Onondaga Independent EVERY SATURDAY •ALocalNewspaper Publishedinthe Interests of Fayettovillo and Onondaga County by the Farmers Institute Bulletin Publishing Co. • (Incorporated) Subscription: Ono Dollar por Year in Advance Largest Guaranteed Circulation in tlii» Hection Troofs of Circulation Furnlnhed to Advertlners The Farmers' InHtituto Bullotln PubliRhing Company Is incorporated undor tho laws of the Stato of Now York, with a capital Btock of $20,000.00. It publishes tho Onondaga Independent tho FAIIMEIIB' INSTITUTE BuLr.ETiN'nnd>iBltes a specialty of high-grade book and catalogue work and art printing. The plant is ono of the best in Central Now York and correspondence is invited from those desiring tho better class of commercial and book printing. Ofllco in tho Bulletin Building, cornor of Mill and Elm streets, Fayettorillo Advertising Rates on Application /Entered at tho PostofHco in Fayottevillo for transmission through tho mails as second class matter EDUCATION AND DOLLARS At n dinnor that Mr. 0 P . Hunting ton gavo i n Ma y t o soiuo railroad me n in \San Francisco ho told his guests that he feared too many of tho young men of tho country were spending to o much timo in school. He spoko with concern of young men with college educations who wcro standiug around waiting for something that will uovor. come because tho work nearost t o hand was no t to thoir liking. Tho niodoru college graduate is usually a modcBt creaturo with few illusions about what ho is fitted for, and very littlo inclinod to stand waiting for suit able employment t o sook him out . H e has to Jump in and find a job, and usu ally ho loses no timo in doing so. It i s truo, as Mr. Huntington says, that tho years between flfteon\ and twenty-one ore of groat value.' They should no t bo wasted. But whilo thoro is danger that lads who spend theso years in college may find themselves somewhat behind when thoy start a s no w graduates to mako thoir living, thoro is a counter-risk that tho la d who devotes himself to busi ness too early may become too socn a specialist i n a limited field, and may 1 know a particular kind of business, on d J very littlo besidos. I t i s hard at first for I a young college graduate who finds em - 1 X>loyiuont i n business t o make up for the 1 luck of th o business training which he j might have acquired in the years ho' sp\iit at college. That it is not too hard, however, is shown b y tho number of collegO;bred men who succeed in almost! over}- calling. What is vastly inoro difllcult is for tho successful ma n of business, who wont early into business an d kept at it, to ' make u p for tho fivo or six years he didn't spend in acquiring general educa tion whilo he was still young. -Able men of limited education who have suc ceeded in business commonly mi&s tho education an d tho assbciations which thoy didn't get whilo they were young, and try t o make suro that their sons ac- qnire them. Thoy know that they are valuable. As for themselves, thoy d o well to stick to business, for to b e emi nently successful at money^makiug is oneof tho few employments in which a rich man o f limited education can hopo to find entertainment. Th o degreo of commercial success which will bo fairly satisfactory to an educated man doos not open to a leas educatod man th e samo opportunities of enjoyment. I t is ono of tho great advantages of education that by bringing a lo t of cheap, durable, intellectual pleasures within its pos sessor's reach it relieves liim of th e need of becoming excessively jdch. It also helps Ids social standing, an d social po sition is a thing that is valued, an d which, pften proves very expensive to .persons who have t o buy an outfit of i t late in life for cash. Dollars are comparatively scarce in the world, an d whilo there is enough of them to go around after a fashion, there is not enough to give to each person anything like as many a s he wants. —But satisfaction is pretty scarce also, and isat least as hard to secure a s dol lars. I f th o years spent in pursuit of education inorease th e farmer's chances ^ of getting satisfaction ou t of life, they are profitably spent, oven though they leave him ,somewhat behind in the race -for dollars. Fo r dollars and content ment are not synonymous terms, an d the ma n who co n combine .a few dollars with intelligent contentment is obviously \better off than the man who, liaviug more dollars than h e ca n use, finds-that the only employment which is really congenial t o him i s accumulating more. It is more profitable t o .spend some timo in youth in cramming the mind with knowledge not immediately useful, than t o be compelled for lock of other resources t o sjxjud one's old ag e cram ming one's pockets with money that one does no t want.