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The advance. (Ogdensburgh, N.Y.) 1861-1864, May 17, 1861, Image 1

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'•' Y / UTERATORK TYFI wnrcjia IT Willis, in his letter to the Hmm Jtorrta/, m\ * : The machine \ to insert a pig at me rittl and grind out sausages at the ith« i \» rt'«Tl\ \alow\ in compariHon with th«> new Invention for netting types —-K vi«it to which ( made th<3 othur day. Before <leseribiug it, let me ask, with our friend tin- editor ,>f the Albion, \ Where will eivili/ati<»nstoj> f\-hiMMrYoung's) unwillingness to •' improve M any further, living Im-md iiiHiii the eoutrivance of the new K un, <MeCord'*) which in to lie worked l»y iv crank, ran l>e tired two hun- dred nnt] forty times In a minute, and is loadeil through a \ hopper \—killing of • OUIM', ii re* pec table-Mi zed regiment every two te<-ond» ! For even this is nothing to the foreshadow uig of Alden's type wetter, which not only run set type* an font HH eight men, but ' distributes,\ or roUotv* t<» their places, the Hiiine amount b\ the *ame process- an auto-wmm'M* tfan of outlay, which in wondrrous to l>e- lieve (for uu editor, at least) may he a possible principle in Nature! The type aetter is. worked like a piano, by pla\ing on key* the mere touch on the* key, for the letter (t } for instance, he- h\\i instead of the old fashion of taking up thnt Utter with the linger*, turning it right end up and right side front, and putting it into the line, to l>e adjusted with M|wre«. It i»4 a revolving table of bran* the machine—worked by tlie sumlle-t steam power, and the coat it* ul•«<ut tifloeit hundred dollaiv. It would •' elejir itm-lf.\ by the saving of labor, (to nay nothing of the acceleration of work to which spcwl i* W> noceMnarv,) in a very short time. Without tfoing into a par- • icnliii deseriptinn ol the machinery, I mny ^»y, ax one who haH l>cen a well- taii^ht typo «<ctter himself, that it seemed to me ;\H the locomotive neeuut to the vtiuM Stiver, or as the steamboat to the jiulfllir of t!ie canoe an impossible thnuhnthnn brought miraculously to pass. IVilmps the most curiously ingenious putt •>( the invention is that winch given th< < <»mimsitor a chttnee to scratch his hen<l or indulge in a revery, »peak to his t'rieihl, or light his cigar, mend the grain- ing - 01 ( riticise the \copy\—obviating, I hut m to suy, the necessity of rigidly ki<e|.ntj< up with the unvarying steain- |Hopiihion of the machine. This in done by » i«y;iHtcrvvheol, which makes signals lor thf letters before tliey arc taken, ami win. It will allow as many as sixty to ae- i'imtnlute IN*fore they are disposed of, yet with no bimlraucc to the action of the murhinrry. Could anything lie more like it i-iuin turned into brass i The inventor of thin wonderful affair, Timothy Aldcn, was a practical printer; mtil to it lu» devoted twenty years, dying when he had lit last perfected it—his bruin and nerve* giving way to the dis- cus * of over (-onceutration of thought iwxl will. How many are victim*, in them- \fust days,\ to this kind of over- t»iHknti{! Vet Aldcn lived long enough ol H life, if measured by bcneHt to his ntrr What were the eventless centuries of u Methuselah, (as it good to the world) in companion with the twenty-year in- vention of this Massachusetts type-setter ? CAVALRY OEAFim. ThU is u newly invented weapon of de- M ruction, and is designed to render cav- ulrv vastly superior to infantry. It is an admitted fact in tho science of war, that infantry formed into a square, or in mass, MIX I standing firm and unbroken, can de- tent :m equal number of cavalry, each l>«Mii|r urme<l with the ordinary wea|>ons. Tin* fart has been fully demonstrated •pon many a we'l-fought field, in the last 1ml 1 century, including the celebrated I.little of Waterloo, where the French cav- iihy leiMNitedly charged the s<|uares of Kn^lish infautry, and were, uniformly rc- imlrd, the Hi|uarcM Ktnn.ling firm and unbroken. A man IUUI horse acting united, lnive the ttrrugth and speed ot several men; «ml ought, if properly armed, to be com- petent to the defeat of several men. The (Ji'upucl in » new weapon, adapted to this .ti|ieii<n strength and speed, and Cavalry urine* I w it!• this destructive machine, and well skilled in its use, can easily defeat lour times their numlicr of infantry, mow- ing them down like grass lie fore a scythe. Thi weapon may also be used by cavalry ft^iiiiiMt x-avalry, and even by infantry infantry. 