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The Madrid herald. (Madrid, N.Y.) 1904-1918, June 13, 1918, Image 8

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THE MADRID HERALD. WHITMAN ORDERS MEN TOfiET JOBS Proclamation Issued Puts Anti- Loafing Law Into Effect June 30. WAR PLANTS NEED HELP. Idlers Warned Imprisonment and Fine Will Be Penalty for All Delin- quents—Physical Condition to Be Considered. Albany.—('nvcriinr Whitman issued n in-oi'liiMKiiiiiii putting into effect the ltohiusou uiiti-luafitig law, whh-h re- quires every alilebodied man eighteen to lifiy years obi to be engaged in some u.M'Uil occupation not less than i.i.1 hours a week. Iteiiwireinents of more labor for the Industries of the stale essential to the suocesM'til prosecution of the war prompted the governor to issue the proclamation. The proclamation fol- lows : Whereas. Chapter 02.\ of the laws of IfllS provides that at any time during the pendency (if the present war with (ierinnny and its allies the governor may by his proclamation certify that public exigency requires that every nblebodied male person between the ages of eighteen and fifty years, inclu- sive, shall be habitually and regularly engaged in some lawful, useful and recognized business, profession, trade or emplo\ tin nt until the termination of the war: and Whereas. The industries of this state related to an essential in the success- ful prosecution of the war and the production, transportation and the con- servation of food and food supplies re- quire a htrge supply of labor to be reg- ularly and habitually engaged therein. Xow, therefore. I, Charles S. Whit- man, governor of the state of Xew York, in pursuance of the provision of Chapter C>2.~> of the Laws of IMS, do hereby proclaim that public exigency requires that every ahlebodied male person between the ages of eighteen and fifty years, inclusive, be habitual- ly and regularly encaged in some law- ful, useful and recognised business, profession, occupation, trade or em- ployment v.rni\' the termination of the war with Ormnny and its allies, or until the governor by like proclama- tion may otherwise order. Must Work 36 Hours. \And 1 hereby notify and warn all persons that any able bodied persons between the ages of eighteen and fifty years who shall refuse to be employed for at least Hit hours per week, or who after unsuccessfully seeking employ- ment fails to register with the Bureau of Enmloyuieiit of the department of labor or with su'-h agency as the State Industrial Commissi.>ii may designate within ;:<> days at er tb'.< proclamation, or who thereafter comlnr.es out of employment for any pi re»l of ,\ days without having so registered, or who ref 1 -ed tn accept employment assign- ed to Ii'm by the State Industrial I'utn- Iulss;,,]!, shall be guilty of a tnisde- mi at or pmi.shable by a fine not ex ceedlng SIoo or Imprisonment for not lucre Than three months, or both. -And I ilo further pi 'aim and re- quire that the S'aTe Indis'i'Ial I'oin- mlsslon shall fortln. illi prep;,re and P ll.l.sh such rt'.o- and regulations gov- erning the assit-i uieiit of person- To work as wUl a.—tire that all persons similarly circum-tam-ed shall, so fur as possible, be treated alike and take into consideration In uiij -ii'li assign- ment to work, tin- age. j.h.'.sical condi- tion and any other appropriate circum- stance of the pel-sell so assigned. \And I do further proohum and re- quire that the sheriffs in the respec- tive counrtes of the stale and all other officers, state or municipal\ charged with the d v of enforcing the law, shall sck and continue to seek dili- gently e names and places of resi- sherifl ,ii their respective r-oiirries within their respective jurisdictions between the aforesu d ages, not reg- ularly or continuously employed, as provided in this proclamation and in the aforesaid chapter ij'J.\ of the Jaws of If IIS. \And I do fur'her require that till SllTifTs in their respect i\e counties tit d ntlliT s'ate or l|H;Ii;o,piil otilcel's t-'iall render to the -t'a'e Irelu-'r'nl Cciiinii — iou -ucli a—.s'aiiee and serv- ice in carrCitig out the pru\ i-Ioii- of the said i.r.v a- m.'ij rc»- >i.ably be re. ipi red or requested by the said com- mission \ Idlers Must Go to Work. «;.•,mliler- •. I'iii'h? Idler- and all who <!\ In\ et.g;,,.'\ Ii some !e^it in'i'i- work will la- i a loll -, i,t|.