J ffill • ' -V -- ■ • ■ : ,V . - 1 ' .-- ‘ i -V ■ VOLUME 2. CHATHAM, COLUMBIA COUNTY, N. Y., TUESDAY, SEPT. 18, 1888. NUMBER 50. r Business Cards. C- E- Barrett, A TTORNEY and Counselor, East Chatham, N.Y. F. I. Park, GENERAL Insurance Agent, Masonic Build- ing. Park Row. > BALDWIN. — Mason and Contracter, Chat- ham, N. Y. Good work guaranteed. O M. WHYLAND, House and Sign Painting, • Graining, Fancy Paper Hanging and Church Decorating. G. K. Daley, A TTORNEY and Counselor at Law, and Civil Justice, Main street. Wm. C. Daley, A TTORNEY and Counselor at Law. , Office • “ - in Morris block. Main street. R. E. Slmphelt, TCpLORIST — Fair View Green House. x Centre Street, Chatham, N. Y. Cornelius Shufelt, A TTORNEY and Counselor and Notary Pub- lie. Office in Cadman Building, Main street. McClellan & Brown, ^TTORNEYS and Counselors at Law. Office in Masonic Building, Park Row. Joseph. Summer TSSTTES tickets to and from Europe for $15. A Now is the time to send for your friends from all parts of Europe. L. E. Callender, T^ASHIONABLE HAIRDRESER. Ladies ’ and Children ’ s work a specialty. Room 8, Masonic Building, Chatham, N. Y. Azro Chace Hanor TDH Y3£CT AN and Surgeon. Office in the new McClellan Building. Hours, 8 to 10 a . m ., 3 to 5 p . m . Telephone in Fellows ’ drug store connects with residence on Payn Avenue. F. E. Allen, ■\7ERMONT Marble Works, opposite Masonic v Building. Chatham. Granite and Marble Monuments, Headstones, Coping and Cemetery work of all kinds. Chatham Steam Laundry, T ATJNDRY work of all kinds executed at J — arm a hi p. Reasonable rates. Rough dried family wash ing a specialty. E. P. Allen, Lower Main Street, Chatham, N. Y. Stanwix Hall, A/rAIN street, Chatham, M. A. Harding, pro- J-VA prietor. Free ’ Bus to and from all trains. Particular attention paid to commercial men. Livery connected with house. ? Chas- Smith & Co., CHATHAM Marble Works, manufacturers of ^ every description of Marble and Granite Cemetery Work. Best of goods guaranteed at reasenable prices. Austerlitz street, near B. & A. R. R. crossing, Chatham, N. Y. Dr- A- M- Calkins, S URGEON Dentist. Office next door to Hawley ’ s hardware store, Main street, Chatham. \ All work guaranteed as repre sented. A. J. Fellows- ■pvRUGS and Medieines. A full line of every- thing belonging to a first-class drug store at popular prices. A share of the public pat ronage solicited. Prescriptions prepared care fully at the Chatham Pharmacy, Masonic Building. Parties wanting Farm Supplies this Spring will save money by patronizing . TOUGH, OP HUDSON. His stock includes Farm Implements, Light and Heavy, of ail kinds. JFarm Wagons and Carriages, 3?arm Harness, Light and Heavy, Fertilizers, Stoves, &e., &c. Buy all of one party and save one and two profits. TOUGH ’ S Agricultural Implement and Stove Warehouse, Carriage and Har ness Repository, Hudson. N. Y. W. H. FLINT, TJHMRTAKER, Has returned, to Ms old place Of business, and is ready to re spond to all calls for Ms services. 23Co HP X j X KT *27, East Cliatliam, NT. Y. MEAT MARKET. L. O. KRAFFT, DEALER IN Beef, Veal, Mutton, PORK, LARD, j|k.. SAUSAGE, . HAM, POULTRY, Etc. Main St., - - Chatham, K. Y. HULL) BY FALL Am VINTER STILES. A full line of the very latest styles in Hats and Bonnets. Feathers, Flowersi Etc. A complete line of Fancy Work Materials. MISS ADDIE C. SMITH, Pr School Street, CHATHAM, N. Y. L SILL Prior to taking annual inven tory, March 1st, you can buy itt&C., IT COST FOR CASH. All Winter Goods At Special Reduced Prices, The newest Thing in Head-wea now is the HARVARD GAP. CALL Am LOOK AT THEM. CLARK “ THE ” HATTER, Main Street, Chatham, N. ¥. fl. C. HAMM ’ S JUST READY. A CARLOAD OF Chamber Furniture, Ash and Painted in the Latest Styles. We propose to sell these Suits At Very Low Prices It will pay housekeepers to in spect them. They should he seen without delay, for they will not remain on our hands very long. H; C. Main Street, Chatham, N. Y. HARRISOH ACCEPTS ! HE REGARDS PROTECTION AS ESSEN TIAL TO OUR INDUSTRIAL INTERESTS. How the 'Surplus Can Be Made a Blessing — His Views on Chinese Exclusion, Freedom of the Ballot, Admission of Territories — Pensions, Trusts and the Fisheries Difficulty — He Especially Commends the Temperance Plank and Indorses the Entire Chicago Platform. I ndianapolis , Ind., Sept. 12.