OCR Interpretation

The News gatherer. (Macedon, N.Y.) 1888-1918, November 12, 1892, Image 6

Image and text provided by Macedon Public Library

Persistent link: http://dev.nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn83031562/1892-11-12/ed-1/seq-6/

Thumbnail for 6
THE WINDS' STORY. Tbo'North Wind blew at night off the sea. Saying, \Sorrowful sorrowful, all of mel I sing of tho numbing Winter's brcatb, I sing of snow, and death. I bring in the wave with the broken spar, And the gray (cas curling over the bar. Drifting at night from a cold br ght star— Sorrowful, sorrowful, all of me!'' The South Wind blow at noon off the sea. Singing, \Sorrowful sorrowful, come to me! I sing of tho golden buttercup breath, I siug tho peaco of death. I bring in'tho shells with the laughing; tide, And follow tho brown sails home, and slide In the drowpy boat down the meadow side— Sorrowful, sorrowful, coma to me'\ The East Wind blew at morn off tho son, Cryinjr, \Sorrowful sorrowful, all of mel I sing of the piercing iceberg's breatb, I sing of tho horror of death, And the tempest's shriek in the rigging Mart-, And the spindrift wreath an 1 the rolling w reck. And the boat that nev„>r a^ain c >iies back— Sorrowfu', sorrow full all of me\ Tho West Wind blew at dawn oil\ tho soa. Calling, \Sorrowful sorrowful, como tome 1 1 sing of the joyous salt sea breatb, I sing, There is no death' I murmur of soa cares rosy an 1 deep, And the glittering bay where tho shoal flsb i it-ap. And tbo lapse of tho tide as it sinks to sleop— Sorrowfu', sorrowful, come to me\' — \ E Gilhngton. THE FALSE SUMMONS. AMY RANDOLPH. HE re d curtains B£& were drawn, th e lire blaze d cheerily o:i the hearth, an d the click of the sleet y ru m agains t the window-panes only seemed to heighten th e enjoy­ ment within, where a shaded lamp gave ou t its serene glow, and the pictured fo'.ds of an ancient Chinese screen shut all possible nu d im­ possible draughts away fro m the ruddy fireside. Doctor Fengrove sat on one side , with ' tho newspaper in his lap. Mrs . Fengrove ' sat on the other, trai.^iill y occupied in , darning stockings, whil e a chubby year- I old la y asleep in its crib, jast where th e I firelight touched its c iris with fleeting j glimpses of {{old. . \Well snid tho doctor , letting th e 1 newspaper slip down to th e floor, \this is comfortable I do n i often ge t an ( evening at home since—Hello' What's that? Some on e knocking at the kitchen , door \ | Mrs. Fengrove rose an d answered the summons Presently, sh e came bac\-. \It's Milo York, doctor,\ said she . \Milo York , eh? \ Doctor Fengrove's countenance darkened as he spoke. \Uidu't I tell Milo York never t o darken my door again?\ \I3ut he's hungry, m y dear,\ pleade d the gentle-hearted wo-nan, \and home­ less. M r Evnrtou has turned him away, and—\ \I don't blamo Mr. Evnrton'\ tartly interrupted her husband. \A miserable , druuken loafer, who—\ \I don't thic k he has been drinking to-night, doctor,\ said Mrs . Feu_;rovc. \He looks pale and tirei. He says he has had nothing to eat since noo n and has no place to sleep.\ \That's n o nlhiir of mine\' retorted Doctor Fengrove, who, though free­ hearted and hospitably inclined in gen­ eral, had hardened his heart like a flint against this particular instance of hu­ manity. Mrs. Fengrove still hesitated. \What shall I tell him'\ asked she. \Tell him to g o abou t hi s business,\ returned the doctor, energetically stir ring the fire until a red strea m of sparks flew up the chimney. Mrs. Fengrove closed the door, and went baci« to the kitebcu porch. \Milo said she, \my husband will have nothing to say t o you.\ \I don't blame him much,\ dejectedly responded Milo Yoik, who was, indeed, an tinpromisiug-lookin g subject enough, •with bis unkempt hair banging over bi s brow, his garments in rags and th e end of his nose chilled an d purpled with th e bitter night air. \But it's a dreadful night,\ softly added Mrs . Fengrove. \Wait ou t here —the porch will shelter you trom the rain. The coffee-pot is on the stove yet , and I'll bring yo u a plate of bread and cold meat and a bowl of coffee.\ \Thankee ma am, \ said the tramp, gathering himself like a heap of rags into the corner, to wait. He drank his coffee and at e hi 3 supper like a famished hound, and then Mrs . Fengrove gave him a tattored old shawl, long since cast aside b y her husband. \Take this,\ sue said, \and lie down in the barn loft; there's plenty of good, sweet hay there. But b e suro you're oil bofor o the doctor comes out in the morning.