|,,-i< or a .-loo fine Or both it lle-J ilo Hot observe 1he law Which become- I'tlri'liw III .'!'1 days. MieClff- of the llilTerillt counties of fbo -II 'I are ' llarge.l v. |th • be enforce- ment of tin Ian along willi tin- police officii,Is of tie cine- In Albany Pub- lic Safety 1 •olulo'ss ojief J Sheldon Frist and sin i, . .1: - Ji Putton are preparing to enforce the law rigorous- ly. All v.ho lime tint in i n able to find fl legifimale oc-iq.ation ,\ dm- from date of the governor's proclamation are reqiiirid to register wpli the state employment agencies or lake the enn- sequences. The State Industrial Coin- rnlss'on, under whose I'on'p'l the em- ployment ageiioje!- are operated, is pre. paring rules for the enforc ( men) of the law. Hugo Issues Valuable Booklet. A booklet i-onfa'riilig the lillft motor vehicle laws of this state is being is- sued for general d'stribiiflnn by Secre- tary of State Francis if. Hugo. The booklet contains oil Hie recent addi- tions to the uulortiobile law, including that pertaining to headlights, »nd ttko. wise the pn - inds of reciprocity be- tween this and other states. ('ople*» of the t'v'i may he obtained front Mr. Hugo's unices in Xow York, Albany and Buffalo, as well as fron '.'11 auto- mobile clubs throughout the state. In the distribution of the book Sec- retary Hugo is sending copies to all chiefs of police, justices of the peace, Irallic squads and similar bodies in or- der that the new sections of the law may be thoroughly understood and obeyed. This booklet of motor vehicle laws should not be confounded with thai containing, the general traffic laws of the state, copies of which are still available for distribution, although the edition appeared a year ago. -Judging from letters of inquiry from justices of the peace, motorists and others, there is everywhere apparent through- out the s.ate a disposition on the one hand to enforce the law and on the other to obey it, even though it some- times happens that both parties are in a position of misunderstanding in the interpretation of some particular sec- tion. There appears to he a widespread idea, especially throughout central and western New York, that a member of one's family is not permitted this year to drive a car owned by one of the family unless provided with a,n opera- tor's license. These licenses, however, are only required in New York city, with the exception of such motorists living outside and who may have oc- casion to enter and drive their car in the metropolis for more than ten days in any one year. There lias also been no change in this state in the age at which a person can drive a ear for hire, or, in other words, a chauffeur. Travis' Investment Primer. Owners and holders of Investments and other forms of intangible property like bonds and notes, secured or un- secured by mortgages, etc., will he In- terested in examining the primer on the new investment tax issued recently by State Comptroller Travis. This pamphlet, according to an announce- ment made by the comptroller, con- tains a series of questions and an- swers, witli the full text of this latest source of indirect revenue, which is a continuation of the old secured debt statute. Few taxpayers of the state are aware of this unusual form of taxa- tion, explained Cnmpt roller Travis. It is in the nature of an exemption tax, for by paying a small fee *o the state the owner or holder of such property may escape a larger tax at home. The net result so far has been that the state has secured about !?l,34o.00O in- come in a way which never would have been paid as taxes anywhere else. This is because the local assessors seldom locate this form of wealth, hence this sort of a device for bring- ing such property out of its hiding place. In other words, by paying a very moderate fee the owner of bonds and notes may purchase exemption from local taxation. Many investors, how- ever, have failed to take advantage of this new law because they think the local assessors will not discover the existence of such securities. Last year a new pnrwsion was inserted in the transfer (inheritance) Tax law whereby a penalty of ,\i per cent, is im- posed when the transfer of a dece- j dent's estate takes place unless it can I be shown that this wealth was taxed locally as personal property or that an investment lax upon it was paid to the state. So