— General Henjamin Harrison has made public his letter accepting the nomination to the Pres- dency. It is as follows : I ndianapolis , Ind., Sept. 11, 1888. H on . M. M. E stee and others, Committee: G entlemen — When your Committee vis ited me on the Fourth of July last and pre sented the official announcement of my nomination for the Presidency of the United States by the Republican Conven tion, I promised as soon as was practicable to communicate to you a formal acceptance of the nomination. Since that time the work of receiving and addressing almost daily large delegations of my fellow citi zens has not only occupied all of my time, but has in some measure rendered it un necessary for me to use this letter as a ffiediuni of communicating to the public my views upon the questions involved in the campaign. I appreciate very highly the confidence and respect manifested by the convention, and accept the nomination with a feeling of gratitude and a full sense of the responsibilities which- accompany it. It is a matter of congratulation that the declarations of the Chicago Convention upon the questions that now attract the in terest of our people are so clear and em phatic. There is f urther cause of congratu lation in the fact that the Convention utter ances of the Democratic party, if in any degree uncertain or contradictory, can now he judged and interpreted by executive acts and messages, and by definite proposi tions in legislation. This is especially true of what is popularly known as the tariff question. The issue cannot now he ob scured. It is not a contest between sched ules, but between wide apart principles. The foreign competitors of our market have, with quick instinct, seen how one issue of this contest may bring them advan tage, and our people are not so dull as to miss or neglect the grave interests, that are involved for them. The assault upon our protective system is open and defiant. Protection is assailed as unconstitutional in law, or as vicious in principle, and those who hold such views sincerely cannot stop short of an absolute elimination from our tariff laws of the principle of protection. CRITICISM OF THE MILLS BILL. The Mills bill is only a step, but it is toward an object that the leaders of Demo cratic thought and legislation have clearly m mind. The important question is not so much the length of the step as the direction of it. Judged by the Executive message of De cember last, by the Mills bill, by the debates m congress and by the St. Louis platform, the Democratic party will, if supported by the country, place the tariff laws upon a purely revenue basis. This is practical free trade — free trade in the English sense. The legend upon the banner may not be “ free trade ” — it may be the more obscure motto, “ tariff reform ” — but neither the banner nor the inscription is conclusive, or, indeed, very important. The assault itself, is the important fact. Those who teach that the import duty upon foreign goods in our market is paid by the consumer, and that the price of the domestic competing article is -enhanced to the amount of the duty on the imported article — that every million of dollars col lected for customs represents many millions more which do not reach the Treasury, but are paid by our citizens as the increased cost of domestic productions resulting from the tariff laws — may not intend to discredit in the minds of others our system of levy ing duties on competing foreign products, but it is clearly already discredited in their own. , We cannot doubt, without impugn ing their integrity, that if free to aet upon their convictions they would so revise our laws as to lay the burden of the customs revenue upon articles that are not produced in this country, and to place upon the free list all competing foreign products. I do not stop to refute this theory as to the effect of our tariff duties. Those who advance it are students of maxims and not of the markets. They may be safely allowed to call their project “ tariff reform ” if the people understand that in the end the argument compels free trade m all compet ing products. The end may not be reached abruptly, and its approach \may be accom panied with some expressions of sympathy for our protected industries and our work ing people, but it. will certainly come if these early steps do not arouse the people to effective resistance. REPUBLICANISM STANDS FOR PROTECTION. The Republican parly holds that a pro tective tariff is constitutional, wholesome and necessary. We do not offer a fixed schedule, but a principle. We will revise the schedule, modify rates, but always with an intelligent prevision as to the effect upon domestic production and. the wages of our working people. We believe it to he one of the worthy objects of tariff legis lation to preserve the American market for. American producers, and to maintain the American scale of wages by adequate dis : criminating duties upon foreign competing products. The effect of lower, rates and larger importations upon the public reve nue is contingent and doubtful,, but not^O; the effect Upon American production'and American wages. - • Less work and lower wages must be ac cepted as the inevitable ; result of the in creased offering of foreign goods in our market. By way of recompense for this reduction in his wages and .the - loss- of the American market, it is suggested that the diminished wages of the workingman will have an undiminished purchasing power, and that he will be able to make up for the loss of the home market by an enlarged foreign market. Our workingmen have the settlement of the question in their own hands. They now -obtain higher wages and live more comfortably than those of any other country. They will make choice between the substantial advantages they have in hand and the deceptive promises and forecasts of those theorizing reformers. They will decide for themselves and for the country whether the protective system shall be continued or destroyed. REDUCTION OF THE SURPLUS. The fact of a treasury surplus, the amount of which is variously stated, has directed public attention to a consideration of the methods by which the national in come may best be reduced to the level of a wise and necessary expenditure. This condition has been seized upon by those who are hostile to protective custom duties as an advantageous base of attack upon our tariff laws. They have magnified and nursed the surplus, which they affect to deprecate, seemingly for the purpose of exaggerating the evil in order to reconcile the people to the extreme remedy they propose. A proper reduction of the reve nue does not necessitate and should not suggest the abandonment or impairment of the protective system. The methods sug gested by our convention will not need to be exhausted in order to effect the neces sary reduction. We are not likely to be called upon, I think, to make a present choice between the surrender of our pro tective system and the entire repeal of the internal taxes. Such a contingency, in view of the present relation of expendi tures to revenues, is remote. The inspec tion and regulation of the manufacture and sale of oleomargarine is importaut, aud the revenue derived from it is not so great that the repeal of the daw need enter into any plan of revenue reduction. The sur plus now in the treasury should be used in the purchase of bonds. The law author- jzes this use of it. and if if is not needed for current or deficiency appropriations the people, and not the banks in which it has been deposited, should have the advantage of its use by stopping interest upon the public debt. At least those who needlessly hoard it should not be allowed to use the fear of a monetary stringency, thus pro duced, to coerce public sentiment upon other questions. IMPORTATION OF CONTRACT LABOR. Closely connected with the subject of the tariff fs that of the importation of foreign laborers under contracts of service to be performed here. The law now in force prohibiting such contracts received my cordial support in the senate, and such amendments as may be found necessary effectively to deliver our working men and women from this most inequitable form of competition will have my sincere advocacy. Legislation prohibiting the importation of laborers under contracts to serve here will, however, afford very inadequate relief to our working people if the system of pro tective duties is broken down. If the products of American shops must compete in the American market without favoring duties with the products of cheap foreign labor, the effect will be different, if at all, only in degree, whether the cheap labor is across the street or over the sea. Such competition will soon reduce wages here to the level of those abroad, and when that condition is reached we will nut need any laws forbidding the importation of laborers under contract. They will have no induce ment to come aud the employer no induce ment to send for them. In the earlier years of our history public agencies to promote immigration were common. The pioneer wanted a neighbor with more friendly instincts than the In dian. Labor was scarce and fully employed. But the day of the immigration bureau has gone by. While our doors will continue open to proper immigratien, we do not need to issue special invitations to the in habitants of other countries to come to our shores or to share our citizenship. Indeed, the necessity of some inspection and limit ation is obvious. We should resolutely refuse to permit foreign governments to