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Herkimer Democrat. (Herkimer, N.Y.) 1877-1904, October 29, 1904, Image 7

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O T O S IQ A “ W O B IiU P q W E E / ’ t*lie United States Has Not Recently Attained That Distinction, **OurB Is a world power* imd as such It must he maiatained, hut I deny that It is at all recently that the United States has attained that eminence. Our country became a world power over a centm’y ago, when, having thrown off foreign domination, the people estab­ lished a free govermneat, the source ©f whose authority sprung, and was continuously to proceed, from the will of the people themselves. It grew as ft world power as its sturdy citwens, to whose natural increase were added immigrants from the old world seefeing to obtain here the liberty and prosper­ ity denied them in their own countries', spread over the face of the land, re­ duced the prairies and forests- to cul­ tivation, built cities, eohstrueted high­ ways and railroads, till now a nation which at the fo^ a tion of the govem- m ^ t numbered only three millions In population, Tias become eighty millions, and from ocean to ocean and tiie lakes to the gulf, the country is the abode of a tree and prosperoua people, ad­ vanced in the highest degree in the learning and arts of cIviMzation. It Is the liberty, the advancement and the prosperity of its citizens, not any career of comauest, that make the country a world power. This condition we owe to the bounty of Providence, unfolded In the great natural resources of the country, to the -wisdom of our fathers, manifested in the form of gov­ ernment established by them, to 'th e energy; industry, moral chara^er and law-abiding spirit of the people them­ selves.” t^rom Judge Parker’s speech of acceptance.] REPUBLICAN EXTRAVAEANCE. The extravagance of the present ad­ ministration is a difficult matter for its apologists to explain. First, there is the deficit for the fiscal year 1893-‘4 of over $41,990,000 staring them In the face, which has reduced the available cash balance in ther United States Treasury to the zero point, so that Secretary Shaw will probably have to again call on the banks for another Installment of the cash they hold and on which they pay no interest. It is all very -well to call the payments for the Panama Canal an \extraordinary** expense and So excuse the present con­ ditions. Tlxere- axe otliex expenses that this administration has piled lip that are eaually extraordinary that no ex** cuses can palliate or gloss over. Take the expenditures for the. year before the war with Spain, when the Democrats were in power and the ap­ propriations made by the itepublicans for the present year, and the extrav­ agance of the present administration is at once apparent. lS96-'7. lS93-’4. civil and m lsiellaneous. 190,000,000 $182.(^00.000 War Department ....... . 48,000,000 U5,000,000 Navy D e p a r t m e n t . . . . 34,000,000 102,000,000 T o t a l.. ............... ?172,000,00a |349,000,0d0 This mates $177,000,000 more this year than in 1896—more than double as much. What -excuse Can the Re­ publican apologists offer for such ft vast increase, and how do they pro-' pose to further tax the people ta sup­ port such extravagance? HEROISM AND LOVE OF ~V?9UNTRYi \The Government of the United States was organized solely for the •people of the United States. While It was contemplated that this country should become a refuge for the op­ pressed of every land, who might be fit to discharge the duties Of our citi­ zenship, and while we have always sympathized with the people of every J nation in their struggles for self-gov­ ernment, -the government was not created for a career of political or ci-yi- lizing evangelization in foreign coun­ tries or among alien races. The most efficient work we can do in uplifting the people of other countries is by the presentation of a happy, prosperous, fielf-gaveming nation as an ideal to be emulated, a model to he followed. The general occupation of our citizens in the arts of peace, or the absence of large. military armaments, tends to impair neither patriotism nor physical courage, and for the truth of this 1 refer the young man of to-day to the history of the Civil War. For fifty years, with the exception of the war With Mexico, this country had been at peace, with a standing army most of the time of less than ten thousand men. He who thinks that the nation bad grown effeminate during that pe­ riod should read the casualty rolls of the armies on either side at Shiloh, Antietam, Fredericksburg and Gettys­ burg, a t Stone Biver and CShickamauga. I -would be the last man to pluck a single laurel from the crown of any one of the military heroes to whom fhisi country ow^s so much, but I insist that their most heroic deeds proceeded Infinitely more from devotion to the country tham from martial spirit.'