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The advance. (Ogdensburgh, N.Y.) 1861-1864, May 10, 1861, Image 4

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THE ADVANCE, MAY 10,\ 1861. OGDENSBURGH, N. T. May 1O, 1831. None*.—Persons remitting money in letter* for •abtcrlptionj to the AUTAMCI will do o* » grout «Tor br writing tho mmra dlntlnrtly, »nd by <H^ tlngulsblng who are new «ub«ciibort, *nd who *rp renewing old subscriptlon«. JJewtroy it Wot.\ TR1 MLDTJEB'8 TKAB. Upon the hlil ho turned To take the taut fond took Of the T»llej and tho village church, And the cottage by the brook; He listened to the founds, Ho familiar to hln par, And the sukller leant upon hit *wor6 And brnnhrd away a tear. the cottSLT porch A rlrl was on ner kneen, Nhe held aloft a mow y scarf, Which flattered In tne breese ; . 81m breathed a prayor for him— A prayer he conhi not hear Hut he paused to bloM her, as the knelt, And wiped away a tear. He tnmed and left the spot :— Oh, do not deem him weak. For nauntlt'SM WAS the soldier's heart. Though tears were on his ckeek. Oo watch the foremost rank In danger's dark career,— fie surti the hand moet daring tbera Has wiped away a tear TBS FBOSFICT. Thirty thousand men are now in Wash- ington. What is to be done with them ? This is the all-absorbing question which agitates the public mind. The Capita) is now safe Imyond the possibility of an invasion. The hordes of Virginians, with Jeff. Davis at their head, who were to pour down upon the dovotad city, have turned out to lie myths, or at least to have been very greatly over-estimated. The intention of the Administration, as well ns we (tan gather from its words andacts, seem* to l>c to repossess itself of the pub- lic forts and other property stolen by the secessioni»ts. But how is it to be done ? It scarcely can be done by marching an army overland, for in this hot season, which in just beginning, Northern men would tall like the leaves in autumn.— Yellow fever and dysentery would kill off our men by thousands, and the South would succeed without striking a blow. I would be like the march of Napoleon and liia army into Russia, in the dead of winter. Men cannot fight against na- ture. She is too powerful for them, and they must succotnh. Hut in the meantime there is plenty to do. From all we can gather, it seems that movements arc being made into Virginia. We are glad to see this, and hope that a large number of our troops will be an once quartered in Virginia.— The election for secession or Union is to take place shortly. The presence of United States troops will strengthen the Union men, and enable them to have a hearing and fair play at the polls. Per- haps it may-nwe the traitors also, and cause doubtful men to come out boldly against treason. Norfolk navy yard must i»€ recaptured, as well as Harper's Ferry. Tho destruction of the former place by Commodore Pcndergast was an egregious piece of folly which can hardly be re- paired. There was no danger of its be- ing taken, and any attack upon ft could easily have l>een repelled by the men-of- war. If necessary, Norfolk and Ports- mouth could have Iron laid ifl ashes in two hours, and thus tho war have been •'carried into Africa.\ But having tost it, we must now retake it. Maryland must also 1MS occupied by United States troops, and communica- tion kept up through Baltimore. The blockade must lie carried on vigorously, and by fall we shall l>e ready to carry on war on their own soil. The interval can very well Iw npent in drilling our new troops, and in perfecting their organiza tion and discipline. It will do them no harm to spend a while in camp before entering into active warfare. If the block- ado Iw maintained vigorously, the South will be soon starved out, and ready to capitulate. We think this Is the most important frutnre of the summer cam- paign. The twenty days of grace granted the rebels to disperse are ended, and we can now look for energetic aggressive, measu- res this week. The Southern ports will probably be nearly all blockaded, and tho public property at Norfolk and other parts of Virginia be retaken. Thd military will also take possession of Baltimore, and thus preclude the possibility of an attack upon troops passing through that City, by the mob. We are living in stirring times, and each day is to unfold history for all time to* come. The North will now be satisfied with nothing short of a full punishment of the rebels, and a rigid enforcement of the laws. The public property must be retaken at every and all hazzards, and the American flag must float in security from ever part of our national domain. The Notth is rich in