OCR Interpretation


The Schenectady cabinet. (Schenectady [N.Y.]) 1824-1837, March 22, 1837, Image 2

Image and text provided by New York State Library

Persistent link: http://dev.nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn83031678/1837-03-22/ed-1/seq-2/


Thumbnail for 2
L e g i s l a t u r e o f i V e t v - T o r k . SEVATE. M onday, March 13.— P e t i t ions: o f inhabi­ tants o f O n e ida and O s w e g o co u n t i e s , for the incorporation o f a c o m p a n y to c o n s t r u c t a steam - b o a t canal from U t i c a to O s w e g o . T h e committee o f t h e whole had untier con- 1 g ^ - t - h o u s e Bideration tha bill to improve the bank cur-; noes 0 1 rency^of this sta t e , b j r e n d e r i n g bank notes ^ R 0 |yinson offered a resolution, w h i c h o f uniform par value, and for other purposes. wag a d o p t e d , providing t h a t on and after M o n - [T h i s bill, as introduced by Mr. L* dav n e x t the house w o u ld hold afternoon ses March 13 .--Petiti«*»s: for Schenectady to C o x A c k i e ; o f citizens o f N. York, for the removal oi the sea t of g o v e r n ­ m e n t lo Utica. . T h e ' hdhse concurred w i t h the senate in their am e n d m e n t s lo the bill authorizing the sale o f certain buildings k n o w n as the jail, & c . o f M o n t g o m e r y co.; ayes contained the follo w i n g provisions: Every bank under the safety fund Jaw was required to m i k e and enter on its books, wecklv sta e- merits o f its general condition, stating tlie t-pecie on hand, and notes in circulation, anu th e Bank Commissioners to ascertain the a- verage proportion lor each quarter e n d i n g the last days ..f M m - h , June, Septem b e r and D e ­ cember. Every buik whose average quarter­ ly circulation should exceed t w i c e its aterago quarterly am o u n t of specie on fu n d in *,A deem' d guiltv ot a violation, . ! to be and its officers o f a m i s d e m e a n o r . T h e s e provisions n o t to apply to any hank w h o s e bills shall be kept current and \at par in the city o f N e w - l o r k . Al! hanks are prohibited from charging a p-. a k r premium on the sale o f drafts on A l ­ t' m i or .Now-York than I per cent.; and from , g ing discounts on their ow n certificates i'?|...siie: and from in s i s t i n g on paying h certificates in uncurrent funds, except it i.- sn expro.-:.ed on t h e face o f t h e cer- rc i i i ’ i . 'I . i i i , ' I t .* t .■ U t - 1 . ‘ h - 1 t l! ■: ! c a ! /r i -of K t - . n t . .. a'..-, and from receiving in hypothecation ;. fige f - r any debt or loan, any o f the s t o c k ! \h- r Links <>f this stale. Iianks n o t sub- :* io 'he .-atVty fund law to report annually tl. • I ! m k C«-imiii--ion-rs. I . ink coim m t U e reported tlie bill with - r- !..:ii -nnl sections, in.iking it the duty ■ ty banks to yield every reasonable fa- v to the country hanks in m a k ing lheir •it par in New\ York, and con s t i t u t i n g P i.k C o m m issioners um p ires betw e e n e. • E-. m m it t e c rose w i t h o u t t a k ing a ques- March 11— Petitions: o f inhabi- rie co. i'i.r a loan to the Canajo- • 1 Catvkill Kail Iload Com p a n y . It' lrdsh-y, introduced a bill, to increase ::.es ol certain S t a l e Officers. [S e - i f .Stat-’, Comptroller, dec.] .-ihr>, March 15.— N o business of im- '■ ry, March 16.— P e t it ions: o f inhabi- : Canajnharie, for a loan from the > the Canajoliarie and C a t s k i l l R a il * i i p n a y . :jf\ irnm a select com m i t t e e on t h a t T -porled in favor o f the passage o f , one incorporating a female, and tlie u al--* a..'id Miiy in .Schenectady, and ;: m ili'i - d to bo cn grossed fur a third ’!?//?'J / 17.—Mr. IM wards, from tho ■ f-n i h-* judir-iarv, ’■oporlcd a g a i n s t • 1 1 --n nn the ! ul-ji-ct of the petition ; iwk B r i d g e C o m p a n y , jn relation ■ i and fcVln/hectaily rail road com — i,bo reason tiiat a w r it w a s n o w lbc court o f c h a n c e r y betw e e n the A re-'d to. : to incorporate the Sch e n e c t a d y h- s ’ Sem inary, and S c h e n e c t a d y •. I A c a d e m y , were severally read a .i d passed. , March l f . — 5Ir. Y o u n g from the -uutti e o f eight, to w h i c h w a s re- ■ -veral m e m o r ials and petitions on 'i private banking, made a lon g •' ' ■ report on the subject. T b e re- * or o f private banking, and a bill o- therew it h w a s introduced. T h e or- i t s provisions; ■n or ri'-soriation o( persons may ! Hi' . 11 . ti. n f diNrr.unt, deposile and cir- • n th- t- m i s and conditions and • f I'.'.ti-.- prescribed in the bill. r.or. -a- persons under his or their 'I i:.■<’.'* ;t c e r t if icate or statem e n t 'i i. -uutcl, to distinguish such V rr .* o,' •- I- ti. r ] i the ojienrioris of discount -b '■•■mi: will be carried on, itieuirir c i ' v , to w n or vil- .'•-uv.tnf ih - capital stock o f such -h - I il! not he I t s s t h a n one hundred Pur. ; it\ and places o f residence of the or p i r t n e r s o f th e association ---'■er o f sbar-.s field by each o f t h e m ,!. h ■* r.-f-iU cop y o f Ji i hud hy an association eir articles o f associa- rpcc. moil J l-y tho oath of the ■ prup:-rty pledged, and n d b e l i e f as to t h e v a l u e t h e r e - t verm U i n g tb .V c M l - Merit r h / n e d L-y e a c h p e r s o n m a k i n g F b i-! - ! c? ct p r o p e r t y , l h a t t h e s a m e is free a n c ' • ;• r f a l l i m - u m b r a m ' e of t i t l e ; a n d giv- i> - i ■ t.T-iit.-'l yah:*-* i b r t - o f , a c c o r d i n g to t: * - j d g n . M t a n d t-el.' f o f s u c h p e r s o n a n d ve- r '.- a l y Lis \ - . t h — t :- !-i iiD d in t h e office o f t! •? - I n f tb.* c o u n t y w h e r e t h e b a n k is lo- c A : J, a u d i n t h e office of t h e S e c r e t a r y o f t h i s 1 1 t l t\ I. * H I V-- ‘1 .. r. j i r •j c v : i ; l.,. t t\d i * c J CC’ tl ' re-' iru.-'te's arc to he appointed by the u i c tabli-iung such bank, not interested to be approved of by the first j u d g e o f - u i.ty or a suprem e court com m i s s i o n e r , each share holder establishing the Kall execute a m o r t g a g e on real or per_ ■ r o p c r ty in this state, o f once and a h a l f m t o f his i n t e r e s t i n tJie bank, as se- • .hr the redem p t ion o f i t s bills. . bm-t- es are allow e d to r e c e i v e m o r f g a - - \Emr unin- umbered property, and re- Jfi >t originally mortgag- d. , partn-.r or creditor interested to the a- t of .