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The News gatherer. (Macedon, N.Y.) 1888-1918, February 27, 1892, Image 2

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THE TRIBUTE OF SILENCE. A poet read his verses, and of two Who listened, one spoke nought but open praise; The other hold his peace, but all his faco Was brightened by the inner joy be knew. Two friends, long absent, met; and one had borne The awful stroke and scathe o£ blinding loss. Hand fell in hand; so knit they, like a cross: \With no word uttered, heart to heart was j sworn. A mother looked into hor baby's eyes. As blue as hoav'n and deep as nether sea. By what dim prescience, spirit-wise knew sho Such soul's exchanges never more would rise? O deep is silence—deep as human souls, Aye, deep as life, beyond all lead and lino. And words are but the broken shells that shine Along the shore by which the ocean rolls. —J. Buckhani, in Now England Magazine. PLUG- HAMINS'S LTJOK. STOIIY OF A WASTED LIFE. LL in nil, Mr. Plug Hankins was the most phenomenally unlucky man who ever made a living out of cards. How he managed to make the living not even his most inti mate colleagues in the black-leg pro fession could tell, To be sure he some­ times won, but he could not keep his -winnings in his pocket for twenty-four hoursat a time. Healways returned to the table to lose them. Just as surely as Fortune kissed his homely face one day she would turn round and slap it for the next four or five. Then Plug •would have to resort to the disagreeable shift of borrowing from his luckier brothers, and he did this so often that there were very few indc ed of the pale- faced, white-handed gentlemen of for­ tune, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, •who did not have Plug Hunkius on their books for sums varying from one to one hundred dollars. Another singular fea­ ture of the case was the fact that scien­ tifically he was one of the best card- players who ever sat before a green table. More than that, he was cool and brave lie never spoke of his losses, and never exulted over his winnings if he happened to make any. He was sober and free from nearly every vice save the passion­ ate desire to gamble that had rulod his life from boyhood. Other men made fortune* and lust them every month, but Plug Hankins was always, to use the phraseology of the sporting man, \broke. \ In time his wretched luck be­ came a jest among his fellow-gamblers. They often laughed at him openly, hut Plug himself hud never been known to laugh. It was all dcml ournestto him— the only profession he knew, and he must make his living out of it or— Besides his ill-fortune and his pluck poor Plug was noted among his brethren for i>n c o'iic r characteristic. lie was as phiTioi.H nalij homely as lie was unlucky. The gamblers pallor of his face, the drooping eyelids, the short hair, the sunken cheeks and great ill-turned ears made him look almost curpse-like. And then there was a long scar uuder his left eye where he had been slashed by a knife on ono of the few occasions where he had •wen. This, too, was a standing jest. But Plug bore it very meekly. There were nicny who predicted that some day Plug would make n winning that would startle them all It was sup­ posed that Plug himself looked forward to some such event to compensate him for his fifteen or twenty year? of pa­ tience. But the good luck never came, and as ill-fortune was piled upon ill fortune Plug's patience began finally to break down, and his natural moroseness became almost mania. The fact was noticed by the rest of them, but they are not tender-hearted men, as a rule, and they only mado their jests at his expense the louder and more frequent. More than that, though, his fellow-gamblers began to be very chary about lending him money. In fact, as a rule, they bad begun to decline in no very polite manner, and some even went so far as to advise him to quit the business and get a jo b somewhere digging dirt It was in a frame of mind born of such treatment at the hands of men who Lad previously been more than kind to him that Plug stood one midnight on the euro at the comer of Twenty street and Broadway. It was the first midnight in many a year that Plug had not been seated before a dirty green table waiting for the luck that was to make all things right, and meantime losing what little money he could manage by hook or crook to get hold of. With his hands thrust into his great pockets and his hat pulled dowr. over his eyes, he looked the very picture of dejection as he gazed at the gutter under his feet. Even the policeman on the beat had to smile when he saw him, and walked by with the mental ejaculation, \Busted I\ Indeed he was \busted.