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The News gatherer. (Macedon, N.Y.) 1888-1918, May 28, 1892, Image 2

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THE SOUL'S RIDE, ' \Horseman springing from tho dark, , A Horseman, flying wild and free, JP\ Bell m o wha t shall bo th y road, ! Whithe r speedest for from rue!\ I ! \Prom the dark into tho light,\ ' from the small unto the great, i Prom the valleys dark, 1 ride ! O'er the hills to conquer fate I\ •i>,' ! 'fe ? . \Tako m e wittt thee, horseman mine ! ?iB J Le t m e madly ride with thee!'' .As ho turned I met his eyes— My ow n soul looked back at me ! —Lilla Cabot Perry, in Atlantic Monthly . \UNEXPECTED BUSINESS BY W. GRENVIIXE MURRAY. ' UMBLE wa s direc­ tor of a railway company, and Thurable had some business t o transac t with him . They were bot h bound from Birmingham to Oxford that night , an d so de- c i d e d tha t they could talk over thei r affairs i n the train , an express which doe s th e distanc e in two hours. They accordin g discussed the lighter topics durin g th e snug dinner •which they too k togethe r a t th e Great \Western Hotel , un d strutted into the Btation som e five minute s befor e the start, jas t in th e humor t o loo k a t their busines s from a jolly poin t o f view . Now, as business is no t jolly, the point o f view of me n jus t dine d is prett y cer ­ tain t o b o th e wrong one , an d as vce Britis h plum e ourselves o n doing much o f ou r business after dinner, this may ex­ plai n how railroad directors in their jollit y often come to queer decisions about us . But thi s is only a note in passing . Rumble an d Thumble wero not des­ tine d t o d o muc h business that evening. \When they arrived o n th e platfor m the engine wa s getting up steam , th e porter s •were hurryin g t o and fro, an d it seemed t o b e a full train. Humble und Thumble, trottin g down th e line of carriages to loo k for a compartmen t in which they shoul d b e comparativel y alone , were unabl e t o find one , an d th o station- master, who, sighting Humble , bustled up t o touc h hi s ha t an d assist them in thei r search, was not more successful—a result which gratified Humbl e as direc­ tor, thoug h i t disappointe d bim a s a man. As lust u first-class compartment was perceived, ou t of th e window o f •which leaned a stoli d ma n i n a fel t hat, an d with a briar-root pip e in hi s mouth. His arms were folde d o n th e window- frame , and this is alway s suspicious. Humble, climbin g o n th e foot-board , glanced throug h th e side pane, and saw tha t there wa s on e other ma n inside, who appeared t o b e soun d asleep in a corner. lie instantl y laid hi s grasp ou the doo r handle . \Excuse ine, thi s is taken,' ' expostu­ late d th e briar-root man , rather eagerly. \Reserved?\ aske d Humble , with sud­ den politeness. \No bu t we shoul d lik e t o keep it to ourselves. \ This impudenc e amaze d an d digustcd Humble lie wa s a conscientiou s di­ rector , who set hi s face asaius t al l breache s of \Le by-law s o n th e par t o f the puoli c Peopl e who smoke d in com­ partment s no t appointe d for th t purpose, ladie s who introduce d dog s into the car ­ riages , were abominabl e t o him; but passenger s who tried to usurp more place s than they l.a d paid for were his specia l abhorrence. \ 1 a m a director , sir. \ h e said, severely , an d th e station- maste r cried, wit h still greater severit y \This gentlema n is :i director.\' Thumble would have pu t i n hi s word , too , but after a renewe d protest from th o briar - wood man the carriage door was wrenched open, Humbl e an d Thumbl e clambered in and almost immediatel y th e trai n moved uff. Humbl e and Thumble counte d they had won a victory. They wer e in corner Beats, and woul d b e able t o talk busi­ ness, bu t first Rumble though t it would be fitting to addres s a temperanc e re ­ buke t o th e ma n who ha d endeavore d to keep hi m out, an d this for th e double reason that lie wa s retaining hi s pipe alight thoug h no t in a smoking-car­ riage , lie had 'c.ircely uttered a syllable, however, befor j th e tiansgressor, who had been bending hi s eyes anxiousl y on the face of hi s sleepin g companion, turned, laid a finger o n his lips , and Enid, \Hui>k-h-h!\ His appearance an d aanners wer e those o f a confidential servant He crept noise­ lessl y down th e carriage t o wher e Humble and Thumble were , an d whispered, \Excuse me , gentlemen , for trying to prevent yo u coming in , bu t that gentle­ man is mad , an d I a m t^ken hie to a n asylum . \Wo di d no t reserve a whole compartmen t because of th e expense , and becaus e h e is quie t enoug h when alone •with me . But th e society o f stranger s i s apt t o excit e him, s o if h e awakes I en­ trea t you t o d o whateve r h e ma y as k you, o r else there'll .be a row.