OCR Interpretation

Binghamton courier. (Binghamton, N.Y.) 1844-1849, March 06, 1845, Image 2

Image and text provided by New York State Library

Persistent link: http://dev.nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn90066556/1845-03-06/ed-1/seq-2/

Thumbnail for 2
itfia T l i e S l a r e T r a d e . p r e s i d e n t ' s m e s s a g e . ' To the Senate and House o f Representatives ofthe U. S : I transmit, herewith, for the information of - C ongress, copies o f c e rtain d e sp a tc h e s recently received from, M r. W is e , o u r E n v o y E x t r a o r d i ­ n a r y a n d M in is te r P le n ip o te n tiary a t the Court of B r a z il, upon the subject of the Slave T ra d e ; developing the means used and the devices r e ­ sorted to, in o r d e r to e v a d e existing enactm e n ts upon that subject. A n x io u s ly desirous as a r e the United States to supptess a traffic so r e v o lting to hum a n ity, in the efforts to accom p lish w h ich they have been the pioneers of civilized States, itcafthO tbut be ft subject of the most p ro fo u n d regret, that any pOl'lion Of OUr Citizens should be found acting in co o peration with the subjects of other Pow e rs, in opposition lo the policy of thflll* OtVQ GoVfim* ment; thereby subjecting to suspicion and tothe hazard of disgrace the flag o f their own country. It is tr u e that this traffic is c a rried on a ltogether in foreign ports, a n d that o u r ow n coasts a r e free from its p o llution. B u t the c r im e r e m a in s the s a m e wherever p e rp e trated; a n d there are m a n y circum stances to w a r r a n t the belief that som e o l o u r citizens are d e e p ly involved ir. its guilt. T h e mode a n d m a n n e r of c a r r y i n g on this trade a r e c le a rly a n d fearlessly set forth in the accom p a n y in g docum e n ts ; a n d it w o u ld Seem that a r e g u l a r s y s t e m had b e e n a d o p t e d fo r the p u rp o se of thw a r ting the p o licy a n d e v a d in g the penalties of our laws. A m e r ic a n vessels, with the k n o w le d g e , a s there a r e good reasons to believe, p f th e o w n e r s a n d masters, a r e char­ tered or r a th e r p u rc h a s e d by notorious slave dealers in B r a z il, aided b y E n g l i s h b r o k e rs a n d capitalists, vvith this intent. T h e vessel is only nom in a lly chartered a t so. m u c h p e r month, while, in truth, it ia a c tu a lly sold, to be d e livered on the coast o f A frica, the c h a r te r p a rty b in d in g the o w n e rs, in the m e a n time, to take on b o ard. as passengers, a n e w c r e w in B r a z il, w h o, w h e n delivered on the coast, ave to n a v ig a te h e r back to the ports of B r a z il with h e r c a r g o of slaves. U n d e r this a g r e e m e n t, the v e s s e lc le a rs from the U n ited S tates for som e porfrin G r e a t Britain, w h e r e a c a r g o o f m e r c h a n d :se, k n o w n as “ coast goods” a n d d e signed especially for the African trade, is p u rc h a s e d , shipped, ahd consigned, to­ gether with the vessel e ither, t o t h e slave d e a le r him s e lf o r to bis a g e n ts o r a c c o m p lices in B r a ­ zil. On h e r a r r iv a l a c r e w is p u t on b o a rd as passengers, and the vessel a n d c a r g o c o n signed to a n e q u a lly g u ilty factor o r a g e n t on the coast* o f A frica, w h e r e the u n la w fu l p u rp o se , o r ig in a l­ ly d e signed is finally c o n s u m m a te d . T h e m e r ­ chandise is e x c h a n g e d foi slaves— th e vessel is delivered u p — h e r n a m e obliterated, her p ap ers destroyed, h e r A m e r ic a n cretv d ischarged, to be provided for b y the c h a rterers, and ihe new o r passenger crew p u t in c o m m a n d to carry b a c k its m iserable freight to the first contrivers o f t h e V o y a g e , or their e m p lo y e r s in B r a z il. During the whole nrogress o f this tortuous w $ W ^ enterprise, it is possible that n e ither the A m e r i­ can c r e w o riginally enlisted, n o r the p a ssenger crew put on b o a rd in the B r a z ilian p o r t s ,a r e a - w a r e o f th e nature o f th e voyage, a n d y et it is on these p r in c ip a lly ignorant, if not innocent, that the p en alties o f th e law a r e inflicted; while the g u ilty contrivers, the charterers, brokers, ow n