C nonciaga Independent EVERY SATURDAY LOCAL DIRECTORY fayetteville Village Officials .Hlent—Wllliam Austin. W. Cook, All ram Salg, M. S. E. Swan. - k-J. A. Ecker. ...nrer—Fred 8. Potter, vtor—Aretns W. Bessee. • r Commissioners—Pres. Elisha Stead- -•c andTreas. P. H, Smith, Supt. D. P. - k. ' f »f Police—George Ebeling, Assistant Itonjaniin Phillipps. County and District 4 Officials County Judge—William M. Ross, Syracuse. Surrojjnte—Edgtir P Glass, Syracuse. Sheriff—Stephen Thornton, Syracuse. Deputy Sheriff—H. S. Pollv, SKaneaU'les. County Clerk—George J Yaeckel. District Attorney—Jay B. Kline, SyTacu.se. County Treasurer—Nfcholis Grumbach, Syra- cuse. , Superintendent of thoPcor—Smith Rice, East Syracuse. Coroner—Louis F Weaver, Syracuse. Loan Commissioner-George 0 NichoLs, Otisco Henry L. Cole, Colliugwood. School Commissioners—First District V. ,G. Frawley, Buldwinsvilic; Second District, A. F Presley, Skaneoteles, Third District N F. Bene dict, DoWitt Members of Assembly—First District W. G. Cottle, Elbridge. SecondDistrict E. G. TenEyek Fnhius. Tliird District Edward Snbine, Syra cuse , Fourth District John T Delaney, Syra cuse. Stato Senator—Horace White. Syracuse. Representative in Congress—Michael E. Dris- coll, Syracuse. The Boer Constitution. The constitution of the republic ol *he Transvaal is a lengthy and some what ambiguou s document, the provi sions of which are just now of especial public interest. It declares that equal ity between the white and colored races] shall not be tolerated either in state 01 • church It forbids the existence within I its borders! of any churches w-bntevet save such as tench the doctrines of the | Heidelberg-catechism, which is the doc- j •I-I-I-I-I-I •!• I\I\K\I\I\!\. -H-M-l-I-I-r 1 A\ILK AND, BEEF 4 , i - — ! • PoRslbIlltlp« of the General Par nose Cow—Do Not Confound tier Witli tbc Scrub. ~S. Board of Health r -ident\— Daniel W. Griffln i.. -uian Dr. Qeorgo J. Bryan «, o-tHry. J H. Bristol, i, ,,1 C Dunham. I Public Telephone Office Longdistance telephone is located in the storo of V. H. Nichols & Son, Genesee street. Board of Education ' 1 ,,l<-nt—Dr N. Wilbur T .lit*—Thomas W. Sheedy, John D.Pratt, T Armstrong, William Morrison, Nelson [• i r M D. i rl;—P H. Keohnne. T>. i-nrer—Fred Hoag. Tr nan t Ofllccr—James H. Mathews, i ll.itor and Census Enumerator—Arctus \V Hi-ssre.- Telegraph Office Western Union telegraph office is located in the store of Everingham & Carr, Mill street Local Telephone Exchange The local exchange of the Fnyettcville Tele phone and Telegraph (.'p. is located in the Inde pendent office, corner Mill and Elm Streets. trine of the Dutch Reformed church | This prohibition has to some extent been' ignored, so that a few churches othet than those of the Dutch faith are per mitted to exist in the Transvaal. It is. however unlawful for a Dutch minis ter to baptize a uegr« to administer tc! him the Lord's supper or t o perform the j marriage ceremony for negro couples, j the Boers holding the rather unique be- j lief that negroes have no souls. I The supremo unthority of the repnb- j lie is vested in a legislative body, elect- ed by the people, though not in a rep- j Tesentative manner, and th e supremacy' is merely nominal, its power being sub-; ordinated to 'the oxecntive. Only mem ' bers of the Dutch Reformed church are , eligible to positions in the legislature. All laws considered by the legislative branch of the government must first . • . l . l i . . r .V. G Judil of Wariio. 0., Is an otf thuslastfc advocate of the general pur pose cow. In a recent letter to 'Hoard's Dairyman he says - | \I decided that the general purpose I cow should be my sheet anchor and j mainsail.