: V\ :; ?' :; -r. . ' > •. .. - : . , - - II v-'b : ■( ! v' • ■■■ - v : :7- v;« ■•V :V. / 1 ■■ ; ;■ : v. ■: /, ■ 'S : : . ■ '\■■■' ■ i /:■/ b ■ ; ' “ V . ; : '-yiv. ; . ; i; ; ' ;;, ' ^v' VOLUME 4. CHATHAM, COLUMBIA COUNTY, H. Y., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1890. NUMBER 52 , Business Cards. O. E. Barrett, A TTORNEY and Counselor, East Chatham, TJ. V F. I. Park (U.ENERAL Insurance Agent, Masonic Build- vx ing. Park Row. X3 B ALDWIN. — Mason and Contracter, Chat- -*-»• ham, N. Y. Good work guaranteed. M. WHYLAND, House and Sign Painting, v -'* Graining, Fancy Paper Hanging and Church Decorating. Gr. K. Daley, ATTORNEY and Counselor at Law, and Civil Justice, Main street. Win. C. Daley, A TTORNEY and Counselor at Law. Office ■* rx in Morris block, Main street. R. E. Shuphelt, PTLORIST — Fair View Green House. Centre Street, Chatham, N. Y. Cornelius Shufelt, A TTORNEY and Counselor and Notary Pub- lie.' Office opposite Village Hall. Main street. H. W. & G. McClellan, A TTORNE YS and Counselors at Law. Office in Post Office Building, Park Row. Geo. C. Leigh, ■ppASHIONABLE HAIRDRESER. Ladies ’ and Children ’ s work a specialty. Room 8, Masonic Building, Chatham, N. Y. E. D. Root, Y FADING JEWELER. Watches, Clocks, •* — ' Jewelry, &c. Repairing promptly done. Central Square, Chatham, N. Y. Azro Chace Hanor \PHYSICIAN and Surgeon. Office in the new ■ McClellan Building. Hours, 8 to 10 A. m ., •3 to 5 p . m . Telephone in Fellows ’ drug store connects with residence on Payn Avenue. Chatham Steam Laundry, T AUNDRY work of all kinds executed at ■* — rates. Tfcouerk dried family wash - - ‘ reasonable rates. Rough dried family wash ing a specialty. E. P. Allen, Lower Main Street, Chatham, N. Y. Stanwix Hall, TV/rAIN street, Chatham, M. A. Harding, pro- -IV-L p r ietor. Free ’ Bus to and from all trains. Particular attention paid to commercial men. Livery connected with house, Dr- A- M- Calkins. CURGEON Dentist. Office next door to *■-3 TTnwlAv ’ a hardware store. Main Street. Hawley ’ s hardware store. Main street, Cnatham. All work guaranteed as repre sented. * THE GARNER MIUS NOW IN GOOD RUNNING ORDER. ■A.n kinds of Custom Grinding done at short Notice. Buckwheat in its Season. We also keep in stock The Best St. Louis and Minnesota Flours. Wheat Bran, Shorts, and all kinds of Feed sold at Reasonable Rates for Cash, at O-Sbrnox*^ lv£ills SON o a 0 Q IR <D % U) *v ■H a 0) MEM MARKET. L. O; KRAFFT, DEALER IN Beef, Veal, Mutton, PORE, LARD, v SAUSAGE, HM, POULTRY, Etc. SCHOOL OF SHORT HAND TYPEWRITING. Is the leading school of Business and Short Hand and furnishes the best ad vantages to its students. It educates young men and women practically and supplies business houses with competent assistants. Don ’ t decide where you will attend until you write to us for particulars. Ad dress, C arnell & G utch - ess , A lbany , N. Y. 3VE. J. H.3SIX.EY —SUCCESSOR TO- J, k W. A. SCHOOL ST., - - CHATHAM, N. Y . Pay the Highest Cash Price For WOOL, HIDES, SKINS, &(]. Main St., - - Chatham, N. Y Agricultural & Cattle Salt, Sole Leather, Soft Soap, etc. Soap Exchanged for Grease. Sole Leather cut in Quantities to suit purchasers- Halstead & Pierson DEALERS IN COAL and WOOD. Office and Yard near B. A, depot JST. Y. W. H. FLINT, UHDSRTAKSR, Has returned to his old place of business, and is ready to re spond to all calls for his services. 'W. DEE. DE'X j XIWT, East Chatham, N. Y. PATENTS Caveats and Ke-issues secured, Trade Marks registered, and all other patent causes in the Patent Office and before the Courts promptly and carefully prosecuted. Upon receipt of model or sketch of inven- tion, I make careful examination, and advise as to patentability free of charge. With my offices directly across from the Patent Office, and being in personal attend ance there, it is apparent that I have superior facilities for making prompt preliminary, searches, for the more vigorous and successful prosecution of applications for patent, and for attending to all business entrusted to my care, in the shortest possible time. FEES MODERATE, and exclusive atten tion given to the patent business. Infor mation, advice and special references sent on request. J. R. LITTELL, Solicitor and Attorney in Patent Causes, \Washington D. C«, Opposite U. 8. Patent Office, ly — 22 (Mention this paper j HOW CAN THE LONG may be