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The News gatherer. (Macedon, N.Y.) 1888-1918, December 26, 1891, Image 3

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AGRICULTURAL. TOPICS OF INTEREST REtjA.TlVE TO FARM AND OAKDKN. FEEDING. Feeding, like any other investment of money, should pay the proper interest on the capital used. If the animal fed can­ not pay back a fair interest on the cost of the food, both should be applied to more remunerative usc3—the capital transferred and the animal converted into •cash to bo profitably applied. Nearly •every farmer in America and elsewhere loses the interest of the money invested in unprofitable live-stock.— American Agriculturist. LOOK TO TUE 8TABLES IN WINTER. It is expensive work to winter idle horses, and doubly expensive if proper care is not given, for then there i3 u strong chance of losing some before .spring. If the stables are close and heated the air will be hot and foul—di­ rectly injurious to the lungs. On the other hand, cold stables with strong cur­ rents of air ire quite as bad. A warm, not hot, stable, well ventilated without <lirect drafts, is tho happy medium.— New York Observer. KINDNESS TO CATTLE. This is one ot the standard subjects for the dairy writer and dairy lecturer. It is a good subject, but its treatment usually lacks direction, - for being kind to the cow. There 19 only one way in which a man can teach himself to be kind to the cow, and that is train him­ self in kiudly feelings toward everything. Whenever a man takes a milk pail in his hand and starts for the cow stable, slap­ ping a child's ears, kicking the dog, swearing at a hog that happens to run across bis path and hualing 11 stick at the chickens, while on his way, the cow had bettor \hist\ promptly when he reaches her, or there will be a circus at once. A man who is ill naturcd at everything else will be ill-natured toward the cow, and the man who is kind to everybody and eveiy other animal will treat the cow kiudly. It would be much more effec­ tive if effort Wiis made to cause a man to be universally kind than to tell him to be kind to the cow — Western llural. nor. DYSPEPSIA. Hog dyspepsia is the forerunner of many hog ailments It throws the sys­ tem out of condition and hastens the disea&c The dyspeptic hog is au un­ thrifty one, he is alwajs hungry, con­ tinually eating if he has an opportunity, but the food does him no good, a* it is onlv partially digested He actually <ceins to dwindle 111 size instead of to grow, and becomes \pot-bellied.\' lie is uncomfortable himself and renders his companions as much so as he possibly tan The cause of dyspepsia is over­ feeding, or rather irregular feeding, allowing the hog to become very hungry and then gorge himself. When the in­ ternal machinery of the hog is once thrown out of gear, like any other machinery, if continued to run out of gun, will rapidly grow worse. The pre­ ventives arc better than cures. Keep the hog well supplied with charcoal, •vood ashes, salt aud lime to keep them well toned up. It they are suffering from the disease, reduce the food to a very light diet, give plenty of charcoal and watch the condition closely, and by regulating the feed they can be grad­ ually brought up again .— Neie Orleans Aire JJcliii been patented, are too numerous to DA ' separately described. The qhurning is ' performed for tho purposo pf causing the globules of butter fat to* strike on each other and by impaction to unite. When large numbers of these have united in that way it is said that the butter had \come npd tho particles may bo washed and removed. Whatever the frrm of churn used, tho agitation ought to be equally distributed and uniform, and affect the whole mass as evenly as possible, in order that all the cream may bo turned into buttnr at j about the samo time, otherwise there may bo tho loss so frequently complained of, of tho fat globules remaining ungath- ered in tho buttermilk. Of all the forms of churn invented, the old fashioned dash churn has been the most popular. The dasher should fill about three-fourths of tho section of the chorn, so that the cream will be sub­ ject to a yiolding pressure at each stroke, and the holes in tho dash should be taper­ ing, that is, larger in diameter at tho bottom than at tho top of the dash. In the revolving churns the cream is made to move by centrifugal forco from tho contro and strike against the inner surface of tho churn, or in some of its forms to fall from corner to corner or from end to end, thus giving it a more diversified agitation. A great deal of cream is left in the buttermilk from churning two qualities of cream in the same churn at tho same churning. All the cream for each churning should be thoroughly mixed from twelve to twenty hours before the operation begins. The temperature in the churn should be from fifty-five to sixty degrcca, and the strokes of tho dash regular and about forty per minute.