00L ILUTWOBTH'S ZOTJAVW. The riiihulelphiu Press of this mont- mj-C H 'i) 1 * • Some seventy-five or a hundred of Col. Kllmvorth'n Kin«men Zouaves, from New York, tire of that class whose irrepressible propensities for mischief cause themselves uml their friends no little trouble. Yes- tcrduy they were disposed to have an un- icMtruiiusI \ time,\ and gave their officers no little trouble to keep them within any- thing ntnr thelK>undsof propriety. They « uttered thcniBclvcB over the city general- ly, tmd went in for amusements novel, ex- citiiiK, dangerous and otherwiwv At the Smithsonian, a portion of them amused thritmelvcft in feats of jumping, every man leupinu; <'lear over the six-feet iron rail i<uee iu*oun<) the grounds of the Hmith- •oniun, It is the fdetermination of Col. Ells- worth to return al>out a huntlred of thorn biwk to New-York. Tlus will relieve the regiment of that element which has $ven the officer* and great majority of the men HO much trouble, and leave a regiment of HH orderly, noble, and brave men as ever weru called together for military duty. The 0risi8 Approaching. Movements on the Potomac TROOPS UEAVINQ RICHMOND VOL. 1. OGDENSBURGH, FltlDAY, MAY 17, 1861 NO. 11. The New-York Triton*, in an able arti clu on Masaachuwtto, and the promptness, with which *he answered the call of the government nays:— \ In this mighty uprising of a great na- tion. Massachusetts led the van. \That privilege was hers by right. The children of the men who faced, unarmed, in State street, the fire of British troop*; who waited on Bunker Hill till they could see the color of the eyes of the approach- ing foe liefore they pulled a trigger; who drove back from Lexington, with such arms as they could snatch from over the kitchen fireplace, the In^t disciplined soldier* of Europe, were not the men to hesitate at such u time as this. And it was well tor Massachusetts thnt she hnd for Chief Magistrate one whose foresight had anticipated events, and whose large judgment had provided for them. \ We are ready to start on the instant, said the people u but have not the means.\ \Bend on your men,\ replied the Governor, * 4 the means are ready ;\ for by his diligent care,, for months they had been provided. The wires which carried the proclamation of the President to Boston had hardly ceased to vibrate, ere Massachusctttt men, dropping the tools of their trades, und the implements of farming, hurried from work- shops ami fields, gathered in village- squares, as th«ir fathers did eighty-six years ago; and commending'wives and children, and parents, to the kind cure of neighbors, made quick adieus, and march- ed to report themselves at headquarters, ready for service. There were instances where the alarm was mug out from vil- lage-steeplcH, and men sprang from their beds, and fell into the ranks at the place of rendezvous, and ere the sun had lit up the homes which many of thorn were nev- er to see again, were on their way to fight their country's battle;*. Before a soldier from any otfier State, except a few from Pennsylvania, had reached the Capital, thesenrst minute men of MasMuchusctts were coolly surveying the shores of Vir- ginia from behind tho walls of Fo^ri Monroe. \ How quickly others followed these, and how straight a path they made to the defence of the Government at its seat, the.ro is no need of telling. The troops of Low- ell and Lawrence have followed with bow- ed heads ami many tears their honored dead to sacred graves, and all Ma&mchiiH- setts repeats the dying words of one of these men—\ All hail to the stars ami stripes!\ Bend home their bodies ki ten- derly/' was the prayer of the Governor when asking for the unnamed dead, for where rights are so reverenced and meu so prompt in their defense, Man, tie his condition or estate what it may, is sacred. The monumental marble that marks tho nineteenth of April, in Massachusetts \IH not yet white enough, nor piled high enough in memory of her sons. \ When the Governor of that State is- sues his yearly Proclamation for a duy of Thanksgiving and Prayer to be read in all the churones, he appends to it a bles- sing to he invoked on the good old State. In tnis time of doubt, of danger, and of trial, every heart in the land responds to that prayer: GOD HAVK TUB COMMON- WBAl.TU OK MABSACUIISKTTS. A DEFIANT LETTER 7B0M LOTTTJIAKA. The following letter was received in response to one asking a candid Htutcmeut regarding the fueling in Louisiana: NKW-ORLKAaa, April 20, 1801.