far this amendment has act- ed as a wonderful stimulus and the amount of revenue from this source is constantly increasing. War Blocks Road Work. Complete prohibition of the use of asphaltie, tar and oil products as bind- ers in road construction under the re- cent order of the United Slates fuel administration has tied up highway construction and repair all over tin- state. The precious tar products are to lie conserved for fhe fuel oil re- quirements of the government. In New York state the ban probably will mean the return of the old water bound macadam highway for the pe- riod of the war. At least It means the return of this type of highway, which was replaced under the heavy automo- bile traffic conditions by the more per- manent tar macadam road in localities win re the proper type of limestone • •an be obtained. In view of present conditions In the fuel oil market and tlic impossibility of obtaining flsphalfic material- the highway department may • •in sider changing the type of construc- tion to the wa'er bound macadam road so as to finish the torn up parts of highways now under construct ion. Ktirly in the season the state higli- .'. a.*, department came to a realization thul the supply of labor and materia'* Mid transportation fie'llpies would be ifisaflicictit to complete hiirhwiiv cun- 'rio'ts then In force, and the depair- niejit turned its energies to completim; these contracts. The new order found them midway In this work. No asphalt If materials are (o be re- leased by the fuel administration until such a surplus has been created that government ofllcials are certain there is no danger of a shortage for govern- ment requirements. This surplus will be released from time to time. tlovernmeiif officials made it plain that they did riot care to have the small amount Hint will he released used for new construcrlon, but only for maintenance work a- far as It would go. The stale highway department is in be the sole censor of the needs of communities. Under the fuel administration's or- der these roads cannot he completed unless contractors provided lliem- s\!ves with sufficient quantities of a- phalti'' materials, and few of them did The result will he either a macadam surface or no surface at nil until the time comes when there Is a siiflicjeii surplus In addition fo governmental needs to permit fhe release of asphalt- If materials for surface consfrueiSon. U BOATS ACTIVE ALONGJTLANTIG U. S. Navy Employs Its Entire Resources in Combating New Hun Menace. GEORGE W, PERKINS Will Manage Y. M, C. A. Campaign for $100,000,000. AIRPLANES PATROL COAST. Secretary Daniels, Who Closes All At- lantic Ports, Says Defenses Are Adequate—Airplanes and Dir- igibles Patrol the Coast. Mew York.—The supersubmnrincs of the tlermans, which everyliody has been expecting since America joined the forces arrayed against Germany's plan of civilizing the world in her own way, have arrived off the coast of the United States and are at the task of reducing the amount of our ship- ping. Just how much they have destroyed is not known exactly, but the navy has confirmation of the loss of one large coastwise passenger steamship, two steam freighters, one tank steamship and seven schooners. Definite information that the sub- marines had been operating in these waters for at least eight days and per- haps two weeks came when forty-eight survivors from four schooners and a steamship reached the Battery. They were brought to Quarantine by the steamship San Saba, and with the thrilling story that the survivors told of being held captives for eight days on a r boat came tl e added informa- tion of the sinking of the steamer Win- neeonne and the schooners Haupjiauge and Kdna, in addition to the other ships that had been officially reported as sunk. Out of all the conflicting reports, the following facts s'and out: That there are certainly two 'and probably five submarines of a large and improved type, estimated at -.