a very lo»»on, g E J HE SHORT and yet be the short est between given points. For instance the St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba Rail way has over • 30 0 0 miles of road; magnifi cently equipped and managed, it is one of the greatest railway sys tems of this country; for the same reasons it is the traveler ’ s favor ite to all points in Min- . nesota. North and South Dakota and Montana. It is the only li ne to Great Falls, the future manufac turing center of the North west; to the fertile free lands of the Milk River Valley; and offers a choice of three routes. . to the Coast. Still it is the Short- est line between St. Paul, ..Minneap olis, Fargo, Winnepeg, Crookston, Moorhead, Casselton.Glyndon, Graf ton, Fergus Falls, Wahpeton, Devils, Lake, and Butte City. It is the best route- to Alaska, China and Japan; and the journey to the Pacific Coast, Vancouver, Tacoma, Seattle, Portland and San Franeisco will be remembered as the delight of a life time, once made through the wonderful scenery of the Manitoba-Pacific Route. To fish and hunt; to view the magnifi cence of nature; to revive the spirit; restore the body; to realize the dream of the home-seeker, the gold-seeker; the toiler, or the capitalist, visit the country reached by the St. Paul, Minneapolis & M a n i- toba Railway. Write to G. 1. W hitney , G. P. & T. A., St. Paul, Minn., for maps. books and guides. If you want a free farm in a lovely laird, write\ for the ‘‘ . Great Reservation ” read it and resolve to accept the oT- HAND OF FORTUNE! HOI TO DRIVE A HORSE. AN EXPERT ’ S VALUABLE HINTS FOR ‘ AMATEUR HORSEMEN. The Proper- Way of Holding Reins — Don ’ t Give Cold Water to Yoiir Horse When He Is Heated — Don ’ t Call the Whip Into Play Too Much — Have Your Horse Properly Shod and Intelligently Caried For. Millard Sunders, who holds the record for four-in-hand and tandem driving and is ranked as ope of the most accomplished reinsmen in the country, was chatting with a friend the other day on the subject of amateur drivers. “ There are some of them, ” said the man whose success with the supposed un manageable Guy created a positive sensa tion. “ that I think a great deal of, and others that I could not say« as much for, but I will assert that the amateur drivers in New York and vicinity are the best reinsmen in the world. There are some men, however, who should never be al lowed to own a horse, for they have no sense. A great many rich men go and buy horses and don ’ t know the first thing about them, and the natural consequences is that, although they, may have the best intentions, they ill-use their horse so grossly that he becomes prematurely broken down. They may drive him to excess and, not knowing how to take care of him after wards leave it to ignorant or lazy grooms, who don ’ tcare what becomes of the animal. A PECULIARITY OF AMATEUR DRIVERS “ But I want to tell you about a peculiar thing I have often noticed. I have seen amateur drivers who would buy a horse and day after day bang him along till one would think he must be made of iron to stand it; yet that horse would keep on improving. Why this Is I don ’ t know, but nearly every driver in the profession will tell you he has met cases of this kind in his own experience, “ On the other hand, we have many amateurs whom I consider as fine drivers as there are in the land. Take Mr. Rocke feller, for instance. Now, I myself have learned a great deal from him, and I think he can develop and improve a horse as well any man I ever saw. How does he do it? Well, he does it because he thinks intelli gently. Now, if he wants to speed his horses at the track he jogs them out slowly, speeds them as much as he wishes, and then, instead of tying them up under the shed, he lets them amble quietly home, and by the time they get there they are cooled out nicely and in good condition, “ It is a great mistake tor gentlemen to drive out to the track, speed their horses, and let them stand under the shed after perhaps giving them a drink of cold water. Never put cold water into a hot stomach. If you must give your horse a drink while he is warm, let him have some water that has been standing in the sun and that is tepid ; if you give it to him cold out of the pumps, you stiffen him and make him sore all over. Above all, don ’ t work your horse to excess. If you find