'f a r m ■ks. is. ■sis&esWfc.- eati «t J£> tors, tfe is doomed to solitary confinemen and this discipline, \according to a statement made by the warden of the Rhode Island dun geon to the Chaplain of our State Prison, a few weeks since, in Concord, produces insanity in every fourth piisoner. The Algerine dungeon is so destitute of comfort, so naked of humanity, so terrible in its effects upon the mind, that one out of every four prisoners is punished by the infliction of insanity, W hat a mode of punish ment is that which visits upon the subject the calamity of the robbery of leason ! The English monarchy dares commit no such outrage. O’ Connell has large and airy rooms, and is per mitted to see and converse with and correspond with friends. The ministers of Charles X. of France, after the revolution of the three days, having been tried and convicted of high state offences, were confined in a fortress, where they . w ere indulged in spacious apartments and the most humane treatment consistent with confine ment. So it is with German and Austrian pri soners of state now in confinement. W e have lately seen a statement, that they are allowed to walk upon ihe battlements ofthe fortress in which they are confined, and play upon such musical instruments as they pleased. But in Rhode Island in this age and generation, we have the only instance c f a prisoner, confined for a political offence, plunged in'.o a dismal dungeon, smothered in the foetid air, and depvi- ed ol the light and the society of fellovv-men.— T h e cowardice, the meanness, the contempt of the name and principles of liberty, the utter want of feeling, and the brutality and the depra vity ofthe villains who would make Dorr mad with misery, are detestable beyond all forms of expression. R E N U N C I A T I O N O F N. P. TA L L - M A D G E . T h e Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, (whig) states that this gentleman has since his appoint ment to the governorship of Wisconsin, aban doned the whig parly, and u'iU support P olk and D a l l a s . Itstates that it feels no surprise at this treachery, and ihat it was exercised to wards Mr. Tyler, as well as towards Mr. CJav as it had previously been towards the democrat ic parly of this stale. It says: •‘At one lime Mr. Tyier himself is under stood to have been aware of l his double perfidy, and it was stated, without contradiction, at the opening ofthe late session of Congress, that the President had asserted, with characteristic em phasis and vehemence, that he had never found him available in any emergency. These cir cumstances preclude the possibility of surprise at any tergiversation or act of political profliga cy on the part of Mr. Talltnadge, however shameless or flagrant.” W h en it is recollected (says the Albany At las) that Mr. Tyler bolds the.power of patron age. which he thus dispenses, from W hig hands, and that Mr. Tallmadge holds his posi tion as representatives of this State by the ap pointment of the W hig party : that these two men are the highest and only representatives in the councils ofthe Federal government, of the W h ig party of this State, the one in the Execu tive department and the other in the Senate, the degradation of the W h ig parly of 1840 will be fully realized. They stooped to falsehood and to fraud to conquer, they debased and humiliat ed themselves and degraded th e institutions of their country; and this is the fruit oftheir abase ment, and the just and only wages of their deg radation.— Wayne Sentinel. C T T riA R A A i n T H E T A .E .II’L1. Every family in the country consumes more o r less ot Refined Loaf Sugar. Although the article in itself is a luxury , yet its extensive use has given it a rank with Tea and Coffee among the necessaries. Hence it is for the interest of the people that its price should be as cheap as possible—they wish to pay no more for it than it is worth under an unrestricted state ol trade. In Liverpool it is quoted at 6 cents 7 mills per lb., while here it is-high as from 14 to 15 cents. It is possible those who buy by the box or bar rel get it a cent or two cheape*r. But the fore going is the average retail price, and most peo ple buy in small qualtities. W hence this dis parity? W h y are we obliged to pay about eight cents more on the pound than the Liverpool price ? The answer is soon told. Our pres ent whig tariff imposes a tax of 6 cents upon ev ery pound of this Sugar which is imported into this country. This is what swells the price here so enormously. It is to remove such un just burthens as this from the industry ofthe country that the democratic party advocate a modification of the tariff. Are they not right in the matter ?— Wayne Sentinel. T E X A S A N D SL A V E R Y . The Eve. Journal talks about the five slave states to be added to the Union by the annexa tion of Texas. Does it forget that H e n r y •O la y , their own candidate, in his well known anti-Texas letter, says that Texas will make two slave and three free slates, and that there fore its annexation will not strengthen the “pe culiar institutions” ofthe south ?. Could that pa per wish higher authority lor its own party?