— New Tori World. SNAKE VERSUS 01. X STOP.Y I TJTJUST RATING THE PYTHON'S GREAT STRENGTH. X Monster Serpent Colls About BuIlocK—Holding Its Own Against Great Odds— Tho Outcome. UIII:N T <- rnr.Ni: APPLE TRKES. Orchards trees may be pruned at any tiide after the leaves have fallen. Indo- mg this work one should first study the tree and note just what wood is to be takeu away. The intention in pruning is to cut out all the crossing branches and those that crowd each other so as to interfere with the balance of the tree. And, as trees dilfcr in the manner of growth, some require different treatment from others. This is all to be under­ stood before any cutting is done, and as it is easier to cut a^ain than to replace a branch that is cut wrong, the work should be done with deliberation. When the tree has been carefully surveyed in this way, the cutting is to be done with a sharp, fine toothed saw, and never with an axe. The cuts are to oe trimmed smooth with a sharp knife, and largo wounds should be painted over with common paiut. Every cutis to be made close to the stum or branch, so that no stubs are left. Sprouts will always grow from these and make future work and trouble. Pruning is a work that is not easily described to fit all cases, but when the principle is understood it is easily learned. A frequent study of the trees will quickly lead to an understanding of what is necessary to be done — New York Times. T=ML'T I.N WHEAT . Smut in wheat is a parasitic fungus uf a low degree. The spores, which an­ swer the pla;c o r seeds in higher orders of plants, arc in the form of a minute black dust, and these are scattered over the field, in the grass, straw, chaff, also adheiing to the sound grain after it is gathered, and may bo sown with it the following year, and when conditions are favorable these smut-spores germinate, their threads penetrating all parts of the growing plant and ultimately producing smutty wheat again. Smutty grain may appear in dry as well as in wet seasons, and the abundance of smut in the wheat fields of a locality ma? be due to the continuous cropping ot particular fields with wheat, oats or some closely-alned grain To prevent smut a system of ro­ tation of crops should be adopted, and the seed wheat ho soaked for a few hours in a solution of sulphato of copper, in a weak brine made of common salt, for the purposo of killing any smut spores that may be on the grain. A good way to prepare seed wheat for sowing is to dissolve one pound of sulphato of cop­ per in two gallons of water, or in this proportion for any quantity required. The wheat should be placed in tubs or or casks, filling up to within three or four inches of the top, then pouring in the solution until the grain is well cov­ ered. The wheat is then to be stirred thoroughly, and should nny whole smut grains come to the surface they have to bo skimmed' off. After soaking for nn hour or two the liquor is to be drained off, the grain spread out on a floor and dusted with dry limo or wood ashes, after which it i3 to be sown as usual.— American Agriculturist. METHODS OF CUtrRNINO. The churns in use, many of which have FARM AND OABDEN NOTES. Don't forget the winter's wood. Breed stock when eggs are cheap. Hake the hens lay when eggs are tho dearest. Kill or otherwise dispose of all hens after three years of age Plants drink. Hence all fertilizers must be soluble to be available. If you want to get the firs'; premiums, you must be up early and proparing for it. The loss by stacking is often greater than the interest on money to build a barn. Remember early-cut hay is best, and early cutting gives a chance for a second crop. Flavor aud taste are not the samo. You taste the flavor but do not flavor the taste. Keep all the pullets. They arc worth $2 each as prospective early winter layers. If weeds are repeatedly cut and not allowed to seed,they must sooner or later die out. Less acres and more on an aero is one of the means of solving the agricultural problem. Live on the farm more in tho old- fashioned way of producing your own supplies. Empty soapsuds on the garden; it 13 full of potash and other fertilizing in­ gredients. What is the matter with the Berkshire, Poland China, Duroc aud Essex breeds of swine? Keep a nonsitting breed to lay when sitters are hatching, and pay expenses of the latter. Don't let the potato bug3 kill the vines, and then put unripe potatoes on tho market. Early give tho pigs a side pen, acces­ sible only to thum, and begin to feed them lightly. Breed ns many chickens as possible and as early as possible. Tbey all reprcsonl so much money Garden ground infested with cutworms will be benefited by plowing it deeply just before heavy freezing. A watering trough should always be under cover, so that animals can drink on a cold day without discomfort. You must not believe what anyono say3 about his dog not worrying sheep. Your dog will d o it if he gets :he chance. The main thing in wintering sheep is to keep them up in the fall, lor if per­ mitted to lose flesh then they will scarcely recruit during the entire win­ ter. It is true in breeding /is well as in growing crops, tho man who weeds the closest and most intelligently is the one who grows the largest crop and at tho least cost. Salt is the cause of deterioration of butter oftcner than is supposed. It is unnecessary to use poor salt when there are so many places where pure dairy salt may be obtained. A half tcaspoonful of turpentine, mixed with a pad of ashe3 and applied . every two or three days, is said to keep the striped beetlu away from cucumber aud melon plants. One of tho ways in which you can help to make your