\><) feet over all anil mounting two guns each. The guns are believed to be four or five inch pieces. That they have been operating in American waters for more than a week. That their commanders are at least observing some of the laws of humane sea warfare since no one lias been re- ported killed. The vessels destroyed are: The steamship Carolina of the New- York and Porto Rico Steamship Com- pany litis been sunk. The 224 passen- gers and crew of 130 took to the boats when the underwater craft began shelling the liner. The steamer Texel was sunk Sun- day afternoon GO miles off the Jersey coast. The crew of '.id men landed at Atlantic City. The steamship Winneconne has been stink. The schooner Edward II. Cole of Boston lias been sunk by bombs, (\apt. H. .1. Newcomb of Boston, with his crew of ten. have been landed here after being rescued from the boat in which they were given an opportunity to escape. The schooners Jacob M. Haskell of Boston. Isabel R. Willey of Iiath. Me.; Hitttie lumn of Thomaston. Me.; the Kdna. the Ilauppauge and Samuel W. Hathaway have necn sunk. The Savannah line sreamshipi City of Columbus is reported to have been sunk, but no definite news of her fate has been received. The Atlantic Refining Company fanker Herbert L. Pratt was sunk four miles off Cape Ileiilopen, Del., by a suimiariiie. The crew was lauded' at Lewes, I>el. It was leaned authoritatively that no attacks have been made on Ameri- can transports off the American coast. All ships were held in ports, however, as a precaution. As comfort to the residents on the exposed sections of the At Ian lie it is stated officially that the total number of vc—sel- of all sizes engaged In the patrol and se;rch for the submarines is 'ipiiro\in.,itcly 2,000. Airplane- and hydroplane- also are searching for the pliate craft. ( ^\.H\ No less than SI00.0(10,000 is the budget asked by the National Y. M. i C. A. War Work Council to carry on its endeavors in France and this ' country. This amount was decided I upon in New York at the close of the 1 nil day annual meeting of the organ- ! ization. More than 300 members of I the council, representing all parts of ' the 1'nited States, met to discuss the 1 requirements of the coming year and I to hear George W. Perkins, chairman ! of the Finance Committee, read his report. ALLIES HALT THE FOE Americans and Other Reserves Play Important Part. Failure to Advance and Attention '.o Local Action Show Weakness of Foe. London.—Definitely checked in their great rush for Paris from the Noyon- Rbeims base, the Hermans, according to many portcntious signs, are prepar- ing for a resumption of the offensive on a still wider front—probably from the Ma me to Montdidier. Numermis dispatches from the front indicate that the crown prince is mov- ing his big guns and fresh reserves up to this extended battle iine. In the last few days the infantry fighting has been more or less of a lo- cal character, with the enemy deliver- ing assault after assault for tactical advantages. The great weight of the present fierman pressure is against the two bulges of the line where the invaders have driven salients into the allied left Hank. < >ne of these wedges rests near Mou- lins-sons-Touvent, between Soissotus and Noyon, and the other on Troesnes. between the oureq and Marne rivers. Hut, despite continued and most vicious attacks, the Hermans have failed fo gain ground. The allies not only have held firm at rill points, but in several instances have taken the aggressive and rewon positions from the invaders. •y ••' s> \v 4 * •\•> ^ -» *s> DOOR TO FRANCE TO STAY OPEN, DANIELS' DEF1. PITH OF THE WAR NEWS Washington.—Josephus Dan- iels, secretary of the navy, voiced the spirit of the Ameri- can sea forces with this defiance of (rerman submarines, no mat- ter where they may attempt to operate: \The great duty of our navy Is to keep open the door to France—to carry our men and munitions to the great battle front and to guard food sup- plies for our co-belligerents. \That has been accomplished thus far and we will continue to keep the road open.\ Ice Plants to Resume Work. Artificial ice plants which P.ei janiln B. Odoll. Jr.. state ice comptroller, or- dweel closed April 12 |o cotiserw am- monia, re-stimei] the manufacture of l«>e upon the issuance of aa order by hlin permitting the plnnls to matiuta-fure tip to 7o per cent, of their capacity owing to pressure being brought fo bear from some nf the officials of New York city. The action of Mr. Odell wns taken in consequence of a (rip io Washington, Where he t!'