— Albany Argus. among other things, spoke two truths, one of which is the best compliment he cpuld pay to the democratic party. H e said: “The whigs, everywhere, I believe, to a man, halve disappro ved and condemned the movement of Dorr.— It has been far otherwise with our opponents. Without meaning lo assert that the whole of them countenance and support Dorr, everybo dy knows that all the sympathy and encourage mem which he has received has been among them.” T B E B I N G H A M T O N C O U R l E f i . THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1844. Democratic fiepuMican Jiomiuations. F O R PR E S ID E N T , JAMES K. POLK, O F T E N N E S S E E . FO R V IC E -PR E S ID E N T , GEORGE M. DALLAS, OF PENNSYLVANIA. H e n ry Clay in favor o f a National Hank. Keep it before the people, that Mr. Clay in a pub lic speech, at Macon, Ga., said : “ He was in favor of a BANK OF TH E UNI TED STATES. All nations give us the example.” Ao-ain, Mr. Clay at Charleston, S. C., was equal. ly explicit. The Courier of that city in noticing his speech said : “ Mr. Clay assumed the Banks and the Banking system would continue to exist under the auspices ofihe States, and thence inferred the necessity o f a National Bank to Regulate and control the Svs-em. and keep it from explosion and mischief, tie also insisted on a National Bank as necessary to secure a National Currency. Henry Clay’s Opinions on the T a r if f Question. Tiie following is an extract from the speech of Mr. Clay in the Senate of the U.S on the 21st of January, 1812, in reply to Mr. Woodbury, on the Treasury Note Bill, reported for the Washington National In telligencer. Extract from Mr. Clay’s Speech. “ Carry out then, said he, the spirit of the Com promise act. Look to revenue alone for the sup port of Government. Do not raise the question of protection, which 1 had hoped bad been put to rest. There is no necessity ofProiection for Protection. SENATORIAL CONVENTION. A Convention of Democratic Delegates from the several counties composing the 6lh Senate District will be held at BATH, on Tuesday the 26th day of September, 1844, for the purpose of noininaiting a suitable candidate for the office of State Senator, to supply the vacancy which will accrue by theexpira tion of the term of service of Nehcmiah Platt on the last day of September next. REUBEN S. SM ITH , > AMOS PATTERSON, J August 15, 1844. Secretaries of last Conven. CONGRESSIONAL CONVENTION. A Democratic Congressional Convention will be held for the 22d Congressional District at the Phenix Hotel in the village of Binghamton, on the 3d day of October next at 12 o’clock M„ for 1 he purpose of nominating a candidate for Congress, and such other matter as may be brought before the Convention. JOH N J. TA Y L O R ,) Secretaries of last B. N. LOOMIS, ) Convention. August 28, 1844. O 'T h e r e will be a Democratic Pole raised two and a half mileB up the east side of the Chenango river, near Mr. Hasbrouck’s, on Saturday. Sept. 7. There will be another Hickory Raising at W ay ’ s in th is village on S a tu r d a y I h e 31st, at one o’clock P. M. ^Ej^Postponed until the Mass Meeting. 0 * T h e big Raising in front o f the D emocratic C om m ittee R oom , will be yet to come. D E M O C R A T IC TO BE HELD AT B IN G H A M T O N ON T H E T W E N T Y - F O U R T H O F S E P T E M B E R . .R E M O V A L . The Office of the Binghamton Courier is removed to the old location, the Bookstore of J. R. Orton, just )elow and.around the corner of Stowers’ Store. A general supply of School Books, Stationery, and Blanks, will be kept there for sale, for ready pay. ON FIRE AT BOTH ENDS. It is related in an old story,; that two school hoys, each being provided with a candle, entered into a strife to see which could get the largest lesson while his candle lasted; but one of tliem having foolishly placed his through a hole in life table, the other se cretly reached under and cut away the lower half — The luckless urchin discovered his loss andl the fact that he was vanquished, at the same lime; and ex claimed in his astonishment, “ my candle has been burning at both ends!” The fanners and the work ing portion of the country, may, with great propriety, say the same thing to Mr. Clay and his whig allies who have placed upon their shoulders the present tar iff. Their candle is on fire at both ends. Their in terests are cut down on every side. They are obliged to pay higher prices for most articles they buy, and |el less lor their produce and wages: and thiis is con. D r e a d f u l A f f r a y . — -The Marion, Missis sippi paper contains the particulars of a m o st)5Umin? them as a candle is consumed when fire is set tragical occurence in that place. It says: at boUl ends’ If tbc lhe Pl!ce had on,7 risen on place, it says A Mr. Fisher had put up a brickyard near ills town of Marion, on tvhat he supposed pub- . lie land; and after he had made a considerable quantity of bricks ready foi burning, it was dis covered that the land belonged to some person in Georgia, who appointed a Mrs. Schumacher hfs agent. Mrs S. ordered Fisher from the land, and refused to let him move the bricks — She notified Fisher, ir. writing that he must quit the premises,, to which Fisher replied that he . would, die first, and proceeded to settle up his little matters. . Mrs. Schumacher made