‘slMUU, m a y eall for an i n v e s t i g a t i o n ri-ne-rns o f the association lie is i n t e r ­ im Ly the hunk com m i s s i o n e r s , h banks or associations are to be allow - o d j rll the business l h a t our present in- ■ orated banks do, and to i s s u e bills o f s u c h oruination as are issued by t h e m . T n e President and Cashier o f t h e s e associa- tici.jc, are to make affidavit before th e y go in_ to operation th a l the capital i s all paid in. A l l bills issued, are to be issued by the P r c t ’dent and Cashier. A l l persons h a v i n g dem a n d s again s t these Ffcsociations m a y m a intain actions against the cashier, and i f j u d g m e n t be obtained i t m a y be enforced ag a i n s t th e jo i n t property o f the concern; actions m a y also be m a intained a- gainst all or an y o f the partners. T h e provisions o f t h e 21 st s e c t i o n o f t h e 2nd title of the 18th chapter o f the R . S. are a p ­ plicable to th e s e associations. A n y association refusing to pay any ju s t d e ­ mand, w h e n asked for, shall pay at tiie rate o f 11 per cent, from the tim e o f the r e fusal until its paym e n t , with the dam a g e s thereon. In case circum s t a n c e s should render a re* sort to t h e s e c u r ity held by t h e t r u s t e e s o f a n y association, on the certificate o f the bunk com m issioner, w h o i n v e s t i g a t e s t h e affiiir, t h e parties m a y resort to the court o f chancery, and the decision there is final. A correct l i s t o f the nam e s o f all the share holders und partners o f each associations, is to be conspicuously posted in the banking house lbr public inspection. O n the question to agree w i l h the report o f ih e co m m i t t e e o f t h e w h o l e , in the passage o f th e bill for the purchase o f a house for the residence o f the G o v e r n o r , a division was called, and it w a s decided as follows: A y e s — M e s s r s . L . Beardsley, D o w n i n g , H u n t e r . Johnson, J. F . Jones, - L a w y e r , M c ­ L e a n , M a c k , M a l s o n , Paige, Spraker, Van Dyck**— 12 . N o e s — M e s s r s . A r m s t r o n g , E d w a r d s , L a c y , L o o m i s , S t e r l i n g , Tallinadge, T r a e v , ‘M’ager, W i l l e s , W o r k s , Y o u n g — 11. sions, c o m m e n c i n g at h a l f past 3 o clock P. M. (e x c e y t on S a t u r d a y s ) — to be devoted to business in charge o f com m i t t e e s o f the whole. March 1-1.— P e t i t i o n s : M e m o r ial o f M o s e s Jacques and L e v i D. Slum in relation to the com p e n s a t i o n to be paid to L e g i s l a t i v e w i t ­ nesses. Mr. Van T u y l , from t h e co m m i t t e e on trade and m a n u f a c t u r e s , to w h ich was referred the petitions o f I n s p e c t o r s , M e r c h a n t s , and D e a l ­ ers in D o m e s t i c Spirits, reported that they liave had and held the sam e under considera­ tion for a l o n g tim e , w i t h the hope t h a t t h o s e Inspectors would make their annual R e p o r t s , in obedience to the revised sta t u t e s , from w h i c h the co m m i t t e e m i g h t j u d g e of the pro­ priety o f gran t i n g their prayer; but as the statute has been disregarded, the com m i t t e e w a s o n l y informed that the inspectors ask a specified com p e n s a t i o n for “ proving,\ “ g a u g ­ in g , \ “ t a k i n g o u t , ” “ d if f e r e n c e s ,” “ m a k ­ in g , ” “ s t a r t i n g , ” and “ r e p l a c ing b u n g s / ’ & c . A s for the m a t t e r of “ proving,” the com m i t t e e feel no g r e a t s o l i e i t u d e , as ai vadul­ terated article w ill prove less destructive to hu­ man life. T h e “ g u a g i n g ” is w e ll e n o u g h , bint as to tlie “ o u t s , ” the m o r e t h a t is out the bet­ ter. T h e com m i t t e e m i g h t n o t object t o pay tbe Inspectors for “ starting bungs” i f they did not also ask pay for “ replacing” them . U n d e r ali these circum s t a n c e s , the com m i t t e e think the prayer o f the petitioners should be denied. Mr. S. S m i t h offered a resolution directing the clerk to procure copies o f W i l l i a m ’s Ari- naul R e g i s t e r for tlie use o f the M e m b e r s .— L o s t . Mr. C u l l i n g called for t h e consideration o f the resolution in lavor o f t h e election o f M a y ­ or by the people in the several cities of this State. T h e resolution w a s adopted by a unanim o u s vote. March 1 5 . — T h e bill to incorporate the C a t h o l i c e d u c a t ion so c i e t y and orphan asylum o f St. J o h n ’s church in t h e c i t y o f U t i c a j w a s read a third tim e and lost; a y e s 82, noes 18. Mr. Sm e a d offered the follow i n g : R e s o l v e d , T h a t the s t a n d i n g com m i t t e e on banks be instructed to report a bill prohibiting every bank o f the sta l e from issu i n g at any time after t h e rising o f t h i s legislature, notes or -bills o f credit lo a greater a m o u n t than once and a halt' more t h a n its c a p i t a l actually in deposile, and also prohibiting tho circula­ tion as m o n e y o f all bank n o t e s under the de­ nom i n a t i o n o f $ 1 0 , from and after the 1st Jan­ uary, iy.38, and o f all bank n o t e s under $> 20 , from and after the 1st o f January, 1839. Laid on t h e table. Mr. W a t s o n gave notice o f his i n t e n t i o n to introduce a bill authorizing the survey o f a canal route from the village of Catskill to the Erie canal w e s t of Schenectady. B y Mr. R o o s e v e l t , to rem o v e all legal re­ straints from all persons w h o m a y desire to sell by auction. March 16 . — Mr. Patterson called for the consideration o f the report o f the com m i t t e e o f the w h o l e in favor of the bill enlarging the pow e r o f boards o f Supervisors. L o s t — 5 0 to 54. March 17.— Mr. P a t t e r s o n offered a reso l u ­ tion directing t h e I n s p e c t o r o f T o b a c c o in t h e city o f N e w York, to make a m o r e definite re­ port, sp e c i f y i n g the item s o f expenditure.— T h e Inspector reports that his F e e s , during tlie year, am o u n t e d to thirty thousand d o l ­ lars, o f w h i c h $ 2 5 , 0 0 0 w a s sw a l l o w e d up in expenses. * T h e resolution, as am e n d e d by Mr. Van T u y l , w a s adopt. Mr. R o o s e v e l t ’s m o t i o n lo re-consider the vote o f yesterday against llie bill to enlarge tlie pow e r o f Boards o f Supervisors w a s laid on the table. March IS.