stock-keeping profitablo ! this winter, will be to hold over no more ! animals than you can properly and com­ fortably shelter. It is sorry business to feed good hay and grain to shivering cattle in a bleak barnyard. Mr. David Allen says: \Of cannas there is now an endless variety, but we cannot dispense with all the old onos, on account of their effective foliage, such as Nigricans, Lilliflora and Indies. All tho new dwarf varieties excel in their brill­ iant color and effectiveness ou the lawn. The American Florist claims to have found an infallible remedy for the cut­ worm pest. It says u«e pyretlirum pow­ der, making certain that it is fresh. Dis­ tribute it with a bellows at evening time, and in the morning large numbers of the worms will be found lying on the ground dead. The raising of dusks is only in it3 in­ fancy in this country. The time will per­ haps como when that fowl will be raised as extensively as in China. Ouo of tho best reasons for extending the breeding cf ducks is the fact that they are less lia­ ble to disease than any other breed of fowl. The sheep businoss, like dairying, is a business that can not be successful by picking it up one year and dropping it the next. It is a busiuess that needs study, and, like dairying, the details of it can not bo learned in one year. It is the man who goes into it and sticks to it who wins; and he can not bo brooding for mutton one year and wool the noxt, neither can ho keep his dock on tho feast- or-famino plan during tho winter aud raise a crop of healthy lambs in th« Bering. Tho elderly proprietor of a coast steam­ ship lino who, in his younger days, saw not a hctlc of the rough sido of a sailor's life, recently told a story which illus­ trates tho great strength of certain large serpents of tho East Indies. Wo had been speaking of the force of elephants, whales, lions and other largo vertebrata, and estimating the power which it is possible to concontratc in muscular tissue. It was this which called out my friend's story. The Dutch, he said, who control Su­ matra, Java and several smaller islands to the eastward of Java, have been ac­ customed to set free certain cattle in favorable localities of their possessions, in order that thoy may by their increase furnish a cheap beef supply, both for the native and for Government use. When the narrator was about oigbteen years old he was supercargo on board a brig which made annual voyages into tho East Indian water3 after sandalwood. Tho vessel was lying in a bay on tho coast of au island to tho north of Timor, and the log3, or sections of tho precious wood, were drawn down to the beach from a table-land two or throe mile3 in the interior by a Dutch proprietor who had in his service six natives and as many bullocks. Those animals were driven tandem— in siaglo filo—on account of the narrow­ ness of the trail, which led for some dis­ tance across a marsh amongst huge trees, and then ascended through rock3 and crags to the dryer plateau, where the santalum grows. The logs were trans­ ported on a narrow boat-shaped \drag without wheels or rollors. The young supercargo, who was fond of hunting and adventure, often accom- pained this odd team in its trips from the shore to the plateau. On tho way up he often rodo tho drag with tho old Dutchman, who was stout and disinclined to pedestrian exercise. Upon one of these occasions, whoa the team had passed nearly through the swampy forest tract and was near the foot of the craggy ascent, the supercargo was amazed atid startled by a singular sight. In the obscurity of the dense foliage abovo his head, he saw somothing which he could compare to nothing save a huge, animated barber's pole drop like a flash from the branches of the great trees which overhung tho path, and enfold the ox next in front of the rude vehicle in which he ana Mynheer Uuydccoper were sitting. It was a python of large size, superbly marked. From a large limb, ten or fifteen feet above the ox, the snake had dropped or swung down, and had thrown a fold of its supple body about the nock of the poor animal, swift as a tiger's spring, The natives took to their heels. The ox thus fearfully beset, bellowed with affright and, plunging headlong, jerked the drag so violently that the fat Dutch­ man was sent rolling over its side. Meantime the alarm was communicated to tho bullocks in advance. Erecting their tails, they bounded forward along the trail; and tho drag, catching again3t a tree-trunk or some other obstruction, detached aud left buhin.l the cattlo in their mad flight. For some distance they dragged their hapless mate after them. The python had kept its f.ild around the ox's neck, and was carried along wiih them The Bcrcaming of the native3, the bellowing of the oxen, the hoarse shouts of the fleshy Dutchman, and the snapping of tackle, made the spectacle an exciting one. The reptile, infuriated by tho rough usage it was receiving, lashed right aud loft with the ten or twelve feet of its body that trailed after tho ox. Then was exhibited an examplo of its tremendous strength. Its tail came in contact with a tree beside tho path. It threw a turn around the trunk, aud instantly tho flee­ ing bullocks were brought to a stand. In vain they leaped and surged irregularly forward. Like a stiff iron hook, the tail of