her will. On the 5th inst. Fisher and his two sons, on one side; Mrs Schumacher and her husband on the other, all heavily armed with guns and pistols, repaired to the brick vard. It . seems that the Fishers arrived first, and on the arrival ofthe other party, the battle took place; it is said that Mrs. Schumacher fired the first gun, which was succeeded by a general firing from both parties, in which Mrs. Schumacher Was mortally and Southley Fisher dan gerously wounded. E ight guns were fired, and'twoshot .byM rs. Schumacher herself; she lived about twelve or thirteen hours after she received the wound, and expired. It is thought that Fisher will recover. Schumacher has been ted to the jail ofthis county. D e a t h o f t h e C o n s u l G e n e r a l o f S p a i n . — -We regret to learn that the Chevalier Don Pario Chacon, Consul General of Spain .01 the United States, died on Tuesday afternoon at four o’clock, at Bristol. Penn., where he had . been residing for some time in the hope of re storing his health. He had been in ill health for some time, and his decease will be regretted.— [ Y Y. Morn. News. commit- deeply a C lay and T homas W . D o r r ,— ^ALRalfiigh, M r. Clay took occasion lo justify “ -^wicked persecution of Mr. Dorr, because of litempt* to extend universal suffrage, and cloths, sugars, teas, andl so on, while produce and wages remained at the old mark, it would be quite d fferent— this fora time they might be able: to stand — but lo have produce and wages go down, down, and the arlicles they purchase up. Up, cuts away from them faster Ihan they can or will stand. For in stance, take the Journal of Commerce’s table of dif ference in prices between 1843 and 1844, and see how it fares with the farmer’s pork. In June, 1843 he goes to his merchant and makes the following purchases. He buys for his daughter— A calico dress, 9 yds. at 11 1-2 cents per yard, $ 1 0 3 1-2 Six yds. York Mills cotton for under dress, 12 1 2 pr yd., 75 Three yds. white flannel 18 cts. pr yd, 54 He buys for his son— Six yds. cloth for summer pants, at 12 1-2 cents pr yd, 75 Six yds- Shirting, 12 1 2 cts. p r jd , 75 Three yds. broadcloth. $2 pi yd, 6 00 Three yds. eatinett, 35 cents pr yd, I 05 He lets his merchant have -a barrel of pork at $10 87 1-2 $11 50 and receives the balance in cash 62 i -2 On the 1st of June 1844, he wishes to.purchase the same articles and pay in the rams way. He calls again on his merchant, and this time his bill foots as follows:— 9 yd* calico, at 13 1-2 .cent* pr yard, $1 %l 1.2 6 yds York Mills cotton 14 1-2, 87 . 3 yds white flannel, 25 cents pryd, *75 6 yds cloth for summer pants, 15 cents, 90 6 yds shirting, 14 1-2, 87 3 ydsbroa’dcloth, $ 2 50per yd, ,- 7 50 3 yds ■*tiueU,5Q cts per yd, • . 1 50 - and lakes the last year’s one out of his pocket and compares them. He inquires the reason of the rise in prices, and more than insinuates that the merchant is shaving him. But the merchant assures him that it is not so, and that the tariff duty makes the differ- ence; that he has lo pay correspondingly more this year than last, and is therefore obliged to sell higher. “ Well, this is a hard business,” says the farmer but, a sudden thought strikes him. Perhaps pork has risen also. M What is-pork worth?\ he enquires*— “ Eight Dollars and a half,\ is the reply. “ But,” says the farmer, “ yon paid me'$U 50 last year, and my pork is as good this year, and a little better on the whole, I think, than it was then.\ “ I am sorry I cannot pay you more,” says the merchant, “ but $8 50 is all pork is worth in market, and Iv7iave to be governed by the market price.” “ Well,” savs the farmer, *‘I have got the things and cannot well do without them— there is the barrel of pork in my wagem— how does the account stand ?” “ Your purchases” says the merchant,“amount to $13 601-2 Cr. 1 barrel of pork, 8 50 Balance my due, $5 1012 “ Well, I must give you my note for that,” says the farmer, “ and pay it when I can.” Such is a fair history of the present condition of our farmers under the operation of a whig tariff But we wish no one to take our word far it. Let the farmer examine his own accounts and ascertain tor himself. He need not rely upon the papers of either side, fur he can convince himself by looking into the state of his own pocket and the balances of his mercantile account. We know of several whig farmers in Broome who have already dune.so, and who have dis covered light in the midst of darkness—alight which will guide their future political action more in accor. dance with their own best interests, and more in ac cordance with the interests of their country. MR. CLAY ON DUELING. Mr. Clay is now an infirm old man bordering on seventy, and is under bonds to keep .the peace and not to fight a duel. It is not singular that many of bis supporters, or rather many of those who have heretofore acted with the whig party, and would like to do so still, are startled and horrified at his position as a duelist, a pos tion bad enough under any circum stances, and melancholy in the extreme when con templated in an old gray headed man, with one fuot already in the grave. With the view to obtain some pledge from him, some tokens of repentance for the past, or guaranty for the futuro, Mr. Clay has been addressed upon the subject, but refuses lo make any promises. In reply to Citizens of Westmoreland County, Pa., he says:— “ You ask me whether, if I were challenged to fight a duel, 1 would reject the invitation?