\ \Thankee ma'am,\ again uttered tb o man; and h e disappeared like a shadow into the howling tempest. \Where have yo u bee n all tb .13 time?\ suspiciously queried the doctor, as his wile cune into the softly illuminated arc h of the Chinese scre«n again. Mr?. Fengrove turned scarlet under hi s pene­ trating glance \I—I only gave Milo n little—some­ thing to ca t and drink,\ she faltered. \You know the Good Book says 'Turn not nway thy fuco from any poor man I' \ \Yes dryly coughed the doctor, •'but I guess th e Good Book didn't make any allowance for tramps . And I tell you what, Dolly, it isn't safe t o harbor these miserable wretches, with Aunt Dorothy's silver tea-set i n the house, le t alone your own spoon s and forks, es ­ pecially ns I am ouliged to be s o much from borne.\ Mrs. Fengrove sewed on i n silence; she was almost sorry sh e had told poor Milo York about that snug corner in the hay-loft, but sh e lacked courage to con­ fess tho whole thing to he r husband. \It will b e all right, I dare say,\ she told herself . \But Milo Y'ork mustn't como hanging around here any more.\ In the dead of the tempestuous night, there came a ring at the doctor's night- bell. Old Mr. Castleton -was very ill— dying, perhaps! The doctor was wanted at once I With a yawn, ou r good Esculapius rose out o r his warm bed, dressed hiin- !solf and, saddling old Roan, set out fo r his midnight ride of six long miles. But vhen he reache d Castleto n Court , all was 'atUJ nod dark- He rano two or thron times boloro a night-capped head popped out of tho window—that of :h e old •^uiro himself. ,r Dcar, dear!\ said Squire Castleton. \What 's th e matter? Nobody ill , I hopel\ \Why yo u 8re , aren't you?\ testily demanded Docto r Fengrove. \I? Not a bit of it!\ said th e squire, in surprise. \Didn't yo u send for me? \ \No I didn't,\ said th e squire. \And if you'v e go t anything more to say, you'd bette r como in out o f th e sleet storm and say it. \ \No said Doctor Fengrove, setting his teeth together, I'll not como in, thank you.\ \It ain't a joke, i s it? \ questioned Squir e Castleton. \I'm afraid it ' s something more se­ rious than a joke,\ said Doctor Fen­ grove. \Goo 1-night. \ Ami, turning old Roan 's head, h o se t spurs to him and trotted rapidly away Evidently , tne night call wa s a con­ certed plan—a p.a n to leave his home unprotected—and his mind turned, with keen distrust, t o Milo Yi,rk and his tal c of distress \God keep Dolly and the little one safe until 1 ge t home again'\ he mut­ tered, between hi s closed lips \Faster Hoau, faster'\ with a touch of the whip, which was scarcely needed , so thorough'}- di d the good horse CDter into the spirit of his rider. \You know not how much ma y depend upon your speed to-night'\ Mcau.vhilc, Mr*. Fcngtove, who had just lallcu iuto a restiess slunibor, after locking the door behiud her husband, was unn'ontedly startled once agaiu by a low, steadily continuous sound like the rasping of some hard instrument. She cat up in be d aud listened a min­ ute. Under her window the sound of mutllcd and subdued voice s was audiblo, ove n above th e rattle au d roar of the wintry storm \Burglars' 1 sh e gasped to herself. \And m y husbaud is gone—and— Oh, Mil o York is at the bottom of this' Uow wrong it was of me to give him shelter in th e barn'\ Springin g t o he r feet, sh e tLrj.v on a blue llauuel dressing gown, and hurrie d to th e cupboard, where her few simple treasures were kept, besides the square, morrocco case containing Aunt Dorothy's service of solid, old-fashione d china. She turned the key and wa s just drop­ ping it into her pocket, w.iea a rudo grasp fell on he r arm \No you don't 1 ' muttered a gruff voice. \Giv e that here'\ Mrs Fengrove's heart turned chill a s death as sbo foun d hur>clf faju to fac e with a tall, rullhuly man, whose fac o was half hidden by a sort oi v.sor o r mask of black leather, while another man was busily engaged in ransackin g the bureau drawers opposite \Give it here \' b e uttered savagely \Or graspin,' the throa t of tho sleep­ ing baby, who ha 1 awakened with a cry of infant terror, \I'll wnug th e brats neck us if it were a chicken's,\ Mrs. Fengrove gave a shriek of affright, but at th e sauie second a stun­ ning blo w from a spade hanllo felled tho ma n opposite, like a log, t o tbo floor, and a strong hand, twisting itself, vice-like, in the nec.cercuief of tne near­ es t villain, compelled him to loose his hold of the c.iild. \You will, will you?