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The Chatham Republican. (Chatham, Columbia County, N.Y.) 1886-1918, December 13, 1887, Image 2

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Official Paper for Columbia County. CHATHAM, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1887. JOHN STREETER, E ditok . A WINNI NG TICKET FO R 1888. For President of the United States, JAMES G. BLAINE, of Maine. « For Vice-President, CHAUNCEY M. DEPEW, of New York. aaEPUUUlCAN NATIONAL convention the Republican Hlzeetors of the United States. _ In accordance with usage and obedient to the Instructions of the Republican National Con ­ vention of 1884, a National Convention @f del ­ egated representatives of the Republican party will be held at the city of Chicago, HI., on Tuesday, June 19, 1SSS, at 12 o ’ clock, noon, for the purpose of nomi ­ nating candidates for President and Vice-Pres ­ ident to be supported at the next national election and for the transaction of such other business as may be there presented. Republican electors in the several States, and voters without regard to past political affilia ­ tion, differences ©r action, who believe in the American principle of a protective tariff for the defense and development of home indus- tries and the elevation of home labor; who would reduce the national taxes and prevent the accumulation of the surplus in the Treas­ ury in harmony with this principle; who are opposed to the attempt, now more openly avowed than ever before, to establish a policy which would strike down American labor to the level of the unpaid and oppressed workers of foreign lands; who. favor a system of naval and coast defenses which will enable the United -States to conduct its international negotiations with self-respect;who gratefully cherish the de ­ fenders of the country; who condemn and resent jfche continued and unjust exclusion of rapidly- growing Territories, which have an indisputa ­ ble title to admission into the sisterhood of States; who are in favor of free schools and free education, a free and honest ballot and a fair count, the protection of-every citizen of the United States in his legal rights at home and abroad; a foreign policy that shall extend our trade and commerce to every land and Clime, and shall properly support the dignity and the promotion of friendly and harmoni ­ ous relations and intercourse between all the States, are cordially invited to unite under this call in the formation of a national ticket. Each state will be entitled to four delegates- at-large, and for each representative-at-large two delegates, and each Congressional district, each Territory and the District of Columbia to two delegates. The delegates-at-large shall be chosen by popular State Conventions called on not less than twenty days published notice and not less than thirty days before the meet ­ ing of the National Convention. The Congress­ ional district delegates shall be chosen in the same manner as the nomination of a member of Congress is made in saidjdistricts. The Terri ­ torial delegates shaU be chosen in the same manner as the nomination of delegates in Con­ gress is made. The delegates from the District of Columbia shall be chosen at a convention constituted of members elected in primary district assemblies held under the call and di ­ rection of the Republican Central Committee of said district. An alternate delegate for each v delegate in the National Convention, to act in case of the absence of the delegate, shall be elected in the same manner and at the same time as the delegate is elected. All notices of contests must be filed with the .National Committee id writing, accompanied by Printed statements of the grounds of con ­ tests, which shall be made public. Preferences in the order of hearing and determining con- tests will be given by the convention in accord ­ ance with the dates of filing of such notices and statements with the National Committee. [Signed] B. P. J okes , Chairman. Samuel Fessenden, Secretary. 