— Considering my age, which is now past 67, I should expose myself to ridicule if 1 were to proclaim whether I would or would not fight a duel. It is certainly one of the most unlikely events that can possibly be imagined, and 1 can not conceive a case in which 1 should be pro voked ortempit-d to go to the field of combat.— But, as I cannot foresee all the contingencies which may possibly arise in the short remnant of my life, and for the reason which 1 have al- leadv stated, of avoiding any exposure of my self to ridicule, I cannot reconcile it lo my sense oj propriety to make a declaration one way or the other. The N. Y.-Morning News makes the following sensible commentary on Mr. Clay’s letter and posi tion :— “ Mr Clay virtually throws all the great in fluence of his sanction and example— all the weight of hi* position, talents, character and popularity, (popularity, a'l least, with the main bulk of the persons occupying those spheres in society iq which dueling is chiefly confined)— on the other side of the wavering scales of public sentiment, on this subject. Mr. Clay van never know how many young men, whose opinions were in the progress of maturing in o the ripe results of sound and settled principles, will be made decided duelists for life by the influence of this letter. The force and gm eral socia’ diffusion of right sentiment on this subject, afford the only counteracting influence against that of the false and bad public opinion by which dueling is is sustained, and men made to feel or fancy ihemselvwr compelled to give and accept challenges lo this foul and foolish Game ol Murder.” « - •1 3 0 0 1 3 Tb« f tr a a r examine* tbi*W lwith some awtm *; MR. CLAY ON ANNEXATION. As was to have been expected, as soon as Mr. Clay should discover tbc popular side of the question, lie has now come out vv.ith a third letter on Texas and takes ground in favur of annexation. What is now to become of the position of our northern whigs on this subject ? What is lo become of the horror of Daniel Webster at the idea of annexation ? What is to become of the position of our own whig orators— of the position of the Hon. Thomas G. Waterman, (for whom personally we entertain the highest res. pect,) who in his public speeches, we are informed, has declared that he cared litile or nothing for poli tics, but was so much opposed to the annexation of Texas that he could not refrain from imploring, every body every where to vole for Clay ? The Tribune gives' us this third letter of Mr. Clay, from the Alabama paper in which it was originally published. Mr Clay, it will be seen, takes the same ground assumed by Gov. Polk and the Baltimore Convention. He says .— - “ BqLgentlemen you a re desirous of knowing by what policy 1 would be guided in the event of my election as Chief Magistrate of the Uni ted Siates in reference to the question af the an nexation of Texas I do not think it 'ight to announce'ic advance what will be the course of a firure administialion, iri resppct lo a question with a foreign power. I have hoioevei no hesi tation in saying that fa r from having any per sonal objection to the annexation of Texas, I SH 1 ULD BE GLAD TO SEE IT— wilhoUt dfrhon- or, without war, with the common consent of f ha Union, and upon just and fair terms ” . . . “ I do not think that the subject o f slave ry ought to affect the question one way or the other W heiher Texas be independent, or in corporaled into the Uni'ed Sta'es, I do not be- lieveit ’will prolong or shorten the duration of that institution. It is destined to become extinct at some distant day, in my opinion, by the oper ation \of the inevitable laws of population. It would be unwise to refuse a permanent acquisi tion which will exist as long as the Globe rt- mains , on account o f a temporary institution.11 MR. CLAY’S MORALS. Mr. Clay’s friends arc obtaining certificates with the view of bolstering up his' moral character. A- mong them Unpublished a letter from Rev. Dr. Bas- com of Lexington,, who io reply to the enquiry whether Mr. Clay is an Jionest and upright citizen* or a sabbath breaker—a gambler— a profane swear er, &c. certifies Ijiat he regards one and all of these charges as shamefully.unjust, “ because not true in whole or in)part.’’’