\ thundered Milo York. \Not if I kcow it , I guess I\ And suddenl y closing with the burglar, there ensued a dosporato struggle for a minute o r two, during which Mrs. Fengrove's blood seem?d turning to ice withiu her veins It was briet, how­ ever . .Milo flung his opponent heavily to the ground, and, tearing one of the sheet s from the bed, he twisted it around and above him , knotting it hero and there , until th e cowardly burglar la y helpless anJ pinioned a t his feet. \I'd oughter cut ye r throat,\ said Milo, \a-lightin' babies an d women, you mean skunk, you! Iiat I won't; I'll leave you to th e law, und if that don't grip yo u tight enough, I ma't no good guesscrl\ And, with equal rapidity , he tied tho hands an d feet o f the other man , who still lay inseniiblo on th e floor. \is—is he dcadi\ gaspe d poor Mrs. Fengrove, scarcely daring to look i n that direction. \No—he ain't got bis deserts.\ Milo answered , wiping the sweat from his brow. \He'll liv e to be hange d yet, ma'am, never fear. \ At this moment the sound of old Hoau's gallop on tho half-frozen road struck like welcome music on Mrs. Fen­ grove's cars. \My husband I \ she cried out, hysteri ­ cally. \My husband 1 \ Milo York went down and unfastened the door—tho burglars had effected their nefarious entrance through tho parlor window—and Doctor Fengrovo found himself face to face with the tramp. \York!\ he exclaimed. \Yc« sir, 'York,'\ nodded Milo. \And if it hadn't been 'York,' your wife an d tho little un would have been in a bad fix.\ \Ob husband!' ' shrieke d Mrs. Fen­ grove, Hinging herself into his arms, \Milo York has saved ou r lives'\ \I ain't altogether sartin about that,\ added Milo, \but I guess I've saved jour money aud valuables.\ \But ho w came you here?\ qostioned Doctor Fengrove. \I was a-sleepin' out in the barn,\ said Milo. \She told m o I could. She give m e a blanke t and food an d drink when I was 'most ready to drop. God bless her ! And I hcerd their footsteps just arter yo u had gone out, and I sus- picioned as all wasn 't right . So 1 just got up au d crept arter 'em, an d hero they is,\ with a nod towar d the two cap­ tives on the floor. \And if you 'll just lend a hand, doctor, we'll h'ist 'e m out into th e hall, where they won't interfere with folks, an d then I'll go over to the village for the constable an d the hand­ cuffs'.\ \How can I ever roward yo u for this, Milo? \ said Doctor Fengrove, i n tones stifled b y emotion. \I don 't want no reward,\ said Milo, stoutly. \1'd 'a' done more nor that for her,\ with a twitch of hi s head toward Mrs. Fengrove, \Ah sir, yo u don 't know the sort o' feelin' a man ha s for the only person 13 al l the world as holds out a helpin' hand when he's read y to droD with hunger and fnintnessl And now,\ more briskly , \I'l l go.\ \Dolly said the doctor,a s th e honest fellow vanished, \what would have be­ come of U3 all this night if yo u had Dot been moro merciful nnd tender-hearte d than I I God bo praised that your street woman-naturo gained tho victory 1\ That was th o las t midnight alarm that our doctor's family ever sustained. Tho two burglars , discovered to be old nnd experienced hands a t tho business, were safely lodged i n State prison fo r the longest practicable term; the gang was effectually broken up, and th o neighbor­ hood was a t peac e again. And Milo York i3 an objectless, de­ spised tramp no longer. He i s Dr . Fen- grovo's \hired man\ now, as much i friend a s a servant, and you may sc o him, any sunny day , a t work i n th e garden, with the baby pluying around him. \All I wanted wa3 a chance,\ Mile Y'ork says.