THE SENECA COUNTY JOUKNAX, WEDNESDAY, SE PTEMBER 20, 1899. A GEE AT GOLD SCAEE WHEN THE YELLOW METAL WAS FIRST FOUND IN AUSTRALIA. The EnsUsh Government Tried to and Did For a Time Suppress the Xews Because It Feared a Generni I'prlslns at the Convict Colony. The history of the discovery of gold in Australia makes peculiar reading in these days, when the mere suspicion of gold in a district, however close to un inhabitable regions, w ill cause a rush. Gold in Australia was discovered—one news of the earlie.st discoveries was jealously kept from spreading. The se cret of this reticence lay in the presence of the army of convicts which then composed the balance of the popula tion. Had a gold panic broken out it was feared that a general uprising of the prisoners would take place. Nevertheless the first gold found in Australia was by convicts in 1814, near Bathurst, New South Wales. The discoverers gathered together a quan tity quite snfiScient to lead them to be lieve that they had found a gold mine. But when they reported what they con sidered their good fortune to the keeper he, instead of undertaking to recom mend them for pardon or easing their hard labors in any way, thre.atened to give them all a sound flogging if they ventured again to say a word about the matter or to spend any more time pick ing up gold. The nest find was made on the Fish river in 1833, not far from the spot where the convicts had come across it nine years before. This news, being reported to the authorities, was al.so ordered suppressed. W ithin the course of the next two years finds w’ere so frequent that the London govern ment began to take great interest in the affair. But the fact that another region of the yellow metal might be at the disposal of such as might seek was kept rigidly secret until in 1825 a dra- gold in his possession. When low he had come by the metal, that he had picked it up in the asked h( ho said 1 bush. He was cautioned and told that the authorities had no doubt that he had stolen the gold, but the prisoner stoutly held to his original tale. At length he was taken out and severely flogged in public as a thief. There is now no doubt that the man told the truth. After this, although the public were every now and then keyed up to great expectations by some reported find, no further veins were discovered until 1839, when a Russian nobleman found a rich deposit in the Blue moun tains. The British government again became fearful of the consequence of such news upon a colony of convicts and ordered the matter suppressed. Yet sufficient people bad beard of it to keep the story alive and give credence to such rumors as arose from time to time. So matters drifted on. Time and time again bnsbmen, shepherds, convicts, ■eyors, picked up small nuggets and ightght themhem too thehe centersenters of pc brou t t t c tion, but at that day people wc g like so keen on gold mining subsequently becai of gold in Australia was not pursued as one would expect it to be. The discovery of gold in California changed all that. Those rich fields, panning out their golden store and fill ing the coffers of lucky individuals and governments at a rate never dreamed of, awakened a thirst for prospecting all the world over. In every part of the earth men went out w ith pick and pan, hoping to come across the precious metal. When the news of California’s for tune reached Australia, many took ship to America’s shore.s, and among the.se was Hammond Hargreaves, an English man, native of Gosport, who had emi grated to New South Wales in 1833. In Australia he engaged in farming without much la-ofit and was among the first to rush for California. :n he made up his to inqnire into the subject should he ever return to An.