. « • / . The denial of the Rev, Doctor covers-rather too raucb ground. His is the negative of the. argument and.the law. wisely provides that a negative shall not be proved. * Two com pe tent wit Rea** will convict a man of a crime, notwithstanding forty may testify tbat he ia not guilty, as they know of. It is quite possible that the Rev. gentleman; may havekunwn Mr, CiayToLmany years, without evsr having wit- ooMed anything iiflprdpcr in b it eondvet, for tbo iiu- saAralMemef -wbieb M r . Clay . is inriWCll la d Sm d atsik are n i t sneh as asm BMilly commit is the presence of clergymen. But Dr. Bascom must have known that Mr. Clay had been engaged in sev eral duels during his life; and that he is nOt* under bonds to keep the peace. It is therefore fair to pre. sume that the Rev. gentleman’s ideas of morality are such as accord with\ the practice of dueling. Opposed to Dr. Bascom’s opinion of Mr. Clay’s character, we have the public reputation of Mr. Clay himself for at least the last thirty years; which has been understood in all'parts of the Union, by all men of all parties who were conversant with our public men, to bo that of a gambler, a Swearer and duelist. Mr, Clay’s leading organ at Louisville, within the last few weeks, has admitted that he slaked money at the card table. Mr. Clay’s profanity • has been proved upon him by the testimony of members of Congress as well as others; and it is but recently that the whig presses were chronicling his arrivals and departures from several southern and western cities, attended by the publ.c demonstrations of his friends, on the Sabbath day. If any of our readers require farther evidence on these poinls, we beg leave to refer them to Gen. Root, who is represented by the Ithaca Journal , in his late speech at Ithaca, to have said, that he himself “ had often played caids with Mr. Cla}’, both as a partner and opponent, and that Mr. C. was an execllent player,\ and further- more that Mr. Glay was to be ju s t i f i e d in his d u e l s , for “ the dueling ground was the only court where a man’s honor could be retrieved.” MR. CLAY. The Madisonian is republishing-a series of Essays, said, with what truth we know not, to have been written by Mr. VVebsler while a member of Mr. Ty ler’s Cabinet. But whoever written by, the follow ing delineation of the political life and character of Mr. Clay, possesses much spirit and truth. The foreshadowing of his fortunes in 1844, may be con. sidered truly prophetic. E ssay N o . IY — [Republicntion] W e spoke, yesterday, of the benefits likely to enure to hitnself and the couniry from Mr. Clay’s election to the Presidency, should such a thing occur. W e have now a woid or two to say about the probabilities of such an event. We must premise, by once more adverting to the fact that Mr. C. has now been a regular can didate for five eleciions, and defeated, either by the people, or in convention, in every one. Un der whatever favorable auspices ihe W hig purty began the canvass, with whatever advantage ol position, whatever popular feeling and excite ment in its favor, whatever apparenilv well founded topics of complaint against its opponents the adoption of Mr. Clay, as a candidate, has proved invariably fatal lo their cause. The inscription of his name on their standard has been the signal for general dispersion, and the sure harbinger of a total overthrow. Like tlnrCarmarch Dei! to the lVJelvnrs, Mr. Clay’s appearance to the W higs has been the certain presage of impending destruction. A conviction of this, Bo-on-Upas like property of his, was the potent cause of his relinquishment by 'he H a i- risburg Convention. All felt that to sustain him was to court defeat. In 1837, ’38, ’39, a curious scence was pas sing in this country. Mr. Clay’s friends were (as now) moving heaven and earth to make him the W h ig candidate lor the Presidency: but they >.\ere noi the only persons desirous of brin ging about that slate of things. In a different o o o way, and under lhe operation of far different motives, the friends of the late Administration incessantly labored to produce the same result. Mr. Van Buren spared no means which he could employ, and he is a man who can work by many indirections, to keep Gen. Harrison out of the field, arid to reduce the controversy to a contest between himself and Mr. Clay. The late Mr. G tundy, a gentleman of gieat shrewd ness. and Mr. Silas W righl, a man of shrewd ness also, and whose selfpossession has enabled him in the Senate, more than once, to foil the great W hig leader of the last Congress, are known to have desired nothing, and to have sought nothing, inoie than that Mr. Clay should be the W h ig candidate; nor did ever any thing inspiie gentlemen of their poii' tics with such thorough fear arid dread, as the announcement from Harrisburgh that Mr Clay was not the candidate, and that General H a rri son was. From that moment, and never be fore. alarm spread itself through the Van Buren camp. And so, at the present day, the belief that Mr. Clay is to be the W h ig candidate, is inex pressibly gratifying to soineof Mr. Van Buren’s fiends. In short, the sober truth, of which Mr. Clay’s f ierids can never be convinced, and of which he is less likely even than they to be persuaded, -s, that with no inconsiderably striking reputa tion, and always put forward by his zialous friends, he has yet no hold upon the confidence of the great mass of the community. More than twenty years has proved this, l h e peo ple of the Uni led States, not undervaluing his talents arid abilities for certain objects, yet do not see in him that mild, modera e guardian arid parental character in which they love to con template the Chief Magistrate. Mr. Clay is dogmatical, opinionated. Between him and his friends, even the most attached, there is no intercourse of independent mind; there is no muiualtiy of respect and deference; nothing like confidence upon equal terms. Y ears have not softened these repelling qualities, and w hen his