\ He had gone with­ out bis meals all that day and the day before in order that he might stake the money at faro. He had asked every one he knew to lend him money and had been refused, and he hadn't a cent. He had looked forward to this climax of ill- fortune for a good many years. It was a long time coming, though, and Plug had almost begun to believe that it never would come, when, behold, here it wosl When he had first thought of the pos­ sibility of his present position Plug had grimly resolved that when that time came he would quietly and with the nerve becoming a gambler put himself out of this miserable world, but now that the time had really come at last, he hesitated. His hesitation was not born of fear, however. Plug did not know what fear was It was merely the strength of ruling passion that is said to be so strong in death. IIo was merely revolving in his mind a problem. The problem was a simple one. In his hip pocket he carried the only bit of per­ sonal property he had not as yet pawned. It was a pretty little silver-mounted re­ volver that a girl had given him years before in the West. He had always promised himself that if the day should ever come it would be this souvenir of his only romance that should do tho business. But now ho found that he was tempted to pawn the revolver, try his luck once more, and thcD, if he lost— well, the river was quite handy. The problem was never solved,\ however, for Plug was roused, -presently, irom his meditations by the happy voice of a child singing in a high key a silly but popular song. Ho looked around, al­ most wondering how even a child could could be so free from care as to sing, and he observed the little girl crossing the street toward him, swinging a tin pail in one hand 'and tripping an im- promtu dance-step to tho song she was singing. \Humph I\ thought Plug, rushing the growler for some beastly father or mother. That's what's the matter with the world. That's what's been the matter with me. It's bringing up. No wonder we all go to the bad.\ He had barely concluded the philosophi­ cal thought when tho child, a rathet raggod little girl, even though sho did appear happy, reached the corner where he stood, turned and made for the side door of an all-night saloon a few doors away She did not even glare at him, but tripped on under the gaslight, and as sho did so something fluttered from he: disengaged hand. Plug's quick eyes knew that it was a dollar bill, even be­ fore it reached the ground, and with an impulse that was absolutely uncontrol- able he stepped quickly forward, picked it up, and was secure in the entrance to a gambling-den before the child had opened the door of the saloon. The time had been when he would have felt disgusted with himself for the act. But that time had long passed. It had gone with his old bravado and liis old ideas about gamblers' honor— it had gone with his youth and his re­ membrance of his mother and with his capability of feeling shame. He rushed up the stairs, burst into the smoke-filled room, and even before ho thought placed the bill on the \high card.\ It won. The dealer laughed good-naturedly. An acquaintance cried out, jokingly, \Good boy, Plug.\ Another asked him where ne had borrowed the money, and then there was a general laugh at his expense. He did not mind it. Perhaps he did not hear it. He looked stolidly at his bet and left it on the \high card.\ Again it won and now it amounted to four dollars. Again the dealer laughed and so did the rest. There are strange things about luck. Any gambler will tell you so. The \high card\ won sis REPARATION. HOW TJNOLE SAM MADE PARA, QUAY APOLOGIZE. Tho Attack on the Water Witch by Paraguaiis—A United States Naval Expedition Brings Them to Terms. Tho incident in our naval history which had in it, perhaps, tho most points of comparison with the Chilean situation was the one that begun in 1855 in an offense given to tho United States by Paraguay. In 1852 Captain Thomas Jeifeison Page, in command of a small, jght-draught steamer, the Water Witch, itarted out for South America to explore '.ho river La Plata and its large tributar­ ies, with a view to future commercial in- lercourse between our country and the Interior States of South America. Tho •xpedition was ordered by the United States Government, and the countries aaving jurisdiction over those waters lignified their concurrence in the project. The Water AVitch pushed her way up the -iver slowly, carrying on her investiga- :ions without trouble until February 1, 1855. On that day she was steaming quietly up the River Parana, which forms :he boundary between Paraguay and Corrientes, one of the States of tho Argentine Confederacy, when suddenly, ivithout any warning, a battery on the Paraguayan shore opened fire on her. The little Water Witch was not fitted, out for hostilities and she lost no tinnj in getting out of range. One of her lailors, however, tue helmsman, wai Killed. ' As far as tho Water Witch was eou- jcrncd, there was apparently no causu tor attack. President Carlos A. Lopez, whose rule over Paraguay was essentially lutocratic, had proviously received CupJ :ain Page and bis vessel with every show of friendship. < A few months before the attack, howi ever, Lopez took ollense at the conducj of the United States Consul, who, in ad^ dition to his official position, acted a:i the agent for an American mercautito company. Lopez expressed his disap­ proval by breaking up the business of times in succession, and Plug's stolen this company, and he also issued a de- dollar bill now amounted to the ciee forbiddiug foreign vessels of war respectable sum of sixty-four dol- | from navigating the waters of Paraguay lars. The crowd ceased laughing. The dealer, out of pure charity, asked ; Plug if lie wanted to let the bet stand. 