the python held its turn arouno the tree, while its shining body was stretched taut as a ship's cable. Its fold around the ox's neck tightened till tho choked animal's tongU9 protruded and its oyes bulged; still it holdfast both to ox and tree, nor could the terrified and plung­ ing learn tear it away. The young supercargo, dashing for- word, discharged his fowling-pioco, loaded with shot, at the reptile's body, without producing aay perceptible effect. But Mynheer Huydccoper, who by this time had gathered himself up, now ran forward with a moro efficacious weapon. , He bad taken from tho drag a long saw which was used by the workmen for sawing the tree trunks into logs. Rais­ ing this in both hands, he brought it down across the serpent as he would have done upon a log. The effect was instantaneous. Tho python's tenso body separated in two parts, and tho oxen plunged forward, leaving the sundered halfs of the monster writhing in the path. Tho two men beat the reptile's head into quietude with levers. It was found that this portion of its body measured nearly thirteen feet in length, while the tail was not quito ten feet long; and near the place where tho saw had divided it, the snake was twenty-one inches in circum­ ference. Of course the frantic bullocks did not exert their strength in concert. They were too crazy with fright for that. Had they pulled together, and in a straight line, undoubtedly tho serpent would have been torn either from the treu, or 'from his hold upon the bullock's neck. — Youth's Companion. No Room 13. \Don't put me in No. 13,\ pleaded •the latest arrival with the clerk, who was assigning him to a room. \Super­ stitious?\ the clerk queried. \No not exactly that,\ replied the new comer, \but a little skittish.\ \Well I couldn't put you in n No. 13 if I would,\ stated tho man with tho diamond. \There isn't a No. 13 in tho house. We skipped that unlucky number in the numbering.\ JTho stranger breathed a sigh of roliof, !nnd the mischieviou3 clerk sent him. up ,to parlor Q, which used to be No. 13, ;but had been rcchriatencd to suit the whims of the traveling public,-^ Phila- falpjiia Record. A Mnmiuotli Stump. Long before the advent of the white man in California forest fires raged, and fiom recent discoveries it is probablo that giant trees were thus destroyed, in comparison to which our much lauded sequoias and redwoods of the presont are but saplings. In 1849 Commodore Apetsby Catesby Jones. United Stales Navy, established a small saw-mill in Mill Valley for tho purpose of getting out lumber, thore being no small saw­ mills in oporation on the coast at the time. A fow romnants of this old mill still remain, the locality being about six miles from Sausalito, on tho North Pa­ cific Coast Railway. Close by this mill there can to-day bo plainly traced tho outline of a treo destroyed by fire, per­ haps ages ago. The stump still meas­ ures fifty-two feet in diameter, and from appearances perhaps once measured fully sixty feet. Around this mammoth stump had grown immense trees, which were cut and used in tho saw-mill in 1840. Since then a third growth has been made, the sight of which would make glad tho heart of any lumber man. The stump was measured last week by Edward A. T. Gallagher, the pioneer, who lost his reputation for veracity in 1849, when his description of the sequoias of Cali­ fornia was published in tho Eastern pa­ pers, in which the statement was mado that his employes had driven a wagon and yoke of oxen through a prostrate tree that was burned hollow, and thoy would drive for 100 feet and \gee off \ and out through a knot hole. At the samo time the statement was mado that he had felled, a tree seventeen feet in diametor and had used the hollow of one that was standing in which to stable thirteen head of horses. Electricity for tho Polar Nijrht. The long polar night will be hence­ forth more bearable to the 2000 in­ habitants of Hammerfest in Norway, the northernmost village of Europe Electric light has been introduced into every house in the hamlet. The power is brought from threo small streams a short distanco from Hammerfest, whose cur­ rents aro so strong and swift that the water does not freeze even in winter. The long night begins in Hammerfest on November IS and lasts until January 23, so that the artificial illumination will be of service for sixty-six days. On the other hand, it will be practically useless and unnecessary from May 1C to July 20, during which time the sun never ceases to shine. Hammerfest lies in north lati­ tude seventy degrees, thirty-nine minutes, fifteen seconds. At sixty-seveu degrees, twenty-three minutes, north latitude the longest night lasts ono month, at sixty-nine degrees, fifty-one minutes, it iasts two mouths, and at seventy-three degrees forty minutes threo months. Tho polar night Is shortened and tho polar day is length­ ened by the reflection of light. The in­ habitants of Hammerfest, in fact, have no real night between March 30 and September 12.