he is doing well, leave well alone, and don ’ t go trotting him off his legs. By handling a horse in this way I saw the gentleman I have mentioned develop and drive the mare Jessie in 2 193^, without track vyork of any account. SECRETS OF DRIVING. “ When you drive a horse you must n ’ t think that you can sit bolt upright in your road wagon and do him justice. Home men ’ s backs are bent the wrong way to drive a horse. You must adapt your hand in your horse ’ s mouth and you can do this with your back as stiff as a ramrod. Don ’ t hurt the horse ’ s mouth. Try and imagine that your arms are elastic and let them give-and-take as it were with the reins, so that you do not irritate the horse by the constant strain of hard pulling against him. “ If he should happen to break with you, don ’ t saw at his mouth; just take him back gently, and if he does not catch himself, which he generally will in a few jumps, just nip him to one side or the other, de pending on which side he catches, for, as you know, all horses do not catch on the same side. “ I think that the majority of gentlemen drivers mean well by their horses. At the same time they unwittingly neglect them. Take their feet, for exampte (the most im portant point in the driving horse). 'Gen tlemen drivers generally leave their Horses feet to their groom or blacksmith, and never give them the sligtest personal atten tion. • ‘ AS TO SHOEING- “ If you get a nice set of shoes that just suit your horse, have them duplicated, so that next time you want him shod you know he will have just what suits him. Above all, don ’ t let any blacksmith pare your horse ’ s feet down too much, A horse ’ s foot should be handled with reference to the growth of it,, and according to the size and weight. I think the convex shoes are the best to use for gentlemen ’ s road driving, for they will not pick up stones or throw much dirt. If you only handle your, horses carefully, you can drive them a good deal on the road and not injure them; but you must give them some of yoiir per sonal attention. Now as to handling your reins, of course that depends altogether on the kind of horse you are driving and it is unnecessary for me to say anything about the matter when yon use both hands, as most drivers nowadays have hand holds on their reins and it is only a simple question of slipping your hands into them. HOW TO DRIVE WITH ONE HAND. “ A great many people drive with the reins passed through their fingers. It seems to be the most natural way for one to take hold of his reins. I cannot say, however, that I think it is the best, for the simple reason that it gives you little or no leverage by which to control or guide your horse 1 have found the best method is to cross your reins through the palm of your hand, letting the rein which comes be tween your first finger and thumb pass over the thumb. In this way by simply turning your wrist you can guide and con trol your horse very easily. Remember, however, to always have your right hand free in case of accident, “ Be sure to get your horse bitten proper ly. You must get a bit that your horse likes. Some horses will almost pull your arms out with a severe bit, but will give no trouble at all if you put a leather or rubber bit in their mouths. Again, you may have your horse checked too high. I consider this hard and cruel on the horse that may have been on the road all the afternoon, and it is sure to irritate him so that in many cases he will commence to act badly. Lengthen your check to a rea sonable extent and you will find, in nine cases out of ten, it will benefit both the horse and yourself. DON ’ T USE THE WHIP TOO MUCH. “ As to the use of the whip, I have no ticed many amateur drivers who whip their horses for every little inistake, such as shying, etc. A whip is like a very poison ous drug that must be used seldom in small quantities, If I said that under no circum stances you should whip a horse, I think I would'not he far wrong, for it only adds fuel to the fire. If a horse should shy when driving, try and make him acquaint ed in the most peaceable way you can, with the object he is afraid of. * You must teach your horse to have confidence in you aud when he once has this he will learn-to rely on you. If you have been kind to a little colt and something frightens it, it will run at once toward you. The horse