—The war excitement has taken possession of all, men, women and children. You Buy half a million of men can t>e raised in the North in thirty days and $20,000,000. In answer, I have to say that every man and boy over seventeen years of age in the whole South in under arm«, and ready to march to the seat of war at an hour's no- tice ; and in five days eight million dol- lars were paid down in cash to the Con- federate Government. Ten time* that amount can be raised if needed. The In- dies are holding fairs, making lint and uniforms for the army. Yesterday there left our city for Virgiuia about 1,000 men. Louisiana has already in the field 9,000 men, and some 3,000 to 5,000 at home. The North is the aggressor now; let UH sec who will come off conqueror. We are fighting for our rights and our homes. No man south of Mason and Dix- on's line is unprepared for tho conflict, and no one doubts but that the result will be in our favor. We trust now, that a« soon as authority can be obtained from our Congress, peau- regard, the hero of Fort Suiuter, will burn the old fanatic, Alx; Lincoln, out of Wash- ington. We are setting every Yankee bottom we can get our hands on now, and will soon have quite a fleet in the naval line. Look out for breaks before the week is over. A 00XVXE8ATI0H HO J0HH C. CAL- Com. Charles Stewart bus written u let- ter, irt which he relates a conversation held with Hon. John C. Calhoun, tit Washington, in 1812. The conversation turning upon Southern character, the Commodore said that Southerners were \aristocratic to which Mr. Calhoun re- plied :— I admit your conclusions in regpoct to UH Southrons. That we are (jswmtiftlly aristocratic, 1 cannot deny, but we can and do yield much to Democracy. This is our sectional policy ; we are from ne- cessity thrown upon and solemnly wed- ded to that party, however It may occa- sionally clash with our feelings, for the conservation of our interests. It is through our utttliation with that patty in the Middle und Western States thut we hold power; but when we cense thus to control thin nation through a disjointed Democracy, or any material olwtacle in that party which shall tend to throw us out of that control, we shall then rewort to the dissolution of the Union. The compromises in the constitution, under the circumstances, were sufficient for our fathers, but under the altered condition of our country from that period, leave to the South no resource but dissolution;— for no amendment to the constitution could IH; reached through a,convcntion of the people under their three-fourths rule. THE ATLAFTI0 TELEGRAPH COMPACT. The report of the Atlantic Telegraph Company nays, thu cable recovered and brought home by Captain Roll had been stripped and overhauled, every portion of the core having been carefully examined. It w/is satisfactory to find that there was not the slightest symptom of deterioration or decay in any'part of the gutta-percha. It had further lieen subjected to a severe electrical test, and a comparison between its present state of insulation and the re- cords of original tests of the most perfect portions of the cable when it first left the guttu-perchn works, three years ago, showed that an actual improvement had taken place in its condition since it was laid <lown. It also recommends that the company should lie still kept formally in existence, so as to preserve its original privileges, consisting of agreements with the govern- ments of England and the United States. The directors feel confident that the course of improvement in ocean telegraphy will result in the success of « line from Ireland to Newfoundland. MEW PASBEJIQEK ABD TRAH8PQBTATIGH OFFICE. We arc pleased to see that the Boston, Lowell and Nashua, Concord, Northern, Vermont Central and Ogdenshurgh Hail- roads, known as the Vermont Central line, have established an office' at No. 7 State street, which is not excelled in accommo- dations and appearance, nor in the advan- tages of location, by any office in the city. ThiR is exclusively a Boston line, constructed mainly by its money, and wholly identified with its trade. To more fully realize the object of the line in facilitating Boston trade with the Western States the Ogdensburgh Railroad, when Abbott LawrenV'e, J. Wilie Ed- monds and Robert G. Shaw were direc- tors, furnished one hundred thousand dollars to build an efficient propeller line to connect with the railroad line at the foot of ship navigation of the Western lakes. This propeller line, organized un- der the corporate name of thu Northern j Transportation Company, has l)ccome one ! of the strongest navigating the lakes, and haH also united its freight and passenger business in this office. The trade of Boston is so intimately connected with these lines, the merchants can but feel gratified at the liberal expen- diture iu fitting up so convenient and com- modiouw a place of business.