— Boston Transcript. A Unique Itock Cairn. Mies Frances Willard has now the most uniquo rock cairn in the world. It is upon her lawn. Once upon a time Miss Willard was heard to express a wish for a rock cairn. Accordingly, on Miss Willard's fifty-second birthday, Miss Anna Gordon, her faithful private secre­ tary, and second self, sent out hundreds of cards to friends inviting each to send a small stone for the cairn. Stones were sent from Ediuburgh Castle, the Tower of London, Melrose Abboy, Uollyrood Palace, the Giant's Causeway, also lava stones from Mount Vesuvius, India por­ phyry, stone3 of the Lakes of Killarney, also stones from tho homes of Longfel­ low and Ralph Waldo Emerson Then there were stones from tho Alps and chips from the Eiffel Tower, Haw­ thorn's old manse, Plymouth Rock, tho Washington Monument, and so many other places, that a list of them is quite too long to print.— New York Commercial Advertiser. Tallest Men i n tho World. The tallest men of Western Europe are found in Catalonia, Spain; Normandy, France; Yorkshire, England, and the Ardennes districts of Belgium. Prussia gets hor tallest recruits from Schleswig- Holstein, the original home of the irre­ sponsible Anglo-Saxons; Austria lrom the Tyrolese highlands. In Italy the progress of physical degeneration has ex­ tended to the Upper Aponincs, but the Albanian Turks are still au athletic race, and tho natives of tho Caucasus arc a3 sinewy and gaunt as in the days of the Argonauts. In tho United States tho thirty-eighth parallel, ranging through Indiana and Northern Kentucky, is as decidedly the latitude of big men as tho forty-second is of big cities. The tallest men of South America are found in tho Western provinces of tho Agontine Re­ public, of Asia in Afghanistan and Kay- pooana, of Africa, in tho highlands of Abyssinia.— Philadelphia Times. Shod With Stone. * A man went clattering along the side­ walk yesterday, making ao much noise as a horse. Curiosity impelled ono to look at his feet, when something was seen that was probably never noticed in As­ toria before. He had stone soles on his boots. Tho boots were mado like ordi­ nary boots, except that the lower or double sole consisted of a thin layer of what looked liko concrete or cement, a shell of set stone on which the upper sole was pasted. It was not flexible, aud ono couldn't do much dancing in thom. We had seen wooden shoes, and had n remembrance of the copper toed shoes of boyhood, but soles made of stono were somothing new. The man said ho was from Dakota, had bought the shoos at Fargo, and was here about a week. They wore made in Connecticut.— Oregon As- torian. St. George's Lighthouse. Sixty-three miles from Uumbol it \bar a lonely rock in the Pacific Ocean has long been a source of danger to tho mariner, but will bo so no longer. After eight years' warfaro with tho wind and tho waves, the workmen of the Govern­ ment havo placed on the rock a mag­ nificent structure that will bo known as tho St. George's light. Work on the building is finished, and nothing now re­ mains to bo done but to place the lens in its position and start tho machinery. It is expected that tho lenses, which were made in Franco at a co3t of $15,- 000, will anivo soon, and the building will then be turned over to the inspec­ tors. Tho lighthouse has cost tho Gov­ ernment $750,000, and is considered tho best on tho'coast, and is one of the best in the world.— Oregon Attorian. WOMAN'S WORLD, PLEASANT LITER./IT U RE FOE. fEMININE READERS. BLUE JEAN FOn HOME USE. Blue jean is becoming a most popular material for many home uses. It sheds dust easily and can be washed without changing color, and for these reasons it is liked for tablo covers, seats for par­ tially worn out chairs, crumb cloths and closet portieros. It should bo worked in a bold, conventional pattern, with rope linen of coarse embroidery silk, and it makes a splendid cover for an invalid's sofa pillow, worked with white rope linen.— New York Press. TOE BIG HAT MOST OO. Paris has declared war on the big hat at public performances. French papers are ridiculing it with merciless satire, and prominent critics have gone so far as to refuse to attend performances where the big hat is allowed. It is thought that the beginning of the end is come, and that soon amusement goers all over the world will bo dolivered from tho tyranny of the constructive mountain of millinery, for, of course, Paris sets tho fashion for the rest of the world.— New Orleans Picayune. FOR HOUSE WEAR. For houso wear a very handsome dres3 is mado of the princesse shape—and it may bo mentioned en passant that all dresses are being made on this pattern— crossed and draped,of iron gray swanskin silk. The corsage closed in bias over a double ruche, which is stopped by a bow on tho skirt. The right sido of the corsage is draped at the shoulder with three pleats, which are held together with a bow. A ruched collarette. Tho skirt is ornamented with two rows of embroidery, separated with small ruches, a double ruche ornamenting the bottom. The sleeves in bias,ratherhighshouldcred and gathered, being narrow at the bot­ tom and trimmed at tho wrist with two rows of einbrodcry and ruches.