1 Plug had been playing such a small ] game for so long a time that the dealer hardly believed he had sufficient nerve left to take such a risk. He . received no answer, however, and as | silence gives consent in a gambling-room . he proceeded to draw the cards. Again i tho \high card\ won. It wus one hun­ dred and twenty-eight dollars now that Plug had on the table. An irreverent youth burst out laughing and said The Water Witch returned to tiro United States and reported the case to the Government. We claimed that the Water Witch was not within the juris­ diction of Paraguay, as the channel sho was in belonged equally well to Cor­ rientes, and even .if she were within Paraguay's jurisdiction she was not prop­ erly a vessel of war, as her object was of an entirely scientific nature. Words to this effect were submitted to Paraguay, and our Government demanded repera- tion Negotiations, however, proved fruitless. Lopez pursued the oven tenor Plug's luck must have been turned at j of his way and refused to trive any satis- last.\ But Plug was still silent. The next turn made his original dollar two huadrcd and fifty-six dollars. The \high card\ had won eight times in suc­ cession. It was becoming so interesting thai the other players forgot to make their bets until sharply remiuded to do so by the dealer. Even he was a little nervous as he drew the next two cards. He muttered somethiug under his breath, too, when he saw that Plug's money had doubled again. \Great guns!\ said the irreverent youth, who had been figuring for a minute with a pencil, \he's won five hundred and twelve dollars.\ The dealer is in a hurry now. lie was afraid that Plug would wake up to a realiza­ tion of his phenomenal luck and depart factory answer to our demands. There fore Congress, finding peaceable commu­ nication of no avail, authorized the Pres. ident of the United States to send such a naval force to Paraquay as would com­ pel her arbitrary ruler to give the satis- laction demanded. One of the strongest naval expeditions over sent out by the United States up to I hat time was ordered to assemble at tho mouth of La Plata. Nineteen vessels were fitted out, seven of them being steamers specially chartered for the pur­ pose on account of the deficiency in our navy of light-draught ships suited to the navigation of the rivers to be as- jended. The squadron carried 200 guns ind 25U0 men. Flag Officer W. Brad- with his winnings before the house j ford Shubrick was placed in command, could get a chance to win them back lie drew the two cards quickly. Plug had won again. \One thousand and twenty-four dollars,\ exclaimed the youth with the pencil, \Only one thousand dollars,\ replied tho dealer, gruffly, the limit is five hundred dol­ lars.\ Still Plug was silent. A gam­ bler near him touched him on the sleeve and said - \Wake up, old man. You've won the limit. What arc you going to do with it?\ \Won what?\ asked Plug, almost dreamily. \Won a thousand dollars—arc you asleep?\ Plug did not answer, ne reached over and picked up tho pile of money and turned frooa the table. The dealer swore. The proprietor of the house, who had been watching the play, called out, \You ain't afraid, are you?\ but Plug paid no attention to him. The deal went on, and in Plug's mind there continued some thoughts the like of which had not troubled him for ' many a year. He walked slowly up and down the room several times, paying no attention to the remarks of the men who knew him, and who were either congrat­ ulating him on his extraordinary luck or joking good-naturedly ubout it. And none of them heard him mutter, as he did several times, \Stolen—stolen— stolen 1\ Presently he walked to a win­ dow and threw it open. He leaned out and looked down into the street. The ragged little girl was standing under the street lamp, just where she had dropped the bill, sobbing with great hysterical sobs. She was wringing her hands just as an old woman would, and in the strange light looked like a diminutive old hag. He heard her cry out, \They'll beat me—0 Lord, they'll beat me I\ His ugly lips quivered a little bit and a great tear fell from his eyes. He waited a moment, then drew down tho window very gently and walked ont of the room. \The high card's still in the deck, Plug,\ shouted the dealer. But he did not hear the words. Ho was talking to' himself. \I've played it through from' soda to hock, and it's no good—no good.\ \The child was still weeping under the lamp when he reached it. Ho said nothing to her. He clasped her in his arms, though and kissed her. Then he gave her a great roll of bills. It seemed to,her as though it was all the money in the worla, there was so much of it, and she quickly ran home with it—even for­ getting to thank him for it, if she knew how. Ho did not mind that, though. He was thinking of a worthless life and the end of it. ****** When his body was discovered, the next morning, ho looked uglier than ever, for a bullet had torn a terrible hole in his forehead.