send their paupers and criminals to our ports. We are also clearly under a duty to defend our civiliation by excluding alien races whose ultimate assimilation with our people is neither possible nor desirable. The family has been the nucleus of our best immigratfon and the home the most potent assimilating force' in our civiliza tion. RESTRICTION OF CHINESE IMMIGRATION FAVORED. The objections to Chinese immigration are distinctive and conclusive and are now so generally accepted as such that the question has passed entirely beyond the stage of argument. The laws relating to this subject would, if I should he charged with their enforcement, be faithfully exe cuted. Such amendments or further legis lation as may be neeessajy ana proper to prevent evasions of the laws and to stop further Chinese immigration would also meet my approval. The expression of the convention upon this subject is in entile harmony with my views. ELECTION FRAUDS CONDEMNED. Our civil compact is a Government by majorities, and the law loses its sanction and the magistrate our respect when this compact is broken. The evil results of election frauds do not expend themselves upon the voters who are robbed of their rightful influence in public affairs. The individual, or community, or party that practices or connives at election frauds has suffered irreparable injury, and will sooner or later realize that to exchange the American system of majority rule for mi nority control is not only unlawful and un patriotic, hut very unsafe for those who promote it. The disfranchisement of a single legal elector, by fraud or intimida tion is a crime too grave to he regarded lightly. The right of every qualified elec tor to cast one free ballot and to have it honestly counted must not be questioned. Every cbhstitutioual power should he used to make this right secure and punish frauds upon the ballot. Our colored people do not ask special legislation in their interest, but only to be .made ’ secure in - the common rights of .American citizenship. They; will, how ever, 1 naturally mistrust the sincerity of those party leaders who' appeal to their race for support only in those localities where the suffrage; is free and election re sults doubtful, and compass their disfran chisement where their votes would he con trolling and their choice cannot be coerced. - NATIONAL EDUCATION. . The nation, not less than the states, is dependent for prosperity and security upon the intelligence and morality of the people. The common interest very early suggested national aid in the establisbmont and en dowment of schools and colleges in the new states. There is; I believe, a present . exigen cy that calls for still more .liberal and direct appropriations in aid of common school education in the states. ADMISSION OF TERRITORIES, The territorial form of government is/a temporary expedient, not a permanet civil, condition. It is adapted to the exigency that suggested it, but becomes inadequate and even oppressive when applied to fixed and populous communities. Several terri tories are well able to bear the burdens and discharge the duties of free commonwealths in the American Union. To exclude them is to deny the just rights of their people. Ho question of the political preference of the people of a territory should close against them the hospitable door which hasopened to two-thirds of the existing states. But admission should be resolutely refused to any territory a majority of whose people cherish institutions that are repugnant to our civilization or inconsistent with a re publican form of government. THE DANGER OF TRUSTS. The declaration of the convention against “ all combinations of capital, organized in trusts or otherwise, to control arbitrarily the condition of trade among our citizens, ” is in harmony with the views entertained and publicly expressed by me long before the assembling of the convention. Ordin arily capital shares the losses of idleness with labor, but under the operation of the trust, in some of its forms, the wage worker alone suffers loss, while, idle capital receives its dividends from a trust fund. Producers who refuse to join the combina tion are destroyed, and. competition as an element of prices is eliminated. It cannot be doubted that the legislative authority should and will find a method of dealing fairly and effectively with these and other abuses connected with this subject. PENSIONS FOR VETERANS AND THEIR FAM ILIES. It can hardly be necessary for me to say that I am heartily in sympathy with the declaration of the convention upon the subject, of pensions to our soldiers and