means, in men, in all resources required to carry on a suc- cessful warfare. The South is rich only in. stolen property, Impudent rebellion, and forced bonds. Virginia IKHUIH, formerly selling at a premium, and within a month command- ing nearly 80; have fallen suddenly since her secession folly to 86, and are in a fair way to drop as low as 20. And what is true of Virginia is true in a still more striking degree of all the Southern States. Her only hope, as is acknowledged by themselves to carry on a successful cru- sade against the North is to strike quick, powerfully,' and suddenly, and in unex- pected directions. The strife we predict must be a bloody one, but it must be met, and that with a degree of rigor worthy of the sons of revolutionary fathers. The prospeete now arc that the Admin- istration is fully alive to the importance of decisive action, and that the people will not be kept long in suspense. A second proclamation of tho President calls for admtlonal troops, which will speedily be engaged in active service. The government will not lack for sup- port, and if they will do their duty un- flinchingly, rebellion will bo crushed, for all time to come. * GALL FOB TROOPS. President Lincoln issued another pro- clamation on Friday, the 8d inst., calling for 88,000 more troops. Of these, 42,082 arc to be volunteers, to serve for a period of three years, unless sooner discharged, and to be mustered into service as infant- ry and cavalry. The regular army of the United States is to IKS increased by the addition of eight regiments of infantry, one regiment of cavalry and one regiment of artillery, making altogether a maxi- mntn aggregate increase of 22,714 officers and enlisted men. In addition to these, a force of 18,000 seamen are demanded for a term of not less than one or more than three years. In the mean time he earnestly invokes the co-operation of all good citizens in the measures hereby adopted for the effectual suppression of unlawful violence, for the impartial enforcement of Constitu- tional laws, and for the speediest possible restoration of peace and order, and with those of happiness and prosperity throughout our country. ^ (Signed) ABRAHAM LINCOLN. HSW-Y0U VOLUJNTKEBS. CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN GOV. MORGAN AND SEC. SB WARD. Gov. Morgan telegraphed last Tuesday as follows:— ALBANY, April 30. Hon. W. //. Seward, Washington: — Will there not be a requisition for more troops from this State ? One hundred regiments can be mustered into the ser- vice easier than they can be repressed. B. D. MORGAN. Mr. Seward replied as follows: WASHINGTON, April SO. Hon. K. Ti. Morgan, Albany: — Probably no more for three montos 1 service, but forty thonsand more volun- teers are to be accepted for three years, or during the war. The Albany regiment has arrived. All honor to New-York. WILLIAM II. SEWARD. The First Regiment of Vermont Volun- teers went into camp at Rutland on Fri- day morning, the 8d inst., at an early hour. The tents, eighty-five in number, were all up; camp fires burning, and the sentinels pacing their rounds; officers and orderlies moving about, and the whole camp having a decidedly military ap- pearance. Murmur AJTATJRA. The Mississippi river is now at its an- nual flood, and threatens the low lands with inundation. The Upper Mississippi, Ohio and Illinois rivers are unusually high, and it is expected that when the \June rise\ in the Missouri commences, a general overflow will take place. The snow has been very deep in the Missouri basin, and when the flood comes it will be terrific. A letter has been received by Tv'm. Hall A Son of New-York, from South Carolina, declining payment of a legal debt, on the ground that hostilities exist between the North and South. A firm in Memphis, Tennessee, have endeavored to escape payment through a similar channel, winding up with the ex- pression \ we are enemies in war—friends in peace.\ Tennessee, however, is \till in the Union, and we trust such matters will be dealt with as they deserve. Most mer- chants at the South claim an inability to pay. ....... . . - - • .IBM QVJJtlXRS AT WAtmrOTOH. General Sprague's Rhode Islanders, un- der command of Col. Burnside, have the most comfortable quarters that can be pro- vided. Gov. Spraguc pays all tho personal ex- penses of his men, supplies them with, clothing and gives them $10 per month additional pay from his own purse. The Massachusetts Sixth, at the Capi- tol have completed their ovens and furna ce8 for cooking and now do their own work. The sight of their operations is said to be extremely comical. The Twelfth of New-York are quartered in the old Trinity Church, sleeping in the pews. They have not fared as well as the others. There are but few men on the sick-list; and all are under good care and well pro- vided for. A sick-room has been fitted up in the Patent Office. XDDOZA. Since the announcement of the terrific earthquake burying the city of Mendoza, with thousands of its inhabitants in the ruins, there has been considerable enquiry relative to the city and its location.