\ At th e self-same moment th e speaker awoke, the altercation about th e scat s and the commotio n of starting ha d disturbed him. He gave a yaw n no t unlike a gTowl,and, as h e unfolde d himsel f from his reclinin g position,develope d a statur e more tha n si x feet high. Ther e seemed to b e n o en d of him. His hea d almost touched th e umbrella net.hi s countenance •was swarth y an d brutish, hi s eye s were small , bu t ha d a gleam in them like a wolf's, an d hi s lon g arms wer e termin­ ated by n pair of hand s o f monstrous size—brown, horn y an d supple . This unprepossessin g lunati c sat up , rubbed hiB eyes , an d noticin g hi s new iellow passengers , grinne d t o them. The tongue s of Rumble an d Thumble clov o t o their palate. They wer e both fat men, an d no t combative , except on pape r or i n la w courts, when people •wanted t o get money ou t of them. Bumble ha d a doubl e chin,an d hi s waist­ coat stretched tigh t over hi s lowe r man like th e ski n of a drum . Hi s eyes peered ahyl y over little paddiogs of flesh like smal l pincushions , an d Thumble was in all point s like him, excep t tha t he was two sizes smaller,Rumbl e bein g five-foot- six or EO , an d h e five-foot-four. To sa y that thes e two smug gentleme n were horrified a t finding themselves in com­ pany with a madman, jus t when they had bee n dining an d wante d to settle business , is to us e a wea k term. Their digestion stopped: their dinners turned to hard brick insid e them, an d thei r bus­ ines s ooze d uttterly ou t of their heads. Rumble resolved , with chokiqg wrath, that ho would insis t on th e lunatic's ad­ dress as soo n a s th o train stopped , and proeecut o hi s relative. Thumble mused tha t if h e wer e moleste d nothing should dete r him from bringing on* actio n ugainst.the' railroad' company, although his friend Rumbl o wa3 a directo r 'of it , and : bothwondercd,with a n apprehensio n too hideou s fo r words, how tho madman would behavo towar d them. - They wero no t kept long in doubt. Tho liinntic eye d them rathe r affably than otherwise, and when he had taken stoc k of them , lef t hi s sea t smiling t o shake their hands. \How d o you-do?\ h o said . \You are going down to look a t my estates? \ \Yes my lord,\ interpose d th e ser­ vant; \thes e gentlemen asked leav e to travel wit h your lordship , and I thought you woul d allo w them.\ \What is he a lord? \ whispered Rumble to th e servant . And thi s rail­ way director fel t hi e respec t much in ­ creased for a lunati c who might also b o a peer ; indeed , h o was prepared t o find him no t s o ma d after all . \You must call him 'my lord,' or elso there'll b o a row,\ was tho sorvant's answer . And a t th o same tirao th o lunatic, havin g shaken hands with Rumblo an d Thumble, sai d : \I don't objec t a t al l t o your travelin g with me , for you seem honest fellows , but tell m e you r namc3.\ Rumbl e an d Thumble both gave their names , adding , \my lord,\ a s directed , for the y neither wanted a row. \Rumble an d Thumble,\ repeate d th o lunatic . \Well I put you down o n my visitin g list, an d now we'l l have a game. \What shall it be , Rumble? Do you know 'Frog s in tho Pool?' \ \Oh no t 'Frogs i n th o Pool'\ my lord,\ protested th e servant , in evident alarm . \I will have 'Frogs i n the Pool,'\ crie d the madman , raisin g hi s voice and glar ­ ing, whereupo n he drew from his pockets a copy of tho Dail y Telegraph an d a glos s sherry flask with a cor k stopper . \Now come an d sit [opposit e me, al l threo o f you,\ h e added . \Rumble you shal l b o pool , Thumbl e will b e th o cow an d my servan t Jonc3 will pla y the calf. \ \Pleas e d o what he tell s you, gentle ­ men 1\ whispered Jone3 t o th o hesitatin g directo r and hi s friend . And th e two gentlemen , grimacin g with pardonabl e uneasiness, too k thei r seats facing the madman an d watched hi s doings. Ho ha d torn up his Daily Telegraph and wa s convertin g the pape r int o good- size d Delicts. When he had manufac ­ ture d twent y he stopped and removed tho cor k from hi s flask, asking Jones fo r a light . Jones struc k a match and th e lunati c carefully charre d th o en d of hi s cork . Then , with the pellet s i n th o palm of one hand an d cor k between th o finger and thum b of th o other , h e said: \Now we'll begin. You, Rumble, will open your mouth wide and I shall tak e shots at i t with thes e pellets . The pellets are frogs and you r mouth i s th e pool . Al l th e frog s tha t get into you r mouth you'll swallow; tho3c tha t fall o n your lap or o n th e seat wil l b e eaten by Thumble, who i s a cow and will hollo w 'Moo-oo-yl \ all tho while; thos e tha t drop o n th e floor will b o fo r Jones, th e calf, who will hav o to bleat.