— T h e bill ' c o n c e r n i n g C o m m o n Schools and the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t thereofj w a s read a third tim e and passed. [M r . T a y l o r m o v e d to recom m i t this bill, w h i c h motioni w a s l o s t by a v o t e of 70 to 27. M e s s r s . Brad- Lsh and T a y l o r opposed the bill on tlie ground that it w a s an indirect and illegitim a t e m o d e 1 o f i n c r e a s i n g t h e salary o f the Superintendent o f C o m m o n Schools. Mr. T a y l o r said he had m o v e d that t h is bill be com m i t t e d to t h e com ­ m ittee o f t h e w h o l e , because he th o u g h t such a s e c t i o n (virtually increasing a s a lary o f $ 1 ,* 7 5 0 , ) ought not to pass, w i t h o u t som e consid­ eration. f i e w o u ld not act niggardly towards state officers— b u t w h e n th e y performed their duty ably and faithfully, as he w a s happy to believe, this officer did, he should w ish to al* low th e m a liberal com p e n s a t i o n . H e had another objection to this law ; it tended to perpetuate the miserable p o l i c y o f rendering the jninistcr o f public instruction, \(an officer i n ­ ferior in im p o r t a n c e to none oth e r , ) subordi­ nate to that of Secretary o f State. ■ F o r a bill to separate those offices, and then am p l y to com p e n s a t e both, he would w i l l i n g l y vote; but for this he could not. T h e bill p a s s e d — SO to 31— Mr. K i n g h t in the affirmative. [From the Piaindealer.’] C o m m e n c e m e n t o f th e A d i n i u i M t r n t i o n o f IWartlii Van X>urcii< T h e inauguration o f M a r t in V a n Buren as President o f t h e U n it e d S t a t e s took place at the C a p it o l, in W a s h i n g t o n , on Saturday last, at noon. T h e day w a s serene and t e m p e r a t e , and the s i m p le and a u g u s t c e r e m o n i a l w a s per­ formed in the presence o f a s s e m b led t h o u s a n d s . Mr. Van Buren delivered an I n a u g u r a l Addres« on the occasion, w h i c h , probably, m o s t o f o u r readers have already perused, but w h i c h , as a portion o f the history o f the tim e s , w e insert in our paper. It is l o n g e r than t h e Inaugural A d d r e s s o f his im m e d iate predecessor but does not contain a t i t h e part o f its pith. I t profess­ es to be an avow a l of t h e principles by w h i c h the new President i n t e n d s to be guided in his adm inistration o f the governm e n t ; but w i t h the single excep t i o n o f the principle o f oppo­ sition to the abolition of slavery i n the D i s ­ trict of Colum b ia, w h i c h i l expresses w it h t h e m o s t uncalled for and unbecom i n g haste and p o s i t i v e n e s s , he m i g h t , w it h as m u c h proprie­ ty, have su n g Yankee Doodle or Hail Columbia and called it “ an avoivel of his principles.” W i t h th e exception o f that indecorous a n ­ n o u n c e m e n t o f a predeterm ination to exercise his veto against an y m e a s u r e o f abolition w h i c h C o n g r e s s may possibly t h ink proper to adopt during tlie n e x t four years, the address con t a i n s no exposition of political principles w h a t e v e r . It gives a correct and pleasing a c ­ cou n t o f the form a t ion o f the federal com p a c t , and expatiates with considerable fervour and eloquence on t h e value and im p o r t a n c e o f pre­ serving t h e Union. It concludes w it h a sta t e ­ m e n t , in general term s , that Mr. V a n Buren intends to a d h e r e strictly to the l e t t e r and sp i ­ rit o f the C o n s t i t u t i o n ; but as this i s a duty im p o s e d upon him , in the m o s t explicit m a n ­ ner, by the terms o f his oath o f office, i t c a n ­ n o t be considered o f any w e i g h t as a seperate avow a l o f the principles by w h i c h he w i l l be guided. T h e address, t h e r e fore, as an avow a l of guided principles— s a v e only the principles of extrem e opposition, under all possible cir­ cum s t a n c e s , to the abolition o f slavery*—is little better than n o n e n t i t y . M r .Van Buren com m e n c e s his adm inistration as a m a n o f a single print iplc. O n e of the adm inistration journals of this Clth the E c e n m g Post, excu s e s t h e vagu e n e s s or Mr. van Buren’s address, on the ground lhat an inaugural s p e e c h does n o t present an occasion for the proposal and diacussion of particular m e a s u r e s , w h i c h , i t t h inks, are more properly reserved for an annual message to C o n g r e s s . W e s h o u ld acquiesce in t h e j u s t i c e o f t h is remark, i f Mr. Van Buren had not h i m ­ s e l f put this address before his co u n t r y m e n ma “ an avow a l of his principles;” but having don# so, w e are com p e ll e d to try it by the sta n d a r d he has furnished. T h e Ecening Post further says, that for au g b t it can see, Mr. V a n Bu­ ren “ h a s laid dow n general rules b y w h i c h he intends to be guided w it h as much particulari ty and d istinctness a s any o f h is predecessors.’ W e are afraid the Ecening Post, at t h e t im e o m a k i n g this remark had neither th e i n u a g u r a speech o f Jefferson nor l h a t o f Jackson w i t h in the sphere o f i t s vision. B u t i t is n o t so m u c h for w h a t i U i a s omiltec to Bay, as for w h a t i t cays, lh a t w e feel dissa tisfaction w i t h this inaugural address. W e dislike ex c e e d i n g l y both the tone and spirit o ils rem a r k s o n the subject o f s lavery. O n that one topic, there is, indeed, no w a n t , but a su perabundance, o f “ p a r ticularity and distinct n e s s . ” .Mr V a n Buren is the first President o f the U n i t e d S t a t e s w h o in nssum i n g that office, has held up his veto pow e r , intcrrorem to the world, and announced a fixed predeter­ m i n a t i o n to exercise i t on a particular s u b ject no m a t t e r w h a t changes m a y take place in public opinion, or w h a t even t s may occur to m o d ify the question on w h i c h his im p e r ial wi ‘ is thus diclatorially announced. N o t h i n g but the clearest warrant of c o n s t it u tional obligation could excuse this precipitate expression o f a determ ination to exercise pow e r lodged in t h e e x e c u t i v e , not for the pur­ pose o f holding i t up to i n t im idate a co-ordin­ ate branch o f i h e governm e n t , and restrain it from the freest exercisc-of its functions; but for t h e better purpose of being discreetly used, in the last event, after a subject had under gon e all tlie i n v e s t i g a t i o n and discussion that m i g h t be deem e d necessary as preparatory to legislative action, uninfluenced by any premo r a t i o n ' or threat from the executive depart­ m e n t o f governm e n t . For Mr. V a n Buren, standing on the threshold of his adm inistra­ tion, to announce to the world t h a t he will ve to anj' bill w h i c h C o n g r e s s m a y pass on a par­ ticular subject, is as gross a breach o f public decorum , and as violent a s t r e t c h o f his pro per duties, as i t w o u l d be for the Suprem e C o u r t to pass a solem n resolution, declaring th a t i f C o n g r e s s enacted such or such a law , th e y w o u ld p r e n o u n c e i t unconstitutional, anc set it aside accordingly, t h e m o m