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The Schenectady cabinet. (Schenectady [N.Y.]) 1824-1837, July 06, 1836, Image 2

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W R I N K L E D gislale -upon it, theorise about i t , lose them­ selves in tbe maxes o f the original compact, speeob^e according to their opportunities, and seldom end without some fresh experiment for altering the economy o f Providence. They m ight just as well regulate the stature o f their fellow-citizens on the Procrustean .model, and cure inequalities by cutting off heads. .Let us look for an instant at the “ preamble to the constitution of the Trade’s Union o f the city and county o i Philadelphia —exuno omaes. It commences (som ewhat ambitiously) aa fol­ lows: * Mojo*.— 44 W hen we .oonsider that all men are endowed by the Ruler of the Universe with the same natural rights, and are fit­ ted to enjoy the same privileges and the same blessings— when we know also that theee are guarantied to us by our consti­ tution, and - by the glorious declaration which oar fathers made when they wrest­ ed from their oppressors, at the sacrifice of life and fortune, their invaluable birth- “rights, civil and religious independence; Minor. —And when we see these rights dai­ ly invaded, and feel that they are rapidly withering in the unrelenting grasp of u- surping power; and knowing also that as the past has lived for us, so we must live for the future; Casidusion .— It becomes onr sacred and im ­ perious duty to come boldly forward to the rescue, and at every peril and by ev­ ery means, th cherish and protect thoae immunities, which belong not on ly to our- selves but to succeeding generations.” Now we deny every important postulate and inference in this preamble, which we htve di­ vided, for convenience, ip to tbe members of a syllogism , and we say that the doclriqes con­ tained in it have a direct tendency to uproot society, and are totally irreconcilable with its order and laws. Jn the first place, the natural right* with which *'*11 men are endowed by the Ruler of tbe Universe,” are the tight* o f the sovage, atuLee&Mei in the absolute power o f uflrestnjnod action and ihe unfettered free dom o f individual will* These rights are not “ guarantied to us by our constitution and by the glorious declaration*' of our forefathers. Oar forefathers wers not madmen. On the contrary, the rights in question were surren­ dered tbe moment man entered into society, and tbeir surrender was the consideration of protection which society has ever einc.e deriv­ ed from law, and our society from the very constitution invoked in this preamble. The declaration o f independence enumerates “ cer­ tain unalienable rights, among which are life, liberty,, and the pursuit of happinesq,” But the unqualified assertion of these rights in tha1: instrument was an act of revolution, and the proposition is only intelligible in that connec­ tion. Natural rights can only be set.pp when social rights are invaded, and men are ready for civH war. In ordinary times,, society ev­ ery day declares them forfeited to its exigen­ cies and iumands. They are held subject to its law*. A defendant a t the sessions would find his natural right o f liberty and the pursuit of happiness a poor plea in bar. The “ declara­ tions o f right in our 6onstitutions are abstract recognitions of lb# right of revolution placed there as barriers between government and peo­ ple, not as weapons o f offence for the use of one class o f society against another. They are useless. Every man’s instinct tells him all he can learn from theri). If, then, the Trades’ Union have no natur­ al rights except such a* e x ist beyond the pale o f society, and a te only to be resumed on a renunciation o f their claims on the communi­ ty, an3 a reciprocal release to them on the part of the commntoity, (for be i t remembered the contract has two parlies,) the one of two things is apparent, either that the assertion in the minor proposition of theirprssmUe is un­ true, v is. that “ those rights are withering in the unreleu ting grasp o f usurprag power,” fioee that' “power,” whatever the indebnitf term may mean, results from a legitimate •turoct and iediwoted to afegitumrte aud; os else, that they are in a state of revolution, tbe necessary and justifiable consequence o f ob­ vious, palpable and extreme oppression. As they do not assert the latter to be the. ease, ana as they have not shown and cannot show lhfils which flilf suable them to aaaert it suc­ cessfully, the conclusion t o which they come in tbeir preamble, that it js their “ sacred and imperious duty to cottie boldly forward to the rescue, and at every peril ana by ere ry meant, (revolutionary or otherwise, for there is no ex­ ception,) to protect those immunities (immu. nities not threatened or infringed, since they have been long ago surrendered,) which belong not only to themselves, but to succeeding g en­ erations,” is a false conclusion, which, if car­ ried out into practice, will subject them to great h&xard and difficulty, and which the i n ­ stinct o f self-preservation binds society ener­ getically and ef&clually to repel. W ere these reprehensible doctrine# mere abstract notions, propagated by the Laputians o f some flying island, we should not take the trouble to refute them. But they are the fun­ damental dogmas of a wide-spread combina- tion, which claims io act under them and to promote them “ at every peril and by every means.” They are rank political heresies, aptly and necessarily followed in the preamble by a delusive economical proposition, and ih practice by measures hostile l o ’ the very free­ dom they profess to defend. “ It is ah incontrovertible truth,” continues the preamble, “ that those who do not labor to proauee are supported by those who do; and it ia therefore obvious that those who are thus supported will and do, through the impulse o f self-interest, erfddfcsog, hy every possible means, to decrease SB* just demands of the manufacturer or producer.” W ithout stopping here to inquire what class it is in America which does