—Frank Leslie's. *ud betook on board his flagship with i aim the Hon. Mr Bowlin, who was up- pointed a special Commissioner of the United States intrusted with the negotia- .ions. | It was just at the close 185S that tho t 'orce assembled at Montevideo. The Wat c Witch was one of the force, but .his time she was all in trim for hostile I iction. The other ships were two ' rigates, the Sabine and tho St. Law- j 'encc, two sloops-of-war, the Falmouth tnd tho Preble, three brigs, the Dol- I ohin, the Bainbridge, and the Perry; six I iteamers, the Memphis, the Caledonia, the Atlanta, tho Southern Star.tho Wes- •.crnport, the M. W. Chapin, and the Hetacomh, the revenue steamer Harriet Lane, and two armed store shins, the Supply and the Release On January 25, 1859, this squadron •ailed up and came so anchor off Ascen­ sion, the capital of Paraguay. Presi­ dent Urguiza of the Argentine Con­ federacy had volunteered his services as mediator in the dispute, and had arrive.) at Paraguay iu advance of the United States officials. Theu negotiations were reopened, and Mr. Bowlin made his de­ mand for immediate reparation. Meanwhile such of our war 9hips as were capable of ascending the river had made their way through the numerous difficulties of currents, shoals, and sand bars, and came to a chosen position, where they made ready in case of ne­ cessity to open fire. The force within striking distance of Paraguay consisted of 1740 men, besides the officers, and seventy-eight guns, including twenty- three nine inch shell guns and one eleven-inch shell gun. Then Lopez and his Government came to the conclusion that the United States meant business. By February 5 Mr. Bowlin's demands were acceded to. Satisfactory apologies were mado for the firing on the Water Witch, and pecuni­ ary compensation was given to the family of the sailor who had been killed. Is addition to this a new commercial treat; was established and cordial relations be­ tween the two Governments were fullj restored. When the squadron returned the Sec­ retary of the Navy expressed the satis­ faction of the United States Govern­ ment as follows- \To the zeal, energy, discretion, and courteous and gallant bearing of Flag Officer Shubrick and tho officers undei his command, in conducting an expedi­ tion far into the interior of a remote country, encountering not only great physical difficulties, but the fears,appre­ hensions, and p-ejudice of numerous States, and to tho good conduct of the brave men under their command, is the country largely indebted not only for tho success of the enterprise, but for the friendly feeling toward tho United States which now prevails in all that part of South America.\—New York bun. A copper rod projecting from the faco of a cliff in Saline County,'.Missouri, indicates that at some date in the far West, beyond the ken of man, copper mining was carried on iu that Ticinitj. Several girl students at Cornell (N. Y.) University are taking the course in igriculture. Another Cornell girl is itudying veterinary surgery. 1 .. ....... -I -- Fruit is Food. There is no danger, according to ex- berience as well as chemical investiga­ tion, of a want of a nutriment in a liet tcsposed of fruit and grains, and there Is no possibility of absorbing the germs of disease throi'gh bacteria or animal poison. From analysis it is found that wheat, apples and berries, peaches and ether stone fruits, furnish a rich, pure blood which nourshes strong muscles and a clenr physical economy. Nature is a better chemist than man, and Nature has packed within envelopes of various forms and hues those exquisite acids and sweets, flavors, and essences, which in some subtle way sustains every portion of the system, from the hair of the head to the nails of the feet. Let us take the apple, for instance, which in value ranksamong fruits equal to wheat among cereals. It contains sugar, the malic and tannic acids, gluten, pectin, fibrin, starch, traces of free salt and water. It , appears in experiments with Alexis St. Martin that a ripe apple in a healthy 6tomach ought to digest within an hour and a half, and stone fruits and berries in about the same length of time. In case of poor digestion fruit ought to be taken with bread, not with vegeta­ bles or meats, or taken alone Nor is fruit healthful to such when smothered with sugar and drenched with cream. It is only a perverted taste which demands Bugarto make palatable perfectly ripened , fruits, and such a person knows nothing of tho enjoyments to bo derived from unmixed natural flavors skilfully com­ pounded by the Great Chemist in Na­ ture's own laboratoiy. In respect to food values, scientists rank grapes next to apples. Schlickeysen terms one the king of fruits, the other the queen; in ' that case the berries might bo members of the royal family, peache3, pears and I plums members of the cabinet, and tropi­ cal fruits the foreign ministers. In the south of Europe figs constitute a large part of the dietary five months out of the twelve. Arabs, when cross­ ing the desert, will live for weeks on a handful of dates per day. When the public games of ancient Greece were first introduced the athletes were trained en­ tirely on vegetable food. \At first,\ say3 Rolliu, \they had no other nourish­ ment but dried figs, nuts, soft cheese and a gross, heavy sort of bread. The modern Greeks nre athletic and power­ ful, yet their food consists of black bread, a bunch of grapes and raisins and iooie figs, on which they breakfast and dine. The boatmeu of Constantinople rejoice in a splendid physical develop­ ment, yet their diet is chiefly bread with cherries, figs, dates, mulberries or other fruits. In short, the experience of man­ kind shows that simple food, including much fruit, conduces to strength aud longevity. — Fruits and How to Use ' Jhem. An Injured Bra Iceman's Nerve. I Pat Conlcy was rear brakeman on a train that broke in two while he was on •Jock. He made for the brake wheci to keep the rear section from dashing into the forward part of the broken train. The brake chain snapped,he was thrown off the car before the wheels, and in au instant he hud both legs cut off below | the knee and one hand seveied I What wus loft of him was hurried upon the engine to tho station, fortu­ nately very near at hand. The stumps were amputated and dressed without ana.