— Mendoza has long !>cen considered as one of the most pleasant and healthy places in the Argentine Republic, of South America, being situated on a level plain on the eastern slope of the Paramillo Range at an elevation of 2,891 feet, or over half a mile above the level of the sea. It was compact and well built, for the most part of sun-burned bricks, and contained some fine buildings, churches, convents, and a fine almeda, nearly a mile in length, shaded by rows of magnificent poplars. Almost every dwelling had a small garden or orchard attached, and everything seemed to combine to make it one of the most delightful places of resi- dence in the world; its proximity to the tropics rendering its climate an almost perpetual summer, while its great eleva- tion kept the atmosphere cool and brac- ing during the entire year. It was the entrepot for trade between Buenos Ayres and Chili, and had a population of over 12,000. Fifty-five miles from Mendoza, the celebrated mountain of Aconcagua, the most lofty of the Andes range, lifts its snow-crowned summit 28,010 feet above the level of the sea. We believe the top of this mountain has never yet been reached by man, travellers disagree- ing as to its volcanic nature, but the late earthquake would indicate that if it pos- sessed a crater, it must be of inconsider- able extent, or not sufficient to give vent to the pent up fury of the internal fires that burst forth upon the devoted city of Men- doza, and in one fell swoop launched into eternity 8,000 of her joyous and happy people. The Post-office Department, after car- rying into effect its past orders as to of- fices, will chiefly confine its action to sup- plying vacancies by death and resigna- tion, and also to removals. This *is deemed a proper tribute to the patriotism and loyalty of the people of the loya! States, in view o^lie new and controlling issues of Government. Some alarm is produced in Union cir- cles by thfc rumor that the Virginians have hit upon a plan for taking Fort Monroe which has never yet been known to fail. It is said that they propose to smuggle Floyd into it, who is expected to BSTUBHOTG &BAB0M. We are glad to see the signs of return- ing reason in Maryland, and most espec- ially in Baltimore. All our advices indi- cate that the mad reign of chaos is over, and that the sober and peaceful part of the people are regaining the ascendancy. The Legislature has refused, by a test vote of 58 to 18 to sanction the doctrine of Secession. Union meetings are held in all parts of the city, and the stars and stripes are hoisted upon all the public buildings. Little lx>ys sell penny flags in the streets, and men dare openly avow their sentiments. Throughout the rural portion of the State the same reeling is manifested, and patriotism is no longer a thing to be ashamed of. Tlje Legislature in addition has resolved that the general government has an undoubted right to send troops over their soil without any infringement upon their dignity. The merchants of Baltimore have petitioned the Legislature to rebuild the bridges that were destroyed by order of Governor nicks and by the mob. A' man has been arrested and held to bail for cntting down the flag hoisted upon one of the public buildings, and many of the notorious leaders of the mob are to l>e arrested. There are two ways by which to ac- count for this sudden and instantaneous change in public sentiment. The first is, that the mob overcame the Union men, and rendered the open expression of their sqptiments impossible until they were sulxlued. A rowdy has always an advantage over a peaceful and law-abid- ing citizen in any time of public commo- tion. The latter is afraid of the conse- quences, has more at stake, and dare not enter into personal conflict. While the former, perfectly regardless of tho law and the consequences, having nothing to 'gain or lose, and more versed in fighting, takes the law into his own hands, and for a while has the supremacy. It is like a scuffle l>etween a chimney-sweep and a Broadway dandy,—one cannoj; spoil his clothes, while the other loses if he gains the victory. But law and order are seen to triumph in the end, and the Union sen- timent which has existed secretly now comes