not labor to pro­ duce, let us reserve the proposition of the Trades\ Union—perhaps it will be difficult to discovet “ which is the justice snd which is ths thief.” A capitalist might put it thus: “ It is au incontrovertible truth, that those who do labor to produce are supported by those who do not; and it is therefore obvious that those who are thus supported, will and do, through, the impulse o f self-interest, endeav­ or, by every possible means, to increase the unjust demands o f t h e manufacturer or produ­ cer.” But this is on both sides a mere jingle o f wordi, without any possibility o f practical ap­ plication. A combinatioh of persons may, for a period, throw the community into confusion, and the combinations in question have done so, and in many instances they have nominally accomplished their object in an appreciation of prioes and a dimuniiion of the period o f la­ bor, but they ipttfacto drive the remainder of society intc a counter-combination, which neutralizes the anticipated effect. The in­ stant the capitalist finds his tradesmen’s bills increased 10 percent., he adds 10 per cent, to his rents; the pedlar does the same thing with his pots and pens, the farmer with his mutton and turnips, and the Trades’ U n ion is just where it was. The members o f that (body thought to avoid this result by claiming, in the first instance, to dimish the hours o f labor instead o f raising wages. It was a stupid no­ tion in them to suppose that they could pay for a week's food with five days' labor, and live as well as they did before. They had a perfect right to have two holydays in a week, just as surelv the result o f an advance upon shoes as the latter was an abridgement o f la­ bor. Nobody would give twelve for ten.— That era in the history o f barter has not y et come, and we doubt i f the Trades’ Union-wi_l live to see it. Thus far the result o f their schemes to society was a certain degtte of confusion and embarrassment—to themselves, diminished employment and increased expen­ ses. Tbe next step Was the demand o f an advance o f wages on the -plea o f a depreciatet currency, which depreciated currency is n oth­ ing more than another name far an advance in prices, caused by an endeavor to force the community to pay as much for five-sixths of the mechanical labor o f the country as they formerly paid for the whole. This is the pow er which the members o f the Trades' Union contend is “guarantied to them by our oonsti tion and by the glorious declaration which our fathers m sde,” and by which they consider it their “ sacred and imperious duty to enforce at every peril and by every means.” It is somewhat inconsistent, it is true, with our old notions of equal rights, but we are getting accustomed to new ana strange constructions. In time we shall no doubt bocome learned in privilege and prerogative, and as humble eiti sens laboring to live, lay up, not our tithe, but our sixth, or i f the Trades' Union require it, the half o f our earnings, proud and happy io place it at the disposal o f those who labor so hard to— “ produce.” W e shall listen rever­ ently in the public squares to Scotch har­ angues upon the rights o f American trades­ man, or perhaps walk at humble distance in sight o f some procession, headed by a Man­ chester philanthropist, whose “ fire-new stamp” o f citizenship lacks yet four yeamand eleven months o f tbe clerk’s sign-manual, and whose compatriot myrmidons Tower with in­ dignation upon the unlucky native who in spite o f inquisition and denunciation dar«s to interpose.auday's work a t an authorized price between his children and starvation. As at present advised, however, we protest against the introducticn of such foreign com­ modities as Trades' Unions into the United States—Theahould be absolutely contraband and the penalty wf smuggling attached to their importation. They are the production of other soils, ana are fostered under other in­ fluences. We have heard of countries in which “ natural rights ” seem all that exist­ ing institutions have left to the unfortunate victims o f over-supply and a fluctuating mark­ et,—where manufacturing man vibrates from his crib to his coffin, between oatmeal salted and oatmeal saltless— where political econ­ omists reckon him iu the same category with a spinning jenny and ministers view him only with an eye to the poor-rates or the estimates for the home service. H is straw, his rags, and his porridge, are computed to “ the tenth f »art o f a hair.” Such a man’s right o f rebel- ion can be contravened by no law save that of the strongest. H e is an out-law with th# caput lupinum , gaunt and grisly, on his should­ ers. The society in which he lives has found or made him a sacrifice to the pride and ambi­ tion o f its rulers: to the grasping spirit o f con­ quest and the vain magnificence o f the crown and the hierarchy. W hy should he endure it through a life o f slavery, like the Elsean mis­ anthrope, feeding upon his own vitals? Pe­ nury and despair are not bound to ask ques­ tions o f casuistry. But what has all this oppression or the re­ medy for it to do with America? The very per­ son above alluded to, i f chance or charity gives him ferriage across the Atlantic, ascends al­ most at once from his servitude and squalor usvDk wa viivv siviu ass* »u u o«^umvt to the freedom o f the republic ang the rights . ] n f m oifivan TTia ivavi o k a in ia knkhan *m/1 * ClftfW of a citizen. His iron chain is broken, and centuries in this limitless and productive coon- causing lh e earth, by its giving it compact­ ness, to-retain the moisture. Much corn fail­ ed to grow, in consequence o f the w e t cold weather, which continued from the 23d to the 29th May. This happened also to other seeds as squfesnes, cucumbers, melons, LinSa beans, A c . which in our garden, all rotted in the ground. In addition to all tliis, the grub worm has been particularly destructive to the corn, after it had surmounted the evils to whieh we have refered. This pest has seldom been more troublesome. In the Capitol park, an entire quarter o f grass has been destroyed by them —scarcely a green blade remaining. The truth o f these remarks, as to the causes of the failure of aeed-corn, was, in a manner, verified in our practice. Our seed was plant­ ed on different days, beeween the 12th and the 20lh, it being our rule to plant immediately after the ground is ploughed. All except the last day’s planting,three days having interven­ ed between it and the previous planting, came up well; but of the laBt, not one seed in forty grew, which we ascribed to the_ wet weather, and which was equally prejudicial to other seeds, then recently planted. The grass, oat and barley crops, wear a promising nppearence, the former seldom ever looked finer. But notwithstanding the flatter­ ing hope that these crops, and probably petir toes, will be abundant, there is great reason to apprehend a scarcity o f animal food the coming year, and corresponding high prices. It is therefore, an admonition of prudence, to those who expect to sell as those who expect to buy, to profit by the time that is still left to provide for expected want. Buckwheat, and turnips, and even m illet, may y e t be sown, in this latitude, to make up for the deficiency in th e corn and grain crops. The Swedish tur­ nip may be swon the first week in this month and later aa we prqpeed souLh,withtbe*pfds- pect o f a tolarable crop, and the common tur­ nip all (his month. IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. The Pensacola Gazette of June 18th con­ tains the following important article, from which it will be seen that the contest is not yet ended in Mexico, whatever m a y be the. stipulations o f Santa Anna:— N a v a l. —The U. S. cutter Jefferson, under the command o f Capt. Jackson, arrived here on the 13th inst. twelve days from Tampico. All intercourse was forbidden there between vessels of war and the shore. Merchant ves­ sels are permitted to enter the harbor bqt not to depart. This seems to be the case at pre*-' ent, at all the Mexican ports. W hile the Jef­ ferson lay off the harbor, intelligence was re­ ceived at Tampico o f the capture o f Gen. San­ ta Anna. The flags o f the vessels in port and of the fortifications were hoisted at half-mast, in sign o f mourning for the event. Active preparations were making In amena­ ble a large military force to march upon T e x ­ as. Every department o f Mexico was required to furnish its quota o f troops for this service, to be assembled at Matamoras. Much excite­ ment prevailed among the inhabitants of all classes. Apprehensions were entertained that Santa Anna and his fellow prisoners had been >ut to death by the Texans, and resolutions were publicly adopted and promulgated by the provisional government, that no act o f conces­ sion of Santa Anna to the Texans, while a prisoner, should be regarded as valid. Jackson was not even permitted to communi­ cate with Mr. Robertson, our Consul at Tam ­ pico, except through the commauding general Gomez. COL. FA NNIN Y E T ALIVE, will be recollected that Santa Anna de- to his captors, that Colonel Fannin h#d not been put to death. The following article ‘tr y cannot replace ii. H e is the 'adopted -ftom th e Pensacola Gazette confirms his dec- child w f the laws—let him forget his old griev- ances and unlearn his old remedies. W e did not inflict the one—we will not tollerate the others - l f b e , a n d t hsee who have imbibed his doctrines, may eoaobina for ana illegal porpooe they — y d r w for*aeetherj-if tbeyTnayregu­ late tiie price of labor, they may enact a sump­ tuary law, i f they may dictate opinions, they may interfere with practice. A t present they are content to place their mark upon a refrac­ tory workman or an independant employer— to dog the steps o f the one or plant a sentry at the door o f the other. Anon will appear mere potent sanctions and more effective penal­ ties. Nous we sommes encore qu' au premier 7as, The price of disobedience may be blood as well as money. No free man with a just sense o f his own rights, will long submit to a conclave whose decrees are founded on denun. ciaton and secret accusation—no community can tolerate such a society in its bosom. It is not only anti republican, but anti social. A O R I C L L T U R A L . From the Cultivator, fo r July. T H E H A R V E S T PROSPECT. The wheat crop is represented to be un- >roinising, throughout the middle and nor- hern states, and in some districts to be near­ ly a total failure. This arises fiom three causes:—The first and most prominent is the ravages o f the Hessian fly. The devastations by this insect have been almost unprecedent­ ed in Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsyl­ vania, New-Jersey, and in some o f the south­ ern districts of N e w - Y o r k . A c o r r e s p o n d e n t in Virginia, writes— “ The crop o f wheat in thia vicinity is literally destroyed by the fly.— Many o f our farmers will not attempt to save their crop at all. Out o f 160 bushels sown by me, on the same quantity o f acres, I think it an extravagant calculation to say 1 shall have 500 bushels. This land, in ordinary years, would have turned me out 1,500 bushels; and a* instead o f one, (the authorities orPhiladelphia weps matured, as we think unjustly, for yield­ ing to the demand,) but they were short­ sighted not to perceive that it was a privilege whieh others wonld insist on enjoying with them. The former would only give his five days fbr their five. Tbe master mechanic made up his loss out o f the consumer, the con­ sumer in turn came backupon the journeyman. Struggle a s they would, they could not claim the protection o f the magic circle without re­ maining in it. An advance upon poultry was 1 am considered by my neighbors, as compar­ atively a light sufferer.” A correspondent at H eight’s Town, N. J. says, “ the wheat is en­ tirely killed by the fly. Some of our farmers, who sowed fifty bushels seed, on good land, will not reap their seed. There is not, from strict examination, within ten miles, a single field or patch, but is prostrate. The tye is generally poor. H a lf crops we cannot have. 1 have good informalon from Pennsylvania, a- long