—The Lodsrcr. In a Thiol'd Eye. The ey e always indicates th o charac­ ter of th o man. This i s particularly true of thieves, for th o expert detective can tell in almost every case whothor or not a ma n i s a thiof by simply looking him squarel y i n th e ey e A well-known Alle­ gheny detective, i n speaking of this matter t o a Pittsburg Press reporter th e other dny , said \Ye3 I ca n pic k a thie f ou t every time I can't tell you what it is that gives th e mau away except that it is th o expressio n of th e eye. In th e first plac e there are fe w thieves that will look you squarely i n th o ey o uulosj thoy aro obliged t o do so. They will avoid your glance as long as they can, an d eve n when they do faco you and gaze steadily at you i t i s alwaye with tho same expres­ sion. Although tboir eyes ma y bo wide open and the gazo apparently steady, you will sec , if you look closely, that there is something away back through th e corner trying to avoid you. I have picked out numbers of thieves b y this little dodging movement. I never saw a thief who was free from it . \Everybody ha s met that man who resolutel y refuses t o meet a steady gazs for more than three o r fou r seconds a t a time. I t is no t fail so say that all such persons are dishonest. In many cases the peculiarity 13 a direct result of bash- lulness. \A little close observation will enable the observer to put persons in th e class to which they belong. The ma u whose eyo is almond shapo d is almost always dishonest at heart, if not in overt net . The eyes of some of the most notorious thieves in the country ar e o f this pattern, and th o oppression given th e face by this sort of oyo i s very striking \ Anothor characteiistic thief's eyo i s one whose lower li d i s straight while tho upper on e is mor e o r loss arched. Tho straight lowe r lid is nlways noticeablo, however, th e effect being a very cunning and foxlike expression. Detectives usually have very mtieoa')lo eyos, kcon and clear, although one o f th e best thief takers that the writer has ever known ha s big brown eyes, n3 iuuocent i n ex­ pression as are those o f a frank and hon­ est schoolboy. This is his natural ex­ pression , but when he becomos inter ­ ested iu anything hi s lids clo3e and his gaze is as penetrating as that of an eagle. Sunflowers as ;i Field Crop. If the lintlcss cotton plant has made grea t fortunes or conquest we have not hear d of it. Still vegetable oils for culinary purposes are 111 ire an d more coming t o tb o front. K uisas 13 called the Suutlowcr Stite. Tne seeds from sun­ flowers yield a pure, sweet oil, and a large product at that pe r acre Tbe plan t will thrive on almost auy soil It could be grown iu drills o r i n hills, two o r three plants to th o hill and cultivated lik e corn. On rich land each plant will bear two or three flowers and yield from 200 t o 1000 seods to the flower. There are a number of varieties al30,some bear­ ing flowers as largo a s a peck measure in diameter. There will b o a chance for an invento r to produco u machine which will free and clean the seeds. Suppos­ edly any press used/or linsee d o r castor bean s will express th o oil, nn d a mani­ pulatio n like that used fo r relining cot­ tonseed oil and making i t equal t o olive oil would also refine the soed«, or rather oil from th e sunflower seeds. There is a great desire i n many house­ holds for a substitut e fo r hog's lard. I t must b e sweet an d odorless t o supor3edo lard or butter. Some peoplo have an ide a that almost an y kind o f butter, rancid and stale, could be used by bakers or confectioners . There never was a greator mistake. It doe s not requir e th o most educated ta3te or the keenest senso of smell to discover tho fact when stale 01 rancid butter ha s been used i n th e prep­ aration of cako, tart o r pie . Tbe oi l fro m rape seed, which grows two blooms lik e a turnip plant, is com­ monly used i n th o north of Europo in baking potato pancakes for instaucc. When thi s is put into the pa n and bo - comes heated t o a certain dogrce all tho unpleasant odors escape i n a minute, and after that the butter i s mixed with the oi l in the pan and the product is as frco fro m taint as i f the purest lard had boen used. There aro plenty and good salad olive oils now i n tn o market, including tho psuedo, cotton, olivo oi l wholosomo and of fairly good flavor, bu t of such oil s a s could b o used for othor culinary purposes, especially baking, there are scarc e any , and i n duo time perhaps sun ­ flower oils will* fill the place.—St. Louis Republic. Common Misconceptions. Tn bi s latest book, W. Hudson cor­ rects a common error concerning th« puma by statin g that on the South Amer­ ican pampa s this powerful animal never attack s man except i u self defease, an d that ove n a n unprotected child may sleep on th o plain i n security. T. B. Com- ttock, of Tucson, Arizona, confirms the statement, adding that i u many othei animal s of reputed ferocity—including the grizzl y and cinnamon bears—inter - fore with ma n only under strong provo­ cation. He finds the same t o be true ol venomous reptiles nnd insects—as the rattlesnake , \Gila monsier,\ tarautula, scorpion, etc.