e n t any ques­ tion under i t should com e before t h e m for ad judication. T h e illustrious m a n w h o has j u s t retired from the office o f C h e i f M a g is t r a t e has n o t hesitated to exercise his c o n s t i t u t i o n a l ne­ gative, w h e n e v e r called to do so by a sense o f duty; but, dictator as he has been freely term­ ed by his opponents, he never s o far transcend­ ed the obvious bounds o f political propriety, as to announce to t he people, in ctdcanccf that lie m e a n t to use that pow e r in a suppositious case. N o t h i n g , w e repeat, but the clearest war­ rant o f c o n s t i t u t i o n a l obligation could possibly ex c u s e the step w h i c h M r . V a n Buren has th o u g h t proper to adopt. Is any such warrant alleged! D o e s the address state any clear constitutional interdiction of a legislative povv er in C o n g r e s s over slavery in the D i s t r i c t o f Columbia? D o e s Mr. Van Buren venture lo affirm t h a t such a l a w as he declares his i n t e n ­ tion of v e t o i n g w o u ld be a violation o f any article or clause i n the federal c o m p a c t? N o ‘ he believes that such a course will be “ in ac­ cordance w i t h the spirit w h i c h actuated the venerated fathers o f the republic,” but does not pretend that such a spirit has m a d e i t s e l f palpable and unequivocal in any o f the w r it t e n provisions o f the in s t r u m e n t w h i c h he has sw o r n to m e n t a i n . I f this early announce\ m e n t o f his i n t e n t i o n s w it h regard to one sub­ je c t w h ich, i f raised, he is determ ined to exer­ cise w i t h the spell o f the veto, is justifiable, w h y n o t c a rry out the n e w schem e o f govern­ m e n t , and favor t h e w o r ld w i t h s full^ i s t o f topics, on w h ich C o n g r e s s m u s t not act w i t h ­ out t h e fear oi the president’s negative before their eyes? It m i g h t save m u c h fruitless le gislation to h a v e the predeterm ination o f the executive f o r m a ly made know n on all questions o f l e g i s l a t i o n ; but w i t h o u t such an avow a l o f them , conjecture m a y go w i d e l y astray, since there i s no other very certain m o d e o f ascer­ taining w h a t is, or is n o t i n Mr. Van B u r e n ’s belief, according t o “ the spirit w h i c h actu a t ­ ed the venerated fathers o f t h e rep u b l i c ” W h e n a President announces that t h e letter o f t h e C o n s t i t u t i o n s h a ll be liis guide o f public conduct; w h e n he t a k e s as his rule o f a c t ion a strict contraction o f the e x p r e s s provisions o f that instrum e n t , w e m a y form som e tolerable notion o f w h a t will be his course. B u t w h e n he undertakes l o steer by the uncertain ligh t o f the spirit, w e are tossed about on a sea o f vague conjecture, and left to the m e r c y o f w inds and w a v e s . H a m i l t o n w a s guided by the spirit in proposing t h e first federal bank: but Jefferson adhered to the letter in his argu­ m e n t against that evil schem e . T h e high ta ­ riff s y s t e m claim s -for i t s paternity t h e spirit o f the C o n s t i t u t i o n ; but t h e advocates of a plan o f e q u a l t a x a t i o n , adjusted to t h e actual w a n t s of the governm e n t find t h e ir warrant in the letter. T h e internal i m p r o v e m e n t s y s t e m , t h e com p r o m ise sy s t e m , th e distribution sy s t e m , and every other unequal and aristocratic s y s ­ tem w h i c h has been adopted in our country, all claim to spring from the spirit of the C o n ­ stitution; but A n d r e w Jackson found in the letter o f that instrum e n t his rule ol conduct, and it w a s fondly hoped that his successor m e a n t to em u l a t e liis exam p le. A p p e a r a n c e s n o w authorise a fear of the contrary. T h e first step is certainly a deviation from the path. Mr. V a n Buren’s i n d e c e n t haste to avow his predeterm i n a t ions on the subject o f slavery has n o t even the m e r it of boldness. It is made in a crin g i n g spirit o f propitiation to the south, and in the certainty that a major­ ity at th e north accord w i t h his view s , l i i s sen t i m e n t on the subject o f slavery, so far as it can becom e a question for federal l e g i s l a t i o n w e r e well understood before. T h e y had been d i s t i n c t l y expressed, and he had been suppor­ ted w i t h a clear know l e d g e o f liis opinions on that topic, and a clear apprehension o f w h a t w o u l d in all probability be his course, should execu t i v e action becom e n e c e s s a r y . T h e r e w a s n o t the slig h t e s t proper occasion there­ fore, for a n y t h i n g , beyond a .calm repetition o f his previously expressed sentim e n t . T h e Veto Pledge is the peace offering o f a n ignoble spirit to appease the exasperated s laveholders at the south. W h a t a m o c k e r y i t would n o w be, if in the course o f the next four years, such a charge should take place in the public mind (and such a change is clearly w i t h i n the scop e of posibility) as t h a t a large m a jority o f the people s h o u ld demand the abolition o f s l a ­ very at t h e seat o f t h e federal governm e n t , a n d C o n g r e s s , in com p l i a n c e w i t h the demand, should pass a bill t o - t h a t e f f e c t — w h a t a m o c k ­ ery,' v / e say, it w o u ld be, -to present the m e a ­ sure, to the President for his approval. H e wouid'ansW e r, “ I am pledged to use ray v>> to . ” i But t h e opinions o f men have changed since that pledge w a s given. “ N o matter: it w a s unconditional, and m u s t be fulfilled.” B u t t h e facts elicited in the discussion of the subject prove incontestibly t h a t t h e m e a s u r e is dem a n d e d by a regard for the prosperity o f the country. “ N o m a tter: I am pledged.” B u t the free states have solem n l y resolved that th e y Will no l o n g e r be bound in union w it h the slav e states, i f the condition o f t h e league requires the perpetuation o f s l a v e y iu the ten m iles square placed under t h e e x c l u ­ siv e control o f the federal governm e n t , and therefore this m e a s u r e is necessary for the preservation of t h e U n i o n . “ N o matter: 1 am pledged. I am pursuing a course in accor­ dance w i t h the epirit w h ich actuated the v e n ­ erated fathers o f t h e republic, and I cannot be m o v e d from m v fixed and predetermined pur­ pose. I told th e people in the ou t s e t of m y adm inistration w h a t I m e a n t to do. T h e y had am p le w a r n ing, and o u g h t n o t to have changed their minds, for, being solemnly pledged to v e t o any bill for the abolition o f slavery in the