— Ih*!Journal. •AN AXBUBGK WLIGNAHT. Van Amburgh, the lion tamer, was travelling through Talbot county, Mary- land, lost week, with his horses and me- nagerie, when he was warned by a friend to turn back, as the rebels had formed plans to seize his horses, of which he had one hundred and twenty, shoot his wild animals, and destroy his menagerie. Van Amburgh hastened to Pennsylvania,where he encamped with his property. He now advertises that he will give $3,000 to any one who will take Jeff. Davis alive, pledg- ing himself, if he gets him in his keeping, to furnish him with a bran-new cage, and take him through the country on exhibi- tion as a traitor whose turpitude is second only to that of Judas Iscariot. According to the last American census, it takes 750 paper milte and 2,000 steam engines to supply the book and newspaper publishers with paper, at a cost of $27,- 000,000 per annum. TBB BLACK 1LA& „ ,,,, The Southern Conarrew met at ! \Mont- gomery nfc the ftth iust., nnd after n few prelinihmry resolutions jwwicd into secret session. In this conclave was paused an net entitled \ An act recognising the ex- istence of war between the United States ami the Confederate States, and concern- ing letters of marque, prizes and prise goods.'* The following from section 1., in direct violation to the recognized law Af nations, in the m<wt flagrant portion of the net:— SKC. 1. The Congress of the Confed- erate State* of America do euact that the President of the Confederate Status i« hereby authorized to uso the whole land and naval forces of the Confederate Staten to meet the war thus commenced, and to issue to private armed v<$tfeU commit sions or lettcrs-of-nmrque and general re- prisal in such fonn ashenhiill think prop- er under the seal of the Confederate States, against the vessels, goods and eifects of the Government of the. United States, and of the citizens or inhabitants of the States and Territories thereof, except the States and Territories hcreinl>cfore named : Pro- vided, however, that property of the en- emy (unless it be contraband of war) la- den on board a neutral vessel shall not be subject to seizure under this act; and, provided further, thnt vessels of tho citi- zeus or inhabitant* of the United States, now in the ports of the Confederate States, except such as have been since. the 5th of April last, or may hereafter IK* in the service of the Government of the United States, shall l>c allowed thirty days, after the publication of this act, to to leave said ports and reach their desti- nation ; and such vessels and cargoes, except articles contraband of war, shall not be subject to capture nndcr this act during said period, unless they shall have previously reached the destination for which they were bound on leaving said ports. BUBIAL OF A MEMBER OF THE V. T. Ith EEOIMEHT. Chan. Leonard, of the New-York 8th regiment, who accidentally shot himself, was buried on the 7th. The services com menced with reading and singing \Mount Vcrnon, 1 ' with words slightly altered to suit the occasion. The melancholy tone with which this hymn was sung, and the tears that burst simultaneously- from ev- ery eye in the regiment, in that lonely grove, far away from home, fully attested that the rough soldier bore with him that principle oFaffection which elevates and tones the human passions. When this was concluded, Gen. Butler rode forward a few paces toward the cof- fin, and while tears were coming profuse- ly down his checks, delivered a most touching and affecting appeal to the regi- ment, to maintain the honor and glory of the Union, and calling upon them to swear al>ove the dead body of their com- rade, eternal fidelity to the great cause in which they were all engaged. At the conclusion or his eloquent re- marks, scarcely a dry eye was seen in the regiment. The coffin was then raised, and the mourning company, followed by General Butler and aids, as well as all the com- missioned officers of the regiment, com- menced their slow march to the grave.