* I routed 150 acres of laud adjolulng mlue ami a dairy of 45 gen eral purpose cows , with an established uillk route In the city of Dixon. Now, Mr Editor, If you could see and realize what the general purpose cow ha s done for me and others ns plainly as 1 see It, you would have u standing reward of KAiLKOAJJ IJLMJC. lABJjiS have been suggested by the president ol Fire Department Ciii.f—Hirnm Agan» Kii-t Assistant—Chas. Pratt. >... ..nd Assistant—Carl Graham. Trains arrive at and depart from Fuyettevillo on tho Chenango Valley branch of tho West Shore Railroad as follows TRAINS MOVING SOUT H Lv. Manlius Town Officials .supervisor—A. Cady Palmer. T.rtvn Clerk—Patrick H. Keohnne. Jii-nres of the Pence—William Austin, Chas. £. ('•ili', Thomas M. Ainslec, Elbridge M. Lyon. l'..inniissioner of Highways—Herbert Adams. A»«i-v-urs—Henry R. Strong, Dr N. Wilbur, Krwili B. Fillmore. Cillii'tor—Augustus H. Chase. Overseers of tho Poor—J. Erwin Campbell, William W Hong. ('..n-tiibles—Geo. E. Chase. James H. Mathews A-ii Kallou, Joseph E. Ostrander, Elmer E. Illllter Ar. Lv Local Societies Kimtteville Lodge, F. and A Mi, No. 678.— Mi'i-i- llrst and third Tuesday in each month. Rimm-m Baker block, Geneseo street. H J Kimpp. W M.; C. H. Peck, Secretory. Ar. SyrncuseVa) DoSono Fuyettevillo Manlius Ornn Cazenovia Rlppleton tb) Bullina Erievillo Georgetown Lebanon Earlvillo tc) Enrlvlllo (c) Labanon Georgetown Erioville Ballina Rlppleton 0>) Caxenovia Ornn Manlius Kayettevillo Do Sono Syracuse (a) A. M . P. M. r. M 7:00 2:25 6:00 7.18 •2:88 •5.18 7:24 2:40 5:24 7:»l 2:50 5:81 7:K) 8:08 5:88 7:55 8:20 5:54 7:68 3:29 5:57 8:01 8:80 0:00 8 15 3:65 0.15 8:20 4 10 0:20 8:«7 4:27 0:37 8:60 4:40 0:50 G NORT H A. M A. M 1'. M 7:00 i> 1ft 6:05 7 18 9:34 6:18 7:25 0:61 5:31 7:80 10:10 5:44 7:40 10:27 0:00 7:52 10:29 0:01 7:65 10:31 0:05 8 10 10:45 0 19 8.17 10:51 0:25 8:24 10:57 0:81 •8:80 11.10 •0:41 8:50 11:25 0:65 tho republic, who is chosen by popular vote, and must be a member of .the Dutch Reformed church. Tho members of his cabinet must also be members ol that church The courts aro subordinate to the executiv e and are not permitted to interpret or \pass upon the constitu tionality of laws. Tho executivo is vest ed with more autocratic power than ia \ vested in. the crown in most limited ! monarchies, while tho religious and j sectarian qualifications of administra tive and legislative officials mako the, Transvaal one of tho most ecclesiastic^-- ally illiberal states in tho civilizod i world. Whilo tho narrowness and big- j otry of tho Boors ma y not be regarded as a sufficient justification for tho ex- j istence of war in South Africa, they • have unquestionably strongly contrib-, uted to the existing hostilities. i I .mi. -i.me Creek Lodge, No. 145,1. O. O. F — Jln't-• ver y Monday evening, roonis in Wal t-nth HN.'k, Geneseo Street. Fred Potter N. G . \ lis, Secretary. • Stops on signal. (a) Connects with main llnoTWest Bliore, R. W & O., N Y C & H. R. and D. J-. & W Ry. (bl Connects with Lehigh Valley R. R. (c) Connects with N Y O. & W. Railroad. \ R. Post, R. B. Hayes, NO 607—Meets llr-i mid tliird Monday in tho month Rooms m tin linker block, on Mill street. Dunne Bab- nii 'k Cum , James Law, Adjutarff. I'm ei teville Grange No 010—Meets first and tlnril Friday of each month In Walrath Hall on lien.-ei Street, Hubert Bender, Master; E. L. PiirUer Secretary. M B. A., Branch No 108—Meetings first and (\in ill Mondays of each month, rooms in the H .WI-' - bloek on Genesee street. JohnF Cough- lin l'n-,ldent, Henry Strnub, Secretary- Syracuse and Suburban Railway Electric cars leave corner of East Fayette and Montgomery streets, Syracuse for Fayetteville and Manlius as follows 7 a. m and every 80 minutes thereafter until 12 midnight Lenve Fayetteville for Manlius' 7:40 a. m and every 80 minutes thereafter un til 12:40 a. m Leave Edwards' Falls for 8yracuse • 5:45 a. m ,0 a. m. and every 80 minutes there after until 11:05 p. m Leave Manlius for Syracuse from 0 to 7 min utes Inter than Edwards Falls leaving time. Lenve Fayetteville for Syracuse. 0 a. m., 0:20 a. ra and every 80 minutes there- nfter until 11:20 p. m. I \ <; T Lodge No 40—Meets every Tliurs- iln • vening, at a place appointed nt tho pre- \1 in: meeting Miss Coral Worden C. T., Kr..i. nek F. Allen Secretary. 11\ ta Phi—Meets first and third Tuesday iv'i.mg of each month nt the High School Ll- T.IM Arthur Williams, President; Robert I\:-' •!