e r s a n d m a s te rs — in s h o rt a ll w h o a r e most deeply c o n c e rn e d in the c rim e a n d its rewards, for the most p a r t escape u n p u n ished. It w ill be seen from the e x a m in a tions w h ic h have recently taken p lace a t R io , that the sub­ jects o f h e r Britannic M ajesty, a s well a s our ow n citizens, a r e deeply implicated in this inhu­ m a n traffic. British factors and agents, while they s u p p ly A frica with British fabries in e x ­ change for slaves, a r e chiefly instrum e n ta l in the a b u se of the A m e r ic a n flag; a n d the s u g g e s ­ tions contained in the letter o f M r. W is e , (whose judicious a n d z e a lo u s efforts in the matter c a n ­ not b e too h ig h ly c o m m e n d e d .) addressed to M r. H a m ilton, the British E n v o y , as to the best m o d e o f suppressing the evil, d e se rv e y o u r most deliberate consideration, a s they will receive, I doubt not, that o f th e B ritish Governm e n t. It is also w o rthy o f c o n sideration w h e th e r a u y other m e a s u re s than those n o w e x isting, a r e n e ­ cessary to g iv e g r e a te r efficacy to the just and humane policy of o u r laws, w h ic h a lready p ro ­ vide for the restoration to A frica of slaves cap­ tured at sea by A m erican cruisers. FromUm© to time provision h a s been road© by this Gov* Crnment for their comfortable s u p p o rt and m ain­ tenance d u r i n g a limited period after their resto­ ration, and it is m u c h to be regretted that this liberal policy h a s not been adopted by G r e a t B r itain. A s it is, it seems to me, that th e p o licy it h a s adopted is calculated rather to perpetuate than to s u p p re s s the trade, by enlisting very large interests in its favor. M e rc h a n ts and c a p ­ italists furnish the means for c a r r y in g it on, m anufactures for which the negroes are ex­ changed are the products of h er w o rkshops; the slaves, w h e n c a p tu red, instead o f b e in g returned back to their h o m es, a r e transferred to her colo­ nial possessions in the W e s t Indies, and made the means of sw e lling ths artlOUDt Of iheiLpfO* due's, b y ’a system o f a p p re n ticeship for a term of years, and the officers and crew who captured the vessel receive on the whole n u m b e r of slaves so m any pounds s te rling per capita , by way o f bounty. It must be obvious that w h ile these large in terests a r e enlisted in favor of its continuance, it w ill be difficult, if not impossible,to suppress th e nefarious traffic, a n d that its results w o u ld be in effect b u t a c o n tinuance of the slave trade in an Other and m o r e c ru e l form; for it c a n be but a m a tter o f little difference with the African, w h e ­ ther h e is torn from his c o u n try a n d transported to the W e s t Indies, as a slave, in the r e g u la r course o f th e trade, o r captured b y a cruiser, transported to the sam e p lace a n d m ad e to per form the sam e labor u n d e r the n a m e of an a p ­ prentice; w h ic h is at p resent th e p ractical o p e r­ ation of the p o licy adopted. It is to b e hoped that H e r B ritannic M ajesty’s G o v e r n m e n t will, u p o n a review ofall the cir cum s ta n c e s stated in these despatches, adopt m o r e efficient m e a su re s for the suppression of the trade w h ic h s h e h a s so long attempted to pu down, with, as yet. so little success, a n d m o re consonant with the o riginal p o licy to restoring the captured African of his home. J O H N T Y L E R . W a s h i n g t o n , F e b . 19, 1845. siderable progress has been made in the discus­ sion which has been carried on in a ve ry amica­ ble spirit, between the two Governments, and that there is reason to hope that it may be ter­ minated, and the negociation brought to a close within a short period. I have delayed answering the resolutions un­ der the expectation expressedin my annual mes­ sage that the negotiation would ..have been ter­ minated before the close of the present session of Congress, and that the information called for by the resolution of the Senate might b,e communi­ cated. JO H N T Y L E R . W ashington * Feb. 20, 1845. Debates in the United States Senate on Annexation. [From the Washington Globe.] Mr. A s h l e y spoke to-day in the Senate on the