—E. S. Martin iu the Saturday. Evening Post. VILLAGE SHOULD PAY BILL The village of Fayotteville should pay tho street sprinkling bill. As tho matter now stands tho sprinkling is dbno by private contract an d i s paid for, or not , at the option of owners of frontage o n tho principal streots. This results i n poor service, necessarily. It is of im portance to health and comfort that th e streets bo thoroughly sprinkled during the summer season, and the-ouly way t o have it rightly done is fo r the villngtTlo take charge of i t and pay the bills. TCho Improvement Association holds a regular meeting uoxt Tuesday evening, and th e Independent respectfully suggests th o street sprinkling question as a subject for discussion at that time. | Agricultural schools, experiment sta tions, farmer's institutes, an d th e whole sale distribution of bulletins on scientific j agriculture have brought scientific agri-' culture into good' repute, says tho Rome Soutiual, an d have caused a relegation to oblivion of tho old notion of discredit ing any agricultural education oxcopt i that acquired by following tho'plow and I attending tho necessary work on tho, farm. Tliis doos not meair- that the! \book farmer\ without practical exper ience is better equippod than tho man who has no scientific facts.^but that ono can learn from tho other, and neither knows all thoro is t o know. There can bo no question that scienco is a great ai d to agriculture, as well as t o other indus tries, an d tho wide-awake agriculturist seeks to tako advantage of it. Work o n tho new bridge across th o feeder in the rear of Bangs & Guynor's mill will bo commenced shortly. A , large force of me n and teams is at work | straightening tho bed of Limestone Creek from tho Genesee street bridge, which will bo of great benefit to owners of adjoining property. Tho Independent, cheerfully shoulders tho responsibility i for this needed improvement, and as sumes that its recent articles on th e i necessity of the work hastened its under taking. ' Secretary Gage's estimate of tho de ficit for tho fiscid year, which closed on Juno !10, was $112,000,000. The deficit. ro]H>rt is $88,875,000. .It is believed that his estimate of a deficit of s=M0,00O,OOO for the year just entered upon will also prove too large. Tho customs revenues for the last, year were ^Ofi.fiOO.OOO, an d the international revenue rceeiptB wen) $2i3,000,000. California is preparing a surprise for the world at the Paris exposition She is going to show the wine growers of sunny Europe what can be'done on the sunnier slopes of the Pacific So great has been th e demand for space ancLso completely ha s California overrun th e space allotted to her that she no w pro poses t o build an extra bouse on the Paris grounds for the display of her fruits and wines. In nothing has the magical west made such bounds a s i n the production of wine. It is only a few years ago that American wines were a byword and a scoffing in Italy end Spain an d Franca Now it re quires all th e diplomacy an d jugglery of th e governments to keep them out and th e connoisseurs have given over making wry faces at a n American label. ' •_ The women shoppers of Chicago ar e getting ready to boycott the stores which refuee t o provide seats for their women clerks. The cry goes up that it is injurious t o the health of female clerks_to stand up for' nine hours.—No one is prepared to dispute this, and everybody hopes that it will be reme died. But at the same time what a curious argument it presents in favor of women competing with me n i n all fields of labor. A statistical fiend has been directing his eagle ey e on the Sunday newspaper After prodigious work h e finds that is 2,450 columns of printed matter 1,600 were given t o women's dresses, lingerie, hosiery and 6lippersT\400 columns wera given to -ews; 200 t o soience, art an d /cu^.ifuctnres and 250 to society. , Commercial Dishonesty Moralists who have studied the paths .bosen by national decline have of lata /ears called attention to the disturbed sense of values which politics and en terprise have created. We are s o i n the habit of associating moral delinquency in the\ community, with violence and 'passion, an d resting in\ th e conviction that th e police court will hold It in check, that we have overlooked the subtle demoralization of th e publio conscience in. trade and legislation. Dishonesty is no longer a Captain Kidd, and even if it were it would not be half as dangerous as when it is a Talleyrand. It both redeems and dis guises itself with smartness. It cannot take your individual—spoons without running the risk of a policeman, bat i t can take your communal rights and get a diploma for doing it. It no.longer sells you wooclen nutmegs, bnt-it ptta plated spoons in your package of coffee and achieves th e brilliant feat of mak ing yo u drink chicory in hopes of a prize. Th e astounding fact ha s come to light that a man who acts conscien tiously and almost piously with regard to his neighbor will act like a thief with regard to bis party an d not know it. He