* IFrom Judge Parker’s si>eech of ao- «eptaiice.l TABIff m U80H. j liigfi Prices for Manufactured Goods dad Im Piricftft fdr Labor* j Workingmen sell labor and buy goods. It is to their interest to have ) labor dear and goods cheap. How can b a tariff on goods protect labor? It cannot and does n ot Workingmen can I never be protected by any tariff on| goods,- while labor is left on the free f— list and immigrants can flood tWsi country with cheap labor, as they are j no-w doing. j Labor bn the free list means the Cheapest possible labor in our protect­ ed mills. Tariff-taxed goods \ means the highest possible prices for manu­ factured goods. ;rbis sort of protec­ tion works beautifully for the manu­ facturers, but very poorly for the em­ ployees. It is, in fact, a s-wlndle on the American workingman, for it compels him to pay American prices for goods while selling his labor practically at European Wages. If 'iday or -week wages are higher here it Is because our workers do more work and not be­ cause of tariff fexes upon goods. The humbug of the tariff so far as labor Is concerned, was well summed up by Hon. \William D. Kelley, a pro­ tectionist leader in Congress In 1S75, when he said: “Yes, men are on the free li^t, They cost us not even freight. We. proniote free trade in men, and it is the only free trade I am prepared to promote.” A tariff on goods, by barring out for­ eign goods, makes it easy for our manufacturers to form trusts and put up prices. This they havb done. Prices are now from 35 to 40 peAcent. higher than In 1897, when the Dingiey MU, which greatly increased tariff duties on goods, became law. Trusts and monopolies now control the prices of nearly everything. A leading RepuhU- ean Congressman, Mr. Littlefield, of Maine, had printed in the Congression­ al Record of February 26, 1903, a list of 800 trusts with a capitalization of nearly $14,000,000,000. The most^ of these trusts hate wen formed since 1897. The Dingley-hill did not put a duty on labor to keep out foreigners and to protect American wages. It left labor on the free list and 3,000 immigrants a day, or nearly 1,000,000 a year, are landing in this country to compete with American workingmen and keep wages down. When workingmen strike for higher wages or shorter hours their places arc often filled by these for­ eigners. Many strikes are lost or part­ ly lost, because of this steady inflow of foreigners, all looking for work. If the workers now on strike In the Cot­ ton mills, ^teel mills, beef packing houses, etc,, are lost, it, will be be­ cause there is plenty of idle labor, and it is easy for employees to obtain workers at lower wages. In fact, the employers would not have permitted or encouraged strikes, had it not been for this great influx of foreign labor and for the fact that high tariffs and high trust pric^ have prostrated our industries and'thrown thousands of men out of employment. ' The tariff must he changed somehow, if the -workingmen'are to be benefited by it. WHAT TWO DOLLAR WHEAT WILL MEAN. \May wheat is going to two dollars,” Is the cry of the gamblers In the wheat pits. Republiean ergans ftfiho the m and loilow it with “Hurrah lor Eoose* velt and Prosperity!” Prosperity for whom? Probably not for the farmer, certainly not for the consumer. If by any chance wheat should go to two dollars a bushel, the price of flour would advance corre­ spondingly. There would be an in- orsasa of lOQ per cent.-In the price of thread. This might please a few people, comparatively speaking, but .it would be a great hardship to millions and tens of millions of wage earners who find bread dear enough at present prices. The only way in which bread riots could be prevented if wheat' should really go to two dollaxs per bushel, would be hy the repeal of the duty of twenty-five cents per bushel on wheat, and even that might only relieve the situation ia a measure. This is oue of the many t&ps on food stuffs levied to fool the farmer, who In an ordinary year la able to supply the home demand,, and to export besides. h 600D SIGN IN NEW YORK. The reappearance of Smith M. Weed as an active Democratic leader in New York State, ia another welcome sign of Democratic harmony and coming victory, Mr. Weed was one of Samuel J, Tilden’s most aggressive and trailed lieutenants, and during two of the Cleveland campaigns he was conspic­ uous for successful leadership. In Clinton and adjoining counties Mr. Weed is a political power, and his »o- tlvity this year -will be worth several thousand votes to the Denfocratie tic- ksL No Republican, femiliar with political conditions in northtm Now \XoriE^ win desty this. Soda Crackers, Fresh TQ-DAY A. SELLER Groceries and Provisions When the enterprising grocer has anything unusual to offer he wants you to know it. Hence, he advertisee ^‘Soda Crackers, Fresh TQ-DAY.” He emphasizesto-day because to-morrow it will be another story. You neve^ knew a grocer to advertise Un®©d4l Biscuit^ Fresh “ To-day.” Everybody knows you do not have to buy U n e e d a B iscu it on a certain day or at a certain place to get them fresh. The grocer does' not have to worry about the weather, the dust, or to-mofrow, because Uneeda Biscuit are protected by air tight packages, which keep them fresh, clean and good under all conditions, to-day, and to-morrow. NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY He Had No Trouble In Brewing a Crowii ENTLteMBN,” began the faMr B V as he* arranged numerous bot­ tles on a little