supporters approach him, he expects and will admit nothing but fealty and homage. All this i- not said loosely and inconsiderately. There is n otone ot his friends who will not admit its truth. With these characteristics, however he may draw admiration, he cannot inspire love and confidence. The feeling is general, and it is true, that he has no sympathy with the great body of his countrymen, but that he builds his hope of success upon brilliant achievements, on political inanceovers, on compromises, of which he has as many, and is'generally ’a3 successful in them as Sir Hugh Evans in the Merry W ives of Windsor, and on the unscrupulous de votion of his upholders and partisans, . Even then, if Mr. Clay were to be supported ttow Once again for the sixth time, by the W hig party, there would be, there could be no hope of his ultimate success,\ unless indeed, within the last year or twO he has himself wholly-changed for the bette^ or new.7 lights have broken in up on the People. Of the fate of the W higs, should they put Mr.. Clay’s name forward, let the re cent events jn twenty of the twenty-sixStates tel I. The very suspicion that he is to he the candidate, joined to the knowledge of his movements in the last Congress, and his conduct during his retire ment, has been sufficient to change a triumphant Harrison majority, in twenty States,, into a well-beaten Clay minority. In 1844 the^result will be.the same. To raise Mr. Clay is impossible. To sink with him, if the attempt be made, inevita ble. No '— The Iihacs Journal relates; that while Gen. Root w u discoursing in'his late whig speech at Ithaca on the interesting and instructive subject of. card play ing’with'Henry C lajfor a partner,-a whig in the iMCDsbly interrupted him with the enquiry whether ke bad-not also p lt jtd o r t i with Got. Polk, The Ge**r*l took no notice, of the qoestio*,,and it was rapmtcd; sod finally the Call JwcasM so universal ibat be wap obliged to rotpood. The answer was not a long one, but quite to the point. The speaker uttered an emphatic N O ! and proceeded with his remarks* B3 * The CHARTER ELECTION of this village was held on Tusday, and resulted iri the choice of two democratic Trustees and three whig. The Re publican calls this “ a glorious victory.” The whigs so consider it without a doubt, as the smallest favors are thankfully received this year. But how stands the balance sheet? 1st Ward, whig, N. B. Booth elected trustee by 11 majority, and S. Peterson assessor. No other asses sor run. 2d Ward, democratic, J. B. Abbott elected trystee by 5 majority, and R. Bartlett, assessor, by 6. 3d Ward, democratic, J. Mansell trustee by 11 majority, and John Congdon assessor by the same. 4th Ward, whig, J. C. Moore trustee by 15 maj. and A. D. Stockwell assessor by 14. 5th Ward, whig, N. Tucker trustee by 3 majority and Eli Pratt assessor by 4. Democratic majorities 16—whig majority 29, or a clean whig majority in the village of t h i r t e e n votes! More than that number of sturdy democrats, over and above whig absentees, we believe, were away : and it is well known that the 5th ward, now whig by 3 majority, is in reality democratic to the back bone. Our friends lost it by over confidence. Too many of them suffered themselves to be absent ; and of those who remained, two voted for the whig nominees from personal considerations, which, we think they would not have done if they had supposed it would make any difference in the result. O ’ L iect . Gov. D ickinson reiurned to his resi dence on Monday. During his absence in the wes tern part of the State, we are informed, he addressed our democratic friends in ten different counties, and assemblies, numbering in the aggregate probably One Hundred Thousand People, The best spirit prevails throughout the entire west. EF The Republican calls the charge which repre sents Mr. Clay as having said’that if he could not have black slaves lie must have white ones, “an ex ploded slander.” How exploded ? Mr. Clay denies it, we adm it; but those who heard his speech affirm that he did say so, and on referring to an old file of, the National Intelligencer we believe, it proves to have been thus reported at the time. In the same column the Republican says that Gov. Polk’s father was a tory ! is’nl the Republican a little mistaken ? Wasn’t it his grandfather? Thai’s the whig story, and the Republican ought to .tell it as the rest do, or it will gain no credit, for it all. But the democrats and the citizens of Mecklenburg give a very different account of the whole matter. They say that Gov. Polk’s father was an honest intelligent farmer and his grandfather an officer in the Revolution who did good-service for his country, and that the grandson, James K. will be the nest PRESIDENT of the U. States. O ’ The Republican says that Gov. Po|k, while a member of Congress, ou several occasions voted a. gainst granting pensions to Revolutionary soldiers, and wonders if any revolutionary patriot can be found to vote for such a man ! A certain charge against Clay it calls an ‘‘exploded slander,” by what name would it be proper to call this against Polk? The Journal of Congress shows that Gov. Polk voted, while a member, a large number of times on pension bills and amendments