LAISD OF OPALS. Searching for the Jewels in the Mountains ot Faroe. We climbevl the mountain in a blind ing mist, our faces beaded with fog drops, testifying to the fact. Once on the summit, it was time to begin our search, and in grim sincerity we fell under the sway of jewel fever. On our hands and knees we groped excitedly over the boulders, pulling away the moss, heather and soil to seek those splits in the porphyry indicative of the latent existence of the stones, the most energetic parts of which w ere thus ■sting toward the light. And, thanks nowledgeedge of our guide, we were bursting i e knowl ( _ soon upon the track of some promising ere, then, the liammer and chisel came prominently into use. stones. Between the bowlders, where the down-ilow of aeciimulated rains had carried the earth, we espied a number of ruby particles. Digging, we discov ered larger fragments, and later, having followed the course of these minute bits, we arrived at the block itself, which,by disintegration, was enriching the lower ---- B pro were _ ___ _ ny jewels of very engaging colors—rich claret, clear yel low and red brown, flesh, milk white and grey. It seemed to my ignorant eyes that we were destined inevitably to release just as many stones as we pleased. But, alas! Hope after hope was crushed when the hammer and chis el were brought into play. In the first place the matrix was terribly hard, and secondly when it did yield to Johanne- ion’s steady blows, the stones embed- id which had 1 re with it. shattered Or when, by good luck, they nished, th« son s steady blows, ded in it,aud which had formerly-looked .................... ’ed all to B fine, were with it. sh came out unblemished, they proved of no deptli, opaque, and therefore value less—mere ‘’lamiuje.” Eventually, after four or five hours’ incessant labor, digging and hammer ing, bathed in the eternal fog all the time, we filled our pockets with jewels in better or worse condition, and for the most part environed with a lump of the hard porphyry matrix. The. bonder said it was no bad day’s work. But when, that evening, we submitted all our treasures to the criticism of an ex pert who lived in the valley, he shook his head and pronounced sentence: “No good! ” No good,that is, as jewels; no jeweler would buy the stones for setting. On the other hand as mere specimens, pretty and suggestive, they were ^very good, and with this we were obliged to be content, though for our further discomfiture, our guide told us that the dwellers in the valley often se cured many valuable stones with appar ent ease. Believed Fi^c by Friction a Myth. / On Burrard Inlet, in Britsh Columbia, dwells a logging-camp boss, known far and w id e by the iiatne of Xiev. He is a luinter of some importance, and a rifle shot of more than ordinaiy skill. One rainy day Lev took liis gun and sallied lorth for a dfi.er-Uunt,, but was over taken by darkness while a long way from the camp and forced to remain in the woods all night. On searching his pockets he found he was without match es. The logging crew blew horns, fired gu n s , etc., to g u id e h im h o m e , b u t without avail. Morning returned, and Lev made his way home just as the crew were turning out for breakfast. Hungry, wet and tired, he sat down in front of the big camiJ-lire, x-ested his face on his hands, his hands on his knees, looked vacantly at the blaze, and for fire by rubbing two sticks toget “Oh, yes,” replied several; “easy enough to do. Common thing,” etc. Lev waited patiently till they all got through, and then exclaimed: “ It may be easy enough to do, and, perhaps, has been done, but I ’ll be eaten alive if anybody ever did it in one night. ”— Argonaut. Piercing Children’s Ears. “You would be surprised if you could see the uumbex-, of mothers who come here to have the ears of their female in fants pierced,” said a Gratiot avenue jeweler, as he pinched the soft, pink iobe-iittached to the head of a good-look-, ing young woman. “I cannot under stand why a mother should want her three or four-year-old babe sub]ected to such a practice, which is of itself- bar barous, but it is no use refusing them, SO I perforate their auricular organs for twenty-live cents a pair. The age of six- .teen is as early as a girl should wear ear ornaments. “Is the operation painful ? To g^own ------- 'is . B ut tin ----- -- th e lob e up !i my iiidej iihe blood to the top of the efir and re notice persons, yes. Bu in cases of infants, by rolling the lobe upon the ball of i -thuaib with my index-finger I <lrive e the top of th e < ear the subject jdways experiences more or less pain,, while the puncturing of the left ear is attended by little, if .any, painful ejffects .”