—which bito only when escapo seems t o bo impossible. Even the Brazilian boa constrictor docs noi seek human victims, and natives aboul tropical rivers declar e thut th e alligator harms only drunken men.—Trenton (N. J.) American. New Way to ,Sot Watched. Nicholy Jonsen, of Washington, has patented a simple device that greatly facilitates the accurate setting 01 watches. It consist s in a lover watch, when pulle d out, stops the second hnnd at the sixty point. After tbi3 tbe other hands are set , and when tho second hand of tho regulator reaches tho sixty poinl the lever on tho watch being se t if pushed in. Tim releases the second hand and th o other two at th o same moment. The three hands thus marct ; in step.—New York Telegram. BOP HARVEST. PICTURESQUE SCENES IN CEN- XKAfj NEW YORK. An Invading Army of Hop Pickers JbjL-om surrounding Towns—How the Hops Aro Pinked —Iiu»)' Scenes. York, whicn is th e headquarters o f the hop industry i n the Eus*, Fran k Leslie's /ftcVlft Weekly says ^-^izAf-- V- This hop-picking begins thn first nr 'ecor.rl week in September It depends, <\ course, on the weather an d tbe kind ot hop s mown. Tins year th e season is backward, aud la'.o hop s may yet b e nipped by the frost. Tne vines nu.- t be stripped without delay, an d so ther e is a treat demand lor \help.\ Everybody, without regard to age , six, or previou s oomlition of servitude, is welcomed. Client preparations are made t o feed the invading army ot workers The house- York and Canadian reservations. They have their own food supplies and caok for themselves. They are peaceable, in­ dustrious people. Once i n a while, during the picking season , a bravo takes too much \fire-water but more of ton after the season is over , when he ha s been paid. Many a grower sends his hire d man with a large wagon i n which pickrr s ar e conveyed to th e yard in the morning and back to their homes i n the terod, no t pressed down or packed. Afte r boing subjected t o a heat never rising abov o one hundred and thirt y de­ grees, thoy aro bloached with brimston o to th e right color. The hop-pickers are paid b y th e box, an d according t o whether they board themselves o r not . The rates of wages are regulatod usuitly by the Hop Growers' Association, which fixc3 the scale jus t before th e season opens . Thi s year the prices are twonty- prrKiNo nors. night. I t i s surprising how many young people flock to the yards and takt part in the picKing Man y look forward t o the hop crop fro m year t o year as th e chance to make a little ready money About the time that the pale saffron tir.t in the eastern sky turns into a rose ylow, the pickers are at work stripping the vines. The shar p and eager morn­ ing ai r i s saturate d with n cloying o.lor of some kind, soon the nostrils are tickled by the pugent an.ma of hops, and the lungs drin k m t o their full the potent influence s of the vines. The hands of the p:c.<er, which, whe'her h e be .1 Piiaruec or not , he has little <• mice of washing before meat, are begr.mel with the poilen, or \gol 1 .iu-,1,\ soinu ol which is necessarily swallowe 1 a n 1 alter- five cent3 per box with board, and forty- five cents per box without board. Thero i3 a wido difference in the amount wbici a picker will gather in a day, ranging all the way from two boxes for a slower worker to four and even rive boxes for an expert one The competition be­ tween these experts is not the less keen because it is goo 1-natured The rivals have a \setting\—that is, three rows on each side of the box. and six poles fro 11 the end—and the boxes and pickers ni07c forward to another setting. Thu morning hour3 pass al l tn q uciily, when dime.