annexation of Texas. Unfortunately, he was laboring under the effects of a severe cold and h o arseness, w h ic h n e c e ssary compelled him to h u r r y o v e r h is r e m a r k s in a s brief a period as h e possibly could. T h i s i s p a rticularly lo be re ­ gretted, a s e r e r y o n e w h o heaTd h is a r g u m e n t concurs in a d m itting that, for force, o riginality, and logical d ed u ction, it w a s r e m a r k a b ly felici­ tous; a n d that if it c o u ld h a v e been extended and illustrated, a s M r. A . evidently h a d intended,his speech m ig h t, v e ry a p p ro p riately, have closed the debate on the democratic side. E v e n a b b re ­ viated as it w as, it p u ts b o ld ly forw a rd c o m m o n sense positions, w h ic h a d m it o f n o reply. T h e points o f his a r g u m e n t will be found in o u r s y n ­ opsis of the S e n a te p ro ceedings. M r. D ic k in s o n followed M r. A s h le y , a n d pointed o u t the d isadvantages under which he entered into the debate after the subject had been so a b ly a n d eloquently a r g u e d by others. One object w h ic h h e had in v ie w , was to-set th e sen­ ator from Louisiana (M r. B a r r o w ) r ig h t in re­ gard to a n e r r o r h e had fallen into, w ith respect to this question not b e in g an issue in the late presidential election. T h a t senator had p a rticu­ larly inquired if th e senators from N e w Y o r k would n e t a d m it that it was not a n issue in their state. N o w , h e thanked the senator for the op portunity this inquiry afforded tbe senators o f N e w Y o r k o f clearing up that matter. H e would say, fot him se lf— and h e believed he spoke the sentiments of his c o lleague, too— th a t am o n g the g re a t mass of th e p a rty which had trium p h e d in the elections o f t h e state, the a n ­ n ex ation o f T e x a s was a p ro m in e n t issue. In all the assemblies o f the dem o c ra tic inasses out the state of N e w Y o r k — in a ll the irocessions d u ring the state a n d p residential can- rass, the b a n n e r o f t h e lone star o f T e x a s was tailed with the strongest d emonstrations of fav- A n d a lthough the favorite citizen of th at O r e g o n . P R E S I D E N T ’S M E S S A G E . T o t h e S e n a t e of t h e U n ite d S t a t e s ,— In a n s w e r to the resolution of the Senate o the 11th o f December, 1844, requesting the President to lay before th e S en ate, if in h ts ju d g m e n t that m a y \b e d o n e w ithout p redjudice to th e public interest, a c o p y o f a n y instructions which m a y h a v e been g iv e n by the Executive to the A m e r ic a n M in ister in E n g l a n d , o n the subject of th e title to, a n d o c c u p a tion o f th e territory O r e g o n s in c e the 4th o f M a r c h , 1 8 4 1 ; a lso a copy o f a n y c o rrespondence w h ic h m a y have passed b etween the G o v e r n m e n t and that o G r e a t Britain, o r between either of thetWO G o ?1 ernments and the Miftill©? o f thfi Oth 6 T, ill IClfl” tion to liut Diibjeet ihat have 7, in my opinion,as the negotiation is still pending, the information sought for cattoOt bfl COtnfflUni eated without prejudice to the public service, I deem it proper, flpwever. to add, that con- J of New-York, and that the party which advo- or state, chosen for its governor by so large a Hta- ‘ority, was known lo have taken decided grounds against the treaty o f last session, it was u n iv e r ­ sally u n derstood that h e was favorable to the a n ­ nexation of T e x a s — his objections b eing o n ly to the details of the treaty. H e (M r. D.) did not m e a n to say that a li were agreed u p o n the d e ­ tails o f th o m a n n e r a n d conditions of a n n e x a tion; but that on the general question o f annexation the d e m o c ra tic p arty was unanimous. A s the subject h ad been so fully discussed, M r. D. very jriefly stated in condensed form his views in ac- cordance with those expressed by M r. A s h le y , joth on the constitutionality a n d expediency o f the measure, and particularly with regard to the p ro p riety o f th e mode of admitting T e x a s now proposed. In thus stating his views, he was p e rspicuous a n d forcible, and particularly elicitous in exposing the a b su rd ity of the a r g u ­ ments or, the o th e r side, that, b y