— New York Herald. THE SCOOP BONNET. The scoop bonnet is a favorite because it is generally becoming and issoshapod that while being a bonnet it has the youthful appearance of a round hat The distinctive feature of the scoop bonnot is that it has no brim at all, aud that it lies perfectly flat upon the front of tho bead, just over the forehead. This gives a very nice chance for a becoming face trimming. Women with small, regular features find tho scoop bonnet very bo- coming if trimmed with a standing bow, which is placed on tho front of tho bon­ net in the most upright, aggressive man­ ner possible. Around the odgo of the bonnet there must be a heavy ruching of some kind of velvot, and at the back an­ other upright bow. This makes a vory pretty hat, and one which will probably bo iashionable all winter.— New York World. A WOMAN A3 TKAIN DESPATCHER. It is said that the office of train despatcher on the New London North­ ern Railroad is held by Miss Lizzie E. D. Thayer. As this is a single-track road, hor position is one of great responsi­ bility, since she controls the movements of all trains from one end of tho line to the othor. Miss Thayor was for some timo assistant to tho former train de­ spatcher, and upon his resignation, pend­ ing tho appointment of his successor, sho proved herself so thoroughly capable of doing the work of the place that the position was conferred upon hor. She is at her office from seven in the morn­ ing until six at night, superintending tho 181 miles of track under her care. She has a man assistant, but the responsi­ bility is all hers. During her two years of scrvico there has been no accident for which she is to blame.— New York Wit- THE SILK SKIRT. What seems an extravagance to many women is tho silk skirt which a good dress-maker always insists a wool gown shall be made over. Yot even to tho economist there arc several points in its favor. One silk lining often serves dur­ ing tho reign of two gowns, tho foot ruffle, perhaps, being replaced. It is lighter than cambric and has besides a certain buoyancy, which adds to its want of woight. Its slippery surfaco prevents tho wool clinging and does away with the disagreeable swathed sensation which, wool gowns on cambric Hning3 are sure to evolve. Ono may even economize a little in tho amount of ovormatorial when tho silk skirt is usod. It is boginning to be understood that there is a -rationale at the bottom of many so-called extrava­ gancies; no woman for instance, nowa­ days who respects herself wears tho atroc­ ity known as a sham skirt—and the silk underskirt is a conspicuous example of such well conditioned luxury.— Chicago Neu-.s. LOVELY OLD SILK GOWNS. Speaking of economy reminds me of the lovoly old silk gowns that every­ body's mother or grandmother is pretty sure to possess. How often havo I gazed upon thoso quaintly cut remnants of past glories and thought what a de­ licious frock this would mako if only the widths wero straight. Now is your time, clever girls. Gored skirts aro with ua again, cs repair to tho old-fash­ ioned camphor chest that nearly every well regulated household possesses, and, with a little head work, a neat hand and a fow accessories you can turn yourself out a dinner gown or an afternoon dress that will pleaso yourself and everyone who is fortunato enough to see it on you. I speak, not blandly, but from expe­ rience, for I have just finished making over a simply lovely old lilac silk poplin. I am vory proud of it, for \with my own hands I have done this thing,\ and I don't believe \Mme. Adcliua\ or madame anybody else could havo made a more successful thing of it—£(. Louis Republic. INFLAMMABLE OOODS. \My business hero is to sell things,\ remarked a middle-aged salesman to his friend, as ho mado a memorandum of a cash salo in his book; \and of course, 1 expect to sell whatovor goods pcoplo ask for, if I have them in stock. But I do wish thoy wouldn't come here and buy Canton flannel for curtains and dra­ peries. There is nothing that I sell that makes me so uncomfortable as this. •I have had somo frightful cxporicnce3 with these goods, which I suppose have mado me unusually nervous about them. There is nothing in the whole range of dry-goods so inflammable as the fine grades of Canton flannel. I havo had the houso sot on fire repeatedly because some ono lighted a lamp in the vicinity of a Canton flannel drapery. I used to be very fond of this sort of goods, but there is nothing that would induce mo to put a yard of it in my house. If you want to understand the occasion of my fears, just take a bit of tho stuff and hold it near the flame of a lamp. The blaze will travel over it faster than a prairie fire. I have sometimes thought that I would positively refuse to sell the goods, but people want them; and I suppose no one would thank me for ad­ vice on the subject.\— New York Ledger. HOUSEHOLD MATTERS. EARNINGS OF LITERARY WOMAN. Women aro more favored in literary work at present than arc men. For ox- ample, Mrs. Burnett has a larger income, from royalties than is rccei70tl by any man. Mrs. Humphrey Ward will make a small fortune out of hor \David.