\ A clammy perspiratio n brok o out o n the foreheads of Rumblo an d Thumble. The lunatic wa s quit e clos e t o them, hi s hot breath an d wild eye s almos t touched theirs as h e gave hi3 explanations , an d thos e hugh hand s o f hi s looked a s i f the y could strangle bot h of them if the y re­ sisted . The y felt an inclinatio n t o resist, but dared not . He meantime counte d ove r his pellets an d continued: \Now about th e scoiing. I'll dra w a circle round you r chi n with th e burn t cork . Rumble , an d that will mark th e boundaries o f the pool . Every pellet tha t falls withi n th e circle o r insid e your mouth will coun t on e t o me , an d thos e that mis3 will b e score d t o you three . If I los e I'll sin g a song fo r you with my mouth full or tobacco; if I win we'l l have ho t pancakes all round . We'll mark th e points o n your checks , Thumble,\ conclude d he, laughing, \they're pudgy cheeks , like dumplings, by Georg e 1\ Havin g said this the lunati c stoope d and laid a fist heavil y o n Rumble' s chest, approachin g th e burn t cor k t o hi s nose, i The shoc k of a galvanic battery would ' no t have effected th o unfortunat o direc- | to r more fearfully. He turne d pale as a i ston e an d trembled , while the lunatic, ' inten t o n his work , drew a broad , blac k circle round hi s uppe r li p and the high­ es t fold of his double chin . Rumble had not the courage t o stir; but when th e circle wa s traced he felt the indignity was to o muc h to be bourne. Thurable , fc r all his fears about himself, coul d no: help smiling at th e figure which Rumble cu t wit h hi3 smudged face, un d th e luna­ ti c laughe d outright . \Really , sir—my lord—this i s to-om - foolery, \ stuttered Humble, indgnantly, as h e felt for hi s handkerchief . But the luuatic immediatel y cease d laughing un d scowled : \What have you got int o the train o n false pretenses? If I thouiht so, I would fling vou out o n the linel\ \No m y lord ; tho gentleman wil l pla y all right, \ intervene d the servant Jones, i n a flurry; and unde r his breath he repeated - \For heaven' s sake , gen­ tlemen , d o as h e tell s you. He is lik e a mad bull whe n h e gets int o a passion. \ \Well don't get making difficulties again,\ growle d the lunatic , eying th e now horrified Rumble with mistrust . \Take off your hat , sir, and rest you r head o n th e bac k of th e scat, then ope n your whol e mout h 3 3 wide a s i t wil l go. That' s no t wid e enough. Yes, tha t will abou t do . Now we'l l begin.\ The gume began—and how t o describ e it? Jones , th o servant , bleate d with frenzy , an d Thumble, by hi s directions , did likewise. I t was evct fine to hear the way i n which Thumble bellowed \lloo-oo-ol\ putting hi s whole sou l int o it and keepin g hi s eye s fix on th o luna ­ ti c in abject fear o f offendin g him. Rum­ bl e mcantimc,leanin g back with hi s jaw s agape, remained passiv e wbilo th e luna­ ti c too k shots a t him. Every tim e a pelle t fell into hi s mouth h o was oblige d —with wha t wry contortion s heave n knows!—to swallow it , an d the madman with his burnt cor k marked a line o n Thumble's righ t cheek. When th e pel - lot's fell it wa s eithe r Thumble o r Jone s who gulpe d them down, and then Thum­ ble's left chee k receive d tho scores. This delightful pastime laste d as far a s Leamington , but th e train did not &top; it spe d on un d on , tho lunati c raisin g shriek s of laughte r and throwing hi s pel ­ let s each time with greate r force. At lost th e pellets were exhausted, and i t turne d ou t that Rumble had Bwllowed eleve n pills o f Daily Telegraph, an d Thumble an d Jones nin e between them, so th e lunatic had by his rules won the game. He clappe d hi s hands and yelled , \I'm winner ; now we'l l hav6 hot pan ­ cake s all round!\ ' ' ' \No my - lord , not hot pancakes,\ Draved Jones , who hud probabl y had a tast e o f these daintie s before and-reiriMK; berea:them..-j\... x > •\ \Yes yes,* hot paucakes, ,, insisted the lunatic , with maniaca l glee. \Rumblo 'I'll slap your face; you'llpas s th o sla p on t o Thumble; Thumble To Jones , and, Jone3 t o me. \We'll hi t as hard and a s fast a s wo con till wo'vo don e eleven slaps, which i s tho numbe r of my ecore . Now, look alive!\ W-Whack I And befor o Rumblo could even se e what wa3 coming h e received o n the cheek , with al l the might of the lunatic' s brawn y hand, a sla p whic h seeme d to loose n al l his teet h in their sockets. Roarin g with pai n an d fury h e jumped up, but tho lunati c wa s standing, too, nnd bawled: \Slap Thumble, \ Rumble, scarcely knowing what ho did , slapped Thumble, and Thumble, with a howl o f anguish , passe d the blow* o n t o Jone3, who, on trying t o hit th o lunatic, a s pe r convention , received a kic k i n the stomac h which sen t hi m to tho other en d o f tho carriage . W-whack! down cam e the sla p the secon d time o n Rum­ ble's face, and was passed on, an d then a thir d time. At th e fourth dea l the agon y o f the situatio n became unendur­ able. Rumble and Thumble , their cheeks as re d a s steaks, consulted each other with th e eye, and b y common accord spran g together on th e madman, yelping despairingl y to Jones t o assist them. When, a t te n o'clock , tho train steamed into Oxford , woful cries wero heard emerging from a first-class carriage, and tho porters, on opening tho door , de­ scried threo bruise d an d bleeding passen ­ gers sittin g in a row on tho prostrato bedy of a man, who wa s tearing up the drugget with his teeth . Their face s wero battere d ou t of all recognition , their nose s wer o swolle n to thrice their natural size , and thei r torn coats and shirts wer e literally drenched in blood. I t cause d a prett y hubbub in tho station; th e mor e so when Rumblo and Thumble, ou being extricated, took to reviling each other on th o platform , an d calling