'Washington, Dec. 9. CLEVELAND ’ S DEATH WARRANT SIGNED BY HIMSELF. The President ’ s message makes the issue plain and simple for the great contest next Near. It will be Free Trade versus Pro ­ tection. We are glad to be able to say for once . that President Cleveland is honest, and has squarely stated the position of the Demo ­ cratic party on the this most important question of the day. He has placed his party unequivocally on a free trade plat ­ form. Many of the Democratic leaders are unquestionably much perplexed over the message. Many Democratic newspapers see. the fatal blunder the President has made, and are hastening to -explain away its true intent and meaning. Even the but and out dodgers — the old free traders — are beginning to regret that they have pushed the President over the brink. But it is too late. He has “ put his foot in it. ” All re grets are vain, and no amount 'ox explana ­ tion can disguise the fact that Grover Cleve ­ land stands to-day squarely on a free trade platform. “ The die is cast ” — and the .Republican jparty accepts the issue: New York, Con ­ necticut and New Jersey are each over -rwhelmingly in favor of Protection, and all ^three States are as sure to go for Blaine and ^Protection in 1888 as is Massachusetts or ithe State of Maine. It is admitted by many prominent Democrats that after this mes -:sage the South can ho longer be considered solid, and iVis conceded that unless some- •thixig vigorous is accomplished by Congress And by the Randall wing of the Democratic party in Congress, before the session closes New York, New- Jersey, Connecticut and 4he Southern States will cast their electoral votes for James G. Blaine, who . will by be nominated acclamation at Chicago on -the nineteeth day of June, 1888. K ansas is a prohibition state in which the third party seems to take some pride, But, quite -recently, we read of an execu ­ tion in Wichita, wherein the criminal ’ s nerve had to be strengthened by frequent And copious-draughts of real, ripe, red Jiquor before he could play his important grble in the interesting exercises. We have :xead somewhere'that executions would be ­ come unnecessary with the retirement of jam, but from the event referred to it seems that rum , is necessary in executions. Still we would like an explanation as to why-a man should be kept from whisky all his life and then have his soul go into eternity burned with the stuff until it re ­ sembles an old singed cat. L amar Is nmo very glad that he didn ’ t -die for the rebel Confederacy “ a hundred limes over ” as he wanted to do .some years ago. a seat on the Supreme bench of the Nation with a fat salary, is .much more comfortable than a hole in the damp, cold .ground. 7 -T hr veto mill will be coming out of its summer quarter? in the White House with ­ in a few weeks, LOOKERS-ON IN VENICE. The Republicans are enjoying one of the sweet privileges of being in the minority and in opposition. The burden of govern ­ ment is j ust now on the shoulders of the Democrats. They have the Executive and a majority in the House, wbete the im ­ portant bills must originate. We are look ­ ing-on in Venice, and the attitude of spec ­ tators brings its pleasures and advantages. Our friends, the majority, have a big job on their hands. They have promised, in platforms and on the stump, to get rid of the surplus. That was easy to do, but now that in congress they must soon face the task of fulliliing their promise the difficulty looms up large upon them.; There is much preliminary talking and advising and ventilating of views, and the spectacle grows more amus ­ ing every day. Colonel Watterson of Kentucky, the land of blue grass, Las been freeing his mind, and to a very free trade tune, thus : “ The tariff hampers every man ; it is an unnecessary restriction on a man ’ s taste, on his comforts, and on his ambitions. All that tariff reform can-do, all that free trade can do, is to remove these restrictions; to leave a man to buy and sell as be pleases; to re ­ lieve him of peculiar- burdens imposed for the benefit of a class. ” The outcome of the Colonel ’ s mind moves the New York Sun to a “ fond correction. ” That luminary opines that as the tariff doesn ’ t mind it, and it ’ s fun to the Colonel to shoot, it would rather its pen clove to the roof of its inkstand than suggest that he shall not keep on shooting. Still it thinks that the Colonel ’ s desire to feed the whole Democracy on blue grass is just now a little previous, and it finally flatly avers; “ We don ’ t know that the.restrictions up ­ on men ’ s taste, comforts, and ambitions would be much lessened by tariff reform, Kentucky style, or by free trade. But the Democratic plurality in . this part of the country would be removed before Colonel Watterson could say Dick Cobden; and the Democratic party would be, restricted to a minoritj r . And that is why we don ’ t like it. ” Now this is all very good sport to the onlookers in our political