I. / LITERATUKE. (Written for the Adrane«.J •TAJTD IT YOU* OOtTFTRT. \ stand I thr ^round'a yonr own, my brtret— \ Will y« $[\vv> U ap to Will >«< look for greener ' Hope yp tnwrrj iitlil V y»«, utmul by your country, freemen of the North I he boon of (hnao h<>r<>e* of Immortal worth, 'hoM<< mtiui'x on the record of fame *hall descend, ill tliif with the history of nation* nhall end. P mini <>f iho Patriot* undaunted and trim hotiuh pilcolonw the bo<»n 'tin entrusted to you. yp. KUIMI by hrarn LINCOLN, your ronntry to or Klorv. (»\»\. honor— your delimit reward ! rum t lie hull* of the nation In heard th« war-cry, Tnarm*'\ mid each heating hrnrt tfclgna the rp|.U. To iirnidf\ till It* deep thunder tone* rend the air. • * iMir i outttry and frp«dont or donth and despair! Tbp «tar« and the Rtrlpea—yea, onr pride and renown • And woo to the traitor who trample\ them down '\ rm. rrppiiioii! at treason to Mriko the death- blow ' r Hh vonr veteran warrior, ROOTT, force the foe - ho spirit of llbprty, thrtUtngth* North, railing h«r patriot warrior* forth o mi'ci them your fm-it they are brother* no miin ' ttt traitor*, Imbruing their hand» in your gore ! nd «ttiinini! the banner, the atar spangled eheet — hrtt i>i<>\nllv wavpK o'er us unknown In defeat t P nm-t iii.pt them a« rebels who dare to Invade onr ronntry your homes mid your country de- Krn«lt' ' 'ho \m< rlran liberties neek to o'erlhrow, nd the Ktund MAUN A CHARTA in dust to lay low! hen L-ixl on your armor- come forth in your nd \Rliiin(lv battle for \ tfod and the right!\ enntili tin- proud folds of the banner still Jour*., ulttxi and «troug In the faith that endows* I TIIP llmid and thu Writing arc aeen on the YVHll ' ' Tli- i|inrt-4iior ia doomed and the traitor must full •\ hen on to the content! brnvo hearU and atrong h.iii<Ut \w flr-t i%nd the foremost onr honor demands I ur ronntry Is bleeding ! aye, stabbed to the core! pr IM-MM-H are struggling for freedom once more! i the < IIIISP of humanity, liberty light, n' on to the contest, and \ (Jod speed the rlyht ?\ hough nobly ye sleep In the soldier's rude «rn*«, til o«-r you in triumph the banner shall wave, hllo riillllonii of freemen the anthem will raise, Our Country's redeemed! to (lod give the April, trifll. M. H. P. LEXIHGTOW AXD BALTMORX. AIMI11. Iff, 1770--AFUII. 19, 1801. Hix years ago thin month, Theodore nrkn was on trial in Boston, for assist- ig the (m'H^ of the negro Him*. In his riVti-;«-, prepared for delivery before the try, lie drew the subjoined picture of the rwt hVhl of the Revolutionary War at .exitiKton. On the tftth of April, 1801, t Hullimore, MajMuu'huHcttft shed the first loud III defoncoof freedom, as he did at ii\inj'«'ij on the name day of the month n 17.-V Mr Parker told the story of the first low iti these words. \ I dirw my first breath in a little town <it tin <»lf a poor little town where the •inner * and mechanic* first unsheathed hat revolutionary sword, which, after iffht \rnrs of hewing, clove asunder the Jouli in knot that Inmnd America to the lriti»li yoke. One raw morning in Spring it will be eighty yearn the 10th day of hi* month- Hancock and Adams, the lost i uncI Aaron of that great dcliver- nee, won* both at Lexington; they ob- triK ••<! mi oHicer with brave words.— Jutish -inhlirrH, a thousand strong, came O *ei/«- tliem and carry them over the \•% for Mini, and HO nip the bud of free- irti, umpU'UiuHly opening in that early i \ Th< town militia came together before IHVIIKII' i<>r training. A great, tall man, vitti L liitgc head and a wide brow, their upturn one who had seen servieo—mar- Imllt.l ihcin into line, numbering but vvntty, au<l bade 'every man load his )ic< «• willi powder and, ball.' 'I will or- ler t lie first man shot that runs away,' aid he when some one faltered. ' Don't \rv u.tlv-m fired upon, but if they want to unc \ war, let it begin here.' 4t <it-ntlemen, you know what followed ; hot*- tumiers and mechanics fired the .hot lii-iud round the worl<). A little nonunient coven* the bones of such as M'forr pledged their fortunes and their »aerrd lumor to the freedom of America, in<l that day gave it also their lives. I w;iM bom in that little town, and bred imong the memories of that day. When i boy, my mother lifted me up one Hun- liiy, in her religious, patriotic arms, and iirld Mir where 1 read the first monument- al line I ever saw : -'SirllKli TO LtMCRTY AND TUB HlOIITB or MANKIM>.