..apussed the an trionia sltutt- tton with govnrnment officials, Hlllqult to Argue Socialist Case. Morris Hillqlil, Social's! Candida.e I for mayor of New York last Noveinhci , and one of the noted leaders of the , stand pat wing of the party, will argue the appeal before the 1'nlled Stubs Supreme Court this month of the case of the four Albany Socialists convicted under the espionage act lust fall of spreading sedulous liferaiure. The four Albany men ''onvleted were Clinton H. Pierce, Angclo Cfeo, Charles Zeilinan find f'li irles Nelson They tire out on ball pending the result of the appeal. The German push,toward Paris broke down into a series of severe localized attacks and counter attacks. Ludeno'orff has given up—temporarily, at least—his effort to win a decision through his attack on the Marne. The crown prince has withdrawn his shock troops from most of ttte front. Great tributes were pa:j by the news- papers of Paris and London to the courage and daring of American sol- diers, particularly for the fight at Chateau Thierry, in which the Amer- icans fought the Germans to a stand- still and ducked many of them in the river when a bridge was blown up. Enemy losses grow more serious daily, but the Germans st.ll are numerical- ly superior on the whole front and may be able to embark upon a new offensive in some other sector. The Supreme War Council in an offi- cial statement expresses gratitude for American aid and confidence in victory through the United States, praising President Wilson for his cordial co-operation. German submarine cruisers are a myth, declares Archibald S. Hurd, naval authority. He says Germany's newest U boats are merely enlarge- ments of the old boat, with no speed. The allies present a continuous and solid line, which can be assa led only by frontal attacks. According to the accounts of unoffic'al observers, wherever the Germans have been able since the stiffening of the allied lines to attain new po- sitions an exorbitant price In lives has been exacted from them. Faverollcs, two miles from Villers-Cot- terets on the southeast, has been retaken by the French. On tho Flanders front the British have ca-r'ed cut successful ra'dc. csptUr- incj two farms near Viedy Berquin. PEACE OFFENSIVE IS BEGUN. 1 German Newspapers of Varying Views Take Up the Cry. I Amsterdam.—All the tjcrmnrj news- papers are joining in fhe peace offen- sive, realizing that the (remain cause Is hopeless unless (Jeniiany run ob- tain peace from the western powers. The journals say the present position ; of Cenmiii.v is the summit of her pos- • slh'IPIc... while the Internal situation of the central [lowers I- Increasingly critical and I lie attitude of the work- i men even menacing. BUMPER WHEAT CROP ASSURED. | Food Administration Expects Yield to | Exceed Ten Year Average. ! Washington.—A bumper wheal crop ' which will break the ten year record was predicted by food adliilidst, itlou , olli'dals on receipt of favorable re- ports from all parts of the L'niled , States. ' Winter w heat will yield close to fidll - ooo.tioii bushels If bad wc-ather does not damage the crop just as harvest Is sotting in, it is estimated by the au- thorities. $C00 000,000 FOR BATTLESHIPS. • Bill for Immediate Increase of Army | to 5,000,000 Men. ' iVh'.hliigloii,—Two cliiillengPK from the I'liitcd Stales senate were Hung at 1 the Kaiser as soon as the hewn of the D boat ravages In American waters i reached that body. , Senator France of Maryland intro- duced a bill appropriating Sfi'HHiOii.'.KiO for Ihe construction at once of 21) bai- lie cruisers and ten scout crtii-ers. , Senator MeCnmber nslted for an ancy ! of 0,000,000 men. AMERICANS DRIVE FOEF E CHARLES W, FAIRBANKS The Former Vice President Succumbs After Long Illness Compleetely Check Germans Near! Chateau Thierry and Hurls Them Back. SMASH UP WAVE ATTACKS. Upon Forces From Oversea Allied Chiefs Pin Hopes for Defeating Huns' Efforts to Exhaust Re- serves—Improve Fositions. London.