Venice. It sweetly suggests to us, the minority, that there is some lack of unanimity among the children of Jefferson and Jackson; that the irrepressible Colonel and the radiant lumin ­ ary pull not wholly together; that back of the Colonel is the bulk of the Southern Democracy, and back of the King of Day is the bulk of the Northern Democracy, at least in policy. Verily, it is a question be ­ tween the Carlisle lion and the Randall lamb which will do the swallowing that they may lie down together in peace in some harmonious bill to reduce the rev ­ enue. While it is not our funeral, we do expect, if we see the undertakers measuring the country ’ s industries for a shroud, to take, something of a hand. We will, however, continue to look on until something is be ­ ing, done, ..having our. say, of course, for criticism is. the sacred duty of the opposi­ tion. ATLANTA AND HIG'H LICENSE. In the last week of November Atlanta went back to the licensing of the liquor traffic by a majority of 1,100 out of 10,000 votes. The majorityoftiie whites voted for prohibition to be continued but the negroes voting almost solidly for license, carried the day for the “ anti-prohihs. ” The cause is not far to seek. The closing of the saloons made it hard for a poor man to get a drink when he wanted it, while he saw that his richer neighbor who could afford the ex ­ pense of the imported jug, never lacked for liquor. To him it looked like class leg ­ islation, and be helped eagerly to strike down the barrier put up to keep him from injury. It appears alike from the utterances of prohibs and antis that the policy of high li ­ cense is now to have a through trial. The $imin a recent article thinks it very strange, inconsistent and illogical, but at the same time very sensible in the prohibitionists to be willing to advocate and- accept high li ­ cense. Nothing of the sort, dear luminary. You have been so accustomed to beaming on the third party stamp of prohibitionist that yon compound the Atlanta variety with his: more set and doctrinaire brother qf the north. True it would not only be illogical, etc., for the third party man to accept high license, it would be suicidal- to the third party — however it might affect the country. The thoroughly indoctrinated third party prohibitionist knows this well enough. Very wisely, from the party standpoint — he opposes all internal revenue from liquors. He would free the traffic from eyery tax, every burden of license, high or low, that it may hot be intrenched in the selfish interest of the tax payer, that he may the more easily reach absolute pro ­ hibition. So utterly necessary is,.this — to the party — that he did net flinch co-operation with the liquor men against the Vedder High License bill last winter in Albany. Now the Atlanta prohibitionist is notjthat kind of a prohibitionist. He is usually a Demo ­ crat, occasionally a Republican, blit what ­ ever he may he he declines to 'tie the tern perance question to a political party. The exigences of party necessity do not hamper his judgment. He can without being illog ­ ical pluck whatever advantages there may he in high-license, and wait a better day to secure more, a feat simply suicidal to the third party man. And it is for this reason, because the tem ­ perance question is allowed to stand abso ­ lutely on its merits, . tied to no party, and pledged to no iron bound policy of prohibi ­ tion or nothing, that the prohibitionists • of the South number in their ranks the very flower of both parties and the vast majority of the intelligence and morality of the land. -------------------- ; — : . H ereafter , whiskey will be called by jfs right name in Atlanta. . . .- BLAINE ’ S FREE LANCE. TRANSFIXES CLEVELAND ’ S FREEr- TRADE SOPHISTRY. The President ’ s Message Stripped of its Specious Arguments — Brave Words Spoken for Protection — Ah Interview that Bristles with Patriotism and Good Sense. Last Thursday ’ s New York Tribune con ­ tained a long interview with Hon. James G. Blaine on President Cleveland ’ s message. It was taken by a stenographer under the direction of the Tribune ’ s Paris correspond ­ ent and sent by cable. It was as follows : “ I have been reading an abstract of the President ’ s message and have been especial­ ly interested in the comments of the Lon ­ don papers. Those, papers all assume to declare the message is a free trade mani ­ festo and evidently are anticipating an en ­ larged market for English fabrics in the United States as a