the Delaware, and their wheat and pros­ pects are blasted.” The second cause o f fail­ ure, is the great quantity o f snow which cov­ ered the ground last winter, and which smoth­ ered and killed many of the plants. The third cause of a prospective light wheat harvest is the prevalence o f the grain-worm, the periodi­ cal depredations Of which, have almost suspen­ ded the wheat culture, in many o f the northern counties. Judging from the past, this insect may be expected to extend, this season, to Dutchess on the south, and to Oneida on the west. Rye suffered from the great body o f snow, on the ground in the winter, It has not, be­ sides, tillered well;— the continued warm wea­ ther in May having caused it to send uip its seed stalks, before the roots had acquired strength and vigor to multiply them. The prospect o f the corn crop is also bad. Much o f the seed planted between the 15th and 25th May,’in this vicinity, failed tb grow. This failure is imputed to several causes, all of which may have had an influence. First —bad seed, caused by the September frost, which arrested the growth o f the grain before it had sufficiently ripened for seed, or from the grain having been heat either in the husk, or after it was cribbed. The weather last au­ tumn waa extremly unfavorable to saving the corn crop in good condition—some that was braided and hung in an airy loft, showing mould upon the but end of the cobs. Second —some failed from having been soaked till germination had commenced, and then plan­ ted in d ry westher, and but superficially cover­ ed. The dry earth abstracted the moisture from the seed, and destroyed thereby its v ege­ tating principles. This affords another argu­ ment for planting when the grouud is fresh ploughed, and of the planter treading upon the hill, 'after tha’ seed is covered—the latter laration:— Capt. Tresuvan, o f th e Texan army, passed through this plaoe on his way from Texas to So.utjx Carolina, on Tuesday last. (Jsjit .Tii Was wiLh Fannin when he e r a s # ’ WM,#ne o f the only three or four the massacre. H e gives some particulars con­ nected with this melancholy and disgraceful tragedy, which we had not before heard* . It seems the .Texan prisoners were marched put and formed in a line before they had any ittii-? mation o f the fate which awaited ihem. After they had been disposed in the manner best suited to the object which the Mexican commander had in view, that officer, with much apparent emotion,announced to the pris­ oners that it waa his painful duty to have them all shot, and recommended to them to make their peace with heaven. A few only survived th e fire o f t h e M e x i c a n s , and a m o n g t h e m w w our informent, who contrived, under cover o f the smoke, to break through the Mexican out­ posts and make his escape. In company with a Kentuckian, whose name is not given, he wandered through the woods and prairies for several days, and*at length reached the army o f General Houston. Captain Tresuvan, states positively that Colonel Fannin wgs not among the slain, but, with a physician o f his own force, was preserved, and is still prisoner with the Mexicans. A friend has- handed us the following for publication, with the remark that it is some­ what applicable to other places besides New- York. Parties in the New-York board o f A l­ dermen are tied—8 to 8 —and no business done;, in another city o f not much less fame than N. York, the glorious eight are all on one side, and the way that business it done — “ is curi­ ous /” From the Courier a md Enquirer^ Plan of a new city Government .—1 perceive, with no small satisfaction Mr. Editor, that the Board of Aldermen have not been able to' choose a President and that there is every pros­ pect o f the good citizens being left for, no one can tell how long, to the greatest o f ail blessings, that of s e lf govenment. That all governments, however excellent in theory or practice, are no better than necessa­ ry evils, is a maxim in which political writers agree, without a dissenting voice. They are rendered necessary only by the vices and pas­ sions o f niankiud; and i f our excellent c ity of Gotham can live and prosper without a Gov­ ernment, it will establish its claim to superior­ ity over every community that has ever exist­ ed in the world. 1 am exceedingly anxious that the experiment should have a fair trial; and earnestly hope the wise Eights may stand out, at least, as long as may he necessary to settle this important point. Should it be proved by experience that a great commercial metropolis can grow and flourish, without being placed in the leading strings o f a corporation, or wearing a bib ana tucker from generation to generation, it is scarcely possible to conceive the great advan­ tages which will result from the discovery. I will enumerate a few ofth e most obvious and important. In the first place, we should get rid o f iome fifty or sixty great men, who would quietly te a .m I m . a 4 t — . a arwx j a A 1 « • A A ft 4 # 1 . _ ^ __ _ _ * __ * __ _ t * 1 . _ * SS partisan. I am'acquainted with an .instance o f this kind, in which a gentleman o f my ac­ quaintance in the country lost all his young turkies in consequence o f tbe mother’s being furiously enlisted in the party squabbles of two old red-headed gobblers. Another great advantage of being without a city government is, that the corporation can neither spend our money, nor entail burthens on us and our posterity by taxation. Millions will be saved by this simple expedient o f econ­ omy, provided it should be successful, and the money thus vested in an unnecessary adhe­ rence to old obsolete politics, be spent in es­ tablishing opera houses, and enabling our wives and daughters to travel abroad in a dig­ nified manner, under the protection o f a ny body but their parents and husbands. It might b#applied to various other statutory purposes; among which I shall at present content m y self with particularly specifying a splendid dona­ tion to a society which is now in hopeful em­ bryo, “ For the Suppression o f all the Evils and Abuses o f this