>, Secretary. li vet teville ClmV-Open every clnyand even- '>•-' Thomas Sheedy, President, H. B. Clark ••-1 tary 1' I E I • t teville Improvement Association—Meets -••eond Tuesday evening of enchi month • Independent office. President Piatt H. ti Secretary, EllisWoodworth; Treasurer, Keohane; Chairman Executive Committee Hopkins. F. G. TIBBITTS Resident Dentist BAKER BLOCK ! Absent Occasionally Fridays I GROVE HOTEL Fayetteville, N. Y. j ftORACE 5. GROVE j Special attention paid to Traveling men. i Located Convenient to Business section. First Class service. I How oddly civilization works hor votaries at timoB is' illustrated in tho history of tho Osage Indians. The Osage Natio n is reputed the richest per capita in the world, they having 900 acres of government land for every man. woman and child and receiving be sides $50 every three months. They re cently bad handsome bouses built by speculative traders, though after a short trial of them they moved back in to their tepees and left their fino houses vacant. There are 260 families, and they owe the traders $400,000, and now I more than two-thirds of tbem are goin g into bankruptcy to \shirk their debts, , for their land cannot bo taken from [ them and thoir quarterly stipend will! continue to come. If only the Indian , traders themselves enjoyed better repn- 1 tations for honesty, no doub t the coun- ; try would heartily sympathize with them for being done out of their money by those savages, who have learned the tricks of the whites. As the Indians did to the whites just about what the Indians had been led to believe from past experiences tho whites woul d hav e dono to them, these \promoters of civili zation will receive very little pity on account of their losses. The Churches nti«.t—East Genesee street, services ntl0:30 and 7:80Ip. m., Sunday school after morn- m. . Trice. Pastor Rev. H. B Williams, par- first house, east of church. Charles L Collin • rehof thfiImmaculate Conception (Catho- &ist Genesee street, services at 10:80 a. m. rs at 7 p. m. Pastor Rov M. Joyce, resi- next to the church. \ity church (Episcopal)—East Genesee services every Sunday at 10:30 a. m. -byterlan—East Geneseo street. Services a. m. and7:80p. m., Sunday school after '• mg service. The manse on West Clinton ' t Pastor Rov. Percy B. Wightman. hodist Episcopal—East Geneseo street, es at 10:80a. m. and 7:80 p. m., Sunday •1 immediately after morning service, pas- hev. George M. Perkins, residence on '>n street. Fayetteville Post Office 'Is Arrive \ Syracuse. 1 Syracuse. '> Syracuse, ii Manlius ills close as follows Manlius—South , Jyracuse Syracuse •Syracuse .... 'Ice hours 7 a. m. to 8 p. m. Frank Boynton, P. M Agnes L. Walker, Assistant P. M. 7:40 a. m. 2:40 p. m. 6:40 p. m. 6:25 p. m. 7:80 a. m. 8:15 a. m. 12:16 p. m. 0.15 p. m. HEMLOCK and HARDWOOD LUMBER Custom Sawing Hard and Soft Stove Wood Orders left at mill or received by mail will receive prompt attention SYRACUSE STAMP WORKS S METAL STAMPS STENCILS SEALS ETC. Cor. Market &R. B. Sts Benjamin Franklin, who died in 1790, bequeathed $5,000 each to Boston and Philadelphia, with directions that the money, in charge of a board of trustees, should be placed at interest for 100 years, and the accumulation then be devoted to a public purpose, which ho defined in a general way. The Boston fund now amount s to $370,000. and the trustees propose to erect on a leading street a largo building to com bine the advantages of tho People's palace i n London and Cooper institute i n New York. It i s planned to include a hall seatrag 2,000, to which the great Boston organwill be removed; public lavatories, a reading room where smok ing will be allowed, reading rooms for wome n and children, a room for local meetings, classrooms for instruction, a permanent exhibition of science and art and a branch of the public library Franklin's intentions will be thorough l y realized i n Boston. t Milk Prom Individual Com. Twenty year s ago milkmen were greatly bothered by customers who de manded the milk from one cow regu larly. Tbe y thought this Insured a more uniform sample of milk. That Idea Is now pretty well exploded. Herd milk.'or the milk of all the cows tho'reughly mixed. Is safer aod more uniform-In the long run than the milk of an y single cow.