—Wheel by wheel, the French-American \73s'' went into ac- tion on the crucial front between Soissons and the Marne and did ter- rific execution among the German | hordes. American patrols and ma- chine gunners instantly established' contact with the American \75s ami promptly joined in the rigging up and dispersing of the German columns. American troops, since they entered the Marne line, have brilliantly re- pulsed four Herman attacks and have delivered several successful counter j attacks, it is permissible to announce. It was the Americans, righting with the French, who stopped the German advance at Chateau Thierry. They have greatly stabilized the situation. Infantry, artillery and all organiza- tions of the service are engaged iu the lighting on both sides of the Marne. The Americans were rushed into the line from a distant area. Arriving at night, they were fighting the next morning—just like Gallieiie's \taxi- cab army\ in the first battle of the Marne. The Americans entered the battle enthusiastically, eager to fight, after a long march. On their way to fhe battle line they were cheered by the crowds in the villages through which they passed. Their victorious stand with their gallant French allies so soon after entering the line has elec- trified all France. Within three hours after reaching the front line on the Champagne bat- tlefield American machine gun units opened on the enemy. Preceded by a heavy bombardment, the (Hermans came in waves. They penetrated the American trenches, but were quickly ejected, leaving many dead. The work of the American machine gunners was particularly noteworthy. There was at least one instance where an entire attacking party was wiped out. The Americans fought in Indian fashion, from tree to tree, in the Neuil- ly wood, making good use of grenades, pistols, bayonets and machine guns. Then they dashed up the northern edge of the wood and caught the retreating Germans. Hundreds of American guns immediately caught Ihe (rerman re-en- forcements in their fire, while ihe Yan- kee infantry splashed through the Clignon river, vainly cursing rhe Ger- mans and shouting, \Stop and fight.\ America's troops in France consti- tute the decisive weight that will tip the scale of victory to the allied side. Cpon them the allied military chiefs nncl statesmen pin their unshakable hopes for defeating the German in his effort to exhaust the allied reserves. Full and frank credit fo the 1'nited States as the hringer of ultimate vic- tory is given in an official statement issued about the sixth session of the allied supreme war council. Indianapolis.—Charles Warren Fair- banks, former vice president of the L'niteel States, died at his home here after a\ long Illness. All members of the Fairbanks family except a sou, Maj; Richard Fairbanks, who is with the American army in France, were at the bedside. Mr. Fairbanks was born in HSo2 in Unionville Centre, O. iJiTFliiiFiivE Twenty-six Lost on Lincoln. Washington—First details of the U boat attack on the army transport President lyincoln received by the navy department from Vice Admiral Sims show that fhe transport was struck hy three torpedoes and remained afloat omy IS minutes instead of from a half to one hour, as variously reporter]. The list of missing cabled to Vice Admiral Sims shows that three officers and 23 of the crew were missing when the destroyers gave up their search. Admiral Sims also reported that Lieut. Bdouard V. M. Isaacs had been picked up hy the submarine and was a pris- oner. Lieutenant Isaacs is from Fort Huachuca, Ariz.. Searching U. S. Warships Spread Out From Maine to Texas. U. S. Destroyer Saves French Vessel When It Is Attacked by Submarine. New York.—The German subma- rine raiders—the toll of whose victims was brought up to jo ships sunk and disabled — are appaiently sweeping back to southern waters, from which they emerged ten days ago to begin their devastating attack on west At- lantic commerce. This theory is strengthened by the report from Washington that the Nor- wegian steamer Eidsvold was sunk 40 miles off ihe Virginia Capes. With the sinking of the Eidsvold nncl the small auxiliary schooner Sam- uel C. Mengel, sunk 175 miles south- west of Sandy Hook, the German sub- marines have sunk a total of five steamships and eight schooners. Mine sweepers picked up ten mines planted by the submarines between Cape liny and Cape Henlopt-n, in the Delaware roadstead, and were sweep- ing the seas for more. Other developments were the land- ing of survivors from the ships that had fallen victim to the submarines and the preparation of New York ro resist the air raid that the authorities believe may follow the appearance of the German craft off fhe coast. Most of those rescued were passen- gers or members of ihe crew of rhe Xew York and 1'orto Rico liner Caro- lina. Reports from all along the coast established that 806 of the 331 per- sons on ihe vessel had been saved. Sixteen others are known to have been drowned when their launch cap- sized in a thunderstorm. In anticipation of possible aerial at- tack the lights of New York city were dimmed. Only street lamps were al- lowed to burn. Signs and display sni- vel fising were banned entirely. Citi- zens were also urged to keep curtains drawn when lights were being used in their homes. The submarines were sowing mines along the coast, according fo reports from Washington. One of these was raked up hy a mine sweeper off the mouth of the Delaware. The city of Columbus of the Savan- nah line, reported under fire of it sub- marine on Sunday, is safe at Vineyard Haven. WORLD'S NEWS IN CONDENSED FORM LONDON.