District o f Columbia, 1 cannot now recede.” T h e r e is a sin g l e phrase in the anti-aboli­ tion portion of Mr. Van B u r e n ’s address upon w h ich w e shall m a k e one additional com m e n t and then dismiss t h e subject. Alluding to the pro-slavery mobs and riots w h i c h have t a ­ ken place in various parts o f the country he sa y s , “ a r e c k less disregard o f t l i e c o n s e q u e n c e s o f their conduct has exposed individuals to popular in d i g n a t i o n . ” T h i s is an admirable version o f l h e m a t t e r . T h e issu i n g o f a t e m ­ perate and decorous new s p a p e r , in w h ich a question o f great public m o m e n t w a s d i s c u s s ­ ed, sh o w e d , beyond all question, a ‘ m o s t reckless disregard o f c o n s e q u e n c e s , ’ deserving the harshest rebuke: and the conduct o f the mob t h a t broke up the press, dem o l i s h e d the house w h i c h contained it, and shockingly m a l ­ treated the person of the editor, w a s merely a natural and j u s t ifiable expression of popular in d i g n a t i o n . ” T h e y w h o th o u g h t the C o n ­ stitution vouchsafed to them t h e freedom o f speech and o f the press, w e r e crim inal t o act under th a t s ingular delusion: w h i l e th e y w h o dragged these atrocious m e n from the sa n c t u ­ aries of their hom e and from the sanctuaries o f God, from their firesides and from the p u l ­ pit, pelted them w i t h ston e s , tore their gar­ m e n t s from their lim b s , steeped t h e m in s e e t h ­ in g tar, and heaped all m a n n e r o f injuries on their defenceless ! l i e a d s - ^ t h e s e m e n were “ true f r iends to t h e C o n s t i t u t i o n ” -and anim a ­ ted by “ the spirit w h i c h actuated tlie venera­ ted fathers o f the republic.” Mr! V a n 'B u r e n does not sa y so in express term s ; - but he a l ­ ludes to t h e ir atrocities in language s o soft anti sugary, as to sound alm o s t like positive ap­ proval. On t h e w h o le, w e consider t h is Jnaugural-Ad- dress as c o n s t i t u t i n g a page in Mr. Van B u ­ ren’s history, w h i c h w il l reflect no credit on him in after tim e s . From ihe Commerciul Advertiser. A N E X P L O S I O N — A L L B U T . “ Softly waft ye Southern breezes!” Before the close o f t h e first w e e k o f the new adm i n istration, the cabinet has been nearly broken t o pieces. It appears t h a t the u t m o s t cordiality betw e e n the mem b e r s o f the cabi­ net did not exist, previous to the close o f the late iron rule; but t h e satraps o f Tam e r lane stood never in greater fear from their m a ster, than did th e y o f their master. T h e y were therefore bound t o g e t h e r —n o t by the love t h e y bore each other, nor by any consideration o f principle— b u t like the staves o f a highland quaigh — b y the iron hoops. I t has been t h e well understood i n t e n t i o n of Mr. Van Buren to bring Mr. R i v e s into the cabinet r.s secretary o f state. B u t in order to effect th a t arrangem e n t harmoniously, Mr. F o r s y t h , the present secretary, m u s t be sa t ­ isfactorily provided for— n o t h i n g less than a foreign m ission o f c o u r s e . B u t w h it h e r s h o u ld he be sent? A gentlem a n filling the post of first m inister o f slate, w o u ld not, o f course, accept of a m i n o r appointm e n t , and all the majors w e r e occupied by those o f the faithful w h o m it would no t be safe to displace. • T h e plan o f a n e w diplom a t ic s t a t i o n at t h e court o f Austria, w a s therefore hit upon, and the situation w a s tendered t a Mr. F o r s y t h on T h u r s d a y last. B u t the warm blood'of the southron rose at once to fever heat. H e w e l l understood the design, lndigna’nt that the principle o f diplom a t ic ostracism should in t h e first i n s t a n c e be applied to h i m s e l f —more e s ­ pecially as t h e banishm e n t w a s t o be at a third- rate court— t h e s e c r e t a r y t o o k fire, and on F r i ­ day addressed a c a v a lier note to “ H/r. Van Bu­ ren President of the United S t a l e s resigning his office. H e also w r o t e an address to the people o f G e o r g ia, w h i c h w a s placed in the hards o f the e d it o r o f t h e Globe, the t y p e s s e t , and the p r o o f r e a d and Sntjir- day’s paper. A larm e d at a rupture in his cabinet, thus early in his execu t i v e career, m e a s u r e s were adopted by the president, on Friday, to pre­ v e n t t h e explosion. T h e basis o f t h is arrange­ m e n t has n o t transpired. It is understood, how e v e r , that t h e resignation w a s w it h d r a w n — a t least for t h e present,— and t h a t t h e “ a d ­ dress to the people o f G e o r g ia” w a s cancelled* T h u s stood cabinet m a t t e r s on S a t u r d a y . — W h a t the end w i l l be rem a ins to be se e n . — M e a n t im e the indications are, that- Mr. Van Buren w il l be t h e President him s e lf , and t h a t the swaj* of the nether cabinet is at an end. N o m a n better k n o w s h o w the late over bear., ing executive, w h o governpd lh e nation w i t h despotic sw a y , w a s h i m s e l f governed, than Mr. Van Buren, and the sam e appliances, w e are glad to believe, will, i f attem p t e d to be e x ­ erted upon him , be exerted in vain. T h i s is a favorable s y m p t o m , and i f t h e President thus bears him s e lf , there is no hazard in the pre­ diction, that his first c a b i n e t “ unit” w i l l be broken to fragm e n t , lo n g before the year is out. O n e o f t h e rumors' from the Capital is, t h a t the President is determ ined to have no aspii rants for the s u c c e s s i o n in his c a b inet— a prin­ ciple w h i c h more than one o f t h e incum b e n t s ca n n o t w e l l agree to. A l r e a d y has a l e a d i n g paper o f “ the party” ' in Philadelphia broken ground for T h o m a s H . B e n t o n , w h o s e nom i n ­ ation graces t h e Leading colum n , beneath th e umbrage o f the hickory tree, and a series of letters in his support is i n the course o f pub­ lication, w e l l understood to be w r i t t e n by A - m o s K e n d a ll. T h e principles o f t h i s n o m i n a - tion, and o f these l e t t e r s , are t h o r o u g h l y agra­ rian— t h e doctrines o f M i n g and the loco f o c o s •the letters being w r i t t e n w i t h vigor, and w e l l calculated to m a k e an im p r e s s ion upon that portion o f t h e m u lt it u d e w h i c h have nei­ ther m e a n s nor political m o r a ls . C r o w d s o f office seekors are y e t in a t t e n d , ance at W a s h i n g t o n , from the centre to the rem o t e s t borders, hungry as l e e c h e s , and cry­ in g “ Give I” “ Give / ” B