would die rather than rob the individual widow or th e orphan di rectly, but he will mow down whole ranks of them \legislatively or commer cially an d no t ruffle a feather of his conecierjee. Not long ago the London chamber of commerce in a sudden ethical mood opened an inquiry into the payment of secret commissions for corrupt purposes in th e course of trade. The result of the investigation rather astounded the conservative old gentle-, men who conducted it- Tbey\ were amazed at the moral code that govern ed to a great extent th e competitive commercial men . Enterprising bribery turned-up in all directions wearing a smug and Innocent face. It was found that th e druggists -paid secret commis sions t o the physicians on their pre scriptions, amounting in some cases t o 26 or 50 per cent on th e price paid by tho customer It was found that archi tects, engineers, contractors and bosses expected and generally received a fee in some form from builders and invest ors and workers in addition to their professional fees. It was found that in tho ono caso of lubricating oils used on the railroads the trainmen were bribed to doclaro that ono kind of oil was full of grit an d worthless. It was found that th e bishop who represented mor ality in an institutional way winked at dishonesty in a commercial way by letting bi B butler roceive all sorts of considerations from th o tradesmen whoso goods ho let into tho bishop's palaco. With this astonishing view be fore th e eye one sees that thero is only ono way ou t of th e mess, and i t IB not a new way at all. but a very old way. and amounts to nothing more than a ro-establishtnent of th e ancient sense of rectitude and fair dealing in every ono of the pursuits of life and which insists that a man shall be just as hon est in tho market place a s bo i s in his family circle. After all, Emerson put his finger on th e remedy when be said in effect \Every man takes care that bis brother does no t rob bim . But thero comes a time when ho takes caro that he does not rob his brother Then 'all goes wolL Ho ha s turned bi s apple cart into a chariot of the sum\ Another Hot Wave He*e Bttt you can KEEP COOL By Wearing Out Summe* Goods Specials tnis Week Ladies Shirt Waists Ladies Seperate Skirts ' Gents Furnishings Eve*Ingham 8C C&tt Fayetteville \Why Not Pot Society in Uniform Democracy is such a leveling process that we should not be surprised to seo the individualism of commonplace peo ple resorting to all sorts of devices to attract attention to themselves. One of the easiest- ways to escape being ignored and swallowed u p i n th e crowd • to fdopt a uniform. That was the governing impulse of the delightful, but platitudinous girls, who called themselves Rainy Daisies. They could not-add an inch to their stature, but tbey could take four inches off their skirts. Hundreds of other estimable but unheard of women cling to bi g hats and eelekin dresses with no other pur pose than to escape being utterly ig nored. But there is another an d a bet ter side to the uniform question. It serves to identify the wearer with an obligation, a duty or a mission, and, J in inviting attention, challenges scru- : tiny. That is its meaning in a railroad The amazing acumen of th e ordinary police justico comes up at regular in tervals. The last corruscating example of it comes from Brooklyn. A woman in that city with negro blood in ber voins some years ago married a white man, by whom sh e ha d a child. When her husband died, he left $10,000 in trust for th e child when i t came of age. but made n o provision for hi s wife, who was compelled t o go t o work to support the child. She then placed the child with a woman to board at the rate of $9 a month while'sbe undertook to earn a living. This sum she paid so long a s she was able to obtain work, and whenout of work she tried to get her- child back, bu t the woman in whose charge it was refused, t o give it up unless th e last $ff was paid. The mother then appealed to a justice to obtain possession\ of her child, and the justice decided—oh, Jehosephat 1—that the. mother could no t obtain possession of her child until sh e had paid the $0 This ought t o go down i n th e law books along with th e other precedents fur nished by hi s worship. Dogberry The disinclination of the Cuban sol diers to give up their arms a t $75 t head shows what a poor idea of busi« ness they have. They- can buy a good gun for $20 an d have $50 over. conductor or a national guardsman. It is not strange that dress should stiffen up one's moral character a little when It invites inspection and advertises one's intentions. Man in bis social capacity, having found out how much dress has t o do with character, ie very likely sooner or later to get every dis tinct class into uniform. It is now pro posed i n on e o f our largest cities to pu t regalia on the newsboys, with th e no tion that it carried some kind of o n ob