-ithctics, the call being too sudden and summons too hasty to procure them, If tho man's life was to be saved at all. Pat uevcr uttered a sound. Quivering with pain, white and perspiring with agony, he never so much as winced. Gangrene set in and the arm ha.1 to be takeu oil above tho elbow. But the brakeman never uttered a moan ! Late oue night, when he was still weak from the second operation,the hos­ pital cot on which the shuttered form j lay broke down The patient fell to the floor.the bandage was loosened upon his leg, the ligatures burst, and but for the quick action of the nurse Pat Conley would have bled to death, j When tho surgeon arrived the brake- man's face was drawn with anguish, lie was so weak from loss of blood that it grew doubtful whether life ;:ould be :oaxed back into his frame. Everything lhat could bo done was attended to at jnce. Fainting, sick,racked with inexpressi­ ble torture, the poor fellow looked up it the surgeon, who was compelled to itoop to his pillow to catch the feeble words. In a whisper that was inaudible lo the rest of the room, Put murmured \Doc how—long—ought a feller stand ibis before he hollere? I can't stand it— much longer without—cryin',but I don't want to do the baby act \ \For mercy's sake, Pat,\ cried the doctor, \cry if you want to. It'll do you good.\ Then, for the first time in all these flays of pain, Pat turned his face to the 1 wall and wept like a child.—Omaha . (Neb.) Bee. A Great Domain by Irrigation. The arid region of the United States covers an area of 1500 miles in its widest part, from east to west, and 1000 miles from north to south. It embraces the area between tho 100th meridian and the Coast Range, and from the British possessions on the north to Mexico on the south. This space contains over a million of square miles—one-third of the area of the United States, including Alaska—equal to more than 600,000,000 acres. All of Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, Colorado and Nevada, and portions of California, Oregon, Washington, Texas, Kansas, Nevada, North and South Dakota and Montana, lie within this belt. It is es­ timated in the report for the year end­ ing June 30tb, 1891, of tho Hon. John Noble, Secretary of the Interior, that \120 acres that are now desert may be redeemed by irrigation so as t o produce tho cereals, fruits, and garden products possible in the climate where the lands arc located.\ When it isremombered that 120,000,- 000 acres about equal in area the States of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois combined, the gigantic possibilities and future of so great an extent of fertile and produc­ tive land now lying fallow, may bo imagined when it is made to \laugh with a harvest.\ The fbur States above named now have a population of about 15,000,- 000, and could easily support thrice that number; so that estimating the culti­ vable area of the arid region at 120,000,- D00 acres, and doubtless it greatly ex­ ceeds that amount, the United States has In that desert land an empire awaiting development, capable of supporting a population in comfort, almost equal to he now existing population of the entire Republic.—Forum. KING OF GRASSES. CALIFORNIA. PAMPAS PLUME! AND THEIR USES. I A South American Plant Whict JU a Ices a Beautiful Decoration— Harvesting: the Plumes—Pino Xlecoratlvo Effects. WORDS OF WISDOM. In the early days of last September, during a visit to Southern California, ] chanced, while walking down Sprinc street, Los Angeles, to see in a show window,where artistic furniture and man­ tels were displayed, standing beforo t plate glass mirror, a vase holding whal seemed to be three beautiful white feath­ ers, tall and fairy-like. A closer inspec­ tion showed a depth no ostrich plumo j can boast, for in its heart ol hearts was a soft salmon tone of great richness. 1 could not help exclaiming \Grand! ] must know something of this new beau- ty.\ Upon inquiring, I learned that tho ob­ jects which attracted my attention were pampas plumes,tho product of the \king of grasses, which is cultivated quite ex­ tensively for the European market. This grass is a native of South America,grow­ ing on the famous pampas or plains, whero the cattle feed upon it, which parapa give name to the cultivated arti­ cle now grown and cured in great per­ fection iu California, producing tba artistic effect referred to that is as sur­ prising as it is beautiful. Feeling greatly interested in an indus­ try so little known, I visited one of tho largest plantations in Los Angeles Coun­ ty, Rnnchito de Fuerte, fortunately during the harvest season, thus witness­ ing tho entire process. The plants or clusters, bush-like in form, nre from ten to twelve feet high, about the same in dinmeter, and stand in rows sixteen feet apart. Very little care is given the plants (they