\ Elizabeth Stuart Phclp3 commands the highest prices for all tho magazines. Mrs. Margaret Deland sets hor own fig­ ures. Sarah Orno Jewott receives da much for a short story as does tho most successful male author. Anna Katharino Green sustains a comfortable home solely from the proceeds of her poa. Ella Wheeler Wilcox sells everything she write3. Amelie Rives writes littlo, but what sho does write and sell brings hci the best prices. Maria Parloa lives on the incomo of her pon. Mary J. Holmes receives a larger yearly check from hor publishers than dce3 many a bank presi­ dent. Amolia E. Barr is kept busy sup­ plying stories and articles at flattering figures. \The Duchess\ makes several thousands of dollars each year with her pen, while \Mrs. Alexander\ does the same. \Octave Thanet\ has more than she can do at the most remunerative rates of payment, and one might go through an almost endless list of women, such at Julia Magruder, Elizabeth B. Custer, Frances Courtenay Baylor, Harriet Pres cott Spofford, Miss McCelland, Mollic Elliott Scawcll, Louisa Chandler Moul- ton, Ellen Olney Kirk, Grace King and a score or two of others.— Chicago Post. FASUION NOTES. Feather trimming3 and boas are styl­ ish. A feather ruching is used for thi neck. A few embroidered dress patterns an shown. A rare jewol on a slender chain pleases fastidious tastes. Flannolottcs will be much used foi drapery this winter. Swivel hand lc3 of buckthorn are mado for ladies' umbrellas. Brown will bo the standard color in dress goods for winter. Ornate vases of Berlin ware are among the new importations. Oxford tie3 of black ooze calf are suit able for all house gowns. Rough fancy clothes aro fashionable for long cloaks and mantles. Safety matches lie concealod in a min iature little wood baskot of silver. Sleeves are still made high on tho shoulders, and are made very full about the top. Beads and motal fringe from four and a half to eighteen inches in depth are used as trimmings. The elongated basque bodice or coat is now modified to meet the require­ ments of short women. All kinds of odd silk and velvet sleoves aro allowable with wool gowns, tho most common, howevar, being tho leg-of-mutton. Here is one of the axioms on which the art of good dressing is founded: Fashion must be followed, but at a be­ coming and discreet distance. Very handsome dresses for tho season aro made of black drap d'ete or Bedford cord, garnituruod with bands of real black ostrich feathers, often with an ad­ ditional decoration of rich black silk passementerie above the feather band on tho skirt, on the panel showing at the left sido of tho gown, and on tho bodico and sleeves. A new variety of hat is called the Brighton; that with a cleft crown being so styled. In place of the fancy open­ work straw of which the model was first made, the Brighton is now producod in a soft hairy felt, like pressed camel's hair. Tho most popular aro of fawn color, with a nondescript pattern, shau- ing to brown, and tho hat is trimmed with a simple brown silk cord or brown velvet. Blue English serge costumes, with coat and dark bluo felt hat to match, will bo fashionablo during tho entire season. Tweeds in brown and bluo mixtures aro also popular. Golden brown crossed with red forms another pretty combina­ tion. Theso twoeds aro of various quali­ ties, but a special sort is that woven by tho fishermen in the Orkney Islands dur­ ing the winter when they are unablo to carry on their ordinary vocation. The perfection of American silks and tapestries now brings within tho reach of tho modcrato purse the new satin damask! hangings in colonial or Louis XV. patterns. They are lined with silk aud draped now in irregular festoons, falling to the floor only on one side tho opening. Somo of tho portieres, called Derby, aro reversible and require no lining, express­ ing the colonial patterns on both sides alike. They are looped or draped with heavy cords. A simplo bodico that you want to freshen up for houso wear will look qu ito claborato if it is turned in a littlo at tho neck to permit a full frill of chiffon to fall over it and to extend down cich sido of the closing so that tho buttons and buttonholes are entirely hidden and a soft, fluffy effect i3 produced. The prettiest chiffon is that which has a line scallop for its odge and a flour de lis crescent, or tiny dot embroidered just above it. Exhibited among new cloakings are cloths as soft and flexible as velvet, which show a shaggy nap both outside and in­ side. Somo of tho fancy cloths have a rough revcrso sido liko camel's hair. These require no lining. Somo of the patterns have blocks and stripes or canvas-checked and netted meshes. Among tho lining stuffs are those of wool sateen, with a smooth satin facing. These keep their color perfectly, and outwear all other linings of silk or satin. It is estimated that there are now 16,- 750,000 sheep in the colony of New Zealand, as against 16,110,00 a y«y ago. NEVER IRON SILK. If .you clean silk never iron it whilo wet or very damp. A bettor way, than, ironing on tho wrong sido is' to havo the; silk dry and then lay a thin damp cloth' over it and iron on that. Often a dress! which has beon worn one season may be renpvated .by spongino; and pressing care­ fully and adding a vest, collar and cuffs of some now material When a drcs3 is past wearing there will always be enough that is good to mako a school dress for tho little girl, and with the addition of a little bright plaid or braid not only a servicablc but quite pretty little dress can be made. RESTORING A CARPET. An ingenious woman has upon her floor a carpet rescued from dirt and de­ struction to a condition \almost as good as new.