—^ural New Yorker. AN OniO OENKItAL rURPOSE COW $1,000 printed in groat primer type on 1 the front page of your paper for the j conviction of any person guilty of do- j faming the general purpose cow \Wh y do 1 uialcc that bold state- 1 ment? Hecause she has lifted out ofj debt more farmers, 10 to 1, than the special purpose cows. She has (toue It! In the past ages and will do It for many j more to come. First, she Is vastly more ' numerous aud will be for generations to come; second, her dual qualities are being Improved. Do her critics ever stop to think how much easier.Jt Is to raise a general purpose herd, from 4,000 pound producers to 0,000 pouud] producers, than It Is to raise a herd of specials a like amount? \I did not realize It until I tried It. Now, If there are 50 general purpose cow s to one special purpose cow and only 25 of the 50 beloug to the pro gressive fanners and are being Im proved, you must admit she Is adding to our wealth vastly more each year than the other class. \Now. nfti-r years of such breeding aud weeding autl the building tip of such a herd free from kickers, steppers or hard milkers, with the milk yield doubled, the testing of each Individual satisfactory, absolutely healthy, raised on aud wonted to the farm, gentle as kittens and handsome In form and color and such proflt producers that the debt on the farm has long since disappeared and peace and plenty make life worth the living—I sa y un der such circumstances Is It any won der It makes me sick to think of hav ing to sell them to appease the distaste of a corporation that sees fit to con demn a whole class of Individuals because some few members of that great clnss have not tested up to their Idea of a proper standard? \Now In conclusion, do you wonder that I love and praise tho general pur pose cow when I have had such a profitable experience with her? Then, when I see her llftlng'other young men all around tile Into homes on beautiful farms, costing 5100 per acre, and pay ing for rubber tired surreys and their Tamlllcs dressing and living In style equal to the aristocracy of the cities, I am doubly convinced. — - \As I got able I experimented along special lines and convinced myself that tho Improvement Is so slow and fail ures so much more common In the thoroughbred families, on account of the high tension to which they are al ready pitched, that nine times out of ten the young farmer will make a fail ure Instead of a success. \I will save you lots of printing and manuscript reading by warning those that have made up their mind to reply to this that I have not used th e term scrub cow. 1 understand a general purpose cow to be one that gives milk enough to pay a profit and can be dis posed of at any time by a little extra feeding for beef, and that at a proflt; that a special purpose cow Is one bred so strongly In certain lines that It prac tically eliminates allother character istics and can produce only milk or only beef at a proflt; that a scrub |s one that has no predominating tend ency and Is a failure for both milk and beef.\ Food Value of Konmlii, According to one authority, 1% gal lons of mare's koumiss contain as much nutriment as a strong adul t re quires during one day. Many persons prefer sklmmllk koumiss. During the warm weather, when every one Is In clined to drink freely, the use of kou miss Is a wholesome and nutritious ad dition to our summer drinks. MILK IN AUTUMN. Care o f Caws, Which Tenda to Keep Up the &u\>ply. At this season of the year It Is too cool for cows to lie out In open pasture at nigh t and not cold enoug h perhaps to warran t housing them In th e winter stable, writes George E. Newell . An Intermediary place should be provided that will afford sutliclcnt shelter to keep th e milk cattle from getting chill ed. A shed tightly boarded and open on the least exposed side will answer this purpose admirably and add many more pounds of milk to the fall yield of cows. It Is best situated near the exit gate of the pasture, so that the cattle may be readily