\ ' Since then I have studied the raemo- •iul timrblesof Greece and Koine, in many in ancient town ; nay, on Egyptian obe- i*kn have read what was written before he Ktnnal rained up Moses to lead Israel mi of Kgypt; but no chisseled stone has •ver -ttirred me to such emotions as those •imt ir names of men who fell 'IN TIIK HACRRP CAUSK or GOD AND TIIEIK COITNTHT.\ 1 (ientleinen, the spirit of Lilwrty, the Jove of Justice was early fanned into a flume in my boyish heart. The monu- •itent covert the l>one» of my own kins- folk , it WM their blood which reddened VOL. 1. OGDENSBURGH, FRIDAY, MAY 3, 1861. NO. 9. the long green gram at Lexington. It is ray own name which stands chiseled on that ft tone; the tall captain who mar- shalled his fellow-farmers and mechanics into Htcrti array, and spoke such brave and dangerous words as opened the war of American Independence—the last to lonve the field—was my father's father.— 1 learned to read out of his bible,, and with a musket ho that day captured from the foe I learned that l Heuistance to op- pression is OIKMHence to God.' • 4 1 keep them both, 4 sacred to Liber- ty and the rights of mankind,' to use them both 4 in the sacred cause of God and my country.' \ MILITARY AlfD WAYA1 III VEMT101PB* [Prom the Scientific American.] The inventive faculty of the country, roused to extraordinary activity by the in- tense mental excitement pervading the community, will now l>e directed to an un- UBiial extent to improvements in imple- ments of war and in all mechanism con- nected with naval and military operations. Of the thousand elements in this broad field of invention, the most prominent at the present time are rifled cannon and the iron plating of ships. The two great military powers—England and France— after expending hundred* of thousands of dollars in experiments, have adopted both of these important improvements; while oar own government, which, notwith- standing its peaceful policy, usually occu- pies the front rank in the quality of ita small army and navy, is strangely behind in the movement. The rifle cannon of the French army are loading at the muzzle, while the Brit- ish covernment ha-* adopted the breech- loading gun invented by Armstrong; though, since the recent astounding revela- tions in regard to that famous weapon, it is probable that its use will be abandoned, and the British goverement also will adopt the simpler pieces which are loaded at the muzzle. A great deal of attention has been given by English inventors to the forms of the rifle grooves; whether they should be rectangular, triangular or round- ed—whether they should be broad or nar- row, few or many, &c.; and many of these points remain entirely unsettled. The plating of ships too, notwithstand- ing the fact that both nations are cxnend- ing millions of dollars upon these shields, is regarded by the most intelligent Eng- lish engineers as still open for experiment and improvement. A great deal of dis- cussion has l>een expended upon plans for making the sides ot the ships which were to bear these plates sloping; it being as- certained that a much thinner plate is re- quired to turn away a shot striking at an angle, than will resist a perpendicular im- pact. It is easy to conceive of numerous modifications of this idea by which in- clined plates will be offered to the recep- tion of the shot. One plan invented in England is to have the plates fastened upon independent floats, to be carried by the sides of the ship; and the intellect of the nation seems to be teeming with an endless variety of ideas in connection with the subject. Hut the rifling of cannon and the plat- ing of ships arc only two of an innumera- ble multitude of details connected with naval and military mechanism. The shot, the wad, the cartridge, the lock, the gun carriage, the cartridge box, the tent and tent equipage, the cooking appara- tus, preserved meats and other provisions, and, in short, everything relating to the operations, the armanents and the sup- plies of navies ami armies will l>e exam- ined with eager scrutiny, by both com- prehesivo and acute intellects, in earnest efforts to make some improvements, either in their general plans or in their minute < let ails. It is very important for the country to have the military operations carried on with the greatest possible efficiency; and all of these inventions which are really valuable ought to be promptly adopted. It is impossible for the responsible officers of the government to devote their tinio to examining the various schemes offered; and we would suggest to