u t h o w e v e r active have been their s e r v ices, or h o w e v e r pressing lheir w a n t s , th e President has n o t h i n g to give. T h e circum s t a n c e s are essentially difi* ferent from th o s e in w h i c h G e n e r a l Jackson w a s placed, w h e n he cam e to W a s h i n g t o n at the head o f a s im i larly ravenous legion , in 1829. T h a t w a s a c i v il r e v o lution, and as e v ­ ery m a n in office, w h o had n o t rendered ser­ vices t o the chief, w a s to be turned out, it it w a s an ea s y m a t t e r to bestow rewards by the hundred at t h e outset,-and r e s e r v e enough to stop the m o u t h o f clam o r , as occasion re­ quired. B u t n o t so at present. T h e places are all filled— and that, toor by those w h o m prudence, i f n o t principle, will prevent being rem o v e d . M a n if o ld, therefore, will be tlie disappointm e n t s , and m a n y a patriot will be com p e lled to return fiome em p t y handed, to m e d it a t e upon the i n g r a t it u d e o f r e p u b lics. From the Philadelphia Public Ledger. M ONSTROUS SNAK E STORY. Our readers w i l l probably recollect lh a t som e - w e e k s since, w e gave an account o f an extraordinary casern CallowhilLstreet, in this city , o f a l i v i n g snake existing in the stom a c h o f a m a n . W h e n about fifteen years of age l^hi! ° P H V at a s PriaS in a field, and hnt n T A felt a f.ensalio“ resembling that produced by a solid substance gliding dow n his throat. It caused no pain or unea­ siness at the lim e , and he supposed it to be a bit o f gross or s o m e other harmless substance A b o u t 6 w e e k s afterwards, he felt a singular sensation in t h e s t o m a c h , r e s e m b l i n g tbe move­ m e n t s o f a l i v i n g a n i t n a l ,anu som e t im e s attend ed w it h unpleasant irritation or titilialion, es­ pecially j u s t before m e a ls , & w h e n lie had been a l o n g t im e w i t h o u t food. Im m e d iately and for several hours after a full meal, all unpleasant sensations subsided. T h e s e sy m p t o m s co n ­ tinued to increase till the thirty-filth year o f the patient, w h ich he has recently com p leted: lie suffering alm o s t con s t a n t uneasiness, and som e t i m e s excruciating pain. H i s appetite was very irregular, being som e t i m e s so sm a ll that he w o u ld not c o n s u m e more t h a n an ounce of solid food daily for a w e e k ; and at other tim e s he w a s so voracious, lh a t he w o u ld eat five pounds o f b e e f daily for a m o n t h . O n e remarkable sym p t o m w a s lhat during these periods o f abstem o n i o u s n e s s , he gained flesh at the rate o f ten pounds w e e k l y , and during t h e periods o f v o r a c it y , he l o s t i n a s t ill greater degree, and w a s som e t i m e s greatly e- m a c iated. W h i l e g a i n i n g f i e s h under this loss o f a p p e t it e , his pulse w a s irregular, the d i g e s ­ tive organs w e r e m u e h deranged, his s leep dis­ turbed and som e t i m e s entirely suspended for forty-eight hours. H e suffered severely* from pain in the occipital r e g ion o f t h e head, in t h e shoulder blades, the thum b o f the left hand, and had cadaverous paleness, and he was s u b ­ jected, n i g h t l y , t o profuse collaquatire s w e a t s . B u t w h il e l o s i n g flesh under a voracious appe­ tite, all'the f u n c t ions were performed with re­ gularity, his pulse regular, his sleep sound, and his com p l e x ion w a s o f a healthy hue, in­ clined to florid. In the m e a n time the'abdo­ m e n increased greatly in size, and a m o t ion like-that o f a cat in a bag, w a s apparent to the hand w h e n laid upon the region o f the sto ­ mach. B u t he was at all tim e s subject to fainting fits o f a peculiar kind. Som e t i m e s he dropped dow n suddenly w i t h o u t sense or m o t ion. A t other tim e s he fell, but recover­ ed im m e d i a t e l y , - t h o u g h alw a y s w i t h prostra­ tion o f s t r e n g h t for som e hours afterwards.— T h e sensation, as he described it, w a s that o f a violen t blow w i t h i n th e stom a c h , and very m u c h l i k e t h a t producfed by an electric shock, ex c e p t being more local. S u c h extraordinary s y m p t o m d denoted s o m e extraordinary cause of disturbance. H e had been for ten y ears under the care of his fami­ ly physician, and had been subjected to various modes ot treatment, without any abatement o f these s y m p t o m s . H e had taken m o s t active em e t i c s , and t h e m o s t drastic cathartics, w i t h ­ out any good effect. W h e n arterial action was high, he w a s bled copiously, som e t i m e s lo s i n g sixteen ounces daily for three days su c ­ cessively. W h e n it w a s low , the m o s t pow ­ erful stim u l a n t s were adm inistered; opium , ether, brandy, bark, being som e t i m e s exhibit­ ed, each in sufficient quantities to kill a man of* ordinary health and strength. A l t h o u g h w h i l e he insisted that som e live anim a l was in his stom a c h , and r e lated the i n c ident at t h e spring, and his subsequent sensations, his Frotn ihe ElLton Courier, March'll. A t t e m p t e d O u t r a g e . — A m o s t daring o u t ­ rage w a s attem p t e d at Frenchtow n , in this c o u n i y , on T u e s d a y night last, w h i c h occa­ sioned great excitem e n t at t h e time, and secur* ed t o th e perpetrator a most, righteous and w e ll m e r ited castigation. A large number o f passengers from Phildelphia being obliged to rem a in at F r e n c h t o w n over night, in con s e ­ quence o f the failure of the steam b o a t from Baltim o r e , repaired to t h e hotel o f Capt. M a n ­ ly, and w h i l e engaged at supper, their atten ­ tion w a s aroused by cries from another part o f the house. It appears t h a t a man w h o s e name is said to be F o l e y , instead o f jo i n i n g his fel­ low travellers at supper, had rem a ined in the hall of the hotel to w a t c h the m o v e m e n t s ot an interesting y o u n g lady w h o was liv i n g in the fam ily— and w h o s e appearance had a t ­ tracted his attention. O b s e r v ing her to pass up the sluirs he followed her, and pressing rather closely, the young lady becam e alarm ­ ed, and quickening her pace retreated to l i i s garret still closely pursued by the villain. H e r e by som e m e a n s she eluded her pursuer and descended by a back stairw a y . T h e w r e t c h , n o t h i n g daunted, returned from the garrej, and having in the mean time pulled oft his boots, encountered the intended victim o f his brutality in the passage a sceond time w h e n he again made an attack upon her as i f determ ined to accom p lish his diabolical