this principle. Patagonian savages and-man-eaters m ig h t come to seats in o u r h a lls o f n a tional legislation. In conclusion, M r. D., with g r e a t eloquence, r e p li­ ed to th e u n m a n ly a ttack on G e n e r a l Jackson, m a d e b y M r. B a r r o w on W e d n e sd a y . T h e o c ­ casion justified the w ithering philippic w h ic h Mr. D. administered to the representative o f the very city whose booty and beauty were savedl from invading d ev astators by the u n p a ra lied h e ­ roism o f th e v e ry m a n h e so wantonly stepped out oi his w a y to assail. [From the Globe’s report.] M r. D ickinson said he had no disposition to protract this debate, for he felt the d isadvantage of entering inlo the discussion after ihe subject had been e x h a u s te d ; for he believed no question had received m o re attention from this Congress than that o f th e annexation of Texas. But it w as not a lo n e in Congress that it had been discussed; it h a d b een thoroughly investigated nnd canvas­ sed before the people in e v e ry section o f the country. H e h e r e adverted to the definitions w h ic h had been g iv en in this d eb ate o f th e word “state;” a n d stated the v a rious a u th o rs on n a tion­ al a n d international law, w h o had been quoted on the s u b je c t; but alter all, he considered the question n a r r o w e d d o w n to the literal words o f the Constitution, a n d by it th e p o w e r of admitting new S tates b y Congress into the Union was clearly a p p licable to the admission of T e x a s ; and it was only by construction a n d interpola­ tion that those who h eld a contrary opinion w e re a b le to d r a g this c la u se of the constitution into the support o f th e ir a rg u m e n ts . W h a t d a n g e r could arise Irom e x e rc ising an express p o w e r g ra n te d b y the constitution, and requiring n o interpolation,particularly when the people c o n c u rred in that e x ercise of p o w e r ? — F o r , this was a subject fully canvassed before the people. A n d he thanked the senator from Louisiana [Mr. B a r ro w ] for calling his atten tion, a n d that o f his c o lleague, [Mr. Dix.] to the fact, when h e inquired of them, the o th e r d a y , if th e issue h ad not been evaded in the State of N e w - Y o r k d u r i n g the last elections. H e was ready t a a n s w e r the s e n a to r; and, in s p e a k in g for himself, h e believed he b u t uttered the senti­ ments o f h is colleague, too, w h e n be said, that in a ll the mass m e e tings throughout the Slate, held b y the p a rty which c a m e out trium p h a n t at the elections, the question of a n n e x a tion was a d ­ vocated as a p ro m in e n t issue. In ali their p r o ­ cessions the b a n n e r o f th e lo n e star o f T e x a s w a ­ ved conspicuous, a n d was hailed with enthusi­ asm. [n the meetings o f the o th e r parly the question of a n n e x a tion was d e n o u n c e d in terms of hostility as s trong as were the terms of appro­ bation with which it w a s s p o k e n o f by the tri­ um p h a n t party. H e did n o t m e a n to sav that the friends of a n n ex ation c o n c u rred a s to th e d e ­ tails o f the m e a su re ; but w h a t h e said w as, that the general principle of annexation met with the. universal c o n c u rrence of the p a rty w h ic h c a m e off tr iu m p h a n t in the elections. And although it was known that the favorite and distin­ guished citizen o f th at S tale w h o so recently w as one of its representatives in this c h a m b e r had ta­ ken g r o u n d s a g a in s t the treaty of last session, it was equally well know n that h is opposition w as to th e treaty, a n d not to annexation. If he u n ­ derstood that distinguished statesman’s senti­ ments on this subject, they were favorable to th e annexation o f T e x a s u p o n term s a n d conditions w h ic h w o u ld satisfy b is j u d g m e n t It w as,then, 0 D^‘y,!“ TesPect 10 the details o f a n n e x a tion that any difference o f o p in io n existed in the State o f N e w -yprk am o n g thy demoQr*vc p a rty. B u t so far a s th e g e n e r a l question o f a n n e x a tion w a s .concerned, it afforded h im p le a s u re id U ifclft tft answer the senator from Louisiana,. [Mr. Bar- ro\vf] that it w as a prom in e n t issue in the S tate catedl it came out triumphant in the elections.