can be taught reliance m man just as im plicitly and more intelligently. ” From our own Reporter. EAST CHATHAM. A WONDERFUL FISH STORY. A Piscatorial Duel in \Which a South Schodack Man Was a Principal. The following narrative told by the Lockport Daily Journal a few days ago relates in a most circumstantial manner the unvarnished facts concerning a wonderful fish duel that recently occurred at Lewis ton. The Mr. Gardner referred to is a well known resident of South Schodack. In the excitement of the battle he must have forgotten where he lived when at home. Hence the reporter ’ s mistake. The Lockport Journal says: Mr. Wm. Lambert of this city; was re cently challenged by C. A. Gardner of Albany, N. Y., to a duel with rod and line — heavy forfeit attachment. Mr. Lam bert bravely accepted although for over forty years he has given no attention to piscatorial sport, and Mr. Gardner is an expert fisherman. Yesterday the battle was gamely fought at Lewiston, Mr. M. D. Clapsattle of Lockport, seconding Mr. Lambert and Mr. J. 'T. Darrison looking after Mr. Gardner. Mr. H. M. Robinson of Lewiston, was chosen guide, referee and scorer. • First Bout — Perch — After feeling care fully around for eight seconds near the bottom of Niagara river with minnow bait, both principals “ had a strike ” at the same' instant. Now did excitement run high, both contestants displaying, much skill as well as energy during the spasms of as fine a struggle as was ever witnessed, each man landing his fish, Mr. Lambert ’ s going over his shoulder, winning by a neck. The battle went on for an hour and a half, when time was called to allow the spray to settle. Catch, 143. Second Bout — “ Chugging ” Pike. — In this tussle the gentlemen Were evenly matched and sat glaring savagely at each other during an hour ’ s careful manipulation of the deadly “ chugger, ” Mr. Gardner capturing the first pike, ginning by three lengths. Catch, 4, Third and last bout — White Bass — A fair start was had and the strain was scarce ly over, when along came 33 schools of lake perch and chased all the white bass into deeper waters. This was more than the spectators could staud,and seizing neces sary weapons a general massacre of lake perch now took place. Principals, seconds, guides and scorer became mixed up with lines, rods, hooks and other utensils and for over an hour the air was literally filled with flying fish, 347 of which lit in the boat.; In summing up the last bout the seconds failed to agree, so the referee de clared the battle a. draw. There is no telling what serious results this may lead to. Co 1 u mbia Cou nty . From our own Reporter. HUDSON. The registry boards hold their first ses sion in this city next Saturday. -Personal registration is required under the new law. At the request of many of his old parish- ioners, Rev. Father Dempsey, has been transferred from Cooperstown to this city, by Bishop McNierney. A fire in Horace C. Winslow ’ s house on State street, early Sunday morning, caused alarm among the inmates and I from an upper win were quickly extinguished by citizens. The damage was quite trifling. Charles Sickles is buying large quantities of apples. I. R. Davis has again started in the sausage busihess. Jesse Herrick will soon remove to his newly purchased home. Warren Grant will occupy the house formerly known as the Davis place. P. W. -Ashley left: last week for Pitts field, where he has secured a position in a grocery store., Fred W. King has been chosen captain of the military company recently organized at the Union Fred school, Chatham. John Artis and daughter of Delaware, who have been spending a few weeks with J. C. Artis, left for home on Monday; Mrs. Wealthy Hubbard is spending a few days with her old friends and neigh bors. She will hereafter reside with P. S. Ford at Chatham. The town Sunday-school convention will be held at the Baptist church on Sunday, Oct. 5, at 3.30 p. m. Speaking by Rev. Mr. Burrell, of Lebanon, and others. It is now an established fact that the M. E. church is to be repaired. The new metallic ceiling has been ordered, and y work already 'commenced. The Sunday morning services will be held in the Bap tist church, by the kind invitation of Dr. Yan Bureh. There must have been a “ boom” in busi ness circles at Albany on Friday last, judg ing from the number of people from this place