forward openly. The other supposition is that the peo- ple have become alarrrild at the aspect of affairs, and their probable fate if they joined the Southern Confederacy, and have resolved as a matter of policy to stay with the North. It was perfectly ev- ident to them that the President was de- termined to open a way through Balti- more, and his answer to the remark that 75,000 men wolild oppose it \ that he presumed there was soil enough in Mary- land to bury them \ must have satisfied them that Mr. Lincoln meant to do what he had said, and that they had better back down. The accounts from the North, the universal outcry for revenge for the blood of the murdered martyrs from Massachusetts that arose from every city and hamlet, must have satisfied them that resistance was useless, and the North was terribly in earnest. What was little Maryland against the great States of New- York, Pennsylvania and Ohio ? Could Virginia help her? If she did the battle would be on her own soil and on her own hearthstones. It was destruction even if victory was theirs. Every consideration of policy and prudence united to the course they have taken—to take the side of the Union, and remain faithful to the Constitution and the flag. We are glad that they have done so, as much for their own sakes as for ours. The Northern wrath has been terribly excited, and nothing but annihilation would have sat- isfied it. She hath chosen the totter part. We believe that in a few days the di- rect road through Baltimore will be open- ed, or at any rate as soon as the bridges can l)c repaired, and direct cominunita tion with the capital be once more had. The Government should station troops along it, and if necessary make it a mil- itary road. It is not safe to trust in Bal- timore mobs, and a large army should be quartered there. It is convenient to the scat of war, and provisions can 1M; easily obtained. As we predicted at the outset, Messrs. Law and Conover, sureties of the late Postmaster Fowler, have beaten the Gov- ernment. A perpetual injunction has !>een issued, restraining the United States authorities from levying upon the proper- ty of the defendants for the amount of their bonds. MATOTAL ATTAUi. It is evident now that no attack will be made upon Fort Pidkens for the present, as the rei)els find that it is too strongly fortified to warrant a successful attack,— But they are not idle. Troops are moving northward, many of them concentrating in the vicinity of Washington. There is scarcely any room to doubt but that they are determined to make an attack upon Washington. If so it will be made from different directions and with a large force. The Southern papers almost universally are advocating zeal- ously this project. Gov. Pickens, in a recent address to the South Carolina volunteers, exhorts the soldiers in this wise:—** Hold your- selves in readiness to march at the word to the tomb of Washington, and swear that no Northern Goths and Vandals shall ever desecrate its sacred precincts, and that you will make of it an Ameri- can Mecca, to which the votaries of free- dom and independence from the South shall make pilgrimage through all time.\ And we have good reason for believing that they are in earnest in this matter. The soldiery are blinded by the seces- sion leaders as to the true state of affairs,. who represent to them that the north ia divided, and any attack of thier's will be crowned with success. Facts are not al- lowed to be* published or even proclaim- ed, where they conflict with their plans and purposes, and a state of society ex- ists at the South of which we have but a faint idea. • U has now come to light that some three or four hundred of the Confederate troops were killed at Moultrie and vi- cinity, by the fire of fort Sumter, but the 8tate troops were bound by an oath to deny that any were killed. Thus we see how desperate must be the means resorted to by the leaders to prosecute their ne- farious machinations. Slave insurrections ore threatening them in various localities, and the people live in perfect fear of sim- ilar occurrences all over the South. They have sown to the wind, they are begin- ning to reap the whirlwind. They are destined to pay dearly for their folly, and madness. Let no exertion on our part be relaxed, until the American flag shall float in tri- umph upon every inch of American soil— the public property be retaken, and the laws of America are respected. THE XXWB. It is related in Baltimore that one of the wounded Massachusetts men—a mere youth—after the fight with the mob, creptf into a shop and was kindly shel- tered by the owner, and on being ques- tioned why so young