— The issue was pressed forward by the opposite party, and it was met openly and fearless) Y. M r. D. next proceeded tothe question of con­ stitutionality, and investigated the positions tak­ en on both sides by those who had preceded him in debate. H e thought there was a question which sup­ erseded tbe necessity of debating the constitution­ al power, inasmuch as, if it wyre established,the exercise of tbe constitutional po.ver would ad­ mit of no doubt or deliberation. It was wheth­ er Texas ever constitutionally was severed from the United States after the acquisition of Louis­ iana. It was agreed on all hands that, after the purchase of Louisiana from France, in 1803, Texas was just as much a portion of our terri­ tory, 85 Arkansas, Missouri, o r any other part of that purchase. By the terms of that treaty, we encouraged our citizens to settle there, un­ der the guaranty that, when entitled by popu lation, they would be admitted as a new state.— Once they were entitled, then we had no consti­ tutional power to deprive them of (his right; hence the act of transferring them to Spain in 1819 was, so far as Texas was concerned, null and void. But even if Spain, by that transfer, had ac­ quired any right over Texas, she never admin­ istered it; and it very soon lapsed,in copsequence of the Spanish dominion in North America hav­ ing been successfully repudiated by the revolu­ tion which followed, and whereby the Mexican States asserted their independence. Texas never, for a moment, had parted with her inde­ pendence; she always asserted and maintained it from the time she met in convention, in 1819 to remonstrate and protest against our breach of faith towards her. When the Mexican States formed a confederation and adopted a constitu­ tion, She was willing to join them. But when Santa Anna overthrew that confederation and constitution, and set up a military despotism, she withdrew and declared herself absolved from tbe compact— which had in fact, become a nul­ lity. She asserted and maintained h er indepen­ dence ; and, when attempted to be subdued, con­ quered her invaders, and maintained her inde­ pendence. She is still where she was in 1819 with ohly this difference, that our citizens occu­ pying her territory are now 100,000, and enti­ tle her to the rank of a slate amongst us. If she has, then, been acting independently of us, it is through our own fault,not hers. W e wrong­ cast her out, and forced her to shift for herself. She now is willing to forget this wrong, and asks— what she was always enti­ tled to as soon as she had a representative popu­ lation—admission to our Union. On these general principles he concurred ful­ ly with the senator from Arkansas, [Mr. Ash­ ley ] Mr. D. then entered into a legal examination of the technicalities upon which the arguments on the other side were based, and showed that they were altogether untenable. In conclusion he adverted to the remarks of the senator from Louisiana, [Mr. Barrow, 1 com menting upon the personal expressions of regard made use of by the senator from New Hamp shire,[Mr. Woodbury.] in the close of his speech, wherein he expressed a wish that this measure might pass before General Jackson descended to his grave. Mr.D. eloquently called to mind the services of that distinguished soldier and states­ man ; he reminded the senator from Louisiana of what he had done for the state and city which he represented, and asked whether it was' fit and becoming of a representative of that state to draw a shaft from the quiver of ingratitude to wound the feelings of him who had shed^iis-blood in defence that her citizens held dear. territory*) between which there is no natural boundary. It seems a natural and proper ac­ quisition for tho United States, and would so be regarded by the law cf nation*, and upon this ground, our country caw honorably stand before the civilized world. D u ring the last few years, E ngland has m ade enormous acquisitions in India, Persia and Chi­ na,— literally vast empires, containing tenfold ihe wealth and power of T exas. Has the Uni­ ted States protested against this aggrandizing rapacitV of England? Most assuredly not. It was not our province— because it was not upon the American continent. But now if E