the administra- tion the appointment of a competent com- mission for this purpose. There can hardly be a doubt that such a commission, if the members were properly selected, would contribute immensely to the efficiency of our naval and military operations, and would save its expense to the country a thousandfold. SIZE OF THE UtEBICAH FLAG. The standard of flags for the army is fixed at six feet six inches in length by four feet four inches in width ; the num- ber of stripes is thirteen—seven red, and •ix white. The blue field for the stars is the width and square of the first seven stripes—four red and three white, and these stripes ex- tend from the extremity of the field to the end of the flag. The eighth stripe is white and forms a pleasant relief to the blue ground of the field. The number of the Ktars ia thirty-four ; one being added on the ndmirtMon of each state. TO THE VOLITNTEEBa. \ An old Soldier '' sends to the Ecening Pont the following scraps of advice for yonng volunteers: 1. Remember that in a campaign more men die from sickness than by the bullet. S. Line your blanket with one thick, ness of brown drilling. This addrt but four ounces iu weight and doubles the warmth. 3. Buy a small India rubber blanket (only $1 50.) to lay on the ground, or to throw over your shoulders when on guard duty during a rain storm. Most of thu eastern troops are provided with these. Straw to lie upon is not always to be had. 4. The best military hat in use is the light colored soft felt; tho crown being sufficiently high to allow space for air over the brain. You can fasten it up as a con- tinental in fair weather, or turn it down when it i» wet or very sunny, 5. Let your beard grow, BO as to pro- tect the throat and lungs. G. feeep your entire person clean; this prevents fevers and howel complaints in warm climates. Wash your l>ody each day if possible- Avoid strong coffee, and oily meat. General Scott said that the too free use of theae (together with ne- glect in keeping the body clean) cost many a soldier his life in Mexico. 7. A sudden check of perspiration by chilly or night air often causes fever and deatli. When thus exposed do not for- get your blanket. A NOBLE MASSACHUSETTS WOMAK. In one of the companies attached to the regiment of Col. Jones, which left Boston on Thursday evening, was a new- ly enlisted recruit, the eldest, son of a widow in' one of the country towns, and who followed her son to the city to take a last look at him until he returns from the war. She did not come at all to urge him to return to his peaceful home and pursuits, but rather to cheer him with a mother's blessing. Fearing that her son might want for money during his absence, the noble-hearted woman rained a sum of money by the sale of a cow that she owned, and being admitted inside the lines just before the troops left the State IIoiiRe, she pressed the money upon her boy. It is almost needless to say that her offer was declined, as the Massachusetts troops will come to no want. Such self-devotion and patriotism is, worthy of the mothers of the revolution. The wba Captured. NKW-OKLKANH, April 25.—The steamer Cahawba of the New-Orleans and New- York line was seized this morning by the citizens, under Capt. Schrine, on their own responsibly, but was afterwards re- leased by order of Gov. Moore, who re- ceived his instructions from the Confede- rate Government, disapproving ot any obstructions to commerce in Southern ports. The collector of New-()rlc»ns has iwen notified to the same effect. Orders have also been sent to the collector at Galvcston to raise the embargo of that point, the general government alone hav- ing such power. The Cahawba will sail this evening for New-York, full of freight and passengers. She is owned principal- ly in New-Orleans and Mobile, and was seized on the ground of expediency, and not out of retaliation. Gov, Moore, in reply to a dispatch in regard to the seiz- ure of boats and other Southern property in the Ohio River, has l>cen instructed by the government at Montgomery, to wait until the reports are continued, and then only to retaliate by seizing property be- langing to citizens of Ohio. From Baltimore. ' PHILADELPHIA, April 25, 4 P. M.—A large number of B<iinoreans arrived here, who say that money in large amounts has been raised on bonds, and that the military are constantly drilling. Troops will be fired upon from private houses if they attempt to pass through. BALTIMORE, April 25.