consequence of the President ’ s recommendations. Perhaps that fact stamped the character of the message more clearly than any words of mine can. ” ‘ •You don ’ t mean actual free trade.with ­ out duty ? ” queried the reporter. .. “ No, ” replied Mr. Blaine. “ Nor do the. London papers mean that. . They simply mean that the President.has recommended what in the United States . is known as a revenue tariff, rejecting the protective feat ­ ure as an object and not even permitting protection to result freely as an incident to revenue duties. ” “ I don ’ t know that I quite comprehend that last point, ” said the reporter. “ I mean, ” said Mr Blaine, '- ‘ that for the first time in the history of the United States the President recommends retaining the in ­ ternal tax in order that the tariff may he forced down even below the fair, revenue standard. He recommends that the tax on tobacco he retained, and thus that many millions annually shall he levied on a domestic product which would far better come from a-tariff on foreign fabrics. ” “ Then do you mean to imply that you would favor the repeal of the tobacco tax ?” “ Certainly; I mean just that, ” said Mr. Blaine. “ I should urge that it be done at once, even before the Christmas holidays. It would in the first place bring great relief to growers of tobacco all over the country, and would, moreover, materially lessen the price of the article to consumers. Tobacco to millions of men is a necessity. The President calls it a luxury, .but it is a lux ­ ury in no other sense than tea and coffee are luxuries. It is well to remember, that the luxury of yesterday becomes a neces ­ sity of to-day. Watch, if you please, the number of men at work on the farm, in the coal mines, along the railroad, in the foundry, or in any calling, and you will find 95 in 100 chewing while they work. After each meal the same proportion seek the solace of a pipe or a cigar. These men not only pay the millions of tobacco tax, but pay on every, plug and every cigar an enhanced price which the tax enables the manufacturer and retailer to impose. The only excuse for such a tax is the actual necessity under which the Government found itself during the war, and the years immediately following. To retain the tax now in order to destroy the protection which would incidentally flow from raising the same amount of money on foreign im ­ ports, is certainly a most extraordinary policy for our Government. ” “ Well, then, Mr. Blaine, would you ad ­ vise the repeal of the whiskey tax also “ No, I would not. Other considerations than those of financial administration are to be taken into account with regard to whiskey. There is a moral side to it. To cheapen the price of whiskey is to increase its consumption enormously. There would he no sense in urging the reform wrought by high license in many States if the National Government neutralizes the good effect by making whiskey within reach of every one at twenty cents a gallon. Whis ­ key would be everywhere distilled if the surveillance of the Government were with ­ drawn by the remission of the tax, and illicit sales could not then he prevented even by a policy as rigorous and searching as that with which Russia pursues the Nihilists. It would destroy high license at once in all the States. “ Whiskey has done a vast deal of harm in the United States. I would try to make it do some good. I would use the tax to fortify our cities on the seaboard. In view of the powerful letter addressed to the Democratic party on the subject of fortifi cations by the late Mr. Samuej ■ J. Tilden, in 1885, 1 am amazed that no attention has been paid to the subject by the Democratic Administration. Never before in the his ­ tory of the world has any government al ­ lowed great cities on the seaboard, like Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Balti ­ more, New Orleans and San Francisco, to remain defenceless. ” “ But, ” said the reporter, “you don ’ t think we are to have war in any direc tion. ” “ Certainly not, ” .said Mr. Blaine, “ Neither, I presume, did Mr. Tilden when he wrote his remarkable letter. But we should change a remote chance into an ab ­ solute impossibility. If our weak and ex ­ posed points were strongly fortified; if to ­ day we had by any chance even such a war as we had with Mexico our enemy could procure ironclads in Europe that would menance our great cities, with de struction of lay them under contribution. ” “ But would not our fortifying now pos­ sibly look