are evergreen) until the irrigation season, which lasts from early in May until tho middle of August. Water is used every fourteen days. The harvest begins about August 20, and continues seventeen days. Be­ fore the husks open, the long spikes are cut by laborers, their faces protected by 1 masks aud their hands by gloves with gauntlets, as the edge of tho grass is as sharp as a knife From the place of I growth to the shade of trees tho plumes are taken in wagons. Shuckere sit under the pepper and orange trec3 stripping off the casing of green covering , the plumes. Those who have practised ' for a few years can shuck from three to ' four thousand a day. As this work is paid for by the thousand, long days arc made. Next comes boys who lay the fresh silky plumes—soft green in color—upon the smooth earth, prepared by rolling tc receive them About three hours are re­ quired at this stage to make them white and fluff v. They are gathered^ up and curried by armfuls into the curinghousc; here expert manipulation develops tone and a silk-floss finish that gives them their chief beauty. In the process they . ure handled sixteen times No labor- saving machine can be used. A certain nicety in handling, a quick eye and ready hand, make it an industry where women and girls can be employed. About sixty hands were required in the i harvest of which I write. Plumes left upon the plants to open naturally arc ol no value, except as ornaments to the grounds. Great improvements have been made in the curing process during tho past two years. The old method produced a beautiful plume, but very brittle. The best grades measure thirty to thirty-six inches in length, and are shipped to Europe Germany, Russia, and Itnly are the largest consumers. England is . latest to appreciate their beauty, and no doubt the Eastern cities will, erelong, tollow in their use. The regulation \three plumes\ in a single vase were no doubt suggested by the Prince of Wales's coat-of arms, as there are large quantities sent to Lon­ don, v><iere they are quite the fad. About half a million plumes were shipped , to Loudon for the recent holiday season. The question, What can England do , with a million and a half pampas plumes, I year after year? can only be answered by ' the appreciation of a \thing of beauty that is a joy forever.\ New uses for these plumes, or new methods of using, are developed each scison. The artistic ECDSC finds ex- i ers prcssion in endless designs that grace re­ ceptions, ballG, church weddings and private houses on every festive occasion. As labric for decorative purposes, nooo other produces their fairy-like appear­ ance. It is essentially a wall decoration. Friezes, dadoes, etc., are made cf wire, in art designs, and covered by tho pampas stripped from the stem; while fringes for bordering mantels and book­ shelves, mats and rugs, and also tapestrj hnngings for tho walls, can all be pro- duceu by skilled hands They are used in connection with draperies and soft india silk scarfs, in colors to suit th« apartments to be decorated and the tast« of the hostess. They are also dyed, OJ silk oi cotton can be colored; a favorite use is to adorn each room in a different color. For ceilings, festoons are made as we see \greens\ fastened to wires or ropeo, or the Childeau or other square effect can be outlined by a soft feathery bead- ing A house so decorated becomes 4 fairy palace, unique and artistic. In California, the home of floral de­ corations, these plumes are used in com­ bination with bambco; rods are employed in frame work that is then covered. A favorite design is the Japanese teai garden— a row down each side of a. banquet hall hung with lanterns and decorated with bright colored scarfs, making charming booths in which to sip a cup of bouilion.—New York Post. Love hopes always because it believes &lwajs. How easy jt is to admire people \who agree with us. We get acquainted with ourselves by knowing other people. Hope never flies from the heart in which there i3 no doubt. Love is always rich, because it can always hope for something better. Love always looks on the bright side, ind always finds a bright side to look jn The braver a soldier is the more im­ portant it is that he should learn to obey orders. Before we can kuow much of ourselves we have to become well acquainted with many other people. There are people who pray for snow whenever they see anybody about to look into their back yard. The man who knows that his house is built on the sand always trembles when 'ie hears it thunder. If it were possible for man to live done, without ever coming in contact .vith other human beings, lie would die i total stranger to himself. There are some people so blind that it rvould them a long time to find out that they have a nose on their face, if they didn't now iiud then have to blow it. There are some shepherds who put their sheep on the dead run whenever there is the slightest prospect of tbeir getting a taste of salt from somebody else's pasture.—Indiunapolis (lud.) liana's Horn Brain Tower iu Plants Arthur Smith, u botanist of note and jne of the writers of the National Re- vie.v, entertains many curious ideas con :erning the sleep and brain power of plants, many of these notions,directly or .ndirectly conflicting with the established opinions of such men as Cuvier, Huxley ind Darwin Speaking of the mimosa, ne says \It always folds its leaves at the :lose of day, and there is no doubt, if it ivere not allowed to sleep, it would, like •he hnman specie9 under similar circuui- Uances, soon die.