n gland attempts to lay her foot upon California, it be­ comes another question. It touches our future peace and safety, and the United States have the right sanctioned by the law of nations and the well established principles ol our foreign policy 10 prevent such an acquisition by any European power, and most assuredly the American people are made of that high patriotic mould, not to Stverve from the vast and far-reaching responsi­ bility of their position, as the great controlling power on the American continent. THE BINGHAMTON COURIER. J . R . ORTON, Editor. THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1845. From the Albany Argus. The British Sympathies o f the W h ig Press— Texas and California. There is nothing ihat so much surprises the sound thinking American as the sympathies ex­ hibited by the W hig P ress in palliatingthe mea­ sures o f aggrandizement which England so steadily pursues. Since the reported existence of a negotiation between Santa Anna and E n g land for the cess­ ion of C alifornia, the ground assumed by ihe whig' press is peculiar. - W h ile some ridicule it as a fabrication, others of the whig preSS w ho dare speak out, do not hesitate to fty that E n g ­ land is justified, inasmuch as the- United States is seeking the A nnexation of Texas. W e find the following extraordinary article in tbe New- York Express; ‘‘C a l i f o r n i a .— H ow can we, who are steal­ ing T exas from Mexico, raise an outcry, if Great B ritain is planting herself in California, to intercept us in the trade of the Pacific when our population is strong in Oregon? Nay, what CCtiTi We says if G reat B ritain takes posses­ sion of C uba, and raises the flag of emancipa­ tion there ? “A people who, Jike ours, are now commit­ ting a g rtat outrage on Mexico, by first coloniz­ ing a territory of hers, then declaring its inde­ pendence of its owner, and subsequently aPPro printing the territory and people to ourselves, must be dumb founded, if G reat Britain takes California or Mexico, or wretchedly inconsist­ ent. if we complain. “If we do right,— the w orld will hear us,— and we will be heard, in court and council. * * through the thunder of cannon, if necessary, a- gair.st the aspirations of G reat Britain— but if we lead the way in national plunder, — who can but drop his head in shame?” T h e charge of stealing Texas from Mexico, is as false as it is unfair. Texas has been an independent Republic for nearly eight years.-— Like any independent nation, she has a righ: to enter into an alliance of A nnexation with the United States. This is the head and front of our “stealing T exas.” Mexico no more in­ dependent of Spain than Texas it of Mexico.— Spain, from whom she rebelled, has not yet ac­ knowledged the independence of Mexico. Ac­ cording to this doctrine of the whig press, Mex­ ico is not yet independent. To such absurdi­ ties, are the advocates of the claims of Mexico over T exas, reduced. But w e have something more to say touch­ ing the very extraordinary position of some of thew h ig papers in relation to the acquisitions of England on this continent. They bold that Great B ritain is as much justified in taking Ca­ lifornia, as we are in annexing Texas* This is certainly a question o f no ordinary importance. That every nation io guard its own safety has a stronger claim and more interest in territory ad joining its own possessions, than a far-distant nation can have, is a law of equity and sound sense, and long established international usage. A ll nations act upon this rule, as indispensible not only to their own peace and safety, but to that o f the world. Does any one hold that tbe United States would have had as much right to acquire Wales or Ireland, as England bad ?