-tralia. He worked for something like a couple of years in California and then set sail for New South Wales. Returning, he, of course, carried in his mind the thought that perhaps there might be gold in Bath urst, and when lie landed he set to work to make a thorcugh search. Before this, however, he had made theaccinaintanceof W illiam and James Toms and J. H. O. Lister, who were an.xious to prospect for gold. Har greaves taught them how to use pick and pan, the dish and the cradle—in fact, gave them a practical if rough education into the mysteries of gold and gold bearing rocks and gravel. These men struck out, and in April, 18.51, the three impils returned to their old master, and, lo, in their pockets they carried gold to the amount of four ounces. Hargreave.s, knowing the ropes, took this gold and full directions to the proper quarter. The news went forth, the rush began, rich finds were made, and Hargreaves was hailed as the dis coverer of gold in Australia. In reality he had won the title, for it was his knowledge that first educated the Tomses and Lister, and it was his knowledge again that sent them in the right direction. Hargreaves was presented to Queen Victoria in 1.8.51 as the sole discoverer Ifields and was INDIANS AS MAGICIANS. Some StoricR of tli« .Eemnrkablc ClevenieHM of the Ariekarecs. “The greatest magicians I have ever aean,’’ .said Dr. Washington Mathews of the army, “ the most expert in leger demain, were the Arickaree Indians, who in my time—in 1865—lived at Fort Berthold, in what is now North Dakota. In the antnmn of that year, when the harvest was done and before they went out upon their winter hunt, weeks and months were spent in cere monies of all kinds, picturesque and symbolic dances, the celebrations and anniversaries of secret societies, etc., n and the little children. t the w< :tle c “Events of this kind occurred every day and every night. They had in the center of their village a great medicine lodge, probably 90 feet in diameter, circular in form. In it they had per formances every night, and we idle w hite men, who had nothing else to do, visited these performances more regu larly than we would visit the theaters in a city. It was a place of resort with night. Part of the lodge was ns every night. Part of the lodge fenced ofi for the audience and the reserved for the performers. In a( tion to songs and dances they had ex hibitions of legerdemain. I cannot think of all their tricks, for years have rolled by since then. Making little wooden image.s smoke pipes, putting a stuffed bird on the end of a stick and making it chirp, were among the most amusing. The last trick was probably performed by the use of a reed in the mouth of one of the magicians. “ The fire dance was one of their most interesting performances. They would build a tremendous fire, dance around it, and at a certain point the men ■would break out and rush into the rgar* ing flames, dance in tnem and throw the embers madly into the air. It was then tim e for ns to rnsh ont ourselves, because we m ight be struck by some of the flying brands. Apparently they went into the fire barefooted and bare legged. They wore nothing but breech- “N ight after night they h hing new. Another trick v rently to run a knife through a man arm and let the blood rush out. Th( would entertain ns for hours with songs and dances. No admission fee was charged, but w e frequently made them “ W hat is the greatest trick you have ever seen among the Navajoes?” “ The growth of the corn is a very pretty trick. It takes place at night by the uncertain light of the fire, which confuses the eye of the spectator. A party of Indians come in and dance, bearing nothing apparently about them. They form a ring, singing and dancing. The ring opens, and there yon see grow ing out of the bare ground of the corral a small plant. They sing awhile, and the ring closes again. 