each othe r pusillanimou s curs. Th o trut h is , for some caus e o r other bad bloo d had arisen up between thes e two , an d i t ha s no t bee n appeased yet. Thumbl e threat ­ ene d th e company with an action, and had t o be paid oil . Rumbl e wished to indic t th e madman's friends, bu t on be ­ ing menaced with a cross action fo r usin g \more violenc o than necessary \ towar d a n afflicted man , desisted, and eve n disburse d money. On tho whole, however, this little tiff proved beneficial to th e community, for Rumble, disliking superfluous expense, ha d always dissuade d (lis company fro m establishing effectivo communication between passengers and guard; but after hi s journey with tho luuatic he thought better of it. His lin e is now provided with excellent alarm - bells, and whenever Director Rumblo travels h e take s care to bo seated beneat h on e of them.—London World . Four Bort Constrictors in a Wrangle. Tho larges t merchant in wild live ani ­ mals for zoological gardens and menag­ eries is Hagenbeck, a t Hamburg, whose I anima l par k i s a sight t o sco whic h many j tourists will go expressly to Hamburg. Ther e are a t presen t four large sized boa s in on e cage. The othe r da y a rabbit wa3 place d i n the cage nn d wa s seized b y two of th e reptile s a t th o same time. The two snake s immediatel y curled thorn, selves on e aroun d th e other and began squeezin g eac h other . Th o larger soo n squeeze d the othe r int o relinquishing the rabbit. But a t th e same momen t tho two othe r bon3 cam o nnd seized th o rab­ bi t simultaneously . I n a momen t tho three snakes were rolle d together in a hea p an d squeezed on e another a3 bes t the y could. One o f the m soon looked as if i t was being squeeze d to death , and th e attendant s went in to try t o separat e th e combatants. Immediatel y tho thre o head s o f the snakes wit h jaws wide apar t turned upon the men, evidently angr y a t being interfere d with in their playfu l trial of strength, and the mc a ha d t o beat a hasty retreat. Tho squeezing rmtch continue d fo r thre e hours, when th e com­ batants parte d fro m sheer exhaustion . Then th e smal l suak e came up again and seized th e rabbit , bu t was immediatel y pounce d upon b y on e o f the larger snakes, which force d the little on e again to le t go, when th o larger manage d to swallow th e rabbit. Then th o little snak e at ­ tacke d th o robber an d a fearful contes t commenced in which th e victory remaine d doubtful , becaus e th e bigger reptile wa3 partially disabled throug h th e labor o f digestio n i t had t o perform on the rabbit . Night se t i n aud th e combatants still held each othe r embraced. Mr. Hagenbeck wa s afraid hi s C03tly snake3 micht kill each other . But i n tn o morning h o found the m al l four i n the best of health, eac h occupying a corne r of it s ow n i n the cage an d sleepin g the slee p of tho just.—Chi­ cago Herald. Retting ETcn With th o Borrower. A popula r young fellow wh o i s widely known i n athleti c circles tells this story: \I wa s i n the office of a friend o f mine on Walnut street , above Fourth , tho othe r morning, when rather seedy-look ­ ing young chap came in , and nodding to him i n a jaunty way, said: 'Billy, old man, I want to borrow a dollar. ' 'H-m-m-tn,' replie d Billy, slowly, 'well, if I remember rightly , I loaned you a dollar last week.' 'S o yo u did,' said the visitor, 'but I' m dead strapped and mus t ha7e a dolla r now. ' Billy pon­ dere d a moment an d replied: 'Well, you're n o good; I' m convinced o f that, an d s o I'll not lend yo u a dollar, but I'l l give you one; how'U that do? ' 'First rate,' responded the shameless striker , an d the n after a moment or so , a s the cash wa s not forthcoming , h e added: 'Well , where's the dollar yo u aro going t o give me?' 'Oh,' replied Billy, smil­ ingl y i 'I'll g' ve 7 0U th e dollar you bor­ rowed Inst week.' \—Philadelphi a Rec­ ord . Why Does It Rain ? The answer s are ver y various. Some say it is th o dust i n th o air that gathers th e moistur e int o drops , each particle of dust bein g tho nucleu s of a drop. With­ ou t dus t ther e would be , some say , n o rain, but only dew. But there wil l no t b e dew except under certain atmospheri c conditions , so tha t th e ulterior questio n is as t o the caus e of th e conditions tha t produc e rain . Here, too, th e authoritie s differ. Some sa y th e chief causo i s th e coolin g o f vapor in th o air du e t o an as ­ cending movement of largo masse s o l vapor laden air . Five miles abov e ou r head s ther e i s a n arctic temporature, and vapor lade n ai r onc o up that high would b e squeeze d dry. Othe r meteorologist s contend , however, tha t rain is cause d by th e mer e mixing o f horizontal current s of differing temperature s an d degrees of saturation. More expansion r o t warm vapo r laden air may cause it, i t i s said, t o drop it s burden. ' The doctors ar e not agreed.—Baltimore Sua, -—\ RETICULES COMING IN. Reticules ar e most likel y coming int o /ashion again , and a very pretty old fashion i t is , too. At a weddin g brides­ maids wor e them slung on their arm s with lon g blue ribbon3, th e reticnle3 be ­ ing of white satin . Everybod y voted tho innovatio n charming.