world.” Furthermore, Colonel Webb, the citizens would be allowed, to get rid of their own dirt ashes in their own way, instead of w a tingtill doomsday for the corporation sloths to remove them. A t this present writing, 1 can scarce­ ly see across the street for an enbankment of mud opposite my house, which I would wil­ lingly have removed long ago, i f 1 had not un­ derstood 1 was liable to a fine for exercising the prerogative o f the street inspector. In addition to these very important blessings arising, or to arise from the event of a munic­ ipal government, 1 should never be able to jus­ tify m y self to the present age or lo posterity, were 1 to omit dwelling most emphatically on the rescue o f our city from those diabolical qf improvement now in operation, or Contemplation, which give our city an aspect e f ruin and desolation pitiful to behold. A man’s house is ho longer his castle, nor can he call it his own. There is no longer any attachment to the spot where born, or the home o f our parents, for none are so silly or imprudent as to place their aftectiojis on what may be torn down before their eyes, by a vote of the corporation. I m y self live in an old house, though it has neither folding doors or marble mantel pieces,* 1 value above all my possessions, owing t<5 various associations that hind it with my very heart-strings. 1 have just now learned that the late Cor­ poration has authorized the widening o f the street in which I reside, without my knowing any thing or having any thing to say in the, business in such a manner as to destroy my old nest, and oblige me in my old age to seek another resting place. Beside this, I am as- sesed some thousands, for the great advantage o f being turned out of doors, when I would pay just as many thousands to be permitted to stay in. I am* to be a sacrifice on the altar of public improvement, that ia to say, to the in ­ terests of a few long headed speculators, who very reasonably desire to improve their premis­ es at my expense. Who shall deny that it would be a great blessing to many honest and worthy citizens, to get rid of a Goverment which thus protect their property by taking it away, and their persons by turning them out o f doors? I am fearful o f tiring y o u , Colonel, by en­ tering into an enumeration of the vast many piinute advantages o fthe pure unsophisticated .self-government, which 1 am in hopes o f seeing permanently established in this good cily of Gotham, which has been goverment ridden as never city was before. I decline any thing but a mere passing allusion to corporation speech­ es,- and Corporation dinners, to the tyrany of that odious red nosed dignitary who persecutes •every little dog that runs over, and every little urchin that rolls on (he grass o f the Battery to the numerous ordinances that a u g h t never to have passed, and to the still more numerous ordinances that are passed and never carried into execution except against some poor sinner ia not worth, tne cxpenateaof his eondem- T B B S O B S k B o f A B Y C A B I K B T . W e d a e « d a y , J B l r « , 1 8 3 6 . ICPThe attention of the reader is solicited to the extracts'commencing.on the first page, from the Quarterly Review; more especially do we recommend that on Trades' Union to our fellow mechanics. Ex-President M a d ison —the pure and illus­ trious patriot—died at his seat at Monticello, Va. on the 28th ult.—Illustrious as having been one o f the framers o f the constitution.and as having nerved for eight years as President of these United Slates. Mr. M. was one of the authors of those celebrated political pa­ pers,entitled the Federalist; and, though tak­ ing an active part in the political discussions o f his day, he secured to himself that profound respect and esteem from all parties, to which so few men obtain. resolve themselves into their original insignifi­ cance, and peradventure become useful mem­ bers of society. In addition to this exempla­ ry blessing, the whole race o f pretenders to office, a most troublesome brood, would share the same fate, and be under the necessity of attending to their own proper business, in­ stead of that of other people. Too many great men in a community, is like too mucii yeast in a batch of bread; they cause it to swell out in the most undue proportions, and turn as sour ■« vinegar, or French cookery. T h e i r contests for pre-eminence create divis­ ions and subdivisions in the body politic, and like too many geese, or rather turkey cocks, in the same yard, nothing but gobbling, qusr- eliing and confuses arises from the friction of their ambition. Nor are they content with fighting their own battles, but are sure to set the whole poultry yard in an nproar o f cakling, and every little tag-rag and bob-tail becomes a ion; to the marshal*,costables, catch poles, afid sleepy watchmen, the former o f whom we 'pay Tor catching rouges that are let loose again, as i f they rejoiced by the “ good society” they Meet in bridewells and penitentiaries, and the latter, for sleeping soundly while these eman­ cipated worthies are robing our houses. All these abuses must be obvious to persons of experience and reflection, and all these result from that most absurd of all dogmas, namely, that communities never come o f age to take care of themsclvss, though individuals do at twenty-one, not excepting Women. The pre­ vent is a glorious opportunity for testing the question whether mankind are really capable o f self government, and thus far at least the experiment is in the highest degree consolato­ ry. Except a few grumbling laborers and watchmen, who complain of not being paid, every thing goes on like clock work; and it is only when the-Board of Aldermen meets that we are reminded o f being without government For my part 1 fervently hope, that both par­ ties will stick to their principles and refuse all compromise. “ Lay on Macduff, and damned be he who first cries hold, enough!” I f the city can only get on one year without a cor­ poration, no one will dare deny that we may dispense with it altogether. Yours, See. T h e Last o f the S il v e r B uckles . It was during the last war, when the vessels of Admiral Gordon were making their way up the Potomac, that a negro woman was ar­ raigned in a court o f Virginia for killing one of her own sex and color; she had been com­ mitted for murder, but the evidence went clearly to establish the deed to be man-slaugh- ter, inasmuch as it was done in sudden heat, and without malice aforethought. The a ttor­ ney for the commonwealth waived the prose­ cution for murder, but quoted British authori­ ties to show that she might be convicted of manslaughter though committed for murder. The counsel for the accused, rose in a most solemn manner, asked the court if it was a thing ever heard of that an individual accused of one crime and acquitted, should be arraign­ ed immediately for another, under the same prosecution? At intervals— boom— boom, went the British cannon—British authorities! exclaimed the counsel; British authorities, gentlem en! Is there any one upon that bench so dead to the feelings of patriotism, sb at such a moment to listen to British authori­ ties, when the British cannon ia shaking the very walls of your court house to their foun­ dation. This appeal was too cogent to be re­ sisted. Up jumped one o f the Justices and protested that it was not to be borne; let the prisoner go: away with your British authori­ ties! The counsel for the accused rubbed their hands and winked at the attorney; the attor­ ney stood aghast; his astonishment was too great for utterance, and the nogro was half way home before he recovered from his amaze­ ment. ___ _____________ Weapons o f War in England.— Dr.Humplirey of Amherst College mentions in his account o f W oolwhich Arsenal,that it contains 27,000 pieces o f ordinance, and no less than two mil­ lions o f bombshells and cannon balls, all neat­ ly painted and piled up in one ofthe buildings, and ten thousand sets of artillery and dra­ goon harness which may be put in requisition at an hour's notice. Florida Oranges.— The New-York Gazette mentions that a week previous to the destruc­ tion of the Orange groves of Florida winter before last, a gentleman purchased 4,000 young trees at ten cents each for the purpose o f removal and transplanting in a distant city. These were placed in mats and preserved, and are believed to be the only living ones in the territory. The purchaser, Mr. Butler, for his disbursement, $400, was offered $6,000, which was declined. This gentleman is since dead. Some o f the trees have been since purchased, The Anniversary o f American Independence was celebrated in this city in a becoming man­ ner, & the exercises throughout were conduct­ ed with credit to those having charge o f them. W e have examined some specimens of im ­ provements in Penmanship by pupils of Mr. Fr&ncillon, a gentleman now giving a course o f instruction in this city. Mr. F. teaches a bold, business hand, which we, almost daily experiencing the perplexities o f bad writing, could wish every one to adopt. For particu­ lars, see advertisement. The U. So S. rail road between this city and Amsterdam, is completed. A locomotive went up a few days since. The road will not, how­ ever, be ready for the conveyance of passen­ gers until the whole line is completed to U ti­ ca, sometime next month. A President has at last been chosen in the N. Y. board o f Aldermen. One o f the W hig members gave way and cast his vote for Mr. Varian, the Jackson candidate, with the un­ derstanding that he should vacate his seat on the 1st December next, and allow a W hig to take his place. A t numerous previous trials the vote stood 8 to 8. The conduct of the Rev. John F. Schermer- horn, an Indian Agent, is undergoing severe and probably merited castigation, in Congress — in the course of debate. Drowned —in a branch of the Mohawk, on # i Tuesday o f last week, Mr. Joseph Dubois , o f this city. Mr. Dubois was crossing thfe stream with horses—he became entangled in the harness, and separated from the animals, when the rapidity ofthe water carried him out o f the reach o f recovery. Mr. D ’s. family has been peculiarly unfortunate. A year ago last December he lost his wife and two children-by the fire in Maiden-Iane; and his only son, who had strayed away, was found in the Sacon- daga woods, a few years since, a prey to wild beasts. Three daughters are living to tell the sad tale of a father’s, a mother’s and a bro­ ther’s death. * The Morris Whig , an old faithful fellow- laborer, we are sorry to see has been disconti­ nued, and discontinued not for the want of patronage, but pay —a paradox, but neverthe­ less a truth sadly felt we have no doubt in the experience of too many newspaper publi­ cations, in the country especially. Mr. E yres, i a t l k i n g le a v e o f hi* patrons, th u s stataa W rehsons for t b is Beesp aaterLatep,. We copy them in the hope that they may prove o f some service to the craft, for there is probably no other branch o f trade which suffers so much from the deliquency o f the consumer. The truth is there are too many newspapers, and they multiply too fast. There is an itching desires in every neighborhood, however small, to have a press ot its own. This once establish­ ed, party considerations render another neces­ sary, and hence the people who are not able or willing to support one, have two to main­ tain, when in all proability they might be better served without either. For with such restrict­ ed means it is next to impossible to furnish a newspaper likely to be o f much service to the community. Compare, for illustration, al­ most any one ofthe city papers with the best o f those which are struggling through life in the country, and the truth of the position will be seen at once, it is seen and felt among intelligent people very generally, and the con­ sequence is that they are almost the only papers that are properly supported, and the very in­ individuals who are most anxious fora neigh­ borhood paper are the last perhaps to look to it for intelligence or to give it support.