aud vicinity who were “ obliged ” to go there on that day. Farmers, poultry- men and merchants, all had important “ business ” at the city which had to be at tended to on that particular day. Some were so fortunate as to return with two cents in their pockets. It has not yet been reported how many came home with less than that amount. The entertainment given at the M. E. church last week by the young people,.was pronounced by all to be a grand success. The farmers ’ concert was heartily ap plauded, As was also the whistling solos bj' Miss _ Schilling. The vocal music was especially enjoyable, but when a?? did so well it would be hardly fair to call atten tion to any one particular selection. The programme closed with the Quaker wed ding. The > bridal party entered the church to the strains of Mendelssohn ’ s wedding march. The bride was dressed in white, while her six bride ’ s maids wore the ■Quaker gowns of gray, with white ker chief and cap. The young men wore black suits, with the large drab bat of the Qua ker. After the ceremony, which was. of course, performed by the bride and groom, congratulations were extended by the members of the bridal party, after which they marched from the stage and church. It was a very pretty and novel sight. The proceeds of the entertainment added |31 to the church repairing fund. From our own Reporter. NORTH HILLSDALE. Mrs. George F. Bartlett, who has been quite ill, is better. Mr. and' Mrs. Henry Downing, of Ancram, attended church in this place last Sunday. Mrs. Searleand Miss Jennie Searle, mother and sister of Mrs. Kerr, are visiting at the parsonage. Mrs. J. Johns of Ghent, attended the wedding of her brother. Will Deane, last Wednesday. Our village was the scene of a quiet wedding on Wednesday, Sept. 34, it being the occasion of the marriage of William E. Deane and Mary A. Minkler, only child of Wm. Minkler The ceremony was per formed at the residence of the bride ’ s father by Rev. Sames Yeager of Hillsdale. Only the relatives and intimate friends were present. The bride wore an elegant traveling costume of dark green broadcloth. The happy couple took the train for New York city, immediately after the ceremony. From our own Reporter. PHILMONT. James Aken is reported to be slowly recovering. Chas. N. Harder is absent on a business trip this week. The printing office is now located next door to the postoffice. Fred Coleman is said to be quite busy taking orders for election booths. The local fishermen talk of re-stocking the reservoir with rock bass and perch. Jesse Lawrence ami Mrs. 8. Horton, of Fishkill, were at Jewett Horton ’ s last week. Jeweler Denton is to occupy the rooms heretofore used as a barher shop by W. Nelson. Lanty Houghtahng will proceed at once to erect a residence on the lot he recently purchased. Mrs. Moore, a former resident, was buried at Ancram last Wednesday. She died at Hartford, Conn., from cancer. From our own Reporter. NEW LEBANON. Albert 8. Moore of Austerlitz, is princi pal of the graded school. George Delayan has removed to Pittsfield. Wm. Delavan- removes from the Wyoman- ock hotel to a neighboring house: The East Nassau band, M. R. Millius leader, visited Our town on Saturday night in a four-horse chariot and gave us some excellent music; Rensselaer County. From our own Reporter; SCHODACK LANDING. P. Y. McCabe and M. T. Murphy are in New York on business. Miss Annie E.. Reynolds spent Sunday with friends on the Ridge. •> Prof. H. Ray Barringer spent Sunday with his brother at Sanger ties. Miss E va Brousseau and/ Miss Sadie Morton are visiting friends iriSNew York. Mrs. James'M. Dumont and Miss \Belle of Washington, D. C., are visiting friends in this place. ... \ from this place who From our own Reporter; NASSAU. Mr. and Mrs. Geo. G. Jacobs, of Brook lyn, have returned home; Orestes Garrison, who has had a severe attack of typhoid fever, is recovering. Miss Gehhard, of Albany, has been spending a few days at Mrs . Jacob Grubb ’ s. John Degan, of Albany', spent a few days with his brother, Henry, and A. ’ Rose- garten, at this place. ■ The Nassau cornet band re-organized last Thursday with Prof. T. D. James as leader. “ Oh, snakes 1 ” Mrs.. Schefmeyer and family of New York, whose summer residence is here, returned home yesterday. A white frost greeted the eyes of the early riser last Thursday morning, the first of the. season. Farmers will have to “ hus tle ” to get their rye in this fall. Owing to the scarcity of ice, Albany sausage men have not as yet started up their manufactories. D. F. Winters broke the record last Saturday- in disposing of one ton of sausage at that place, \the largest sale made by him in one day since he has been in business. 