to pension bills. In every in stance when the bills were (air and liberal, he advo cated them and voted for them: in several instances when the bills were partial, excluding certain classes of soldiers froti) (heir benefits, he voted against (hem, at the same time using all his efforts to obtain some thing better. Is there any reason in this why revo lutionary soldiers should not vote for Polk? (O’ Yesterday was the day for lhe Democratic State Convention al Syracuse. In addition to Governor, Lieut. Governor and Presidential Electors, four Ca nal Commissioners, in accordance with the provisions of the law of last winter, were to be nominated. O ’SIX’I Y THOUSAND people, says the Repub lican, were present at the great whig meeting at Al bany ! FIFT Y THOUSAND people says the Tribune were at the Albany meeting I There are FORTY THOUSAND people here, said the whigs at the lime. Intelligent democrats estimated the ouihber at fourteen thousand —but besides these, there were about filty live coons. InJr’The anti renters of Helderberg have tar red and feathered the Sheriff of Albany County. S c h o o l L ib r a r y M o n e y —■ We are requested b y the town superintendent of Schools for this town, to state, that, the recent School laws require the trustees of districts to expend the Library money for books &c before the first day of October; and the penally for delay or neglect is forfeiture of the next appro, priation. We'suggest to trustees of districts, whose Librarj- money, apportioned last April, is uncalled for in the hands of the town superintendent, that less than one month remains to them for the discharge of this official duty. We hope that all who arc de linquents will seasonably attend to this notice, and avoid perplexity to themselves and loss to their dis tricts. Columbian Magazine.—The September number of this magazine is received, and maintains fully its previous reputation. We notice, articles from the ed itor. Mrs. Sigourney, Mrs. Elizabeth Oakes Smith, H. T. 'Puckerman and T. S, Arthur. Thceinbel- ishments of the n umber are good. “ Ways of Pleas lantness,” is a beautiful soft mozzotmi— the others are “ Gen. Scott and John Brant” and “ Childhood.” A rthur ’ s L adies ’ M agazine — We have received the September number of this Magazine, edited by the well kiiown and popular writer. T . S. Arthur It is the first of the work we have seen, and we like it It is more every day, inure sensible, more pracli, cal, than the other periodicals of its kind. Its -’ aim would seem to be to benefit and instruct, as well as to amuse. Its embellishments, are of a high order, and ilslypography and general appearance chaste and beautiful- Published monthly by E. Ferret! & Co- Philadelphia, at the low price of $2- per annum. Z oological E xhibition . —The grand menagerie of Raymond & Co-, accompanied by the famous Lion tamer, HERR DRIESBACH, it will be seen by the advertisement in another column, will be in Bing, bamton on the 13th inst. The collection of animals is said to be unusually large, and the performances magnificent, [From the Geneva Courier.] Now from the trumpet’s brazen throat brays forth The note of expectation. Forth the crowd All eager rush to view the might} scene. ' First, ’mid gay banners gorgeously displayed, . Shines a Triumphal Car. Four Elephants, Of matchless-form and strength, an|j§fondcrous bulk, Iu scarlet robes all flaming to the view, Harnessed in state before the huge machine, . Progressing slow. amaze the gapir.g crowd; And sheds enchantment o’er the wondrons scene. In long procession, next appear the cars Where, grimly brooding o’er-tbeir durance vile, The monsters of the savage wilds confined— Lions and Tigeitj Bears and spotted ’Pardi— Yell forth grim terrors as they pan along. - The tent* are set, the, iron bar*;reaioved : Forth with a roar the Afric Irina spring!, Rejoieing to be free: the ’Tiger Inext L - Exulting bounds the graeeful Leepai-d glides Down from bit den, while deep aaasemeat fills The gazing multitude. Bat deeper awe Pervades the sc.ene, when DRIESBACH’S selfsp* pears, * And all his magic- power exalting plies; When at a word the monsters of the wild Quail their stout looks, and all submissive-lie' Low on the earth and lick their master’s feet. _ F O R E I G N N E W S . T h e Groat Wfesterfl arrived in N . Y o rk orf Saturday afternoon, and the Hibernia at Bostdrf on Sunday evening, bringing advices. T h e in-* telligence is not very important. . Queen Victoria has another son. T h e Cab-' inet ministers and Great Officers of State rode’ by railroad eighteen miles and a quarter in eighteen minutes, to; see the baby ! Washington Irvifig had arrived in Paris on leave ufabscence of two months from his di plomatic duties in Spain. He was to proceed to London. Mehement Aii had abdicated the government of Egypt in favor of his son Ibrahim. • Commercial matters arfe generally favora ble, though less active. Cotton after having’ been very lively, was dull again. T h e pros pect for crops was good. The B u rn’s festival, in compliment to the sons ofthe poet, was held on the banks ofthe Doon, a spot consecrated by the genius of the bard. Most of the rank and talent of Scot. land were present. The fourth daughter of the Em peror of Rus sia, and \yife of his Royal Highness Frederick of Hesse, an accomplished youg lady some 19 years of age, was dead. Joseph Bonaparte is dead. H e died at F lo r ence on the 28th July after a long illness.