—As a temporary measure, it was officially announced, Gen. Sir William Robertson, chief of the east- ern command and former chief of the Imperial staff, has been appointed to command the forces in Great Brit- ain. LONDON.—English labor is in the war only for victory and will converse hut not negotiate with German lalior, sabl Arthur Henderson, labor leader In the house of commons. NEW YORK. —Hundreds of men flocked to recruiting slafions for en- listment, apparently because of C boat operations off the coast. AMSTERDAM.—Practically no meat has been obtainable in Holland for the past few weeks, and the situation is becoming even more acute. In some Instances clogs have been secretly kill- ed and sold ns mutton. WASHINGTON.—President Wilson stales his opposition fo a \bone dry\ nation in n letter to Senium* Shopparcl. TRENTON, N. J, — Governor Edge allays fears fhtif German submarines will attack summer resorts along the Jersey coast. The governor reminds the public that Ihe sea is so shallow along the consl It Is Impossible for V boats to gel w>ttvt>r than five miles. NEW BEDFORD, MASS.—Textile mills here, employing 35,000 men. shut down In consequence of a general strike for a 20 per cenl. wage Increase culled by [lie Textile Council. One- third of fhe operatives have hceti en- gaged on government contracts, DUBLIN,—The Irish viceroy issued a proclamation asking for no.uDo vol- untary recruits before October 1, CHICAGO. — Many western and southern cities have joined In the fight against German language uewKpnpcrs and are making rapid progress in elim- inating them. United States Takes Piano Plants. \Washington.—Federal directors for three Connecticut piano plants were named by the alien property custodian. A majority of the stock in each is ene- my owned. They are the Sterling Com- pany and the I'ltike Corporation, both at Derby, and the Huntington Piano Company at Shelton. 200,000 DRAFTEES CALLED. One Million Americans Just Turned Twenty-one Enroll. AVashirigfon.—While a million young Americans just turned twenty-one were registered for service in Ihe war for world freedom, orders went out from fhe oflice of Provost Marshal General Crowder to the governors of all states except Arizona for the mobilization between June 24 and 28 of 200,000 more registrants. This was in addition to 40,000 ne- groes called from 20 states. WOMEN WAR WORKERS BEST. U. S. Ordnance Department Makes Pay Equal to Men. Wiishlnglon.—American women who go I to munitions faclories to replace men culled to the lighting line tire to receive the same pay us men in the ordnance Industry. This was announc- ed by the war department, and the statement was made that many women are already enlerliig munitions facto- ries iint] arsenals. They are proving better lliati men in assembling because of the uiinhleiiess of their fingers. 140 INDICTED IN SPY HUNT. Prominent Wisconslns Said to Figure In Espionage Charges. Milwaukee.—More fliun 140 Indict- ments, charging violations of (he es- plciimge acl, have beer, re!timed by fhe federal grand Jury, which litis been In session ai Superior, Wis. While federal ofllcials refused ( 0 dis- cuss the action of die grand jury, it was stated by persons In close touch with the sltunilon llm', several men prominent In Wisconsin tire mimed lit tile Indictments. PRESIDENT ASKS PEOPLE TO SAVE Requested to Buy Onry Things Necessary to Health and Efficiency. THRIFT PLEDGE ALSO ASKED All Citizens Must Be Economically Adjusted to War Conditions If Nation Is to Play Its Part in Conflict. Washington, D. C.