'When it opens a second time, the yucca baccata plant is noticed. In Indian rites everything goes by fonrs. It is their sacred num ber, as three and seven are sacred num bers w ith us. There are four acts in the rite. The second is the plant in bnd. The third is the plant in flower. The ring closes again, and when it opens there is the fruit, w ith great beans six inches long hanging to it. The expla nation is that they bring into the inclo- sure with them the various parts of the plant, which they deftly place in proper position while the ring is closed during the incantations. “ They use their blankets to cover the work. For rude people like them, with poor instruments, in the days when they had flint knives, it must have been a great task to prepare for this trick. Our wax workers and toymakers would not find it difficult. The Indians in the audience believe the dancers to be gifted with supernatural power. The performance is partly religions worship and partly amusement. It is partly with a view of making abundant fruit and partly for entertainm ent.” — Chi- Bnttcrinllk as a ntcaiclnc. Long experience has demonstrated buttermilk to be an agent of superior digestibility. It is indeed a true milk peptone—that is, milk already partial ly digested, the coagulation of the co- agulable portion being loos# and flaky and not of that firm, indigestible na ture which is the result of the action of the gastric juice upon sweet cow’s milk. It is a decided laxative, a fact -which ipation. It is a diuretic of that article, it is the most grateful, refreshing and digestible of the prod ucts of milk. It is invaluable in the treatment of diabetes, either exclusive ly or alternating w ith skimmilk. In some cases of gastric ulcer and cancer of the stomach, it is the only food that can be retained. —Elgin Dairy Report. The Peril of the Snburhnnlte. Every year the hulk of city men go farther afield and each morning and night perform their tedious pilgrimage to and from the scene of their busy la bors. There can be no doubt that con stant railway traveling of this kind is calculated, sooner cr later, to play havoc w ith the soundest constitution. ■While it is, of course, impossible to lay down any exact rule, it may be stated generally that no such daily rail way journey shonld bo much over an hour in length, a space of time that is far more than enough to carry the citi zen into pure air and the most sylvan of scenery. As every medical man of any experience can testify, the attempt to burn a candle at both ends, one in the city and the other 60 or 100 miles away at the seaside, has cut off many a, valuable life in the flower of its ma turing manhood.—Medical Press. Stevenson ns a Burirlnr. Mr. Edmund (losso has written a pa per on “Stevenson's Relations With Children’’ in Chambers’ Journal. In It he relati's a story of his youthful days as narrated to liimself by Stevon- .son. He was still a little fellow when In the summer holidays, after reading ive novels of a bad a number of deteotive novels of kind, he was passing one Sunday after noon along a road in an Edinburgh suburb. There lie saiv a deserted house, furnislied, but without a care taker. It struck young Stevenson that roaming from room to room, looking books and pictures in great oxcite- it would be a tine thing to break into house, wl mtil he garden. Terror seized upon him as he imagined himself handcuffed and conveyed to prison just as the church folks were returning home. He burst out crying, then managed creep out as he had cefine in. w hich he accordingly did, id pictures lent,ent, untilntil hee thoughthought In the garden. Terr m u h t ho heard a noise seized Emily’s Idea. “Mrs. Salmon’s got a dog that likes me,” said little Emily, coming borne from a visit to her aunt. “How do you know he likes you?” her mother asked. “ ’Cause he tasted me' ged his tail,” answered Detroit Free Press. and then wag- the little girl.— SVhat’s to enjoy yourself tin real work for the r day when you work tJiat you eau’t do any e n ext three days.’’— Chicago Record. No H nrtg Here, Seneca Falls Indorsement is What Counts With The Public. You can’t fool the public all the time. They will find you out at last. Every time a man is fooled. Another skeptic is made. Many the remedy that makes the skeptic. It fails to keep it’s promise. Doans kidney pills bring renewed faith They cure the skeptic. Plenty of proof of this at home. Seneca Falls proof for Seneca Falls people. Our citizens say they cure backache. Tliey cure urinary disorders. They cure sick kidneys. Experience has taught them this is so. Conviction is brought to every sufferer. In testimony of friends and neighbors. Mr. H. W. Smith of 38 Mynderse street, e.