. Each gue;=s -wiU be dated upon receipt at this office. Sign your narpe and address below. N a m e ...................... .. ................................................................................ ............. A d d r e s s ..............................................................' ............................... .. . . ^ . R e c e iv e d a t t h is office ................................ .. ..................................................... $ 50 , 000.00 GASH GIVEN AWAY to Users of LION COFFEE In Addition to the Regular Free Premiums Itow Woui<t You L ik e a C h e c k L ik e T h i s f UT a U a .... A n n n n cash to JLion co ffee users in our Great \World’s Fair Contest— W C IfoiVS AW 8 1 Q 6 CI $ C iU ; I I I I U a ll lf '2139 people get checks, 213& more will get them in the Presidential Vote Contest Five Lion > Heads cut from Lion Coffee Packages 'i^and a a = cent tftamp entitle you (in addition to the regular free premiums) to one vote. The 2«cent stamp cov^ ers our acknowledgment to you that your estimate is recorded. You can send as many esti= mates as desired. 0rainl First Prize of $5,000.00 will be awarded to th e one who is nearest correct on both our World’s Fair and Presi« dential Vote Contests. - W e also offer f5,000.00 Special Cash Prizes to Grocers’ Clerks. (Particulars In each case o f Lion Coffee.) Hows; I fSilS-’l88;88 ::::::::::::;:::;:I:888:88 i8 g l l l l : i ^ § 8 : 8 8 ji :;::::;::::;::;:;'.i:88£88 2i8fglll= !8:8§ : ::;;:;:;:::::;;::;|:888:88 1800 Prizes— 5.00 ......... . ..............>..• 0,000,00 2139 PRIZES. TOTAL, $20,000.00 How Would Your Name Look on brse of These Checks? Everybody uses coffee. If you will use convinced there is no other such value we are using our advertising money so that WE GIVE BOTH FREE PREMIUMS AND CASH PRIZES C o m p lete D etailed P a rtieulars in Every P a c k a g e of LION COFFEE WOOLSON SPICE CO., (CONTEST DEP»t.) Jayne's Carminative Balsam JL M ^ 1 ^ A —The Shmdard Remedy for Summer Otoir^laint, Cramps, Colic, Graping Pains, Soar Stomach and Vomitins, also for Dysentery, morrhrna or Looseness, Asiatic Cholera, Cholera Morbus, and Cholera Infantum. JAYNE^S CARMINATIVE BALSAM has been used with Rreat success for 73 ^ years. W e \ yyi IS send Free to any person who wBH enclose a two-cent stamp in part payment for the moilins, a tnal size bottle o f JAYNE’S CARMINATIVE BALSAM. Write your Name, Towit and State plainly to mstme your getting the same. Address: BR* !>• JAYNE ^ SONf Piuladelplila,. What will be the total popular vote cast for President (votes for all can­ didates combined) at the election November 8,1904 ? In 1900 election, 13,959,653 people voted for President. For nearest correct esti­ mates received in Woolson Spice Com- iny’s office, Toledo, O., on or before - 1904, prize tor tne nearest second prize to the next nearest, etc., pany’s office, Toledo, O., on November 5, 1904 we will give first >rize for the near correct estimate, TOLEDO, OHIO. Please mention tW* paper vlien lasvsHnK advcetlacmcnt

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