—Detroit Tribune. A Cruel <^x-Drivcr^sr Boomerang. ^ An ox-driver named Samuel Poormah \becameuecame enraged,nraged, att Lima,Ohio,ima,Ohio, becauseuse e a L beca his team could not pull the load he had piled on his wagon, and beat the oxen in a cruel manner. Finally he tied a large knot in the end of his whiplash ' and declared he would knock the ani mals’ eyes out. Poorman swung the lash high in the air and brought it down with all hispow-er, but his aim was poor. He missed the brutes, but struck bis own head, and the knot was buried in his right eye, comiDlefcely' destroying it. NOTES AND COMMENTS. rwENTi million five hundred thousand dollars have been already raised for the New York aqueduct. Originally the work was to have cost about half the sum al ready raised. L ieu t e n ant S chwatka , the Arctic ex plorer, has been lecturing in Iowa on his arctic experience. He says that he expects to make an expedition into the mountains of Northern and Western Mexico in the spring. business himsd Cobb sent a check for $1,000 to each one of hio nieces. To some men this would not mean much, but as Mr. Cobb is the uncle of thirty-two separate and distinct nieces, his little experience as Santa Clause cost him the snug sum of $32,000. E igh - teen States in the Union have adopted scientific temperance education laws, and Congress has passed a law which insures tlie instruction of youth in principles of temperance in the schools of the Territories, the District of Columbia, and the military and naval schools. These results are due to the efforts of the Women’s Christian Tem perance Union, which devotes much energy, time, and money to the work. T hb Rev. Madison C. Peters hM been alcohol habit seldom reform. “In New York city in ten years, of 133,000 per sons arrested for intoxication, 66,000 Multitudes of women lal thing to see balls, dinners, and at fashionable restaurants so over powered by an old-fashioned drunk that they can hardly sit up.’* T he International Labor Ooi be held in Paris next August, Universal Exposition, Paris Conference of ring the was originally .f 1886, called by th e ____ __________ ____ at which England, Germany, France, Austria, Belgium, Sweden and Australia were represented.' The Congress was endorsed at the London conference of November. A pro BW being arrange organizations in all pari world are invited to send delegates. A number of .American bodies'will be rep resented in the Congress. T he iron industries are confrovted by the evident fact that railroad construc tion in 1889 will be small as compared with that, of the two last years. Judging from current accounts, last year was not. so favorable for the iron and steel mak-- ers, though this may be taken with some allowance. How fat the natural de mand, of the cofintry will provide a-ma^ ket for the output Of iron, or to what ex tent the building of short branch lines will make a market for steel rails, are questions on the solution of which the prosperity of thl^s'e departments depends; A WxoanNG jury has found a verdict in favor of a territorial pioneer who sold an Eastern capitalist a ranch and a b u n c h o f cattle said to n u m b e r 2,500, only 1,300 of ivhieli could be found on the round-up. The verdict indorses the “book account” system of determining the number of cattle on a range without tallying. The defense was that the hard winter accounted for the loss of the missing cattle. This book account sys tem bas been accountable for the failure of a great many Eastern and foreign capitalists and syndicates who have in vested in Western cattle rauches. F or some time past certain ladies th r o u g h o u t the cou n try have been inter ested in plans lookiug to the organiza tion of a National committee of women, who shall collect funds for the purpose of having a superb portrait of Mrs. Cleveland painted for the White House. For several reasons it has been thought well to put her jmrtrait Inside those now in the executive mansiop, and the informal plans are to have a full length p ictu r e taken in her bridal dress. Women of both political parties are to be asked to assist in securing this por trait, which is to be done by a promi nent painter, and be framed in a gorge ous frame befitting the gem it will con- S hipbuelding in Maine, which has dragged along at a dull pace for several years past, has finally taken a boom, and the maritime populace is happy. The freight market has steadily improved for a year past, not only in the coast wise trade, but in deep-water businc and new construction has received great impetus. The record of 1888 in tlie shipyards of Maine, although it will be far surpassed by that of the coming year, is no mean showing, as will be seen from the appended sum mary of the new vessels launched in the various districts : Eighteen schooners, one bark, one steam bark, two s*eam yachts, one steamboat, and one steam tug—twenty-four vessels; total tonna 10,035,83. ________________ T h e r e are many persons in Now York city who carry their belief in the preternatural gifts of the medical pro fession to a degree that is almost incred ible. A famous oculist told a Star writer the other day that he frequently has callers who want the color of their eyes changed. They are chiefly foolish young women whose eyes are not of becoming hue. One lady, who ought t have known better, wanted her eyes re colored to match an elaborate