1 ^ The N. Y. & N. E. fair which closed yesterday at Albany, has been visited by many of our townsmen. F. W. Gay lor, formerly of this place, had an unusually fine exhibit of fowls on which he received, a large number of premiums. He. also captured 16 prizes on 40 birds exhibited at the Slate fair. s Madison Yan Buren, of Schodack, and - Helen Wilkinson, of this place,, were united in wedlock last Thursday. Mr, and Mrs. Yan Buren were the recipients of many useful and beautiful presents from, their many friends who extend their hearty congratulations to the yo.uog couple. They will reside in Jesse Rrockway ’ s house, Schodack. Mrs. Goeway, while paying a visit to her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Frost, last week, was taken suddenly ill with typhoid fever. Mr. Goeway, who accompanied her, was stricken down with the Same disease the next day, Wednesday; Geo. Frost, brother of Mrs. Goeway, who resides on the Middleton farm, was also attached with the same disease. They are all very low and no change is noted in their*- condition at the time Of going to press. The residents of school district No. 3, ot Schodack, wish to extend their sincere thanks through the columns of this paper to the highly esteemed Mrs. F. Frickinger for the alterations and improvements made on the school building, presented by the benevolent lady and her late . husband. Owing to the failure of the builder to ful fill his contract, she was placed at a con siderable extra expense. The children also join in thanking her for many kind deeds, and expect to show their gratitude in a more worthy manner on Arbor day. The names of Mr. and Mrs . F. Frickinger will ever be fresh ia their memory. 7- I From our own Reporter. SOUTH SCHODACK. Mrs. J. K. Holmes is sick with quinsy. Mrs. M. J. Whitman is having her house repaired. Lansing & Carpenter have commenced making eider. . ' George Drumm is dangerously sick with inflammation of the bowels. * The Sunday-school will have a “ harvest home ” Sunday afternoon, Qct. 13. The extra hands on this section of the B. & A. railroad have been discharged. Folmsbee & Knapp are building a large stationary hay press for Sanford Haner of Chatham Centre. William Knickerbocker is about to have- bis house and outbuildings covered with Bessemer steel roofing. Garry Coonley, a drover of Muitzeskill, while returning to his home last week was stopped on the road-by. ruffians and his money demanded. He had just disposed of his cash,-so they were disappointed. From our own Reporter. CASTLETON. T. B. Crance has arrived from Boston. The, ice men are nearly all home once more. C. H. Smith is 'lying sick with pneu monia. Mrs. W. J. Andrews has returned from her trip to New York. Crushed stone promises to make a great improvement to our village streets. A restaurant is soon to be opened m the Niver building by J. M. Schermerhorn. B. B. Boltwbod, grandson of J. W. Van Hoesen, returned from Europe last Wednes day. Rev. Mr. Genge tied the nuptial knot for Myron Shufelt and Miss Estella Wiltsie, last Wednesday. From our own Reporter. GARFIELD. . Mrs. Maria Babbitt of North Adams, is the guest of J. C. Hatch. • John C. Hatch recently picked: 18;400 lbs. of sweet corn off from 2% acres of land. Who can beat that? Dick Martz* variety show was at Wood ward ’ s hall last Thursday evening and played to a crowded house. All were well pleased. ’ ty ' i The town has been divided into two polling districts. One poll will be. at ; the old store house of T. A. Platt at this place, and . the other at -Mount Whitney at Steph- entown. ' From our own Reporter. BRAlNARD. Miss Mattie Meredith still continues to be iii feeble health. John Gillet of Philmont will occupy one of W, D. Barnes ’ houses the coming year. The grape festival at E, T. Wait ’ s on last Thursday evening passed off pleasantly . Receipts, about $6. Andrew Clark of Malden Bridge is moving into the house formerly occupied by Rev. T. C. Harwood. ; ■ ■; ; ■ ty From,our own Reporter. ' STEPHENTOWN.