—Detroit Free Press. THEIR FINGERS ARE TAPER. The Kanaka women roll th e end s o f vueir children' s fingers to mak e them taper. An enthusiasti c traveler i n tha t land says tha t only on statuary i n this country are such beautifu l hands seen . To preservo thi s symmetry tho women d o no t work . They aro proud of the beauty of thei r hands an d use the m s o as to display it to advantage . Tn o fact that their lips ar c thick and that their flat noses ru n ove r int o th o cheek s i n no wise discourage s their vanity. They are great flirts.—New York Sun . MRS. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS. Who ever thinks o f Mrs. Christopher Columbus, o r eve n ask s if there ever was such a person ? Yet Mrs . Christopher Columbus was a n importan t factor i n th o life of her husband. Sh e was his great ­ est source o f encouragement . Mr3. Christopher Columbu3 wa s a Miss Pal- cstrello, of Lisbon, says th e Arkansaw .Traveler, tho well educated, brilliant daughter o f n navigator , wit h whom sh e made hazardou s voyages an d who gave her as a dowry a valuabl e collection ol charts, map3 and importan t memorand a made durin g hi s voyages. ENGLISH BRIDESMAIDS. A London brid e had recently a strik ­ ing environmen t i n he r grou p of brides ­ maids. Four littl e girls accompanie d her to th e altar.dresse d i n turquoise-blue corduroy, with whit o silk yok e an d sleeves, whito beaver hats, wit h long white plumes . Each carried a basket o f pink an d white flowers. The brid e was in a regulation white silk and orange blossoms , and her hal o of blue and white was very attractive. A second bevy o f English bridesmaids, not little but big girls , wore gowns of cream corduroy , mude wit h shoulde r cupes and high-rolling collars and crea m felt hats with crea m ostrich plumes aud rosettes of gold braid . Lon g sashes o f sof t yello w silk added the neede d touch o f grac e to these rather severe gowns.—New York Journal^ TnE FAIR nocsc. The \Consumers' League, \ of New lork City,is a societ y formed to amelio ­ rate the condition of wome n an d chil ­ dren employed i n th e retail morcantile houses of tha t city, by patronizing onl y such firms as approach tn o \standard of a fair house,\ a s adopted by the league . Th e \fair house\ is on e i n whic h equa l pay is given fo r work o f equal value, ir­ respective o f sex; wages are paid by th e week ; fines imposed aro paid into a fun d for tho benefit o f employes ; an d th e minimu m wages of co3li girls arc two dollars per week. Also i n a \fair house \ the hours fro m 8 A . M. t o Op. M., with threcquarter s o f a n hou r for lunch, con ­ stitute a working day , an d a half holida y is given o n one da y i n each week durin g nt least two months of each summer, aud a vacation o f not less than a week is given , with pay , during each summer season. Othe r condition s of a \fai r houso\ relate t o physica l and hygienic conditions, and human an d considerate behavior toward employes . In suc h a house, childre n under fourteen years are not employed. Mrs . Charles Russel l Lowell is President.—Ne,v Orleans Picayune. CHANGES IN SKIRT FASHIONS. Skirts see m to grow tighter, longer and plainer this season , write s a New York correspondent. Tho princess rob e is gaining favo r ever y day , and I really think for a woman of graceful carriage an d a n ordinaril y good figure these long, skin tigh t garments are perfection. I saw a lovely gown o f thi s style atMme. Buck- master's th e othe r day. I t is to travel out to Ceylo n with a lo t of other frock s intended fo r the wife o f a Governmen t official i n Colombo. Tho material is soft crepe veiling , ver y light an d fine, black , sho t all over with narrow zigza g line s o f deep yellow . The gown is mado all i n one an d fasten s fro m th e left shoulder t o the right sid e aud then hangs straigh t dow n th e right side , th e edg e of thi s oblique fastening being heavily edged with jot an d n tiny fuz z of feathers. The left side of the bodice i s completely cov ­ ered b y a mass o f jetting. A high colla r o f je t fits closely abou t the throat, and th e sleeves , whic h are of the black and yellow stuff, are drape d t o the elbo w and have a long tight-fitting cuff of beade d black silk. Th e very long scant train and petticoa t ha s broad cord - like trimmin g o f je t aroun d the bottom , this weighty \ballast\ havin g tho effect of keepin g the skirt in th o most perfectly bunging folds . \With thi s co st u'ne Mme. Buckmastor ha3 provided a ity littl e morsel of a blac k lac e bonnet , e Jged with jet and with just a few lacoy bow s and a bunch of yellow osprey s high at th e back . Lon g tics o f fino blac k lace arc t o b e held loosoly unde r the chin with a cluster o f yellow flowers, and a fine gauze veil with tiny black spaugling3 make s th e outfit the perfection o f good taste for a studi o Sunday or smart concert.