—The Baltimore Sun says that the Federal Government is rapidly reinforcing Washington via An- napolis. A gentleman from Norfolk yesterday passed five ships, supposed to contain U. S. troops. The 1st detachment had passed An- napolis Junction yesterday noon. It was about 2,500 strong, and composed in part of the 7th regiment of New-York. A 3d detachment of 8,000 men were abont to move from Annapolis to Wash- ington. Scouting parties and a regular line of videts had been thrown out, whilst a full battery was posted on the right. , April 25.—The frigate St. Lawrence will be ready for aea in two weeks. The steamer bnilt as consort of the Ha- buua, recently seized at New-Orleans, is purchased by the Government here, and is fitting out for a gun boat. A gentleman who passed through Wil- mington, N. C, Saturday last heard from the conductor that arrangements are lie- ing made to convey troops from Charles- ton to Richmond, 70.000 men being on the way. The Baltimore Sun, says the special election in Baltimore was a mere form as there wns no opposition. There is no confirmation of the reported attack on Fort Pickens, but the rumor continues to receive credence in some quar- ters. The Portsmonth (Va.) Transcript of Tuesday, says dispatches received last night, give important and glorious news. Fort PickenH was taken by the South.— The loss on our side is said to be heavy. One dispatch states the loss on side of the South at 2500 men, but the victory is ours. Arrest of Gen, Harney* BxiiTiHOKR, April 20, 2 r. M.—Gov. Hicks and a deputation started for Fred- erick this morning where the Legislature met. His message will be sent in to- morrow. Appearances indicate that the Union men are more hopeful. From an eye-witness we learn that Bush river bridge was fired last evening evening after sundown and totally des- troyed. Some parties poured spirits of turpentine upon it, and in a short time it was a vast sheet of flames. The tide was at low water mark, and it burnt to the water's edge. It was expected that gun- powder bridge will share the same fate to-night. Gen. Harn«y was arrested at Harper's Ferry last night. Doubts are expressed as to the correctness of the information, but the party who brought the news claims to have witnessed it. He says that Gen. H. was taken by a detachment of Virginia troops at half-past two this morning. Gen. II. left Wheeling for the purpose of reporting at head-quarters.— Before the train reached Harper's Ferry a number of troops got on a platform and passed through the cars, and the General was pointed out and taken into custody. He was in citizens' dress, and treated very courteously. There is no doubt but that as soon as the executive of Virginia be- comes acquainted with the fact, General Hartley will IKJ released, as in a similar case at Richmond the other day. In the western section of Baltimore four flags were raised, one on Federal Hill and one in the eastern section of the city,— The city authorities say the act was com- mitted without their authority. Selsur* of Armi f &c, by the Illinois Volunteer*. CHICAOO, April 26.—The Illinois troops have struck a great blow at the Seces sionists of Missouri. Acting under or- ders of the President of the II. 8., an ex- pedition of Illinois volunteers crossed the river to St. Louis last night and advanced upon the Federal Arsenal, at St. Louia, and brought away immense stores of ar- tillery, ammunition and small arms, which had beeen stored there by the United States. The amount of Federal property thus rescued from the hands oi the Se- cessionists is of grc^t value. Among the articles rescued were 21,000 stand of small arms and a park of artillery. Then; was no fighting. An Arml«tlee RICHMOND, Va., April 27.—It is re- ported here that a dispatch Uas been re- ceived by Governor Letchcr from Cam- eron, Secretary of War, enquiring whether if he came to Richmond he would be pro- tected, his purpose being to oak for an armistice for sixty days. ldamaeniMetts Troops. BOSTON, April 26. Information has been received at head-quarters, that Col. Lawrence's command, embracing the 5th and a portion of the 7th Massachusetts regiment of Infantry, together with Capt. Cook's light artillery, and Major Dennis' rifle battalion, have arrived safely at An- napolis, without resistance. , April 25.—The Rail- road Company are using their utmost en- deavors to repair the bridges destroyed on their road. The City Council have raised the war appropriation bill to $350,000. HAVRE DE GRACE, April 25.