found and driven up in the morning. Such a shed need not bo erected for the purpose atoue of protoctlug cows on cool uutumu nights, for it will serve as n shelter agalust cold rains aud hot sun alike. In my oplulou, uo pasture should be without oue. By leaving It open on on e side and of \«ulllcleut capacity to comfortably hous e all tho milk stock no floor or stalls ueod be provided. Tho ground under It should be elevated and well drained, however, and kep t covered with dry litter for comfortable bed ding. Where, on th e majority of dairy farms, cows receive uo shelter at all In autumn until they go Into the win ter stable at \freezing up time\ this will keep them from suffering and from physical and lacteal decadence. To get them accustomed to the now shelter drive thorn Into It at dusk a few times, and they will And It themselves, thereafter. A few salt boxes attached to tho wall will also bait them to the place more surely. One has got to be but half wa y ob- servnnt to notice how rapidly cows that are not sheltered sluiulc In milk yield following cold ulghts. It ha« seemed strange to the ^ivrllcr many times that tills fact vox not more'gen erally appreciated and remedied -by dairymen at large. I can only explain It by tho hypothe sis that most dairymen consider the fall shrinkage of milk Inevitable, which, I contend. Is a mistake, at least to the extent now prevailing Besides attending to the bodily com fort of cows us cool weathor advances, their food supply should be kept at Its maximum Instead of allowing tho va garie s of the season to regulate It. At no season of the year Is milk moro profitable for butter and cheese making than during th e autum n months, but a limited yield means only a limited amount of prollt. Rennlt of Poor Milk. A certain class of patrons delude themselves that their work consists solely of delivering the milk regardless of quality. That thoy should be held responsible for Its condition Is shown by th e following from Chicago Pro duce: In a letter on cleanliness W. J. Kennedy says: In butter on e of the mos t nnnoylng offects of undesirable bacteria Is the earlier developmen t of butyric acid and the consequent ran cidity of butter. From some experi ments made here at the Iowa college cronmory, In regard to the keeping qualities of butter mndo from cream tha t had been separated from milk which had been exposed to unfavor able conditions that are so frequently to b e met with and other'.cream that was free from all undesirable kluds of bacteria, I am firmly convince d that uncleanly conditions are more directly responsible for rancidity iu butter than Is indlcateiV'by an y authority that 1 have read upon thnt subject. While It Is possible by resorting to pasteuriza tion and pure culture starter s to Im prove the quality of butter made from milk that has been poorly cared for, I think It Is admitted that there Is no process by which poor milk can be made to produce the very best butter or cheese. We must also bear In mind that while commission merchants pur chase tho poor butter with reluctance at a lower price than Is profitable to the producer, .they aro eagerly watch ing for the very best and will often pay from half a cent to one-cent a pound above market quotations to customer s who can always supply them with tho very Quest article. Salt In thc-Tuba. Packing a tub of butter has much to do with Its value. Recently on South Water street. In Chicago, says The Creamery Journal, several tubs of a shipment Just received were opened, and the packing was nowhere near right. The surface of the butte r was at least three Inches belo w the head of th e tub, and about half the interven ing space was filled In with several pounds of coarse dairy salt, whic h lay In a heap on- top of the cloth circle. There should have been at least ten pounds.more of butter In each tub. The result of such packing was that th e butte r sold for a cent a pound less than would otherwise have been ob- talned. In addition, the salt was wast ed, and the bill for tubs was larger at th e end of the season tha n would oth erwise have been th e case.