- time comes. Many ot tne ;m. iers bn 1^ their own luncnes, and so, in so'ne sua iy nook or seclude i I corn .T, or beneath the spreading ! bran-hes of a big tree, the noonday meal wife prepares big \batches\ of cake* , pits and ciullers . The hop \hands\ like t o go where there is a good tabl e Those who se t a poor table soo n become known aud aro avoided. The majority o f nickers come from near-by towns and cities , Utica, Oneida , Rome and Syracuse furnishin g thei r quota. The other day I me t a heavy wagon-load of women, young an d old , going to the fragrant fields. The party catno from Syracuse, so I heard. They weic all i n high spirits, laughing, joking, calling out t o every passer-by, an d breaking | forth at short intervals into song. Tho ' girls seemed happy m th o thought thu t at last thoy were ou t of th o city and i n the country, where there is no styl e and no policemen. When \help\ i s scarce, tbe hop-growers advertise i n th e news­ papers fo r pickers. Their tempting in ­ ducements, which appear in the \want\ column, must not b e taken literally, as tho following will show \Wanted— Fifty hop-pickers for th o finest place i n Otsego County; on e minute's walk from tho village; fine tablo board, boating, fishing, riding, dancing and music, fare both ways.\ St>mo notices stat e that \women are preferred. \ The chie f roa son is that women are quiet, industrious, und give less trouble tha n tho men. In days gone b y th o hop-yard was often the scene of fierce fighting and bloody affrays. The \roughs\ from cities were involved in drunken rows and provoked general disorder. Some­ time s the presence of th o women-folk rather added t o than allayed tho trouble. To nip disturbance i n tb o bu d the grow­ ers have deputy constables sworn, and the hop hands arc afraid to incite mis­ chief when thoy arc almost sure of be ­ ing lugged off to th e village \lock-up fined, or sent to jail. In largo hop-yards from 100 to 200 peopl e are employed. Mos t of these are either boarders or lodged dunnjj th e season. On o of the largest hop-yards in the country lies a war d acts as a toni c a n J sedative. The beneficial effects of hops as cured for brewing purposes are woll know. Any hop picker can tell you of the wonders wrought b y a fortnight's stay i n the hop- yards. I t i s a3 good as a month's out­ ing by the seashore, better than doctor's pills and bills—so sa y those who have tried thi s simple prescription. The picturesque sid e of hop picking is seen in the morning hours, when tbe dark-green vines with their yellowish strobiles offer a highly-elaborate back­ ground or setting t o the moving human figures. All over th e yard thero i s life and activity. Here are glimpses of color —a navy-blue blouse , a bright red rib­ bon, o r a gay striped shawl; and hero the Desartian pose and posturings of strong-limbed young men and women, and the quick movements of the supple Indian aud swarthy half-breed pickers. From diffi re i t points in the yard como bits of song—a girl's sweet voice, a boy's shril l treble , o r a man's deep bass. Yes, the American gir l picking hops compares well with the Chinese \Lady Picking Mulberries.\ She i s jus t as \cute just as bewitching. Then there i s something about this hop picking that breaks through manly reserved and maidenly modesty. Tho boys and girls side by side whisper short messages for two earsj merry jests and sharp reparteo3 aro bandied from lip to lip, often there i s a sl y pressur o of hands which i s explained when the day's picking i s over. Tho hop crop i s picked in boxes which hold from seven to eight bushels. These boxes arc ingeniously constructed and have four compartments combined in a main box. There ar c fou r pickers to a box, two on a side, each ono having his or he r own section t o fill. Then there are \pole-pullers\ who attend to somo six o r eight pickers, o r to fou r o r fivo if the crop is light. These men pull the pole s from the ground and cut the hop- BAGOrNO HOPS. fe w mile3 south of Wnterville. The yard, with it s seemingly endles s rows of poles, is as well kept as a garden. Here, i n Sep tember, a gang of pickers herd like dogs i u a kennel. Tbey room i n rude cabin s fitted with \bunks\ i n Bowery lodging house stylo. Two or thre e years ago somo hop growers had Italian s come from New York. Tho \dngos\ proved clumsy and inefficient, and in most cases the experiment ha s not been repeated. Perhaps the most expert hop pickers aro the Indians und hali-brecds from New vines near the root. The poles and strings res t on a support at the end of the box fo r tbe convenience o f tho pick­ ers. Tho pullor is also a box-tender, seeing that leaves are not mixed in with the hops. He also \keeps tally\ of the number of bushels o r boxes pickod. When a box o r section i s filled, the \tender\ i s notified and tho contents ar e emptied into a sack. Twice a day the sacks ar e gathered and taken to a kiln i n the hop-house and there dried. The hops must be lightly and evenly scat- is spread, with tne green so d for a table. It is on e o f the feature s of th o day—this eating , gossiping, laughing time. Din­ ner over, the work goes on, but the afternoon hours seein long drawn-out. Tho young folk grow restless and tired. Oh, if something -would only happen! The expecte d does happen when some one cries, \Hop sack!