evening toilet she intended to wear at a fashion able reception. When be explains to them, as lie always does, the utter hope lessness of such a request, they gener ally discredit his statements, and go away with the firm belief that he is an arrant impostor. n e a r relative of President elect how th( historic gold son gives the following account of he latter got into possession of the Historic gold medal voted to Major- General Wm. Henry Harrison by Con gress in recognition of his victory over the British at the battle of the Thames: The medal was in possession of Scott Harrison, fatlier of the President-elect, and at the outbreak of the civil war he ever would ^rst earn the title of Major- General should be rewarded with the gift of the precious heirloom. There were - three sons—Irwin, Bassett and Ben, Irwin was promoted to be a Colonel, Bassett reached the rank of Captain, but only Ben reached the Major-Generalship. And so Ben was rewarded. ________________ T h e metropolis is called the ‘*city of magnificent distances,” it contains a vast amount of wealth and at the same time contains a vast amount of wretch edness and poverty. Among its gorgeous residences and magnificent institutions it has what is called “ A Winter’s Night Lodging House,” where an unfortunate and friendless traveler may find shelter and temporary rest. No drunken per son or chronic pauper or one vermin- ridden is admitted. It is rather design ed for extraordinary cases of the be nighted and homeless poor. It is stated that on the night before last Christmas there stood shivering before the door of this house a long line of homeless ones, asking admission. Seventy-eight home less ones slept in that house on that night. Some had seen better days, some were victims of injustice and wrong, all were unfortunate, poor and homeless. of course. It may not bo unsatisfactory in one way to American dairymen, who nossiblv make more money by making _ _____ point of view, never be lost sight of in the eager pur suit of lucre. The different in the butter market is beyond question due to some extent to the large trade done in oleo oil, of which 300,460 hundredweight was sent abroad in 1888, against about half as much in 1880. Another reason, which is more satisfactory, is that American butter has so much improved in quality of late years, since the exten sion of creameries and the use of im proved methods in private dairies, that it is too good for the foreign markets, which demand butter of cheap grades.” F rank G. C arpenter says in one of his entertaining letters that there are but “ few rich Japanese! The rule here ment, and they spend all they They have in the past had no chance lor the investment of money except in lands and the saving done has been largely for rebuilding their houses in cases of &es, which are very frequent. Dr. Hep- thought on the average to last only five years before it is destroyed by fires. The framework and interiors are like tinder, and whole villages are swal lowed up almost monthly in Japanese conflagrations. The people are the BEFORE PETERSBURG. Kcinarlcanie D i s p l a y s of Personal Courage in the Civil War. The fight before Petersburg, writes General Horatio. C. out several ren sonal 'courage, ed each other with sullen and deter mined bravery. On Burnside's front the Confederate -lines, were less than 150 yards distant. A stone might be thrown from the Union parapet into the rebel earthwork. For nearly a . month 400 patriotic moles had - been burrowing in the ground, carrying out the earth in iiy suspecting foe. Night and day work goes on, and all hearts are' centeired on the project if successful will ihsi the capture of Petersburg and, i n ' probability, the fall of Richmond. The evening of July 29 is at hand, and under the le mre ' all” T^e T h e Castle Garden (New York) report shows that the immigration of last year from the kingdom of Sweden and Nor way was over 7,000 greater than that from Ireland. It ran as high as 51,649. The great mass of the Swedes and Nor- weigans, as soon as thi / landed here, struck out for the West, a large propor tion of them going as far as Dakota, which within recent years has become a favorite region of settlement for them. It is their desire to procure land for cul tivation, and they like to settle closely together, but they quickly become Americanized. Wisconsin, Kansas and Minnesota used to be their chosen States, but the price of farms there is now high for them*!. The small pop ulation of their native kingdom has suf fered a very heavy depletion daring the last quarter of a century by the constan outflow to the United States, and there have been many projects for retaining the people at home, but all efforts to do so are nullified by the letters Sent there by the iminigrants, who have secured prosperity in this country. Tft?. .xecqi|iraendatip 2 5 . made. to. ^thc, Treasdzy. l^jpartment by< Babxing; Sea oustoms officials for the establishment of permanent life-saving stations at Point Barrow and Cape Lisburne deserve care ful consideration. Every