—Chicag o Herald. servative , close-fitting and rathe r som­ bre. Again i t seems t o be tacitl y un­ derstoo d tha t th e authority to wear ono is among th o privileges acquired b y a solem n servic e before th e altar rail—then it i s tha t they blossom an d grow beauti­ ful. But th e real heyday o f the bonnet's popularit y is whe n it makc3 no distinc­ tio n between th e wrinkle s o f seventy an d th o blossomin g maiden to whose small features , an d round, girlis h fac o i t is s o deliciousl y becoming . This ap. pears t o b e wha t w e expec t this season . And in view of such a prospect i t may b e interestin g to state that rumors fro m tha t sacre d place where th o models ar e evolve d give a preference to pointed crowns , trimme d with light-colored rib ­ bons , eithe r sho t or watered , and brim s of jet , horsehai r or black straw. Crowns, in fact, ar e a miracle of ingenuity, being mad o of feathers, crepon ic folds, bead­ ing , o r a series of tiaras through which th e sof t hai r show s prettily. Altogether there promise s t o b e variet y galore , enough, indeed , to thro w the question of a womin's loveliness on he r own taste rather than the milliner's.—Boston Transcript . BONNETS ARE RETURNING. Accordin g to Parisia n fashion-writers the era of bonnets i s coming round onc e more; an d to anyone who takes accoun t of these things statisticall y there is rather goo d reason to believe quit e independent of Frenc h veracity , that this is a fact; for whe n one stops to consider, i t i s as ­ tonishing with what regularity th e old styles get themselves taken up . This matter o f bonnets, however , is always one of fine distinction s which i t require s n o little knowledge of thing s a l a modo to follow ; fo r instance, there are sea­ sons whe n nothing ; shor t o f fifty-year-old dignity aspires to thi s sort,o f headgear , on such yero jjonjxeUjraJiptJoJie^qn- FAStllON N0TE3. Laced boots are again in favor . Bir d o f Paradise fans are tho latest . Coaching cloth ovcrgaiters ar e the most i n favor now. Brocaded coats, wit h Wattcau backs are among th e ne w importations . Velvet an d sable is on e o f the ver y latest combination s in outdoo r \vrnp3. Wide gold baud bracelets , such a s wer e fashionabl e years ago, ar o revived. ncavy Scotch shawls folded in High­ land fashio n are worn b y London women as wraps . No young woma n shoul d go out even­ ing s t o parties withou t th o \fad bag\ o n he r arm. Cardina l leather shoe3 with patent leathe r tip s ar e affected by some wooicu with evening dress. Sil k skirt s are t o bo used for stree t wear , with jacke t waists of cloth o f the co-or prevailin g i n th e changeable sil k of the skirt. Some ver y handso n o gowns ar o seen in negligee effects, this styl e no longer being confine d exclusivel y to tea and hous e gowns. Gree n i s th o color this season, Tho ne w Chartreuse, whic h is onl y halt a ton e deeper than tho old-timo Nile, i s the prim e favorite. The blous e is on e o f th o especial fea ­ tures o f thi s season's modes . They como i n al l shades an d ca n be maie simply or very elaborate , a3 the wearer chooses. Girdle s and belt3 aro see n in quaint figure designs on th e sectiona l pieces. Buck!e3 ar e also i n vo^'uo and come as wido as th o wides t sash ribbons . Metal an d leathe r combination s ar c tho correc t belts fo r ginghams an d flannels. Tho lates t Russian blous e i s raids o laeo a yard wide and scalloped on ono edge. It i s sleeveless, and to bo worn over crepon, surah an d beugalin o dresses , is quit e ful l a t the neck, and belted in at th e wais t wit h a soft wido band o f tho same material as th e dress . Nothing s o pretty i n cotton s has been shown fo r years as th o white dotted Swis s printed wit h bouquet s o f colored flowers. The notton Bedfords ar e i n mos t successfu l coloring. Tho pink and blu e i n alternatin g cords i3 delightfully pleasin g t o loo k at, and wil l be charm­ ingl y becoming to blonde s and brunette s alike . Tho sleeve s of very thi n dresse s aro made quit e lull, so ue of them with deep culls fitting rather closely to tho arms , bu t the favorito slcovo is very ful l and gathered int o a band about two inchc3 wide. This is trimmed with velvet, lace or ruchings of tho material, o r i t may b o that th e entiro dress i s finished with chiffon o r Indi a silK ruffles. The changeabl e surahs ar o among th o newest silks. Moro accuratel y thoy ar e double-faced surahs. Thoy ar o figure d i n designs tha t sho w a n attempt a t novel­ ty . Oao ha s tall wicke r peach baskets overflowin g wit h flowers; another look s j a s though i t was appliquod in the most delicat e point laee. An odd design i n a brow n sil k i s a broke n link, through which i s hung a spiral spring . There i s ver y little change in the shape of skirts , and th e ordinary closo-fittin g basque still remains. Ful l topped sleeves, fitting comfortabl y belo w the elbows,aro still th o favorites. Fo r summer dresses , very full sleeve s wit h fitted cuff s will b e preferred fo r thinner fabrics . The reg­ ular leg-o'-mutto n sleeve with modifica ­ tion s will prevail fo r costumes o f nil sorts . A prett y organdi e is made up over a n Indi a sil k skir t in contrastin g colo r o r i n th e color of the figure o f the goods. For