\ Then, i f th e picker be a comely lass, sh e must be dumped iu her own box, before it can be properly emptied. Again, th o mis­ chievous boys claim a kiss when they find a vine which grows in the form of tho lotter O. The gray shadows of the autumn su n cree p foot b y foot over th e hop-yard, and the end of tho day's work is announced by a shout an d a yell that would no t disgrace Onondaga Indians. There is a genera l rush, o r \break for home anc? suppov. In large hop-yards, where a hundred or mor o \hands\ are employed, thero i s something going on ever y evening during the picking season . Afte r supper, a circle ot choice spirits will gather o n tho moonlit side of th e kiln , and thero play \kissing games\— \postoffico\ and \forfeits\—and sing Gospel hymns and also popular songs. The ho p dances are often wild and boisterous affairs, and need t o b e seen to be enjoyed. Condensed Milk. Condensed milk is an American in ­ vention, and tho method i n foreig n countries, as France an d Switzerland , as well as i u England, where th o business is now carriod on, is precisely the same as th o America n way. This is to evapor­ ate th e water from tho milk by steam heat i n vacuum pans, at suc h a low temperature as wilt entirely avoid danger of burning it. So that no t only is steam needed t o keep up tho vacuum by air pumps an d remove the vapor fro m th o pans , bu t to furnish the heat. A ten- horse power boiler, o r ono t o furnish steam for a ten-horse power engine, would d o all the work for a small factory using 1000 pounds of milk daily. A two-horse power engine would do the pumping require d to keep the vacuu m perfect. This ^quantity of milk will furnish one-fourth as much condensed. —New Y'ork Times. A remarkable specimen of silver on ha s just bee n obtained from the Mollic Gibson mine at Aspen, Col . It is 1 block twenty-two inches long, eightee n inches wide and eight inches thick , weighs 400 pounds and i s said t o assaj eighty-eight per cent, silver. U0USEII0LO MATTERS. nLACMNO TH E BTOVK. Cofleo is used fo r mixing blacking for tho stove, in orde r to make it stick close r and last longer. Most housekeep­ ers prefer the old-fashioned blacking to any of tho cemonU, because of its lasting qualities. Th o comont is easier to apply, as it requires no labor i n polishing No stove should be blacked more than once a month, but i t should be kept clean b y innstactly wiping off an y clots of greaso which ma y be spilled upon it The flues of a stove should certainly be cleaued as often as once a month.—Boston Cultiva­ tor. DELtCIOUS LES-T-OVEU DIS1E3. A delicious dish is made by cookiug together a tablespoonful of butter and one of (lour, stirriug these nut.: tho y bubble, nnd pouring on them a haif pint of milk, still stirring constancy. Into the white sauce thus made stir the picked upremain3 o f cold billed , baked or broiled fish. About t w > ciptuls will be the right proportio u to th\ t uouut of sauce. Season it well au d to->s it with a fork until it i3 heated through Add tho juice of half a lemon just before serving. A dish that will com nenn itself to vogetarinns is prepared b y heating a pint of stewed tomatoes aud addirg to this a cup o f col d lima beans aa I oie of nld corn cu t from the cob C 'ouk together five minutes au d serv e Cold lamb, veal o r chicken is excel­ lent warmed in a sauce made by meltin g together a tablespoonful of butler and one o f currant jelly , aud adding to it a saltspoonful of dr y mustard When the mixture simmers la y i n th e meat, cut i n thin slices and le t it cook about three minuto». Peppe r aud sait t-> taate — New Y'ork World. WHEN ME \T is DONE The orthodox rule for the oonng of meat, fish and fowl 1:1 to allow a piartcr of an hour t o every pouud, yet tins re­ cipe needs to be mixed with bram». Some families IIKC rare, others wel ! - lone meats, again, a joint ma y be