a man as he came so far with arms, he murmured faintly, but \ with a simple affection,\ the account says, with dying breath, \ The Stars and Strijwi P The two Kentucky regiments, under Colonels Terrell and Guthrie, have been- accepted by the Government, and the people of the State have tendered the command of a brigade to Major Anderson. These two regiments will form a part of the brigade. Information has been received by the Government that the rebels in possession of Harper's Ferry are engaged in, fixing up the machinery used in making arms, preparatory to removing it to Richmond. This the Government will probably en- deavor to prevent, and a demonstration against Harper's Ferry may be looked for at any moment. The Virginia troops, in anticipation of such a movement, are said to be concentrating there. Govv Sprague. of Rhode Island, who has so gallantly led his soldiers to war, is a very young man—not njore than twen- ty-three or twenty-four—but he has th« spirit of a veteran. Mr Lincoln replied as follows to the Frontier Guard, who urged that there should be no compromise with the reb- els. \ I have desired as sincerely as any man —I sometime think more than other man —that our present difficulties might be settled without the shedding of blood.— I will not say that all hope is yet gone. But if the alternate is presented, whether the Union is to be broken in fragments and the liberties of the people lost, or blood be shed, you will probably make the choice, with which I shall not be dis- satisfied. M General Wool has been ordered to re- turn to Troy, to conduct the routine du- ties of his department. The Secretary of Governo the appointment of a Board c precipitate the state into ar war. The majority of those the Board are sworn secession of desperate political fortune ernor may soon have to flee ton or the Pennsylvania line, seal of the State is in Annapc be thrown into the Chesap than be placed on a seceasioi The absence of the seal is a v Armed vessels are stationed dria for the protection of tl gaged in'fishing, some of been fired into and the fish the fishermen. There are 1,800 men in F and 550 in Fort McHenry. Western Virginia, it is said enrolled 2,600 men for the se United States. There is no truth in the more men are not wanted at\ The transport of troops thitl cease till the force is raised to and. Southern camps have been Lynch burg, Richmond, Norfo Alexandria. Roger A. Pryor haw organ ment. Capt. Meigs returned to Wa Friday from a recent expedit Pickens, which, he says, is SO and otherwise strengthened its reduction utterly impossi months, for which time it i visioned. Dissensions in the rebel car quent—troops from the Gulf mandingan attack on Washing Virginia opposes. All travel South from Phi lac stopped to-day by order of G tenon. The 6th Massachusetts re Washington on Saturday for \V Junction, or the Relay House, from Baltimore, on the Baltim Railroad. The 6th was the which was attacked by the me more. Major Anderson arrived at \V on Saturday, bringing four dollars in gold from the Sub T New-York, to the United State Six hundred Virginia troops Alexandria on Friday, and prc to the interior of the State. panics, however, returned Satu The government has decid two daily trains over the mili for Philadelphia; leaving h o'clock, A* M., and 10$, r. M. By request of Gen. Scott, L and nine privates of the Ma Sixth Regiment, remained to s the bakery established by the Capitol. They are now baki thousand rations of bread dail nor quality, The Lowell patriot soldiers w with military honors, Ac., on May 6. Gen. Scott forwarded disr Gen. Butler at Annapolis, Sati ing the Mass. 6th Regiment troops at his command, giving days to take possession of t House. Gen. Butler responded and General Scott that he would hav services on the ground Sunday. Regiment went up Sunday. T ment is made to co-operate with sylvania troops advancing upon from the other side. The precipitation of Virgil Carolina and Tennessee into th movement was the immediate t the second call for an addition sixty-five thousand volunteers. Scott was confident of being at down the rebellion in the cotto |ar States with the seventy five men called out. Should the spread still further in the bor States, a third call will unquesti made. As it is, the placing of serves' upon a war footing in all States will enable the Governme the whole of the one hundred thousand men summoned into s offensive operations, the reser being more than sufficient for fense. Twenty-five thousand Minie r been purchased in Canada for tl States Government, and more c tained, it is said. '4'\

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