as if we expected war? ” • “ Why should it any more than the forti ­ fications made seventy or eighty years ago by our grandfathers when they guarded themselves against, successful attack from the armaments of that day. We don ’ t neces­ sarily expect a burglar because we lock our doors at night, but if by any possibilr ty a burglar comes it contributes vastly to our peace of mind and our sound sleep to feel that he can't get in ’ . ” “But after the fortifications should be constructed would you still maintain the taxon whiskey. ” “ Yes, ” said Mr..Blaine, “ so long as there is whiskey to tax I would tax it, and when the National Government should have no use for the money I would divide the tax among the Federal Union with the specific object ot lightening the tax on real estate. The houses and farms of the whole country pay too large a proportion of the total taxes. If ultimately relief could be given in that direction it would, in my judgment, be a wise and beneficent policy. Some honest hut misguided friends of temperance have urged that the Government'should not use the money derived from the tax on whis ­ key. My reply is that the tax on whiskey by the Federal Government, with its sup ­ pression of all illicit distillation and conse ­ quent enhancement of price, has been a powerful agent in the temperance reform by putting it beyond the reach of so many. The amount of whiskey consumed in the United States per capita to-day ;ie not more than 40 per cent of that consumed thirty years ago. ” . 7 After a few moments ’ silence Mr. Blame added that in his judgment the whiskey tax should be so modified as to permit all who use pure alcohol in the arts or in me ­ chanical pursuits to have it free of tax. In all such cases the tax could be remitted without danger of fraud, just as now the tax on spirits exported is remitted. “ Besides your general and sweeping op ­ position to the President ’ s recommendation have you any further specific objection? ” “ Yes, ” answered Mr. Blame; “ I should seriously object to the repeal of the duty on wool. To repeal that would work great injustice to many interests and would seri ­ ously discourage what we should; earnestly^ encourage, namely, . the sheep culture among farmers throughout the Union. To break down wool-growing and he depend ­ ent on foreign countries for the blanket under which we sleep and the coat that covers our backs is not the policy for the National Government to enforce. ” “ Do you think if the President ’ s recom ­ mendation were adopted it would increase our export trade? ” . li “ Possible in sorae few articles of peculiar construction it might, but it would increase our import trade ten fold as much in the great staple fabrics, in woolen and cotton goods, in iron, in steel, m all the thousand and one shapes in which they are wrought. How are we to export staple fabrics to the markets of Europe unless we make them cheaper than they do in Europe, and how are we to manufacture them cheaper than they do in Europe unless we get cheaper labor than thqy have in Europe? ” “ Then you think that the question of la ­ bor underlies the whole subject? ” “ Of course it does, ” replied Mr. Blaine. “ It is in fact, the entire question. Whenever we can force carpenters, masons, ironworkers and mechanics m every department to work as cheaply and live as poorly in the United States as similar, workmen in Eu ­ rope, we can, of course, manufacture just as cheaply as they do in England and France. But I am totally opposed to a policy that would entail such results. To attempt it is equivalent to a social and financial revolution, one that would .bring untold distress. ” “ Yes, but might not the great farming class be benefited by importing articles from Europe instead of buying them at higher prices at home? ” “ The moment, ” answered Mr. Blaine, “ you begin to import freely from Europe you drive our own workmen from mechan ­ ical and manufacturing pursuits. In the same proportion they become tillers of the soil, increasing steadily the agricultural product and decreasing steadily the large home demand which is constantly enlarg ­ ing as home manufacturers enlarge. That of course, works great injury to the far ­ mer, glutting the market with his products and tending constantly to low prices. ” “ Yes, hut the foreign demand for farm products would be increased in like ratio, would it not? ” “ Even suppose it were, ” said Mr. Blaine, • ‘ how do you know the source from which it will be supplied. The