sail ors. What they gave and what they suf fered I had some opportunity to observe, and in a small measure to experience. They gave ungrudgingly; it was not a trade, but an offering. The measure was heaped up, running over. What they achieved only a distant generation can ad equately tell. Without attempting to dis cuss particular propositions I may add that measures in behalf of the surviving vet erans of the war and of the families of their dead comrades should he conceived and executed in a spirit of justice and of the most grateful liberality, and that, in the competition for civil appointment, honorable military service should have ap propriate recognition. CIVIL SERVICE REFORM APPROVED. The law regulating appointments to the classified Civil Service received my sup port in the Senate, in the belief that it opened the way to a much needed reform. I still think so, and therefore cordially ap prove the clear and forcible expression of the convention upon this subject. The law should have the aid of a friendly in terpretation and he faithfully and vigor ously enforced. All appointments under it should be absolutely free from partisan considerations and influence. Some exten sions of the classified list are practicable and desirable, and further legislation ex tending the reform to other branches of the service, to whicn it is applicable,would receive my approval. In appointments to every grade and department, fitness, and not party service, should he the essential and discriminating test, and fidelity and efficiency the only sure tenure of office. Only the interests of public service should suggest removals from office. I know the practical difficulties attending the attempt to supply the spirit of the Civil Service rules to all appointments, and removals. It will, however, be my sincere purpose, if elected, to advance the reform. I notice with pleasure that the conven tion did not omit to express its solicitude for the promotion of virtue and temper ance among our people. The Republican party has always been friendly to every thing that tended to make the home life of our people free, pure and prosperous, and will in the future be true to its histo ry in this respect. FOREIGN RELATIONS Our relations with foreign powers should he characterized by friendliness and respect. The right of our people and of our ships to hospitable treatment should be insisted upon with dignity and firmness. Our na tion is too great, both in material strength and moral power to indulge in, bluster or to be suspected of timorousness. Vacillation and inconsistency are as incompatible with successful diplomacy as they are with the national dignity. We should especially cultivate aud extend our diplomatic and commercial relations with the Central and South American states. Our fisheries should be fostered and protected. The® hardships and risks that are the necessary incidents of the business should not be in creased by an inhospitable exclusion- from the near-lying ports. The resources of a firm, dignified and consistent diplomacy are undoubtedly equal to the prompt and peaceful solution of the difficulties that now exist. Our neighbors will surely not expect in our ports a commercial hospital ity they deny to us in theirs. I cannot extend this letter by a special reference to other subjects upon which the convention gave an expression. In respect to them, as well as to those I have noticed, I am in entire agreement with the declarations of the convention. The resolutions relating to the coinagey-to the rebuilding of the navy, to coast defenses and to public lands express conclusions to all of which I gave my support in the Senate. Inviting a calm and thoughtful consid eration of these public questions, we sub mit them to the people. Their intelligent patriotism and the good Providence that made and has .kept us a nation will lead them to wise ’ ahd safe conclusions. Very respectfully, Your obedient servant^ B enjamin H arrison . — Every one needs occasionally something to increase the activity of the liver. Ho remedy has • ever been discovered which will accomplish this object so thoroughly and agreeably as Van Wert ’ s Liver Pellets. Sold by Geo. E. Burrows. Rensselaer County. SOUTH SCHODACK. Dewitt J. Mesick of Little Falls was in town last week. Edgar L. Smith who bas had typhoid fever will soon be able to be about again. Thirty-four bought tickets for the Chat ham fair from this place, last Wednesday. Our village blacksmith who lost his pocket book in Albany last week has had it returned with the money. Henry Best has started digging his cellar and will ha,ve his house