table at a down­ town street comer and prepared for business, \baa any one in this crowd got a toothache?” . \ No one answered. “Has any one an earacne or a Head- ache!” Not a man had anything to say, \Very-well but are yon troubled with insomnia? Are you low spirited, and do you find yourself thinking of suicide?’' ^ The appeal was like the other, ift. vain. The crowd elbowed each other; b u t no one advaneecL “Very. well, gentlemen; very welL Now, is there any one here who in­ dulges in intoxicants and wishes to conceal the fact from the -women folk? If so, I guarafatee that one drop of this marvelous preparation placed on the tongue will Instantly remove the odor Of any”— There was a mad rush from aU di­ rections, and for the next five miniitea he gave change and passed out ^ e bot­ tles-with both hands.—New York Press. A Test Indeed. Reginald Yau .Pastthemark knelt on the balcony and gazed into hia lady­ love’s fair face. “Though we part tonight,” he said, his^oice shaking with emotion, “my loVe for you will remain as steadfast as ever. Call ou me to show It when­ ever you like, and gladly ,-wilL I under­ go the severest test Though I be thou­ sands of miles away from you”— Kathryn Futuregiri placed her hand upon his bowed head. “Ah,” she cried, “do not use that ex­ pression of Which our ancestors were so fond. Say not that you ‘will fly to me/ That is no test nowadays. Prom­ ise me, i f I ask you to, you will walk to me from the furthenbost corners of the world,” And so great was Reginald’s love that, -with his hand upon his heart and his foot upon the airship beside the balcony, he promised. It was the su­ preme test, indeed, in t^is year 2002.— Judge. Different Now. “Madam,” he said to the fat woman in the street ear who was crowding him, “did your husband ever refer to you as a gazelle?” “He did, sir—he did,” she said as she turned on him, “but that wag several years ago, when I weighed 310 pounds. Now that I ’ve got down to 2S0 he calls me a rhinoceros and tries to spare my feelings'as much as he can ” ■ JUD GIN G CATTLE. X o m e G « x i.ei^al D e m a v r e a . « ■ t o -to e Points of a Good Guernsey. The judging of cattle is becoming more than ever a subject of interest ■with farmers in general. In connec­ tion with the official scale of points of the American Guernsey Cattle club the following explanatory notes have been We recognise the Guernsey should bs: Must—A dairy animal with, a dlstinc- .tive dairy temperament and .conforms- tion, having a strong, nervy strnctui'e, ■with a corresponding flow of nervous energy and every inflication ol capac- ity and -vitality. Second.—^In color of hair a shade o l fawn, wlfh. white on limbs and un­ der part of body, is considered the -j^revaijiag marling, and eome degree of uniformity is .desirable, Third.—One of the importent distin- guishlng features of the breed is the presence of a yellow color In the pig­ ment of the skin, which is indicative Of rich golden color in the milk. This Is very pronounced in the Guernsey^ and held by her to the greatest extent under all conditions of etabling- and feed. The ^ t e n s ity of tifls -trait Is more marked in some animals and families than in others, but it should be kept at the highest standard. It la fast being recognized that this color is, accompanied by a superior flavor in the milk and tiius in the butter. Dairy Temperament. By “dairy temperement” is meant a strong overruling predisposition or tendency .to, turn the consumption of food toward the production of milk with a high content of polids, especial­ ly butter fat, as against the constitu­ tional tendency, so often seen, to turn' food into flesh. All cattle bred spe­ cifically for dairy purposes should pos­ sess a clear and decided dairy temper­ ament, for it is that quality of char­ acter we most desire to establish, en­ large and perpetuate in the Guernsey This is espedaiy indicated by the shape of the head, showing brain ca- -pacily, wide muzzle, open nostril, full bright eyes, feminine neck and a con­ struction of the backbone indicating a strong flow of nerve power and sup­ port from the brain to all of the ma­ ternal organs. Constitution. In breeding our domestic animals, es­ pecially for long service, like the dairy cow, it is very important that they should have abundant vital power, wMch we call “constitntioiu” Gonsti- tution is beat Indicated-by ja full de­ velopment a t the navel and strong ab­ dominal walls, showing that the ani­ mal when in a prenatal state was> abundantly nonrtsbed by tb© motbor ‘ throng a well developed umbilical cord. OPENING. Saturday,Oct.29 KEW IND ElUnGEO STOCK. We announce to our customers ^ and the public generally tb®t we are at present moving into thp Longshore Block Main Street formerly occupied by J ^ T . Oolcord for Dry *€roods Business, where we will haye a larg­ er room aud are better prepared than ever to serve our patrons* Fine Groeeries' including everything the term implies, at the Lowest prices. , Come and let us show you the Best Values for every dollar you spend with us. Prompt service at all times. E. R. STEELE & SON Quality Grocers. ■PHONE 33. t

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