ligation and that the newsboy will be have himself better if his clothes are peculiar to him. If this is true, wh y should not the valuable moral lesson bo carried out in other directions? Why not put congressmen in uniform ? It seems to havo worked very well a t the state prisons. Might there not be some Roman dignity enforced upon ou r sen ate if i t had t o sit in togas? Ono can seo at a glanc'o what a benefit th.e com- inanity would derive if book agents were compelled to adopt a livery and insurance agents made to wear a n un mistakable uniform It i s true th e in dividuals themselves might not be benefited, but their private advantages would, of course, give wa y t o th e good of society To be able to arrive in stantaneously at a man's mission by the cut of bis coat would certainly result in a great saving of time, and probably of money, and i t would do away with the confusion at swell dinners when one cannot tell the head waiter from the chief justice. Th e distinctions need not be absurd and punitive. Stock brokers and bucket shop men need not be compelled to wear bearskin shakos ' and political bosses mantles of wolfskin, | but some unobtrusive symbol, say, a large diamond ring on .each finger or a pair of brass knuckles would perhaps be sufficient for all practical purposes Whenever society insists that a man's intentions shall-declare - themselves-in his dress, it will be unnecessary for us to go about trying to find ou t what those intentions are. We shall know our ma n by the cu t of his jib. The autobiography and letters of Mrs. M. O. V7. Oliphant, a volume which has just been printed, places'be fore th e world a woman whose esti mable character and superb womanly qualities cannot be sufficiently praised She was a rare example of the trne feminine quality that cbarmB the world. Sh e lived a long and useful life without ever losing the ineffable gift of true womanliness. All those qti'nli ties which the world has idealized in woman came out softly and beautifully in her life. That which she had writ ten, an d she wrote a great deal, stands today unimpeachable for its charity, its sweetness, it s simplicity and its love of mankind. A book which lets us into the secrets of such a woman is of priceless value at a time when BO many rash and restless women are try ing t o attract attention to themselves by th e hysteria of literature. Mrs. Oliphant will not rank with George Eliot or Mrs. Browning in intellectual gifts, bu t she stands on the same plane of loveliness with th e poet's wife, and what sh e has written has probably had more influence wfth the world eveii than George Eliot's masterpieces The effect of Mme Bernhardt's Ham let upon the English people appears-at this distance to be rather dubious The daily press, to use a commoji expres sion, \le t her'down' as easily as pos sible an d devote themselves, to the ab surdities of the French translation Such lines as \To be or not to bet That is the question I' are rather ludicrous in French, where, etrictly rendered, they amount to this \Ah' It is existence or ft is not I Wlm knows?\ But even this is not as bad as Salvini's rendition of i t i n Italian which, brought over literally again into English, would read \I s i t or i s i t not? That's it I' John D. Rockefeller has lit i n Wn-h ington an d gobbled a large piece of it By foreclosing a mortgage on the Everitt Land company, which owi>.- four millions' worth of property, lie gets control of th e whole of it. It wm only recently that h e foreclosed a mort gage o n th e Monte Cristo mines, urd taken with the recent deal, be m>w owns Everitt completely It has a population of about four thousand if Mr Rockefeller lives and continues in good health, he will probably own the earth in time tr Mr Poultney Bigelow ever returns to th e United States, he will probably be slightly ashamed of himself for his attempts to make th e Englishmen laugh at the expense of the American volun teer It ~ seems that he could not be funny except by belittling th e Yankee eoldier One can forgive the English men for laughing. but what will we da with Bigelow? Mrs. William J. Bryan is as an orator no slouch herself. She has just been de livering an oration to her own sex which ie not only eloquent, but is cram med full of good homely sensa She said, \When man finds in woman a thorough appreciation of his work and aims,\when the mind of woman be'com- s the perfect supplement and complemeut of th e mind of man, as the Creator iu- tended it to be, and gives over trying to be superior, then will all the discis sions as to woman's rights and privi leges ceaee.\ —r j ' The trolley men o f Brooklyn are get ting ready for a strike. Brooklyn is ••> trolley city, and there are 11.000 >i these men. They claim to have griev ances which the rapid transit com pany will not listen to unless the griev ances are made spectacular. So tin men have about decided t o have » strike.