built this fall so he can occupy it the coming winter. The food exhibition in Albany w;as well attended by our village folks, but they report the exhibition too well advertised on bills. M The boss blower is at his home. He ex pects to erect a large hennery on the Hud son River Poultry Farm, on Fiddler ’ s Green. ' K v S t ® ilg Old Mr. Merry-Go-Round, who general ly runs around, has been around and is liable to come around again, if the Lord is willing. The yellow school house district intend repairing their school house and have voted $400 for the improvement. It comes none too soon. - j ' - :> •' „ i'-j-Tz , David, the tree agent, has made his ap pearance again and will give air needing fruit trees a call. He sells none but first- class stock. The proprietors of the Hudson River Poultry farm have hired a tract of land adjoining theirs and intend to go into the poultry business more extensively next spring. Oscar Miller is the boss egg finder. A few days ago he found a hen ’ s nest with 48 eggs and soon after one with 52 and then did not have them well looked up. The two young men who succeeded m breaking a large plate glass in a front door should be more careful in, future. But they were with their best girls and an al lowance should be made for them, espec ially as one man says he could not help it: somebody tickled him so. SCHODACK LANDING. Miss Came Huyck is visiting friends at Hemburgh, Miss Hattie Van Dyke, of Bath-on-the- Hudson, is the guest of Miss Annie Mur phy. ’ • Franklin & Ottie have purchased the Acker meat market and are doing a good business. The Citizen ’ s band of this place gave a- festival and dance, Thursday. It was largely attended and netted $25. Miss Hattie Spalding has returned from a short visit to Saratoga, where she was the guest of Hon. J. H. Stowe and family. A young man, the son of a captain on an ice boat lying at Gardiner & Downer ’ s ice house, fell through a hatchway and broke his back. He was removed to the hospital in Hew York. The Cleveland and Thurman club raised a pole and a banner, Thursday. They had to wait till the day set for the festival and dance given by the band so as to get enough help to raise the pole.. Messrs. Griffin, of Troy, and Spalding, of this place, were to speak, hut neither gentle man put in an appearance. A German laborer named Bixell, em ployed by Frank Lyman, was found near this place by the * track walker, Tuesday morning, lying alongside the railroad track with his head split open. He had attended the prohibition meeting in Castle- ton, and, as he was in the habit of drink ing, it is supposed that he staggered against a passing freight train while walk ing homeward. Deceased was 60 years old. He had worked for farmers in this section for upward of 15 years. Coroner Foy removed the remains to Troy. ■ ; S - vf v ’ --a - BERLIN. The large reservoir building for the waterworks is progressing finely. J. B. Adams, father of Mrs. William Lewis, died last Thursday night, aged 74 years. An excursion to Lake George, is adver tized for next Friday. • The Citizens ’ band will furnish the music. ' ' v ' ?|g|f W. Taylor will start his apple evapora tor this week. He has ever 1,000 bushels of apples engaged already. ■ The Lebanon Springs railroad, through, William V. Reynolds, as receiver, is en deavoring to compel the assessors of the town to reduce the valuation of the road from $3,000 to $500 per mile. Tuesday a game of base ball was played . at this place between Petersburgh and Ber lin. The game broke up in a row. The umpire remarked before the game com menced that Petersburgh would win. SCHODACK DEPOT. Miss Mary Ward Golder. of Castleton, is a guest of Miss M. Adelha VanHoesen. Mr. Oliver Graves, of Philmont, was in town a part of last week. The marriage of Mr. Thomas Beaumont; superintendent of the Central Hudson railroad shops at East Albany, and Miss Mary Becker, daughter of Sir, Stephen Becker, took place at the residence of the bride ’ s father, on Wednesday . afternoon. Rev. A. D. Campbell, of Castleton, offic iating. ‘ \ V \ \ . ■ * _ /I ' v STEPHENTOWN. Rev. Dr. Deems and wife, of Hew York, were recent guests of •0. M Brimmer. The prohibitionists- of this town have nearly all deserted their standard and are to support Harrison and Morton. — The ladies of Chatham know a good thing when they see it, and that is why; they all use Tulip soap; — ReuhenTimmermah, a well-known resi dent of JPamelia.HVY., says: “ I contracted Catarrh some years'ago and tried every remedy I could hear of, hut got help from none. The disease grew more troublesome as time went on. Painful sores formed in . .