tendency in Russia to ­ day and in theAsiastic possessions of Eng ­ land is toward, a large increase of the grain supply, the grain being raised bythe cheapest possible labor. Manufacturing countries will buy their breadstuffs where they can get them cheapest, and the enlarging of the home market for .the American farmer being checked he would search in vain for one of the same value. His foreign sales are already checked by the great competi ­ tion abroad. There never was a time when the increase of a large home market was so valuable to Into. The best proof is that the farmers are prosporous in proportion to the nearness of the manufacturing centres, and a protective tariff tends to spread mam ufactures. In Ohio and Indiana, for ex ­ ample, though not classed as manufactur ­ ing States, the annual value of fabrics is larger than the annual value of agricultu ­ ral products. ” ’ i “ But those holding the -President ’ s views, ” remarked the reporter, “ are al ­ ways quoting the great prosperity of the country under the tariff of 1846. ” “ That tariff did not involve the one de ­ structive point recommended by the Presi ­ dent, namely, the retaining of direct inter ­ nal taxes in order to abolish indirect taxes levied on foreign fabrics. But the country had peculiar advantages under it by the Crimean war involving England, France and Russia and largely impairing their trade. All these incidents, or accidents, if you choose, were immensely stimulating to trade in the United States, regardless of the nature of our tariff. But mark the end of this European experience with the tariff of 1846, which for a time gaye an illusory and deceptive show of prosperity. Its enact ­ ment was immediately followed by the Mexican war; then in 1849 and succeeding years by the enormous gold yield in Cali ­ fornia. The Powers made peace in 1856, and at the same time the output of gold in California fell off. Immediately the finan ­ cial panic of 1867 came upon the country with 'disastrous force. Though we had in these years mined a vast amount of gold in California, every bank in New York was compelled to suspend specie payment. Four hundred millions m gold had been carried out of the country in eight years to pay for foreign goods that should have been manufactured at home, and we had years of depression and distress as an atonement for our folly. ” “ Then do you mean to imply'that there should he no reduction of the National revenue? ” “ No, what I have said implies the. re ­ verse. ‘ T would reduce itby a pronapt re ­ peal of the tobacco tax and would make here and there some changes in the tariff, .not reduce protection, but wisely foster it. ” “ Would you explain your meaning more fully ? ” “ I mean, ” said Mr. Blaine, ‘ /that no great system of revenue like our tariff can operate with efficiency and equity unless the changes of. trade be closely watched and the law- promptly adapted to those changes. But I would make no change that should impair the ’ protective character of the whole body of the tariff laws. Four years, ago, in the act of 1883, we made changes of the character I have tried to in ­ dicate. If such changes were made, and the fortifying of our sea coast thus under ­ taken at a very moderate annual outlay, no surplus would be found after that already accumulated had been disposed of. The outlay of money on fortifications, while doing great service to the country, would give good work to many men. ” “ But what about the existing surplus ?” “ The abstract of the message I have seen, ” replied Mr. Blaine, “ contains no reference to that point. I therefore make no comment further than to indorse Mr. Fred Grant ’ s remark that a surplus is al ­ ways easier to handle than a deficit. ” The reporter repeated the question whether the President ’ s recommendation would not, if adopted, giye us the *advan- lage of a large increase in expor ts. “ I only repeat, ” answered Mr. Blame, \that it would vastly enlarge our imports, while, the only export it would seriously increase would be our gold and silver. That would flow out bounteously, just as it did under the tariff of 1846. The President ’ s recom ­ mendation enacted into law would result, as did an experiment in drainage of a man who wished to turn a swamp into a pro ­ ductive field. He dug a train to a neigh ­ boring river, hut it happened, unfortunate ­ ly, that the level of the river was higher than the level of the swamp. A parallel would be found when the President ’ s poli ­ cy in attempting to open a channel for the increase of exports should simply succeed in making way for a deluging inflow of fabrics to the destruction of home indus ­ try. ” “But don ’ t yon think it important to in ­ crease our import trade? ” • * ‘ Undoubtedly ; hut it is vastly more im ­ portant not to lose our own great market for our own people in a vain effort to reach the impossible. It is not our foreign trade that has caused the wonderful growth and expansion of the republic. It is our vast domestic trade between thirty-eight states, and eight territories, with a population of perhaps 62,000,000 to-day. The whole amount of the export and import trade to ­ gether, never, I think, reached $1,900,000,- 000 any one year. Our internal home trade on 130,000 miles of railway, along 15,000 miles of ocean coast, over the five great lakes, and along 20,000 miles of nav ­ igable rivers, reaches the enormous annual aggregate'of more than $40,000,000,000 and perhaps this year $50,000,000,000. It is into this illimitable trade, even now in its infancy and destined to attain a magnitude not dreamed of twenty years ago, that Europeans are struggling to enter. It is the heritage of the American people, of their children and of their children ’ s chil ­ dren. It gives an absolutely free trade over territory nearly as large as all Europe and profit all our own. The genuine free trader appears unable to see or comprehend that this continent — not our exchanges with Europe — is the great source of our prosperity. President Cleveland., now plainly proposes a policy that will admit Europe ]o a share of this trade. ” “ But you are in favor of extending our foreign trade, are you not? ” “ Certainly, I am in all practical .and ad vantageous ways, but not on the principle of the free.traders, by which we will, he constantly exchanging dollar for dime. Moreover, foreign trade is often very de ­ lusive. Cotton is manufactured in the city of my residence. If a box of cotton goods is sent 200 miles to the province of New Brunswick it is foreign trade. If shipped 1700 miles around Cape Horn to Washington territory it is domestic trade. The magnitude of the Union and the im ­ mensity of its internal trade requires new political economy. Treaties written for European stales do not grasp our peculiar situation. ” “ How will the .President ’ s message be taken in the South? ” ' “ I don ’ t dare answer'that question. The truth has been so long obscured by certain local questions, unreasoning prudence, that nobody can hope for industrial enlighten ­ ment among their leaders just yet. But in my view, the South above'; all sections of the Union, needs a protective tariff. The • two Virginias, North Carolina, Kentucky, Missouri, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia have enormous resources and facilities for developing and handling manufactures, They cannot do anything without protec ­ tion. Even the progress so vast as some of those states made will he checked if the President ’ s message is enacted into law, This senators and representatives can pre vent but they are so used to following anything labeled ‘ Democratic ’ that very probably they will follow the Pres ident and blight the progress already made. By the time some of the Southern states get free iron ore and coal, while to hacco is taxed, they may have occasion to sit down and calculate the value of Demo cratic free trade to their local interests. ” “ Will not the President ’ s recorhmenda tion to admit raw material find strong sup port ? ” “ Not by wise protectionists in our time, Perhaps some greedy manufacturers may think that with free coal or free iron-ore they can do great things, hut if they should succeed in trying — well, as hoys say, catch it on rebound. If home trade in raw ma ­ terial is destroyed or seriously injured the railroads will he the first to feel it. If that vast interest is crippled in any direction the financial fabric of the whole country will feel it quickly and seriously. If any man can give a reason why we should arrange the tariff to favor raw material of other countries in competition against our mate rial of the same kind, I should like to hear it. Should that recommendation of the President be approved it would turn 100, 000 American laborers out of employment before it has been a year in operation “ What must be the marked and general effect of the President ’ s message ? ” “ It will bring the country wh^e it ough to he brought — to a full and fair