— Arriving at the chapel, the body was car- ried into the little graveyard of the vil- lage, about two miles from the camp, and consigned to its keeping until it shall ln i called for by the friends and relatives re- siding at New-York. Three volleys of musketry were fired over his grave, and in the darkness of the nf ght the company returned to their quarters. The sword of a swordfish was found sticking in the bottom of the steamship Golden Age when she was hauled up re- cently in Panama for repairs. The sword of bone was thirteen inches long, and it was driven through the copper and both the outer and inner planking. The fish stabbed the wrong customer for once: had it been a whale, all would have been quite right. While in Philadelphia, a musician of the N. Y. 7th regiment was much embar- rassed for the want of a string with which to tie the bag containing his provisions. An old Quaker lady, perceiving this said, \ Friend, I would not give thee an imple- ment of war, but thec shall have a string to preserve thy food,\ and stooping down, as if to tie her shoe, she in a moment handed him a green band which had been doing duty as a garter. AjraUGAH ABD COBVWALL OOPFXR TbH Jjilv Sn/tcrior Miner publishes sta- tisticwof the. yield of Copper in the famous mines'and those of Lake Superior, in which it is shown that our copper pro- ducts aro font coming up in extent to those of. England. The product of the Cornwall mines for I8JO was 13,245 tons of bigot copper;' that of Lake Superior mint*. 8,5«2 ton*. In 1846 only 29 tons ot' American copper were raised; since that time it has rapidly risen, and in five years from the present date, judging from the pntft, it will amount to almnt l«,000 tons per annum. American copper is w\id to be the purest in the world. The largest mass, of native copper obtained thus far weighed 450 ton*. In the Lake Superior region there are numerous un- mistakable evidences of the copper mines having been worked by an unknown race of people, but of whom no trace has !>een discovered in the form of graves or skele- tons. Their implements for mining are. found in many of tho workings, and these show the ancient miners to have been adepts in tracing the metallic veins.— Large forests are now growing over these ancient copper pits. IMPORTANT FItOin ST. LOUIS 1 Another Distnrbaoea with Lass of Ufs ! ST. LOUIS, May 12,1861. The city was the scene of another terri- ble tragedy last night. About 0 o'clock a large body of Home Guards entered the city through Fifth street, from the arsenal. On reaching Walnut street the troops turned westward, a large crowd lining the pavement to witness their progress.— The crowd Wgan hooting and hissing, and otherwise abusing the companies as they passed, and a Loy about fourteen years old discharge™* pistol into their ranks. Part of the rear company immediately turned and fired upon the crowd, and the whole column was instantly in confusion, breaking their ranks and discharging their muskets down their own line and among the people on the sidewalks. The shower of balls for a few minutes was ter- rible, the bullets flying in every direction, entering the doors and windows of pri- vate residences, breaking shutters, tearing railings, and even smashing bricks in the third story. The utmost confusion and consternation prevailed, spectators fleeing in all directions, and, but for the random firing of the troops, scores of people must have Ixjen killed. As most of the firing was directed down their own ranks, the troops suffered most severely, four of their own number being instantly killed and several others wounded. Tho following is from a speech of Hen ry Clay, delivered over eleven years ago in the U. S. Senate:— 44 Hut if, unhappily, we should be in- volved in war, in civil war, between the two parts of this Confederacy, in which the effort upon the one side should be to restrain the introduction of slavery into the new Territories, and upon the other side to force its introduction there, what a spectacle should we present to the astonishment of mankind in an effort, not to propagate rights, but—I must say it, though I trust it will be understood to lx? with no desire to excite feeling—a war to propagate wrong* in the Territo- ries thus acquired from Mexico. It wo'd be ft War in which we should have no sympathies, no good wishes; in which all mankind would be against us; in which our own history itself would be against us; for, from the commencement of the Revolution down to the present time, we have constantly reproached our British ancestors for the introduction of Slavery into this pmntry.\ A schoolma'm in one of our district schools was examining a class in ortho- graphy. \ Spell and define fl«wrct,\ she Said. \ F-1-o-w-r-c-t, flowret—a little flow- er,\ went off a tow-head in a perfect streak. \ Wavelet.\ u W-a-v^l-e-t—a little wave,\ was the prompt return of number two. •'Bullet.