— New­ ark Sent. We copy from the valedictory o f the Whig: The greatest difficulty in our late situation has been the delinquency of a large portion o f our patrons—our business has been steadily on the increase since our commencement—we cir­ culate a greater number of papers- now than we did then, and there is no doubt but there would yet be accessions to our list should we continue; but afler all this increase is nothing unless we have regulnr ahd punctusl pay, which We with our brethren despair o f ever recieving. This as far as we can learn, is the situation of the press through the state, and as a conse­ quence the conductor, unless he be a man of capital, (and by the way he would be an odity if-he were) manages by dint o f industry and unceasing application to exist, to “ keep his head above water” tolerably well for four or five years, when he is compelled to dispose of his estahlishmeut or stop snort in order to col­ lect in the large amout due him—and the sub­ scriber, by not paying his debt as it .becomes due (precisely as in other business) receives an article far inferior to the one he would get were he punctual. We hope this will be re­ membered by every man before he subscribes for a paper—this done and our end is served. Though we had a right to expect from those who, as in every community promise every thing—we say nothing, but will reserve the right to denominate them a prom isng set.' Mr. Perry Sm ith, the new Connecticut Se­ nator, we learn by the New Haven Herald, was the Jackson Van Buren postmaster o f New Milford a village about forty miles from Long Island Sound, in Litchfield couniy. The State of Connecticut is henceforth to be repre­ sented in the Senate of the United States by two postmasters. General Jackson will leave Washington city for the Hermitage soon after the adjournment of Con­ gress. Gen. Scott was expected lo make a move­ ment against the hostile Creeks on the 5th instant, if he does not move in an efficient manner before the end of the present month, it is Gen. Jackson’s intention to order him home. In this case Gen. Jackson will leave the Hermitage at the opening of the fall campaign, and take command of the ar­ my in person. The President is highly incensed at tho tardiness and inefficiency of Gen.Scott’a move­ ments.— Jour, o f Com. Political A r i t h m e t i c . —“ Come here, Bob; do you understand subtraction?\ 44 Yes, father.\— “ Very well, answer me this sum—Take Mr. Van Buren from General Jackson, and whnt remains?\ “ Why Gen. Jackson.\ “ Very well Bob; now take General Jackson from Mr. Van Buren, and what is lefi?\ 44 Nothing, father.\ “ Very well, boy.” 44 Van Buren and Johnson will receive more votes for president and vice president, at the com­ ing election, than Jackson and Vun lluren did in . . , j 1832. No one who watches lhe “ signs of the again removed to St. Augusten, and will pro- timest» doubt this.-Bafr/on Spa Republican. bably in a few years become prolific. A n s w e r .-A watched pot never boils. A CABD« The undesigned, passengers on board tbe steam; • boat Novelty, (some -of them oh two occasions^ viz: on the 15th inst. and to day) havingwitness* ed the employment o f Anthracite eoal exclusilradff for the generation o f steam, consider it to bt du# alike to Doctor Nott, the successful experimental', ist, and the public, to make known the result o f their observations. They would feel they had per­ formed this duty only partially, were they to an­ nounce, as they do, the entire success o f the exper­ iment, nnd stop there. There are consideratton* connected with this subject which require to'be presented to the public. - The undersigned believe there is not only sshu- rityagainst the efieclf o f an exploded boiler, but bV the adaptation of the machinery to the use of Ant thracite coal, there is also a security against fire-^ as there is a freedom from the annoysnoe o f smoh* and those showers of flakes whieh are constant)# emitting from the chimnies of steam boats propftb ed by wood fires. # The undersigned, in common wilh all who hav# given attention to this subject, have looked for­ ward (o a day not far distant, when the price* of wood as a fuel, would be so increased-, as giesilf to retard the movements which have, an dee ths a-* gency of steam, given such an impetus ur com­ merce, and by drawing into near neiglhffierhuod thu distant part -of the country contrjbwtsq s# essen­ tially to strengthen and_perpefgate the bonds c i our happy Union. As inroad after inrami would be made upon the forests bordering 1 Be navigable waters—the woodmen would have to W further from the landings for supplies. At eacfTremovh the cost of the fuel would be increased, ulfttit St last, it is not difficult to foresee, a tax wodtd bu created upon commerce and the travellingeomiMa- nity, that would clog the one and lesson the extent of tiie other. Wood has heen as low.opoo tho* Hudson as twenty tQ twenty-five shillings the cord. It is now selling at from five to six- deilsr*. The success of Dr. Nott in making Anthracite coal au agent for the generation of steam, chnnot foil of se­ curing a.perpetuation of all the benefits which tbe ^agency of sleam has conferred upon the country— i n d e e d , w h e n i t i s b o r n e I n m i n d t h a t t h e c o s t o f running a steamboat w ith wood is about doublutho coat of running one of equal size with coal —the in­ ference is a fair one, that the benefits to commerce and to our civil and political relations, will not on­ ly be maintained, but are destined to be grtuflyeXk tended and multiplied. Objections tniglu be raised against the use o f Aft- . thracite Coal, were there connected with i u use any exceptionable or disagreeable qualities; er, if it did not contain the elemenu for the generation of steam in adequate quantity. If there he in the use o f this coal a single exceptionableor disagreea­ ble quality, they havejiot been able to detect it.