\press and cartage man says: “I have seen trouble with my back for the last ten years, but for the last four or five it has been worse and it W! ‘ . . . I got Doans Kidney Pills at Davis cX Seaman’s drug store for it- They began to help mt from the start. I never used anything that can approach Doan’s Kidney Pills. 1 can’t say too much for them. I know anyone who tries them will have the same experience as I. I am entirely cured. I haven’t had a bit of trouble since I took Doan’s Kidney agents for the United States. Remember the name Doan’s and take no substitute. Leave orders for the Y a w g er Mill Company’s flour at W. E. H u ll’s news All the different departments at TELLER’S RELIABLE FURNITURE ESTABLISHMENT well filled for the wants of the housewife at the annual spring house cleaning time. Everything in fine or medium Cabinetware; in Upholstered furniture; in Rattan Goods; in the Bedding Department, Mattresses, Cots, Spring beds. Pillows, Comfortables, etc. The Upholstery Department has been changed to the east side of the main building upon shelving very conveniently arranged for t where can bo found all grades of Furniture Covering, Trimmings, Cabinet Hardware, and Shelf Goods Generally. New patterns of Room and Picture Mould ings comprising several thousand feet are now- ready for your inspection as w-ell as Curtain Poles, Shade Curtains, Draperies. It would be idle to attempt ti: but a small portion of the goods 1 that are needed in every house. enumerate TELLER’S. M ilton II oao , Prea’t, N. H. JB eckbb , Cashiei 8. 8. G ould , Vico ProBidont, Exchange National Bank OF SENECA FALLS, N. Y D irectors: e . CHAMBBM.A13S-, S. 8. GOULD, 0. A. HA-WLKY, A. R. PALMER, MlLTON nOAG, mSKBY BOaTER, J08fAH T. MILLER, J. BBOEMA KKU NORMAN H. BECKER. o t ^ e S S u p o S ? ; ; ^^DISCOUNTING doelrablo buslnosi. paper a A s K y o u r t j r u g g i s i f o r Kosroo, 10c. T b c q u i c K e s t H e a d a c h e C u r e 017 e a r t h . Scientific Jlmcncan. Four Route,” C. C. C. & ST. L. RY. Do You Love Music? If so, secure one of the latest and prettiest Two-Steps of the day, by mailing Yrn Ct-iifs (silver or stamps) to co-/er mailing aud post age, to the undersigned for a copy of the BIG FOUR TWO=STEP. [Mark envelope \Two-Step.’ J \Ve are giving thisi music, which is regular fifty-ceni sheet music, at this exceedingly low rate, for the purpose of advertising and tesi ing the value of the different papers as advei Using mediums. E. O. MoCORMICK, PasBengor Traffic Manager, ••BIG FOUR ROUTE,” CiNciNNA-n, O hio . We can furnish you Old Private Groitli Coffee for 25c per pound, equal to any 35c Coffee on the market. An excellent Japan Tea for 50c per pound. Tlie Best of Canned Goods at the lowest possible prices. Peas l i e and Corn 12c per DO YOU EXPECT TO CLEAN HOUSE? We have all brands of Clean ing Powders, Mops, Scrubbing Brushes, etc., and must sell A.M.Shepard THE RELIABLE GROCER, D A N IE L S B L O C K . HEALTH and vitality ises of tne generativ AFTER USING. \ For Sale by GEORGE B. DAVIS, Druggist, Seneca Falls, N. Y. M IL E S F IT Z S IMONS The Reliable Boot and Shoe Dealer has a fine line of Boots, Shoes and Rubbers fo r s u m m e r w e a r w h ic h h e is se l l i n g a t prices that defy competition. All the latest styles and shades in Tans. Agent for the Douglas celebrated shoes. Q7 Fail St., Seneca Falls, N. Y. NEARLY Fift^7-eight Y e a r s Old!!! , It’s a long life, but devotion to the ti-ue intere.st.s and prosperity of the American People lias won for it new friends ns the year.s rolled by and the original members of its family passed to their reward, and these admirers are loyal and steadfast to-day, with faith in it.s teachings, and confidence in the in formation whioh it brings to their homes and firesides. A s a natural consequence it enjoys in its old age all the vitality and vigor of its youth, strengthened and ripened by Jie experiences ot over nail a century. It has lived on its merits, and on the cordial support of progressive Americans It is -‘The New-York W eekly Tribune,” acknowledged the country over as th leading N.ational Family Ne-.vspnper. llecognizing its value to those who desire all the new s of the State and Nation he publisher o f ‘ -Tiie Journal'- (your own favorite home paper) has entered into an alliance with ‘ The New-York weekly Tribune” which enables him to furnish both papers at tho cost of $1.50 per year. Every fnrm.