pur­ pose. T h e y o u n g lady by her cries at l a s t a- larmed the passengers at s u p p e r , who in s t a n t ­ ly flew in a body to her rescue, and pursuing the villain, found him in' a chamber up stair# w i t h the door locked. -1' F r o m this retreat he was im m e d iately dragged, and sans cercmonia brought to the bottom o f t h e stairs,gwhere he received a m o s t signal drubbing at t h e hands o f the passeners. H a v i n g effected his escape he made for the steam b o a t wharf, w h e r e he w a s pursued and- again severely beaten. H e finally succeded in m a k i n g liis escape to a shed som e diatance off, w h e r e he w a s obliged to pass the nigh t . In the m o r n ing he desired to go on board the boat for Baltim o r e , w h i c h in the m e a n t im e Lad arrived, but the passen ­ gers refused to adm it him, declaring t h a t i f he attem p t e d to board the boat, he should be throw n into the river. H e loitered about until the arrival o f the cars from N e w c a s t l e , w h e n he was m e r c if u lly suffered to ensconce him s e l f in 0 wood car and sent off in t h e direction from w h e n c e he c a m e - It w a s w i t h m u c h difficulty that t h e exasper­ ated workm e n upon the w h a r f and railroad, w h o were all m u c h attached to the f a t h e r o f the y o u n g lady could be r e strained from doing him fulher violence. A Man of Buisiness .— Benjam in R a t h bun, the Buffalo defaulter and forger, publishes an address to the public, occu p y i n g five and a h a l f c o lum n s in one o f the large papers o f that c i t y , r e l a t i v e t o h i s b u i s i n e s s a n d i t s u n f o r t u ­ nate termination. A m o n g s t other m a t t e r s ha gives a statem e n t o f his agents, overseers, foremen, & e . from w h ich it appears he had em p loyed in his various operations 11 general agents: 9 s u p e r intendants; 46 foremen; 2 arch­ itects; I m e a s u r e r o f lumber; I teller; 2 book keepers: 1 paym a s t e r ot M e c h a n ics; 5 head clerks and about 40 under c lerks. Under t h e s e superintendants.' & c . lie had in his em p l o y a- bout 2000 operatives ; and he states his daily disbursem e n t s tb have been n o t l e s s than $ 10 ,- 000. T h e r e is s c a r c e ly a b r a n c h of business o f an y kind, in w h i c h he w a s n o t largly engaged: besides w h ich, he kept 4 o f the largest stores in t h e w e s t e r n cou n t r y — t w o dry goods, one o f phisician w a s incredulous, say i n g that he had I c a r p e ls , & o n e o f groceries, provisions, hard- ’ [ From the Albany B'aibj Advertiser .] Attitude is every thing.— President V a n B u r e n w h il e reading hia I n a u g u r a l Address s t u d ious- y concealed one o f his hands i n his breeches locket. H e w a s too cautious to sh o w his land, either in the address or elsew h e r e . — T h e Philadelphia G a z e t t e s a y s ; “ T h e action, t h o u g h i t m u s t have given the ’resident som e trouble in 'turning the leaves o f his pam p h let, w a s in s t r i c t accordance w i t h iis cautious policy and c u s t o m , n o t to l e t t h e eft hand k n o w w h a t the right hand d o e t h . — erhaps aware that he w o a l d be surrounded w i t h needy office s e e k e r s , he kept a t i g h t grasp at his purse. T h e practice, m a y h a p , m i g h t have been deemed t h e polite t h i n g at the court o f S t . James, w h e r e i t is supposed Mr. Van Buren acquired t h o s e final t o u c h e s , w h i c h , as T e d d y O ’R o u r k e observes in the play, “ b r ing out t h e p o l i s h ! ” ItO O M H A N D L E S , manufactur- ale D u a n e s b u r g h .— Oct. 20. ed and for'sale by I. R. G REENE, read'such t h i n g s , but did not consider any case w e l l authenticated, or believe that any anim a l could resist t h e solv e n t pow e r o f the gastric fluids in the hum a n stom a c h . T h e patient, finding every unpleasant s y m p t o m increasing, resolved to seek additional aid, and a co n s u l ­ tation w a s ordered. F i v e o f our m o s t em inent physicians attended,and after a m inute exam i ­ nation, cam e t o the conclusion that the co n ­ jecture o f t h e patient w a s probable) for though neither o f them had ever w it n e s s e d a case o f a l i v i n g animal in t h e hum a n stom a c h , y e t se ­ veral cases w e r e recorded w h i c h they c o n s i ­ dered authentic. T h e y also said t h a t com p a ­ rative anatom y f u r n is h e d analogies; for living frogs, toads, a n d ’ f is h e s had 'been found in the stom a c h s of snakes, m a n y hours after th e y had been sw a l l o w e d , and that this prov­ ed t h e pow e r o f the vital principle in resisting to som e exten t , the solvent pow e r of the g a s ­ tric fluids. H a v i n g assum e d this h y p o t h e s i s as probable th e y n e x t proceeded to act upon it. T h e y re­ jected all'm e d icines, very properly concluding that i f the vital principle could resist the s o l ­ vent pow e r of the s t o m a c h , i t would resist the action o f a n y substances w h i c h the stom a c h w a s able t o bear; and concluding also that as pow e r f u l m e d icines had already failed, it was n o t philosophical to repeat them . T h e y ordered entire abstinence from all food: and accordingly the patient took none for five days. D u r ing t h is period, the pain in the stom a c h w a s e x c r u c iating, and the m o t ion violent, resem b ling that o f a spiral revolution of a rope upon a c y linder. T h e pain becom ­ in g t o o in t e n s e to bear, for the patient w a s in a raving delirium , -the ph y s i c i a n s ' s u g g e s t e d th a t opium m i g h t act upon the nerves o f the stom a c h , w i t h o u t affecting t h e anim a l, if it urere one and l h a t in s e a r c h o f food, it m ight force i l s w a y t h r o u g h t h e o esophagus. T h i s was tried and w i t h su c c e s s — the! -patient being throw n i n f o a disturbed sleep, w h i l e the m o ­ tion in the stom a c h i n c r e a s e d in vio l e n c e . — H e w a s then held i n a recum b e n t position w i t h the face dow n w a r d , and the body incli­ ned to an angle o f 45 degrees, the head being low e s t . In about t e n m i n u t e s the cause of the diffi­ c u l t y w a s m a n if e s t . A Snake, o f dark brown color, and large size, protruded full eig h t i n ­ ches from t h e m o u t h , w i t h i t s eyes bright and glaring, w i t h every m a n i f e s t a t ion o f rage.