\ The work of restoring was not done by a professional cleaner, but under direction at home. The carpet was tacked to a frame that raised it a good distance from the ground, and each breadth was scrubbed with a brush, using tomped water and good white soap. Noxt it was rinsed and dried as well as possible by rubbing with clean cloths. Tho re3t of the drying was left to the wind and sun. The carpet should bo shaken and grease spots removed with gasoline or benzino before scrubbing.— New York Post. WASHINO LACE CURTAINS. At the timo of fall house cleaning tho washing of lace curtains is an important matter. After shaking tho dust out of them thoroughly, soak thom over night in cold water, if very much soiled, lot thom soak twenty-four hours, changing tho water onco or twice, and putting them through tho wringer from one water into another. Do not rub them on a washboard, but rub gently with the hands, pressing and squeezing mostly. Scald them, rinse and hang on the lino to dry. Do this in tho morn­ ing, and after they arc dry look them over carefully and mend any places thai need it. The next morning starch them in well-boiled starch, but do not make thom too stiff or they will not hang in graceful folds. If you do not want them white, add strong coffee to the starch until tho required shade is obtained. Tho best way to dry them after they are starched is to have frames, the side pieces as long as tho curtains and tho end pieces as long as the widest curtain, with holes and pins for shortoning them to other widths. Sew white cotton around the bars of the frames and pin tho curtains to them, both cnd3 and sides. On a bright day they will dry very quickly. They may be hung over a sheet on the line until partly dry, and then pinnod to a sheet that has been pre­ viously pinned to tho carpot; but the frame is much moro convenient, and any man can mako one in a short time. A kitchen chair set at each corner will hold the framo up if you havo nothing better. Curtains washed and dried in this way will look very nearly, if not quito as good as now.— Farm and Fireside. Whito Potato Pudding—Ono and a half pounds of potatoes finely mashed^ quarter of a pound of butter, one pound of sugar, six eggs, and four blades o( maco powdered. Bake, without pastry, in a rather shallow dish, or with pastry in pic plates. Fried Chickens—Wash your chickons t cut them in pieces, season them with pepper and salt. Have in a pan some hot buttor and lard mixed; dust some flour over each piece, and fry them slowly till of a bright brown on both sides; take them up, put a littlo water in a pan, add some butter rolled in flour to thickon tho gravy, and more popper and salt if required. Young spring chickens aro only suitablo for frying. Beefsteak—Put two largo tablespoon- fuls of butter together with three slices of lemon into your chafing-dish. Add ono pound of beefsteak, cut ono inch thick. Cook slowly for ton minutes. Over this pour a gill of good stock (made by molting canned extract of beef in hoi water), then a gill of port wine, simmer for another ton minute3, when the juice of a lemon is to be squeezed over the steak; it is then ready to serve. Potato Soup—Boil six largo pared potatoes in sufficient water. Meantime put a quart of milk in a double kettle to boil, with ono stalk of celery and an onion. Whon the potatoes are cooked turn off tho water and mash fino and light, then add tho boiling milk and a tablespoonful of butter and salt to taste. Rub through a strainor and add a cup of whipped cream. A good substitute for cream is a batter of cornstarch and milk. Stewed Celery—Six heads celery, onoj half pint whito stock, threo tablespoon* fuls of cream, butter and flour, one blade of maco, pepper and salt. Wash tho celery, strip off tho outer leaves and cut it into lengths of two inches, put theso into a stewpan with tho stock broth and stow till tendor for about twenty-five minutes; then add the cream, mace, popper and salt and a littlo butter and flour; simmor for five minutes; pour into a dish and serve. Apples a la Cremono—Choose tho best cooking apples; pare and cut into pieces, tho form of a brick, a sufficient quantity to weigh a pound aud a half; stew over them a pound of granulatod sugar and tho pool of a lemon shredded finely, and covor them up closo in a bowl. Next day put the apples, piece by piece, into a small preserving pan, with the sugar, etc., and two largo spoonfuls of tho juice of a lemon. Simmer very gently, and, as the piece3 of apple become clear, take them out. When cold, build a wall with them on a small oval dish, and placo the lemon-peel on the top; pour the syrup into the middle. Serve cream to cat with it. The peel of an orango cut thin may take the place of lemon, if preferred. — ii . - - Gnarded by n Gray Goose. In a country town iu Northern Penn­ sylvania there lives a little o'd man who sells milk, carrying it from lwuse to houso morning aud ceiling In r. small hand­ cart. There i3 nothing strange about that, but his companion on theso daily trips is the vory strangest yo.i ever heard of—an old gray goose, who follows him. about in the mo3t dignified manner, and stands watch over Iho cart, lotting no one go near it ia his master's absence. His name is Major, and his master says that he is just a3 useful .13 a dog would be.— Ni.o York Journal. Near Soda Springs, Col., ia a mount- f.^j^\ t nin of almost pure sulphur. i* '.»;C ^i§

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