— As to its entire fitness, as a fuel, lbr the generation of steam, and in quantity, they have never seen steam more easily, or more abundantly produced. They need only add, in confirmation pf this, that the Novely made in all respects, a most successful' trip to Albany on Thursday last,.against tide, shfl a strong current caused by heavy rains; and **-' turned, to*day. with a success no less gratifying to both owners and passengers. The undersigned cOttW-not- but remark upon the uncommon steafli- 1 ness of the fio^c!lyKand the comparatively jarring when compareJ'WkbThe other boats |tU- pelled as she is. by such vast powc^*'-fie#flgm*ft« modations are, in alt respects, admirable. 1 ~ thing that concerns the comfort has been Tilth, m keep pace with the security of the pastengur* whilst Capt. Seymour, so long and advantageous­ ly known us one ofthe most accomplished oaptefiw on the Hudson,has not permitted lus polish tom * dim nor his gentemanly assiduaties and pohts at­ tentions to his company, to falter. Indeed, it m due to the whole concern who have charge of^aefl the management of this noble boat, that th# undersigned should express their unqualified ap­ probation of -their attentions and exertions to please. David B. Ogden, T. L. McKenney,Allison Foet,- Robert Emmet, Philip Hone, Elihu TjmpsenA * Samuel R e y n o l d s , Isaac L. Platt, Was. A; Bradley* Dr. Joseph Bailey, John Demon. Stephen JamesB.Townsencfi W. Ebenezer Clark, IVm. F. Leggett, Jito. H. WU). ' iams, Robert Whitlock, George C. 8chae(isr, AL 1 (red Wright, John W. Walker. i ’ i Saturday, J u n e 25th, 1836. f — 4- - - ■ r ' Liberality. —The Board of. Missions of ths Fta* testant Episcopal C h u rch, received an s s o o y a n m donation fast week,of fifteen (housaftd doflshfwMi ‘ th e direction to.expend tw o thirds in th # v # lleg a t \ the Mississippi, and on# ohirdin.Ferttai Cflifi# •trie*.—.jbwuTMfc - - ' * •'T’'\ - - w- Exhorbitant Jnlerest.-r'We nndsrstsgd) s#fs the Boston Journal, it war ascertained an examining - the books of a mercantile house, whieh not b y ? ’ since failed in that city,'that the sum of ftlMXIH was found credited oh their books, on which • mount one quarter per cent a dat, interest; was charged with collateral security. So much lbr our usury law s !— Ibid. ’• t The candidate from the plough.— Tbe country papers speak in term s of great d e light a t tb* nom­ ination of Jestt Buel as a candidate for Governor. E v e r y man who tills tne soli feels proud tlmt ana ■ of their hardy brethren, nn honest, upright former, has been selected for this high office. -Not duly ia a merited compliment paid to this numerous sad neglected class of citizens, but ths election- of a farmer, a practical agriculturist, will b^orimmetMe importance to tlmt interest generally—sn interest which wo may say is the very foundalion of oar national prosperity.— Star. A wonder working Bank Note.—We have th* authority of a highly respectable gentleman, to- 1 cently from the Lima Land Office, tor raying that - * it was currently reported and believed there that, 5 on a certain day, a certain one hundred dollar bill / was received^w diffre-i times ia the Land Qffiqpl It has been particulhrly marked, and was well known. * - The lamp of Aladdin was no^touch to tliWL. Nor could the head of Medusa perform any si wonders, j urn ing lead Into gold was a pretty - smart trick, undoubtedly. But turning on* tiff# hundred dollar bill into four hundred acres of h»j), at a dollar and a quarter per ect$, beets old Mhdn- sa and Nick Biddle “tb boot, all halldml—lio a lt's P e e r s . f L rughible. —The Richmond Enquirer bogsAJbo* cress to “ call upon the Secretary of lh# Tress*ry for a scheme Of an economical government 11 t H— There's for you. We who havq been living Illy nearly eight years under all the blessings of a “rat ’ form and retrenchment” administration, are to cadi upon a Secretary for a scheme “ lbr an etiynomicat government\ / / / juat as the administration is a-\ bout to end. Very w e ll; we hope the “ c a ll\ may be made and answered — Alexandria Gas. 44 For ourselves we confess, that w# have smaH hopes of the country, If the people could bt gufl­ ed into the election of Andrew Jackson, there is nothing to prevent iheir being gulled into the sup­ port of Martin Nan Buren.\— Charleston Courier . Wo cannot admit that. The fact, that the p«o- pie have swallowed Jackson, is no sign, that they will ever have a stomach for a Kinderhooksr. We agree w ith our ftiend ofthe N. Y. Transcript, thst» although sante fish may be good-natured e/iough to bite at a naked hook, they will nevertheless flounce prodigiously if you attempt to force down their throats the whole line, pole, boh, and *ink»r, Louisville Journal. A scene o f real distress. —The following pie- ture o f the poverty o f the Irish pessattCt^ is taken from a report laid before parliament on the subject o f the poor laws. A laborer nam­ ed Hanlev, gave the following affecting narra­ tion:— “ 1 am a laborer, and hive a wife and • six children, the eldest a girl 14 years o|d. 1 worked yesterday- for fivepence and m y breaks - fast. 1 wish I could earn it every day.. 1 bay* no word to-day, and how atm 1 to live bat on others? M y wife is now out begging, striving to gather prog for m y self and childreiif and when she brought in a lock of pota­ toes at night, 1 cannot buy so much as a half-penny herring to eat with theml I hav# not a stitch o f clothes but what I wear now, shivering and famishing as vou *e# me, y e t when I can get fiyepence a day, I am .glia to stand out in the cold sud rain, every blast gpd clash of it driving to the heartof jrie. We livo in a deserted house. The thatch is all m elud off it. You can see the light through #v#ry part of the roof. It is not much more shelter to us than i f we lay down by a high wall. W# have to shift our bed froin One side to th e o th­ er, as the wind changes; and i f it was not i l l 1 that state I would not be allowed' to be there ' for I can pay no rent. > « Our bed is but a shake o f straw, and w e have but one blanket, not four pounds weight a- mongst us all. and even that my wife h a s round her when she is begging; and ImiistMfoawwib as poor as m y self to lend or g ive me a few turf to dry it, wneu she brings it m w e t. I tm of- ten without fire in my house in winter; and if

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