\ u B-u-l-l-e-t—ft little bull,\ shouted numlwr three, who was innocence personified. In Bridgeton, Nova Scotia, a hen twelve years old, an exemplary mother in the barnyard, has undergone a great change. Last fall she was sickly, shed her feathers, and l)cgan to crow like a cock. Since then a pair of spurs have grown on her legs an inch long, tail feathers resembling a cock's have come out, and the feathers about her neck resemble those of the gen- tleman heft. The little chickens in the barnyard are puzzled to know whether they shall regard her as their aunt or their undo. AN OUTBREAK EXPECTED AT CAIRO. ATTKMYT TO CUT OFF TUB (OCHITITATK. The Great Eastern at New York. T«M DajrH on the Pe*s«i«. WASHINOTOK, May 10.—The 1,800 vol- unteers recently encamped at Lancaster. Pa., are on tbeir way here. Oth«* regi- ments in Pennsylvania arc also moving toward Washington. Colonel Baker's regiment raised in Xcw York, have been accepted, and orders have been issued for their sfitvice. They will proceed at once. Col. Baker left here this morning for New-York. Major Anderson left here this morning. The HernTfl*\ correspondent says:--No less than It steam crafts all heavily load- ed with ammunition, provisions, nrmy clothing nnd blankets have arrived here within the la*t 48 hours from Philadcl- phU,Neir-York and Boston. Seven of theMj are discharging their cargoes in Georgetown, in brick stores, which havo been leased by the Government. Export vessels arc going up and down the Potomac. The war steamer Anticosti came up the river last night. She reports no batteries erected as yet on the right bank of the river. ' Alexandria is now said to l>e occupied by 1,000 armed rcl»els. Yesterday after- noon a Washington volunteer who ven- tured over there experienced Rome rough handling. Lieut. J. Hojjjpn died last night on board the receiving ship Queenstown. The troops whicn came in the steamer Cahawba marched down Chapman street, and were wet by a large body of citizens, cavalry and a body of old New-Haven grays. They marched in platoons of 16 each, the city police keeping the streets clear. They made a very fine appearance. The whole city was alive with people, and the entire route was decorated with flags. NBW-YORK, May 1L—The Zouave* have not yet bc^en accepted. Gen. Scott discovered this morning at 4 o'clock, a body of five or six hundred men leaving Alexandria. They had sev- eral wagon loads under guard, supposed to contain provisions for the State troops at Culpepper. Advices from Frederick state that some four or five companies pasted through that place lost night. They were half armed. , BAKDY HOOK, May 11.—10-30, A. M. Steamship Great Eastern wit^ dates of May ltd., is signalled in the eastern off ing. The Great Eastern's dates are one day 4ater. She is at anchor at the light ship, waiting for tide. WASHINGTON, May 10.—Orders from the war department for the punishment of all traitors atad abettors, very strict and vigorous, have been transmitted to every officer in commission. Messages have been received between (he Government and Cairo. War is anticipated every night. Th» messages have l>cen dispatched to-day to Cairo and other points, ordering a con- centration of a body .of Washington troops at that point. Tlie President is receiving daily re- sponses from Tennessee, Kentucky and Maryland, offering the requisition of troops from those troops to be in the field. There is much anxiety about the result of the Union meeting to l>c held next Monday. We have assurances that they will memorialize the Government for pro- tection from the rebels, and put 5000 men fully equipped in the field for the Union. A gentleman returned from Howard County, Maryland, to-day, with a valua- ble horse. He had been trying to secrete the horse for several days, to keep him from the secession dragoons, who are stealing anything they can get. The Government is in constant receipt of orders for arms to carry on private ex- peditions. It does not however propose to follow the piratical example or Jeff. Davis. Secretary Cameron has proffers already of|00,000 men, 20,000 more than called for, there is a jjreat rush of regiments to se- cure appointments for the war, but it is doubtful whether the Government will accept them for the new army until Con- gress meets. Recruiting is going on very rapidly in various sections. Col.Cowde of the Massachusetts 1st., Regiment, has offered his services for the war, also Lieut. Col. Blonsdcll of the vol- unteer regiment of Boston, and Col. Law- rence of the Massachusetts 5th. The Richmond Enquirer Rays that the Legislature of North Carolina organized on Wednesday, and a bill calling a Con- vention of the people passed unamin ously. BOSTON, May 11.—An attempt has been made to cut off the supply of water from this city. The mason work was too strong for the implement*, and it proved unsuc- cessful.

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