\ This is not only an jxample of the necessity of sleep for the repairing of nervous energy and recu­ peration of brain power, but a proof of '.he existence of the same faculties in the vegetable kingdom Theu, take the matter of the carnivorous plants, the Venus fly-trap, for instance, which will readily digest raw bocf or any insect small enough to fall into its inriw. This Dotanical curiosity has glands which pour out a fluid which resem­ bles the gastric juice* of the ani­ mal stomach. This fluid dissolves the meat or insect and absorbs their substance into the tissues of the plaut. Iu animal nature digestion cin only be commence 1 by the bruin force acting by means of a uerve upon the gastric glands, we may, therefore, couevde that it j* the actiou of the same power in the plant that produces the same results. A fur­ ther illustration of the wonderfu' effect of brain power in plants may be ob­ served in the action of the radicle of seeds. The course pursued by the radi­ cle in penetrating the ground must be determined by the tip Dirwin wrote as follows in regard to this \It is hard­ ly an exaggeration to say that the tip of the radicle, endowed us it is with such diverse kinds of sensitiveness,acts in the same manner us the br.iius of some uni- lnuls, the brain being scute.1 within the extreme end of the body, receiving its impressions from the seuse organs and directiug the several movements \ Mr. Smith does not quite agree with Mr Darwin's belief, but is of tlie opinion that it is a simple example of brain pow­ er, which is the cause of all plant move­ ment. In conclusion he mentions a re­ markable property of the potato fungus When the spore? of this fungus burst a multitude of little bodies escape, if these bodies gain access to water they develop ft couple of little tails,by means of which they swim like tadpoles.—St. Louis Re public. Causes of Mine Disasters. Mine disasters generally come from some one of three causes—cave-ins, lire- damp explosions or blasting In nine cases out of teu they nre brought aboi«. UNSEEN FRIENDS. How many are the friends wo do not seo Nor hear, as t'aro' tho open door they comer and go. With Voices full of wondrous melody And footsteps soft as sunshfne, to and fro. We cannot touch their hands, yet they are- near. Our lips are impotcut their language to repeat. Their smiles beguilo us not, we see no tear Nor walk their way adown tho mystic street. They lead us it were with silkou bond. They bend above with yearning tenJer- ncss, Tho songs they sing nre breaths of memory fond And glint of heaven adorns thoir shining dress. ay day, by nfeht, in watting hope or pain, When the starved lips so long for one caress, These friends, whoe'er thoy be, uusight, un­ seen. With joy upraise thoir willing bauds to bless. And when toward homo tho soul returns atone. And the drawn sob of parting wots tho wearied eye, Wo bear a mellow murmur in tho undertono That bids tho heart look into golden sky. —P. C, Huntington, in Chicago Post PITfl AND_P0IiNT. Looks like sixty—LX —Life. The record's wail — \I'm broke again.\ \Hard times along the border\—Hem­ ming by hand —Puck. In spite of all news items to the con­ trary, the oldest inhabitant is never dead.—Puck. One of the most difficult things to do is to make a dimple of u wriukle.— Galveston News. A good many men are more interested in having work than poverty abolished. —Texas Sittings. The porson possessed of an idle cu­ riosity has a curiosity that is never idle. —Bostnn Transcript. The shopping woman may be a trifle shop-worn, but there's no discount on her.- Philadelphia Record. \Oh mamma, why does the preacher always say 'lastly' in the middle of his sermon?\—Galveston News. There's many a man who would run away if he did not have to take himself along.—Indianapolis Journal. An Irish philosopher says that if wo do not strive for that which is out of our reach we will never get it.—Puck. | Tho tramp has reached the hay-day of I his prosperity when he is allowed to sleep in the barn.—Texas Siftings. i Sho spent two years in learning how ! To trim herself a bonnet. I But when sho tnarriod, lo' sho put |. A milliner upon it. —Cloak Review. I When a man is negative and his wife 1 is very positive, a lively battery in the ' family is a natural incident.—Boston Post A woman delights in a speaking ac- ! quaintance, especially if she is permitted , to do most of the speaking —Binghatn- | ton Republican. 1 The other lellow is always getting off the good thing we were just on tho point of tossing to a benighted world 1 Boston Journal. I The man who has too much self-res pact to marry for money, will often resort to | pretty slippery tactics in a business trans- 1 action —Puck. I There arc two kinds of dogs, the good kind which belongs to yourself and the worthless cur that is kept by your neigh­ bor.—Boston Transcript, j A man is like a postage stnmp. When he is badly stuck on himself, as it were, 1 he is not worth two cents for any prac­ tical use.—Chicago Tribune. George Eliot says The man who ' trusts a friend educates him. But tho 1 truster often gets the most experimental ! knowledge.