season, says the New York Tribune, more than 1,500 American seamen are exposed to the perils of treacherous Arctic fl(>es in the whale fisheries off Herald Island. Last summer fifteen or more vessels were cau g h t ia th e ice early in Sep tem b e r an d narrowly escaped the horrors of the Jeannette’s northwest prssage. If there ----- - ------- aanent -----' lied ev relays of men, many liv< would be saved. iSeveral rescues of ship wrecked crews were effected during the seasons when Point Bai-row was occu pied by one of the international com panies of meteorologicaliobservers. Last year Captain Healey, of the Revenue Marine Service, su c c e e d in delivering 1 ^ seamen from imminent peril in those waters. There is work of this nature to be done every year in that quarter. Con gress should enable the Department to establish at least two life-saving stations on the northernmost shores of the Unit ed States. Americans of the first half of the centu ry lived and worked from the variation of currency in the different States. Very often a bill of an Illinois bank would not circulate in New England. You had to take it to a broker, and pay perhaps ten per cent, of its value in exchange for bills which would circulate.’ This diffi culty was removed when, in the first year of the civil war, Mr. Chase, with the authority'of Congress, introduced a National bank isystem. Nobody cares BOW whether his ^eenback is issned^in Illinois or in Oregon or in New York. Whafr-young readers may hot have no-’ iiced is that bank bills «re mnch less used than Riey were of necessity in those then. The change oomM from the thtie-^ graph. And the illustration, which I take from the. experience of our own States, applies precisely to the commerce of the world. If a traveler went from Boston to Illi nois in the year 1835, perhaps to buy wool in Ohio, in Indiana or Illinois, ^e would have taken, perhaps, a belt con ta in in g silv e r dollars t o t h e f u l l am o u n t which he wanted to use. Perhaps he would take New England bank bills. Gov. SwiNEFORD, of Alaska, says the Boston Adxertieer^ has been unmerciful ly ridiculed for predicting that the man- moth, alive and well, will ere long be found in the interior of the vast, unex plored peninsula of which he is the ter* ritorial executive. There have recently been published two or three stories, ap parently independent of each other in their origin, which bis excellency can not fail to find very consoling to his of the strange monsters are given^ and, although the language is crude and tbe narrators admit that they themselves were too frightened to make very close examinations, it must be said tlmt the beasts are either uiammoth or humbugk. Most people,except Governor Swineford, laugh at such stories. At Sitka these remarkable revelations are commonly explained on the ground that the native^ . , ,ases filled jeculiar to ernor a chance. He may yet a mammoth. A cc o r d in g to the New York Times^ “ Oleomargarine,.lard, and other nefar ious adulterations hav^spoiled Our trade in cheese. It-has been notorious for 0 years past that good cheese was ““ exceedingly difficult to procure in the ^ United States, and,that it has constantly to lost ground .in the English market be cause of its inferior quality. And while have been falling into a d<moralized idition, the C.'inadians have manufacturinganufacturing thehe bt.8lest condition, byby m t b poss quality and by refraining from the of adulterants. The result is a ma quality. And while a into a de ible matter ve beaten early mot match is t ^plied. ^ „ past, and the troops rest impatjhnt and inquiring upon their arms. Th< pense is painful. Minutes seem 1ours, most careless people in regard to fishes I ever seen, and there are no fire depart ments to speak of out of the four or five large cities. This danger has thus'been an incentive to saving, but above this there is little. Seven-tenths of the peo ple at a to mou banks which have been fair to teach them differently. Inter est is high and the banks make money. There is not a large government debt, and the most of the debt is held at home.” Financial Methods of To-day. of the ^luth C o r p s advanced to the torn on the 30th. of July the to be ap But daylight is ’ impatient and us. The sus- 3 seem h and yet nq unusual sound ^sturbe the peace oL that July morning.. A t last two heroic spirits, a commissioned and a non-commissioned officer of the Forty- eight Pennsylvania, volunteer to dnter the mine and learn the Danse of the de lay or failure. It seemed almost certain death for them to enter the tunnel. The explosion is liable to occur at any mo ment and blow them to atoms, but they went in. The fuse was found defective, and was earthquake, and through the earth thrown high in air the exploding powder ^ dazed like lightning, casting a lurid glare upon the confused mass of dis mantled guns, shattered caissons, amok-' ing camp equipage and mangled human bodies. Simultaneously the order to charge rang out, and the third division of the Ninth slaughter. T1 paralyzed