->r and every villager owes to liimself, lo his family, and to the eoiimiunitj in whieb he lives a cordial supjiort of his local new-.paper, as it works constantly and untiringly for his interests in every way, brings to his homo all the news and happenings of his ncighborh)od, the doings of his friends, the condi lion and prospects for difterent crops, the prices in home markets, and, in fae- is a weekly visitor which slnnild be foun'I in every wide-awake, progressive fam ily. B o th O n e Y e a r for $ 1 . 5 0 Send all Orders to T he J o u r n a l , Seneca Falls, N. Y. Advertise in the Journal. OXJlSAIVCIlSrCxJS. Leading Gents Furnisher, The latest of everything in our line at the lowest prices. AGENT FOR THE CELEBRAT ED YOUNG’S HATS. The largest and most com plete line of Neckwear in Sen eca Falls. F. CUM M INGS, Cash Hatter and Furnisnher. Subscribe for the Journal. Fresh Arrivals of New Furniture are received almost daily at the Furniture Rooms of 0 _ M _ Columbus Block, Fall Street, Seneca Falls, N. Y. We are also prepared to make P IC T U R E F R A M E S .^-^s^ A new stock of Moulding this week. Come in and make your selections. Prices Right, M O T T > S PENNYBOYt PILLS s S i M --------- ------ ------- ------- -- ----- oj. and banish “ pains lil F E S A V E R S ” to girls at 2 nt of organs and body. No equals them. Cannot do harm—^life 10 P E R B O X B Y M A I L . S o l d ------ -- ---------- -- , ru,?... ^ n ^ ban ish emedy for°women equals them . °Ca becomes a pleasure. $ 1 . 0 0 P E R B O X B Y M A I L . _____ b y d r u g g i s t s . DR. MOTT’S CHEMICAL CO., Cleveland, Ohio, remed y for women cqua jsjhe m . _C :yinot do harm- For Sale by GEQRGE B. DAVIS, Druggist, Seneca Falls, N. Y. The B e s t A d v e r t is in g M edium is the Journal. Try it a n d b e convinced. AMENDMENT NUMBER ONE. s n » ’ “ s?noV. 5 ' T » ; r g r s ? 5 '. S f f I S f - S tS J S 5'S5\£|I€\- sin insi day of Noi Inety-nlne. AMENDMENT NUMBER THREE. Conourrent Resolution of the Senate and Lsesmbly.— ^Proposlngr an amendment to ■ntlOM two of orllnlo six ai the omiaHtifi. Notice to Creditors. --Hgpr.- Tho Yawger M ill Company deliver eir flour to any part of the town. Leave orders at W - E. Hull’s cigar store. L E G A L N O T IC E S . Seneca County and Surrogate’s Court. ‘“ \---cal ) AND BBAL Of Office. thlB 8th PATRICK SAVAiM, ^ you are iiiKlcr the .-ige of twenty-one ye.irs, you are re- o? i?you haTe uonj, to° appeajlua ■apply°10r*’o^^^ lohi appomleJ: and in case of your neglect or failure lo do In tusliiuony whereof, wc have eauticil the seal of the burrogaic’s [l-.S.J Witness. John E. Richardson, fiui- 3isid:iy ol July, in ilic year of our Loid one lhous.-uid ciglil RlcHARuioN Surrogate. Notice to Present Claims. FurBuimt to and by virtue of n certain judgment i M i l \\\■'alaHSSs ........ House in the village therein described an follows: Sl!v. [II.LEU, Leiilili Valley System In Effect May 14 th, i899. SENECA FALLS BRANCH. 7:10 A. H. 7:30. a m . 10:05 a . .M. 10:10 a . m . 5:25 1'. M. 5:40 P.M. LEAVE GENEVA EASTWARD ■WESTWARD. ij:is A. M. Daily lor Kocheeter and Buffalo. Ia ? o r d a l^ iS e ^ a ? a “5l.?a^ CHAS. 8. LEE, Gen. Pass. Agent, Philada., Pa. 'IgeS?Sd^5“ ^’ Itt ^ ^r^SPAUGH, Dietriot PaBeeuger Agent M. C. GOULD, DENTIST l SENECA FALLS, N .Y . • Medium Size Gold Fillinga, each $1^0. Gold and ^Li'.t 11 n V-*/ ii alUings 76 oeatB. Eubber and Oxy Phoaphate FlUInga 76 cents 1, White's or Juatl.a full upper or lower acts $10 Wilmington Sibleys and other cheap teeth, $S Slngleorown on root $2.50 Skeleton plates or Movable Bridge work on Q old or Eubber, at lowest possible rate Nitrous Oxide Oas administered.