—Columbus Post. I Tramp (beginning)—\I've seeu hettei , days.\ Citizen—\Yes iudeed. Sc ; have I. Nasty day, isn't it'. Hope it will clear off soon.\—Yankee Blade, either by the pyuuriousness of m-nc own- ! The woman you would call a poem is ers or the carelessness of the Aen T u ' not the woman you would call in tho each mine pillars of coal ure left to sup- 1 rooming Wonderful Oyelorainic Illusion. A good story is related of a cat in Portland, Me., that wandered into q cyclorama building some days ago. Tho man in charge attempted to chase the trespassing feline through the door, but the cat evidently thought there was a better way of escaping the rising temper of the irate man. It looked cautiously about, as if to avoid stepping on the prostrate forms of heroes 3lain in the bat­ tle. Finally its eyes caught sight of a tree. A projecting limb hung very low, and hero the cat thought to find a place of safety. It gave one leap, and, no doubt, was the most disgusted cat in Portland when it learned by sad experi­ ence that the tree was on the canvas. It picked itself up and slowly slunk through the door, down the stairs shid out of the building.—Hew York RecoMer. port the roofs of the working*. Thty are ol generous size, and when the iniue ] begins to get \worked out\ the tempta­ tion to take coal from them is great. I This is called \pillar robbing \ If these '• roof supports are \robbed\ too freely , they will crumble under the weight above them and bnn<; about a \cave iu.\ The ' chief dunger of such nn accident is that , the miners will be shut off from the exit ] aud buried alive. Au experienced miner | can generally tell, by the pistol-like re­ ports of the coal as it begins to give un­ der the pressure from above that a cave in is coming soon enough to run to a ipart of the mine not likely to fall and crush him to death, but in the meantime thousands of tons of coal may have |blocked all ways of escape. Tho place |Of refuge thus becomes a prison, and a prison more horrible than was ever built ,by human hands. | It is bard to imagine anything more horrible than the situation of miners im­ prisoned in this manner. Fifteen days nnd a half elapsed from the time of the disaster in tho Hill Farm mine at Dan- bar, Penn., in June, 1890, before hope was abandoned that the thirty men im­ prisoned in the right heading still lived. Two or three days after the disaster signals mado by the entombed men were heard by the rescuing party. Every pos­ sible effort was made to reacb them, but jia vain. Their bodies lie under Hill Farm to this day if they were not de­ stroyed by burning gas.—New York Press. Some Atmospheric Phenomena. ' A man weighs lo3s when the barometer lis high, notwithstanding the fact that [the atmospheric pressur; on him is more ithan when the barometer is low. As Ithe pressure of air on an ordinary-sized man is about fifteen tons, the rise of the .mercury from twenty-nine to thirty-one inches adds about one ton to the load he |has to carry. If a well could be dug to the depth of forty-six miles, the density of the air at the bottom would be as great as that of quicksilver. By the same law a cubic inch of air taken 4000 miles above the (earth's surface would expand sufficiently ito fill a sphere 2,000,000,000 miles in diameter.—St. Louis Republic. j to kindle the breakfast fire and 'fry the flapjacks.—Richmond Recorder. Thoy went a-riding—in duo course He told his passion with much vim- How gracefully sho sat her horse. How grncetully she sat on him! Rider and Driver. Mr. Neer—\What ought we to do, Doctor, as a community, in order to— er—meet the grip?\ Dr. Blunt—\Don't meet it, my dear sir. Avoid it.\—Chi­ cago Tribune. The discovery of the grip bacillus bears about the same relation to tho cure of the disease that the discovery of a \clew\ does to tho capture of a criminal.—In­ dianapolis Journal. \Only love me a little bit and I will be your faithful, willing slave.\ \But where is the fun in that? What a girl really enjoys is managing au unwilling slave.\—Indianapolis Journal. Room at the Top He—\ I don't see what people keep dairies for; I can keep all my affairs in my head.\ \She— ' 'That's a good way, too; but not every one hns the room. \—New York Sun. Filkins—\Dr. Killum has paid five visits to our house.\ Bilkins—\My! At S10 a visit? Thnt's expensive.\ Filkins—\It's only $10. Tlie last fout he was after his money.\—Brooklyn Life. Bullzon—\What do you think of this new story they've sprung on the reading public, that 'Washington didn't cross tho Delaware at Trenton in boats at all, but on a raft?\ Bay res—\It sounds like a clumsy kind of—ter—rafter thought.\— Chicago Tribune. \ I suppose, Freddy, you love your sister very much,\ said tho gentleman who was paying his addresses to Freddy's sister.\ Freddy—\I love her when there's fellers around. She's mighty good to me then, but she is cross as the mischief after they're gonj. She's like a fiddle—she's no good without a beau.\ —Wasp. The railway to Jerusalem will prob­ ably bo open by April next. The works were somewhat delayed by torrential rains, but now advance rapidly. , For the first time a woman was natural­ ized in Philadelphia, Penn., recently. She is Hiss Louise Kellner,of the Hahnc- koaa College, and a German by birth.

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