—Bullet- ines received here yesterday speak of the elections as progressing quietly, and the number of votes comparatively small. A heAvy mail was sent to Washington by Express, Rail Road communication being stopped. Movement* or Troop*. NEW-HAVEN, April 25.—A company of 250 men has l>een raised here, and start for Washington to-morrow on board the steamer II. Si. Lewis. . ST. Lot'IS, April 25.—Considerable ex* citement prevails among merchants and steamboat men to-day, in consequence of the reception of a despatch from the Sec- retary of the Treasury to the surveyor of this port, instructing him to grant no more clearances for Mississippi, Alabama and Louisiana. As steamboats in the Mississippi never take out clearances, the despatcn was not understood. The: Sur- veyor has taken no uction on the matter, and shipments continue South as hereto- fore. The common council of Palmyra, Mo., have made an appropriation for a home guard, for the defence of the city. LOUISVILLE, April 25.—Maj. C. H. Fry denies the statement that he lias resigned bis position in the Federal army. The proposition has been made by the Governor of Kentucky to the Governor of Ohio that the Governors of the Border States propose to the United States Gov- ernment to become arbitrators, being the connecting parties in the present difficul- ties. WHKKLINO, Va., April 25.—The Bell & Everett Convention of this Congressional district met in this city to-day, and ac- cepted the nominee of the Douglas Demo- crats, W. G. Brown, of Preston County, as their candidate for Congress. A reso- lution was adopted, approving the nomi- nation. DOVER, April 26.—Gov. Burton has is- sued a proclamation, calling out troops to defend the Union. PHILADELPHIA, April 25.—The latest intelligence from Annapolis says that the road is open to Washington, and that five regiments had reached the city, inclu- ding the Pennsylvanians. Fir*. ELMIUA, April 26.—A destructive fire occurred at Havana last night. Observa- tory Block, owned by Choc. Cook, valued at f 10,000 was destroyed. The printing office, two dry goods stores, and several offices were among the places consumed. The library of the People's College, val- ed at $20,000, was also destroyed. Insu- rance fa,ooo. , April 36. -It is report- ed that an attack was made by a party of Marylanders on Hanover Village, York County, on Tuesday last, occasioned by a great stampede of negroes. Reliable accounts say that whole Families are ar- riving at Adams, York and Franklin CoUnties in this State, occasioning the total loss of slaves by Maryland since the troubles began of about 500. Great fears arc entertained in the Bor- der counties of Maryland of the depart- ure of the entire slave population, HARRISBTTKGII, April $7.—Five car loads of fugitives arrived to-day. Steamboat Captured. PHILADELPHIA, April 27.—A steamboat was captured in Delaware Bay. She had recently been purchased here—supposed for the Southern Confederacy. The prize was handed over to the navy yard au- thorities. OBWEGO, April 26.—Capt. O'Brien's Company started for Blniira this after noon. They are the first from here, and are steady working men. Thousands as- sembled to see them off. Three other companies are ready to leave at a mo- ment's notice. At a gathering thu afternoon $1,600 were subscril)ed to equip and furnish side arms for officers. NEW-YORK, April 27.—The steamer Yankee appears to have gone as convoy vessel to Perrysvillc and Annapolis. Senators Foote and Wilson were pas- sengers in the Baltic. She also brought several families who had quitted Annapo- lis from apprehended attacks. Col. Harney is reported to have been arrested at Harper's Ferry, and carried to Richmond in irons. Jeff. Davis was in Montgomery on Sun- day evening. Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, remains at Annapolis, wjth the New-York 6th regiment, the 3d Massachusetts battalion ofrifles and Boston flying artillery. He has planted batteries oh the heights op- posite the town, which can destroy the city at an hour's notice. FnrtMer by th« PARIS, April 14.