with fear and panic stricken,. scattered in all directions. The oOn- The New England banks had invented a system of mutual exchange which gave their bills a somewhat national reputa tion. If he could get them he would take the bills of the United States Bank in Philadelphia. But this bank and all other banks in the country failed in the year 1837. For some time» then,, it was a most difficult thing to remit money or “value” from one part of the nation to another. In d e e d , th a t d ifficulty alone showed that it was not yet a “nation.” plosion had converted the fort the troops were huddled. There was a strange and inexplicable delay^ which gives the enem' ^ The i crater w;itl advance is met witli a courage- born of despair. A general advance of the corps was ordered. - The Fifty-first has men, forward. Waving e h o o ^ r Wftir M i t o Suoli w a s the fate nf the- heroic Capt. oamwel H- Sims, of the Fifty-first Now York Volunteers. Biting The Eiiigcr Nalls. ^ ■ “A novel incident resulting from a h a b it o f very com iuon p revalence; a m o n g nervous people was brought to my no tice recently,” said p leading physician danger and the difficulty connected lyith carrying SO much money, which could be stolen at any time of'day day or night. You can imagine the anxiety, the real ther*“ ” ........... be s to l^ at any time of or night. All of this is now changed. Let a purchaser travel North, South, East or West, if he takes fifty dollars with him he is amply provided for a journey of whatever length or for purchases how ever large. He has simfplj to carry with him some letters by which, in any Inrgd town in the country, he may identify himself. Suppose he arrives at Duluth and makes a purchase; he wishes to pay at once; he goes to some banker in Du luth and ^ves his name, and shows a letter of introduction from a banker in an entire stranger he y reproducing this au tograph for the Duluth banker. He offers to the'' D uluth banker his own check on a Boston bank. The Duluth man then asks the Boston bank if this check is * ‘good”—that is, whether they will honor it. They say that it is, and the traveler has his money. If they say it is not be is arrested for fraud and sent to prison. .What the telegraph gives is the opportunity to any man to travel or to do busine^ ■with as little actual money as he needs for personal purposes from day to day.— 2/eio York Graphic. A MATTER OF TASTE. A t o counter over wtnen a charming young saleswoman presided, asked: “Have you g o t‘John Halifax? “No,” was the saleswoman’s reply, “we’re just out of ‘John Halifax,’ bul here is ‘John Nicholson,’—will that do ?” The lady thought it wbnld not do. But the little saleswoman was deter mined to effect a sale. So she went on; “Do .you like deep books, ma’am? Here’s ‘Ten Thousand Leagues Undei the Sea’—that’s a very deep novel.”— Pittsburo Dispatch, dy, a day or two ago, went into a itore w h e r e th e y are sellin g books nderfully cheap, and, approaching i inter over which a charming youni -previously she iiad been taken with a very severe attack of sore throat. Which was treated by the family physician. Under his care; she said, the iuflamnla- tion quickly sutisided, but there still re mained a sensation of irritation. Ex- to the left other parts The little mass could not be detached by a cottoh-covered probe, but by the use of forceps it was easily removied, and op examination proved to . be a pieqe of finger-nail which had become embedded ■ in a cheesy deposit. A broken piece or the nail was also removed from tvndet the mucous membrane at the same spof by h sharp pointed probe, “The lady then confessed to the habit of biting her finger-nails, and moreover could remember that a day or two pre vious to her throat trouble a piece of nail she had bitten off had become lost in her mouth, but aft>-r it had caused a fit of coughing she had forgotten all about it until reminded by the d^^v- ery.” _ _______ ' Eiii*<pcan ’ Libraries. The European country which poBsei^- aes the largest number of public librar ies is, sa.YS the IJhraay Journal, Auatria. In Austria there aro no fewer than 577 public libraries, containing 5,375,.000 volumes, without reckoning maps and manuscripts—a total which comes out a t 26 vohim es^per l(X )of th e p o p iilation. France possesses 500 public liferariqs, coutaining 4,598,000 volumes and 135,- 000 manuscripts, or 12 volumes per 100 of the inhabitants; Itely ranking next with 493 libraries^ 4,3-49,000 volumes and 330,000 manuscripts, or 16 volumes per 100. In Germany the public librar ies number 398, containing 2,640,000 volumes and 58,000 'manuscripts, or 11 volum e s per hundred. G reat Britain posses.ses only 200 public libraries ac cording to these statistics, volumes numbering 2,871,000, and the mahu- scripts 26,000. There are 14.5 libraries in Bussia, with 925,000 volumes and ■ 24,000 manuscripts, or a fraction -over one volume to 100 persons. It is uote- Avortiiy th a t in B a v a r ia alo n e th e public libraries number 169, with 1,363,000 and 24.000 manuscripts.