— O n e of the p h y s i c i a n s im m e d i a t e l y siezed it by the neck, w i t h the i n t e n t i o n o f draw i n g it out, but suddenly fell flat on the floor, w i t h ­ out s e n s e or m o t ion, as i f s t r u c k by lightning! L i k e the conger eel, the torpedo, and several other s p e c i e s o f marine anim a ls, t h e reptile was electric, and thus were the fain i i n g fits o f t h e patient explained! B u t measures were s o o n devised to m e e t this new difficulty. O n e o f t h e p h y s i c i a n s cover­ ed t h e handles of a large pair of forceps with silk; and stood ready to s e ize t h e s n a k e , should it again appear. T h i s soon happened, and it w a s seized and drawn out a b o u t t w o f e e t s t r u g ­ g l i n g m o s t violently, and e m i t i n g trem e n d ious shocks o f electricity. T w o o f the attending physicians, w h o accidently touched it in the struggle, were knocked dow n , l t w a s n o w found that the electric sh o c k s w o u l d destroy the patient, and it w a s furtherm o r e ascertain­ ed that, from i t s size, it could not be draw n out w i t h o u t i m m i n e n t danger o f rupturing t h e (oesophagus. B u t fertile in expedients, they suggested a n e w plan; w h i c h w a s t o Suffer t h e reptile to com e out-as far possible, then w it h a sharp instrum e n t to sevre the head, and t o extract the body by an i n c i s i o n into-the sto- m a c h . In-about an hour i t aga i n appeared; thp pa- tien t all the w h i l e being insensible, from the -effects opium , aided perhaps by the electric shocks o f t h e reptile. > f t protruded about t w o feet, and w i t h a sharp h a t c h e t , prepared for the purpose, it was suddenly devided about 18 inches from-th-e bead. T h e l o w e r part s u d d e n ­ ly disappeared w i t h i n t h e stom a c h , exhibiting violen t am o t i o n s about tw o m i n u t e s . An in­ cision w a s then m a d e ,- a n d the fragm e n t was extracted. It proved to be a conger-eel, o f the e lectric s p e c ies, 4 feet l o n g and 3 inches in diameter. A l l u n p l e a s a n t sy m p t o m s ha v e s ince disap­ peared, the w o u n d in the stom a c h is healing rapidly, and the p a t i e n t is recovering his. strength. ) ware, &c. 9 clerks. in each o f w h i c h he had from 6 to Fall of new buildings — E a r ly this m'orn’irtg the w o r k m e n em p loyed in the erection o f a range o f buildings in F u l t o n - s t r e e t ,near Broad w a y , know n as “ R o s s ’s B u i l d i n g s , ” discover­ ed t h a t the foundation o f t h e building nearest the corner o f Broadw a y had started; shortly afterwards another part o f the foundation crumbled off, and at about 10 o ’clock tw o o f the buildings fell into the street. F o r t u n a t e ­ ly no person w a s injured. T h e facts as far as we have learned- them are as follow : T h e buildings were contracted for by S e t h Geer, and the foundations laid l a s t fall; they were lef exposed th e w h o l e w i n t e r , com p l e t e ly i m ­ bedded in ice, and early this spring the brick w a l l s were com m e n c e d by a sub-contractor, w h o is a brother t o Mr. Geer above s p o k e n of. T h e erection o f l h e buildings, five in number, bad progressed as far as the fourth tier o f t im ­ bers, and granite posts and lintals in the base­ m e n t and first story — the fronts had not been com m e n c e d . T h e other three buildings have been sim ilarly constructed, it is probable that the entire fabric will have to be taken dow n , and the foundation laid anew. T h e accident is attributed tofthe bad quali­ ty o f the mortar— the frost having destroyed its adhesive q u a l i t y . — IV. Y. Express. Banking House fallen .— A few m inutes past one o’clock this m o r n ing, the gable end and front corner o f Joseph’s B a n k ing H o u s e fell w i t h a trem e n d o u s crash. W e happened to be passing on the opposite side o f the street at -the very m o m e n t . The' 'Whole corner o f Exchang-e and W a ll streets seemed to burst out, and'in a m o m e n t the slupenduous blocks o f g r a n ite tumbled from their great height, and the w h o l e cam e dow n in a heap. It was rain­ in g hard at t h e tim e , and very dark, so that w e could not see, but from appearances we should judge that about h a l f the building at least is in rains. T h e concussion was so great lh a t i t seem e d to shake the foundations of e - very building in W a l l street. T h e eartii trem­ bled as i f i t had been s h a k e n by an earthquake. Xt is exceedingly fortunate that t h e accident occured at night, w h e n the workmen were ab­ sen t and the streets deserted— had i t happen­ ed in the day-tim e , m a n y lives would have been sacrificed. W e regret the loss o f this noble building, particularly as-the proprietors had spared neither care nor expense in the erection; it has been put up by d a y ’s work, w i t h o u t lim i t as t o cost, and n o w m o r e than a year has been spent in the progress t h u s far. W e presum e there m u s t have been som e m i s ­ judgem e n t on t h e part o f the architect, as the material is the heaviest th a t ean be found i n any building o f the kind in this city, l t w ill no doubt be again pu t up as speedily as p o s ­ sible.— IY. Y. Express In placing upon th e (op. o f th e ' L y o n s dili­ gence a basket w h i c h had been brought a f e w m i n u t e s before and w h i c h w a s said to contain various articles o f v a lue, som e m o t ion was felt w i t h i n the basket. On this being observed, the basket was oponed, w h e n a m a n was found concealed in it, w h o could explain his situa­ tio n only by his w i s h to conceal his journey from his wife. H e w a s conducted to the po­ lice. H e is a confectioner, o f the name o f D ------ . H i s object w a s to travel econom i c a ll y and a b o v e all, w i t h o u t his wife know i n g o f i t . Jn his basket were along with him 10 bottles o f c h a m p a g n e , tw o cold fowls, two l o a v e s tw o pounds o f c h o c o late, and a phial o f e ther. H e had taken care to secure an opening, m ordet lh a t he m i g h t breath.— Charle. Eyes B e h ind.^ Y ^ d i u T o f the P o t t s v i l l e Journal announces that on M o n d a y m o r n i n g he w a s attacked from behind, by a cow a r d l y ruffian, w h o levelled a blow at his eyes: Q u it e a misfortune to have o n e ’s ey e s on the w r o n g side o f the head. _______________ Coiclirds .— A correspondent o f the R i c h ­ mond Compiler s a y s t h a t during a t r e mendous thunder storm l a s t sum m e r , a black gum tree in C h ickahom i n y swam p ; a few m iles from that city, w a s struck by l i g h t n i n g , and-among a flock o f “ c o w b irds” w h ich had taken refuge in i t s branches, no l e s s than 537 were killed. T h i s fact does n o t i n the least confirm the doctrine that feather-s are non-conductors 0 electric fluid.

xml | txt