—To save mate- rials and labor for necessary war pur- poses, President Wilson appealed to Americans \to buy only those things which are essential to the individual health and efficiency,\ and to volun- teer on or before June 2S, National Thrift day, to invest systematically in War Satings and Thrift Stamps, or other government securities. \This war Is one of nations—not of armies,\ said the president, \and all of our 100,000,000 people must be economically and industrially adjusted to war conditions if this nation is to play its full part in the conflict. Pledge Is Sought. \The problem before us is not pri- marily a financial problem, Hut rather a problem of increased production of war essentials and the saving of the materials and the labor necessary for the support and equipment of our army and navy. Thoughtless expendi- ture of money for nonessentials uses up the labor of men, the products of the farm, mines, and factories, and overburdens transportation, all of which must be used to the utmost and at fJieir best for war purposes. \The great results which we seek can be obtained only by the participa- tion of young and old in a national thrift movement. I therefore urge that our people everywhere pledge themselves, as suggested by the secre- tary of the treasury, to the practice of thrift; to serve the government to their utmost in increasing production in all fields necessary to the winning of the war; to conserve food and fuel and useful materials of every kind; to devote their labor only to the most necessary tasks, and to buy only those things which are essential to Individ- ual health and efficiency. \Buy More U. S. Securities.\ \The securities issued by the treas- ury department are, so many of them, within the reach of every one that the door of opportunity in this matter Is wide open to all of us. \I appeal to all who now own either Liberty bonds or War Savings stamps to continue to practice economy and thrift and to appeal to all who do not own government securities to do like- wise and purchase them to the extent of their means. The man who buys government securities transfers the purchasing power of nis money to the United States government until after this war, and to that same degree does not buy in competition with the gov- ernment. \I earnestly appeal to every roan, woman and child to pledge themselves on or before June 28 to save constant- ly and to buy as regularly as possible the securities of the government. \The 28th of June ends this special period of enlistment in the great vol- unteer array of production and saving here at home. May there be none un- enlisted on that clay.\ FIND POTASH IN C0L0RAR0 Richest Vein Ever Discovered In United States Uncovered by a Trapper. Longmont, Colo.—What geologists say is the richest vein of potash ever uncovered in the United States has just been found in the foothills a few miles from this city. The strata was discovered hy a trapper. It crops out of a rocky fault in the hills, is four feet thick at the surface and can be traced for almost half a mile. The depth of the vein has not ben deter- mined. An assay shows the substance to run 95-100 of one per cent potash. IS LATEST FAD WITH GIRLS Sweetheart Monument at Camp Dev- ens Is Rising by Leaps and Boundi. Camp Pevens, Mass.—The \sweet- heart monument\ at this cantonment Is rising by leaps and bounds. Every girl who bus a sweetheart among the troops here Is supposed to add a \Rock of Love\ to the monument. As the girls pass the cantonment they select u good-sizpd stone and curry It to the monument site, where they heave it onto the pile. It Is expected that be- fore the war ends a tremendous monu- ment of \Love\ will he raised here. Hit Habit., \That barber Is a surly old fellow. Often he won't speak to me when I meet him on the street.\ \That's only the force of habit. He's so used to cutting old acquaint- ances.\ The Universal Excuse, \How did you come fo put unytblng so compromising as that down In black and white?\ \I didn't. My mother-in-law wrote It In my letter when I wasn't look- ing.\ Easy System. \I nrn in favor of government own- ership for everything.\ \Why?\ \TJien all you'll have to do If service, Isn't up Io the mark will be t o write to your congressman about It.\ Commercial Comment. \The old master who painted (bat picture got no such price as you paid ' \Well replied Mr. Cttmrox, \II le-M goes to show what flrst-claf-»* mode, i salesmanship means to any Hit* of business.\ T

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