unusually thick or remarkably thin, agtin . lull grown au d mature meats, su^ 1 -H beef and mutton , arc best with rt.' 1 gravy oozing from them, whi' e im.nature or white moats, such as lamb, v.a 1 , pork, etc , arc absolutely da-igLromu il->s done through to be boue A good ui.e is to allow twelve to fifteen mimitci according to the taste of th e family an J tne thick­ ness of the joint, foi the coiki'igof ever y pound of beef and uuittou , fifteen to eightee n minute s for the nviiing of ever y pound of pork, veal, lamb, ham, bacon, fish aud ever y kind o f fo-il Accidents happen, however, tin- oven may be too ho t or too cool, the lire to o ilow, and—what not? bo a cook shoul d learn to know, b y the appearand of th o meat itself, when it is Millie.cutlv c >okcd. How can tha be done/ By c.-.i.-lully ob­ serving the appearance of the meat around the centre bone or bone s if the learner be in doutt, the blade of a knife can b e run i n about an inch to the bone, and tho meat slightly ruscd and examine d for a moment or two After one or two trials, this will be found to bo an infa'- lible methoJ It i s q-.mc right tint next to tho bone beef a n I mutton sl.mld b e red aud juicy, bu t if th e beef be b'ue o r tho mutton has that strange, raw look peculia r t o mutton that bat |.ist felt the heat of th e fire, th e j nuts need a little more cooking, wink white meats shoul d bo white, even t o the b.iuc, wit 11 th e ex­ ception, perhaps, of lamb, wind many people prefer with a little piniiy j uc a oozmg through. Mfsriuo i\ts. Mushroom Stew—I'eel a ga .on ot fresh mushrooms, spnnk'e wi;n sut and pepper , put i n a saucopan with 1 teacup of boiling water aid two tablespoons of butte r Le t simmer ten minutes, pour i n a pint of cream, tine ven with flour, let boil up oace, and serve Fried Mushrooms—Take lar_;c mush­ room 1 , peel and remove the stems, 10I I in grated cracker, dip in beaten eggs, then in tb e cracker meat agaii', sprinkle with pepper aud salt aad Iry ia butter, garnish with sliced lemon. Mushroom s an d Eggs—Paol nud cu t large mushrooms i u halves, stew te n minutes in a little water , to which add an ounco of butter, season witn salt un d pepper. Drain, put tbo mushroo n s in a baking dish, break enough fresh eggs to cove r tho top, dust with salt nnd pepper, spread with stalo bread crumbs und bit s of butter, set iu too oven until the eggs set . Bnkod Mushrooms—Select large firm mushrooms, peel, cut oi l the stalks close to tho top , place them upside down i u a pi o dish, sprinkle with salt and pep­ per and lay ja^jbit of butter o n eac h mushroom.'oSejjin a quick oven twenty minutes, basfc^twp o r three times with a little molted,butter Servo hot . Shells of** Mushrooms—Cuop on o onion, fry i u butter, when brown add a pound of finely chopped mushrooms and. simmer until half cooked, soak tw o an chovies, pound them i n a mortar with a teaspoonftil of French mustard and three tablespoons of brown gruvy, m.x with and pou r in with tho mushrooms, boil three minutes an d fill the shells. Scallope d Mushrooms—Cover the bot ­ tom o f a buttered dish with a layer o f dried bread crumbs, sprinkle over with pepper an d Ealt and bits of butter, moisten with cream, placo a layer o f mushrooms alternately with bread un­ til the dish is full. Cove r the top with bits o f butter, pour over a piutof cream and bake for on e hour. Macaron i with Mushrooms—Parboil half a pound of macaroni, drain en d se t to keep warm. Put a pint of water, one small onion, a sprig o f parsley and a tablcspooful of vinegar in a saucepan with a little salt an d pepper. Se t over fire, le t com o to a boil an d ad d a quart of peeled mushrooms , le t cook tun min­ utes , stir in two bcatou egga. Put a layer o f macaroni i u th o bottom of a dish, then a layer o f th o mushrooms, continue until th e dish is full, have the mushrooms on top. Se t in the stove and brown.—Courier-Jonrnat . Sheep's Brain for Paralysis. Dr. Leon Paul, ot Paris, has lately com e out i n favor o f sterilized subcuta - neo U3 injections o f solutions of sheep's brain as a cure for paralysis. H e claims for this extraordinary medicino that it has no injurious reaction, an d that i n al-' mos t ever y cose i n which ho has tried it thero has been a marked improvement in tho pationt's condition.—San Francisco Chronicle. The cross-bow came into use in the Twelfth. Century. — 1

xml | txt