— His brothers Louis and Jerome were with him, Joseph was once King .of Naples, and after wards of Spain. .H e resided many years in N. Jersey. The Princess de Joinville has a daughter. Affairs between Fiance and Morocco were critical, just at the point of an adjustment, or of energetic fighting. An express of Aug. 15, announced that the Prince de Joinville had commenced the bombordment of Tangier. State Fair & Cattle-Show AT POUGHKEEPSIE, ON THE 1 7 th , 18tH AND 1 9 th DAYS OF SEPTEMBER. I. The first day will be devoted io the trial of Plows and other Implements, and the arrange ment of specimens on lhe Fair-Grounds. (T h e Plowing-Maich is not included in the trial of of implements, and occurs on the last day.) T h e Second and Third days (Wednesday and Thurs day) are devoted io iha Public Exhibition, a- ward of Premiums. Addresses, &c. II. Tow-boats leaving Troy and Albany on Monday, the 16ih, will take ail cattle and o\ther specimens designed lor exhibition, including what is brought from the w e s : o r east bv me lib- eralily of the Railroad Companies. The reg ular Poughkeepsie tow-boats will bring up- stock and other articles from New-York ; and the numerous steam and tow-boats- from inter mediate points on the Hudson will accommodate the people in their respective vicinities. Ample arrangements are made Cor steamboat accommo dations for visitors, however great the number proceeding to and from the Fail*. Travellers- passing up or down the Hudson, may spend a few hours pleasantly at the F a ;r, and take the- npxi succeeding boats; and persons resident ft» New Y o rk and elsewhere, may find the excur sion very pleasant m affording views of the Highlands in passing by dayiight. III. F armers , Fruit-Growers, Dairv-roen, Florists, and all others engaged, in Rural' P u r suits, are requested to send specimens in all branches of their business*— whether horses, cattle, sheep or hogs—grain, vegetables-, Iniits- or flowers— butter, cheese.—silk or woollen goods, farming implements, ,&e.- IV M e c h a n i c s and Manufacturers, in afk branches ol business, (especially i» those biawih es mo.-t essential to ibe comfort or convenience' of the fanning and laboring communitv.J ' wi-IH find their interests in iratismiuiny- specimens of all sons of goods and implements manufactured by them— for exhibiung which, one of the large buildings js specially reserved . V. The L a d i e s will find the largest and best of the four large buildings, reserved for the display of their industry and taste—r-for needle- woik, silk and other home-made cloth— for flowers, fr-uits, butter, cheese,-honey, &c. N o pains will be spared to render this'branch ofthe Fair satisfactory; and Ladies in different coun ties are respectfully invited to favor the so-- cioty with comribu)ions of the' above descrip tion. VI. The A n n u a l A d d r e s s will be deliv ed by Mr. B a n c r o f t ; and the assemblage will be addressed by various gentlemen from other Sla es as well as this. VII. The decisions of the thirty commitiees appointed to award the five hundred premiums, will be read by the respective chairm an after the Annual Address, when (he premiums (e- quivalent to three thousand dollars,) wifi be paid: a: the Business Office. V I I I One dollar constitutes -membership, aqd entitles the contributor to free admission for his family, and to compete for premiums. No charge is made to persons sending good for e x hibition. Admittance for visitors, one shilling each; and one dollar for eacb carriage and in mates driven around the\exhibition inside the- enclosure. IX. Tickets must be procured at the ticket offices, as no money will be received at the: gates.- Gentleipeh, especially those in-company with ladies, may save much trouble by procur ing tickets at some of the stores in Poughkeep sie, where they will be left for sale, so as t<v avoid the immense crowd usually pressing around ticket offices,and gales on such occa sions. / X. ;An efficient Police; directed by the sher iff of fhe county .and a spirited committee o f the citizens of Poughkeepsie, will ensure o rder in all respects—although ; it is but proper to re mark that the sense of propriety which has hitherto prevailed at the State'Fairs, ‘.scarce- ly-requifes such precautions for presetvftig- or der. : . ' * X I. Delegates andofficers o fagricultuialso- cieties and and other public institutions of this state, together with the gentlemen of the News paper Pres?, and all officers and committeemen of the State Society, are requested to report their names at the Business Office, immediately 6u their a rrival in .Poughkeepsie. . . . .. X I I : The officers of the Society, or aotne of them, may be found at all * hours during ihe three days, by applying at (he Business Office, .where the locations of the several committees, -together with other information concerning lhe arrangements, may be obtained, .Persona de siring further .information meantiuws n a y «d- Dan? or O tofih: Wiiknwou it Pougbke«psie, or Heory CF R e illy, Seeretary.itAlbauy.