example, a n organdie with white ground an d heliotrope chrysanthemum s i s made u p ove r a heliotrope silk ; a blue-spotted organdie ove r a blue silk , an d so on. Ther e i s no en d of variety in the patterns , colors and styles of making and the specia l idea seem s to bo t o have no two alike . There i s a decide d fancy just now fo r natty , pretty black or colored waists. They ar e made of cloth, silk , o r velvet, an d ar e worn wit h skirts o f black silk, camel' s hair , or, indeed, any other pop­ ular blac k fabric. Thes e waists ar e o f all sorts ; fro m the simpl e and becoming blouse , which ma y b e worn by misse s an d young ladies, to th o moro elaborat e velve t o r brocade d dresscoat. suitable f o t th e matron, or th e lady o f advanced years . A. suit o f fine camel's hair has a slightl y traine d skirt and a waist which is mado with a yoke , fro m which straight widths fall one-third th e length o f th e skirt . This fullness i s shirred into a bel t about two inche3 wide. The shir ­ rin g is covered by a ver y rich belt ol gold filigree. The collar, deep cuffs, the edge o f th o basque-skir t und,the hem of the skirt are finished with passe ­ menterie, in which there is a large ad­ mixture of \sold. C~ LOCKS AND KEYS. BOMB CHANGES WHICH THEY HAVE I'NUKKGONB. Tho First Locks ana Keys Wero .Blade ot Wood—Curious Speci­ mens of the Iioclc- GtuIth's Art. IMPLE though a key may seem, ther e ma y b e linked many memories with it— stirrin g incidents in fiction. Among th o forme r might bo motioned tho ke y t o the Bastill e which, though declare d im - pregnnble, fell after i sieg e o f three hours; among the latter di e key to Blue Beard' s chamber, tho thought o f either of which produces un - ;omfortabl e sensations . In th e one instanc e we ca n fanc y wo hear th e roaring of th e cannon, the fall­ in g o f the walls, nn d the shouts o f tho doter s a s they stagger through th e itrcets with tho bloody head o f M . d c Lnunuy, the Governor , impaled upon a ipear. In the othe r instanc e we ca n im - igine tha t we se e Fatina starin g wit h wil d eyc3 n t the decapitated heads o f :he wives and n t th e terribl e tell-tal e ipot of blood upon th e key, o r tha t we aear th e terrible , pitifu l aud impntientin- juirios o f \Sister Anne,\ who i s o n th o look out in the tower. Tho first keys i n us o were strips of lard wood with wooden pegs on them. When thrus t int o the wooden lock the pegs , wnich were stationary, pushed into thei r holes a :orresponding num­ ber of loose wooden peg s i n the lock, ind thu s the door was opened. A cen­ tury later the keys were mado of iron r with wards instead of pegs,the equiva­ lent fo r pegs in the iron lock consisti: Df rtdge s o f iro n nr range d i n circle s o r TiaPS. \~ parts o f circles . Tho old Roman iron key was plai n in for m and simple i n de ­ sign , but fo r jewel-caskets i t was, of course, more daintil y and elaboratel y made . Figure No. 1 i s a drawing of an ol d Roman key, while Figure No. 2 rep­ resents the ol d Roman key (o r iron ke y of any age) to be see n in any known col ­ lection . Tho keys o f the Gothic period (Figs . 3 an d 4 ) wer e made of bronze and iron, tho locks still made of wood. Tho bit of th e key was curiousl y wrought with notche s t o baffle a n attempt t o rifle the casket. The iro n keys to open th e wooden locks o f th e Byzantine period (Fig. 5) wero ver y primitiv e i n style, th e bi t merel y being a leve r with which to raise th e latch. Simila r keys ar e still in us e i n Egypt en d the Scandinavia n provinces . Figure G i s a brac e key of th o period. In th e Renaissanc e and Ro­ coco period s the bows and shaft s o f th o keys wer e elegant specimens o f th o lock ­ smith' s art . The Italia n keys to th e Venetian caskets (Fig. 7.) wer o of iron , inlai d with silver, th o coronet , fig­ ure s and vine like tracery displaying th e most elegant workmanship. Tho auti- quarian who ha s pai d attentio n t o tho subjec t can , almost without errin g i n a Just here we will give' a hint how a- handy boy_ca n make a key fit a loc k fo r his mother, provide d the key seem s al ­ mos t able t o thro w th o bolt . I f he - smoke s the key i n a lamp and the n tries- to turn the key'in th e lock h e wil l find' whe n he withdraws i t tha t some o f the lamp-black'ha s bee n rubbed off. These spot s will indicat e where the key i s too - large, and repeated blackening and fil­ lin g will renko i t fit. The next lock s which cam o int o use afrtr the bolt l,ock3 wer e th e \tumbler lock9,\ which were successivel y improved upon by Baron Brnma h (whose lock was- name d afte r him), Cotterill an d others . All could be opened , however, without Fio. G. FIC. 7. the leguln r key s by th o tentativ o pro­ cess—that is , by trying on e tumbler after nnothe r until all of them hav e been. Irecd. Foity years ago a Mr . Hobbs was quit e a note d lock-picker , and he invente d some ingeniou s safety appli ­ ances fo r locks. A popula r loc k at the prcsent timo is tho Yul e lock , with its- puzzlin g interiors an d endles s variety of keys.