—The Imperial decree, deciding on certain departmental and criminal matters on prefects and subpre- fects, which have heretofore been decided by the ministers, has been issued. .Tost, April $6—The American Telegraph Company will commence re- ceiving messages from Washington this morning.' Those deposited at the office before 10 o'clock of each day, will reach Washington the same evening. Arrange- ments are being made by which it is ex pected hourly communication will be had with Washington. Tho Press will thus be aMa/to furnish to the public much fuller and reliable accounts of the state of affairs at Washing- ton, than they have done for some days past. The following dispatch was received by Postmaster Taylor this noon. The route to Washington, via Annapo- lis is now open, and we shall dispatch a train faom here daily at 11 T A. M. And a train will l>e started daily from Annapo- lii to connect with our Hue up, which will arrive here at 9| P. M. The Hails can be taken bv this route. (Signed) 8. M. FELTON, President of P. W. & B. R. R. From a gentleman just returned from t»ie south, we learn that no vessels ate permitted to leave the port of Wilming ton, N. C. and veasels loading have been obliged to discharge their cargo. The Steamer North Carolina, was an- nounced to leave Wilmington for New- York, but was stopped by the authorities and obliged to unload. The Commander of Fort Caswell at the mouth of the Cape Fear River, N. C, would not permit any vessels to pass the fort. No seizures of vessels have been made. The steamer Baltic brought a number of invalids from the New-York7th regi- ment, from Annapolis. Her pilot says the Potomac is strongly fortified on both sides. The Columbia, also from Annapolis, has arrived, and reports troops aboard the Baltic, Columbia, Cuyler and Coatzacoal- cos. Landed at Annapolis on the 84th, amidst the wildest enthusiasm. The 7th regiment marched out ten miles toward Washington, and as several volliea had been heard, it was believed that skirmishing had taken place. Throe propellers arrived at Havre de Grace on Thursday morning with eastern troops. Aft the Columbia left Annapolis yester- day morning, several sharp vollies were distinctly heard. She left at Annopolis the cutter Harriet Lane, and the steamers Coatzacoalcos, Boston and Cuyler,—the latter discharging stores. Passed off the mouth of the Potomac the steamers Marion, Alabama and James Adger. Brigs Perry, Rappahannoc and Mont- gomery. I The lights of Capes Henry and Charles were extinguished, and the light removed from its station at the mouth of the Po- tomac. The officers of the Pawnee and Colum-. bia have been taken, but the report it probably unfounded. NEW YORK. April, 27.—Washington dispatches of Wednesday state that a dep- utation of Virginians and Marylanders, waited on the President and demanded Secession of hostilities until after the as- sembly of Congress. The President's answer was prompt and decided in the negative. One of the deputations said that 75,000 Marylanders would contest the passage of troops over her soil, to which the Presi- dent replied, he presumed there was room enough on her soil to bury 75,000 men. The Pawnee was at Washington. The same correspondent says, Dr. Gar- net t, son-in law of 11, A. Wise, hat sent his wife and family to the north for safety. A large numt>cr of Virginians are in this city who have been driven out of the State because they would not take oath of allegiance to the State, The coolest thing yet proposed to the Government was that made by Gov. Hicks and Gov. Letchcr that they would jointly guarantee the safety of the capital. The Government declined such protection, probably very much to the disgust of the twin rebels of Virginia and Maryland. He met to night a gentlemnn who was compelled to flee from N. C. He says the Secessionists are carrying all before them without reference to law or order. They have driven off many people who do not sympathize in the movement and had threatened Loudlv to mob and hang Govenor Gilmer who is persistently resist- ing the tide of passiQn. NEW-YORK, April 26.-—The 11th regi- ment has received marching orders. The 79th will be able to leave on Sunday. It is said that they have received assurances from Albany that will pass through Bal- timore. A large and enthusiastic meeting of the British residents was held last night, to aid the movement to equip the British volunteer regiment. A deputation of 20 Indians arrived to- day to tender 800 warriors of the Sioux and Chippewa Indians to President Lin- coln. It it reported from Havre de Grace that an attack is threatened on Fort McHenry before Saturday night. Should it be done the city will be bombarded. Large numbers of cannon are stationed at PerryBvUle to fire upon Havre de Grace, should Maryland troops make their appearance to-day, as apprhended. New-York Bxchange. NEW-YORK, April 26.—Stocks dull and lower. In money and exchange nothing doing worthy of our notice.