contest on the question of protection. The President himself makes it the one issue by present' ing no other in his message. I think it well to have the question settled. The Demo cratic party in power is a standing menace to the industrial prosperity of the country, That menace should be removed or the policy it foreshadows should be made cer tain. Nothing is so mischievous to busi ness as uncertainty, nothing so paralyzing as doubt. ” T he prohibition national committee is evidently composed of a rather “ previous ” lot of fellows. After fixing the time and place for their national convention they held a hqle-in-the-wall caucus and 1 ‘ select ed ” Geh.; Clinton B. Fisk/,, of New Jersey, as the prohibition candidate for president, He is a man of great wealth, and the pro hibition saints dp, not .object tq a liberal campaign fund. St. John prefers $100 per day for 150 days to the honor of being a presidential candidate; And, then, New Jersey being a doubtful state, the prohibi : tionists hdpe td make a sufficient diversion to insure the choice of the Democratic electors, ‘ and thus “ down the Republican .party. ” * W hen Hon. T. C. Platt learns that the Courier man has decided that “it looks as if Tom Platt must go ” we suspect that he will stand not upon the order of his going but will depart in the most abrupt and im ­ mediate manner. Important to Farmers, — Ten Reasons Why Erery Farmer Should Use Orange Electric Food. v ___ . 1st. It is superior to any article ever off ­ ered to the public for diseases of cattle, horses, hogs, sheep and poultry. 2d. If cattle are out of health or condi : tion, it will correct the trouble in less time than any other article. 3d. If fed to milch cows it will increase the daily amount of milk from 10 to 20 per cent, in less than two weeks. 4th, It is the only article known that' will eradicate and prevent hog cholera and the hog plague. 5th. It is worth its weight in gold for horses overworked or out of condition. 6th. It is a positive cure and preventa ­ tive for pink-eye in horses. 7th. It is unequaled for sheep and lambs. 8th. It is a positive eradicator of dis ­ eases common to poultry. 9th. When fed' to hens they will pro ­ duce more eggs than by-the use of any egg- food known, and at less than one-quarter the expense. 10th. It is sold at so low a price that every person having cattle, hogs, horses, sheep and poultry can afford to have it. Three-pound boxes,. 50c. ; large boxes $1 — - 20-pound pails, in bulk, 15c.. per lb., with full directions for use. Ask your druggist or merchant for it. For sale by W. H. BARNES, Chatham, N. Y. LO OK AT TH IS. To Close Out our large Stock of fiGOSS AND CARRIAGES we will from this day SEIX THEM WITH ­ OUT REGARD TO COST. Call, See and be Convinced at . ~ ITOTTGKEE ’ S , Carriage ati Harness J. T. RIDER at 294 Warm* St., Hiulsou, HAS ORES! ED A at which will be found th > celebrated Linde- man, Haynes, Mathushek, ,C; . D/. Pease, Gilbert & Co., James & Eolmstrom and .other Pianos of equal reputation. Also the unsurpassed Wilcox & White Organ, ior which Mr. Rider is sole agent. This is the best and most popular Organ in the market and cannot he equalled for elegance of design, quality and compass of tone, and durability of consiruction. Also Musical Instruments; of every descrip ­ tion, and a full line of the latest publications and best selections of SHEET MUSIC. Mr. P. W. Haviland has charge of this depart ­ ment and will spare no effort to gratify the public taste. Mr. Rider has the largest stock of New Goods in the river counties, all selected by himself at the manufacturies, to which he calls public at ­ tention and solicits public patronage. Don ’ t forget, 294 Warren' Street, Hudson, a few doors below the Farmers ’ Bank building. J. T. RIDER. c. s. AT THE People ’ s Store, Will make Three Specialties dur- tke next two weeks. Ladies ’ , Gent ’ s, Boy ’ s and Children ’ s PMBEIWME In all Colors and Qualities at a handsome discount. g^eooxxcSL BucMin Gloves and Mittens, GENT ’ S AND BOYS. Yery large line, and at prices that will, astonish you, sure. 22 and 24 Columbia Street, ~ HUDSON, N. Y • - ; ... TOXX^CS* - ;; , Gent ’ s, Ladies ’ and Misses ’ Finished and . 7 Unfinished . • • KID GLOVES, In all Colors. An oyer stock; and will be sold. Do not for a moment hesitate to r look at the above lines, as I mean business. Na trash, hut good straight goods. /; ^ 7 C. S. KINNE Main Sjfcreat, CHATHAM, N.Y.

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