—Detroit Fre e Press . Tho Projector o f tho Suez Canal. CountFcrdinand d c Lesseps,th e world- famed diplomat an d promote r o f colos­ sal feats o f engineering , was born at Ver­ sailles, France,Novcmber 19th , 1S05. ln< 182 8 h o entere d th e diplomati c service as an attach e o f th e consulat e a t Lisbon , and subsequentl y served in lik e position s else- , where . Ho wa s consu l a t Barcelon a in 1842, when tha t city wa s bombarded, , and was zealou s in th e protectio n of tho singl e instance, name th o period of an y ol d key handed t o him fo r inspection. Some very ingenious locks wer e i n vented i n the middle ages, thei r exter­ nal parts richly ornamented, with keys jus t as elaboratel y ornamented. They were made by hand by locksmiths who carried o n thei r trad e i n al l o f the large cities , but locks and keys ar e now pro­ duced in great quantitie s by mean s of machinery , and henc e lockmaking is nu longe r a specia l handicraft . There are beautifu l designs in keys t o be see n now ­ adays , i n keeping with the bronze lock s aud knobs In use , nn d yet they are , t o a larg e extent, copie s of the ornamental keys o f the meditcva l and Renaissanc e periods . COUNT FERDINAND DE LESSEPS. lives an d property o f Freuch citizens , and afforde d a n asylu m t o Spaniards on­ board the vessels of th e French fleet. H e was among th e first t o urg e th e ex­ pedienc y o f constructin g a caual acros s the Isthmus of Suez, connecting the [ Mediterranean Sea an d th e Indian Ocean . I Th e practicabilit y o f the projec t was questione d b y many of the mos t eminen t engineer s o f th e world , an d h e wa s ridi­ culed al l ove r Europe , au d especially by Englis h engineers . The wor k was be- , gu n i n 1S59. It soo u commanded the - , attention o f various Governments,which • subscribe d liberally t o th e undertaking , ns th e work progressed an d its practic - I ability became assured. ! A cana l o f sufficient depth to admi t o f the passag e ol small steam vessels was - opeue d August 15 , 1SG5, an d by degrees - the channel wa s deepened and cnlurge d j so tha t smal l ships an d schooner s were* enabled to pass throug h i n Murcn, 1SB7 . August 15 , 18C9 , th e waters of the Mediterranean mingled with those o f the Red Sea , an d th e formal opening of tho canal was celebrated with great pomp- and rejoicing at Suez, and o n November IS th e cana l wa s formally opene d to Porfc- Su'd Representative s o f all th e princi ­ pal Governments of Europ e were present- oa thi s occasion , un d th e fete3 were umou g the mos t imposin g ever witnessed in modern times . A grand processiona l licet consisting of lorcy vessels success - •> fully made th e passage fro m Por t Sai d to - Ismailie. A few days after thi s even t it. do Lesseps married .Mile. Antnr d de-- Bragurd, a youog Creole of Eng.ish ex­ traction an d considerabl e wiM.th. Ho; received honorabl e decoration ? from nearly ever y Governmen t of Europe- Queen Victoria' s gif t wa s his nomination as a n honorar y knigh t grand commander - of th e Orde r of th e Stur of India. Thc= freedom o f th e city of London wa3 pre ­ sented t o him. I n 1873 h e wa s chose n a. free member o f th e French Academy. H& publishe d a history of th e canal in 1875. In 1SS 1 he wa s elected Presiden t of the= Frenc h Geographica l Society . The; Englis h Government endeavore d to se­ cure hi s service s in cuttiug a second i canal, but th e negotiation s fell through' owing t o oppositio n in th e House o f Commons and th e subsequen t absorptio n by English capitalists of u controllin g in­ terest in the existin g canal . Turning his attentio n to th e new world. M. d e Lesseps undertoo k the construction., of a cana l across th o Isthmus of Panama - i Th e origina l capital o f th o company, 600,000,000 francs, was exhausted, wheD- tho subscriber s refused t o advanc e more* mone y and th e enterprise was abandoned, D e Lessep s private fortune wa s also ab­ sorbed in th e undertakin g an d he was - left comparativel y poor . Until comparatively recent times, th o lock s in common us e were simply a bolt held in it s place, eithe r open o r shut , b y a sprin g which presse d it down and s o held it at cither end o f a convex notch. The only impediments to opening these locks were the wards which the key ha d to pass befor e it would turn in the key ­ hole. The shape o f the wards,however, could be ascertaine d by inserting a blan k key covered with \ 'wax, and hence a, , Email collectio n o f skeleton keys was all tthat the lock-picker required. The number of cases o f canne d corn: and tomatoes packe d i n the United Statcs- in 1891 i s estimate d as follows: Corn , 2,799,453; tomatoes , 3,405,365. Th<* value o f the canne d goods exported ins. 1891 i s estimate d as follows: Salmon, . $2,096,957; other fish, $139,392; beef, $9,068,900; fruits, $703,880; vegeta­ bles, ?286,321; total, $12,295,456. Philadelphia ha s jus t deposited $1,- 720,830 in th e treasury on accoun t of; liquor licens e fees fo r the curren t year . The averag e annua l rainfall in tho United State s i s 29.6 inches, th e varia­ tions' ranging fro m 0 t o 135 inches .

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