— Or that the United States w ould h ave as much right to annex France (with her consent) as Texas? T h e vicinity of -France to England, would give E n g land just cause of w ar, should the United. Sudes attempt AUdk IB IBBIXItiOD. O n th i cooinrjt T « w frotp England. It does not adjoin* Her remotest borders. Blit it is fax different toMUt— il stretch­ es hundreds of m ilei nloog o u r tom b w estern Annexation Carried! At the evening session of last Thursday, in tho Senate of the U. States, the protracted debate on the annexation question, was brought to S close ; and the House Resolutions, amended by appending Mr. Ben­ ton’s last bill, were passed, ayes 27, nays 25. On the following day, the bill as amended pasted the House by the very strong vote of 132 to 76— showing a great increase of Strength since the passage of its first bill. The bili, as passed, provides for the admission into the Union of the State o f Texas , said state to adopt a republican constitution lo be laid before Congress for its final action on or before the 1st day of January 1846, All questions of boundary which may arise with foreign governments are to be adjusted by the U. States. The debt of Texas in no event is to become a charge upon the (J. States, her public lands are to be set apart to meet it. All public edifices, fortifica. tions, &.C. are to be ceded to the U. States. Four new states may hereafter be admitted from the terri­ tory of Texas, and states formed from that part lying south of thirty.six degrees thirty minutes north lati­ tude, may be admitted with or without slavery, as the people of the said new states may desire: north of that line, no slave state is to exist. But if the President of the U. States, instead of submitting the above as a proposition to Texas, in bis judgment and discretion shall deem it advisable to negotiate, then the bill provides simply for the admission of a state from the territory of Texas, with two rep r e s e n tativ e s in Congress until the nex t ap p o r tio n m e n t, o n an equal footing w ith the ex istin g states, as soon as the condi­ tions, and the cession of the balance of the Texan territory, *hall be agreed upon by the two g o v e r n ­ ments ; and appropriates one huudred thousand dol lars to cover the expense of said negotiation. Senator Dix of this state, whose vote was consid­ ered.doubtful, voted in favor of the bill. Senator Dickinson was one of the early advocates of annexa­ tion, and from the first has given it all the weight of his influence. A sketch of his speech on the 22 d ult., from the Globe, will be found in another part of this paper. The vote in the Senate was as fol lows YEAS—Allen, Ashley, Atcheson, Alherton, Bag- by, Benton, Breese, Buchanan, Colquitt, Dickinson, Dix, Fairfield, Hannegan, Haywood, Henderson , Huger, Johnson, Lowis, McDuffie, Merrick, Niles, Setnple, Sevier, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Wood­ bury—27. Three whigs in. italics—the rest demo­ crats. NAYS—Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bayard. Berrien, Choate, Clayton, Crittenden, Dayton, Evans, Foster, Francis, Huntington, Jarnagin, Mangum, Miller, Morehcad, Pearce, Phelps, Porter, Rives, Simmons, Uph&tn, White, Woodbridge—25 All whigs. Mr. Dickinson’s Texas Speech. Although the report which wegivc from the Globe, of Mr. Dickinson's speech on annexation, must be considered as a mere sketch, stiil there is enough of it to show that it was an able one; and that in the effort, Mr. D. did great honor to himself and lo t he State he represents. But were intrinsic evidence wanting, there io enough furnished by the notice Which the speech in question has received from the whig press. It has called forth more hostility, per­ haps, on tho part ofthe « hig lelter writers and j..ur nals, than any Other speech of the session. The N. York Express and Tribune, especially, are unmeas­ ured in their wrath and invective. In their earnest effort to demolish it, they not only forget to adhere to the truth, but also that they themselves claim to be gentlemen. 'On the other hand, Mr. Dickinson’s speech has given great satisfaction to the democracy everywhere. The neutral press also does him jus­ tice. The correspondent of the Journal of Commerce says, “ Mr. Dickinson ol New-York, spoke in support of the measure in an able manner.” The Globe •peaks of the speech in high terms, as “perspicuous and forcible,” *nd of “ great eloquence.” The cor­ respondent of tbe Argus, says:— “ Senator Dickinson spoke on the Texas question to-day. Hi> speech took well. He has done himself great credit. He combalted the arguments against Annexation with great ability,' and triumphantly ex­ posed their fallacy. New-York, and its position on the Texas question, were well represented.” day evening, and tbe closing labors' of Congress, tb« fate of the postage bill, and a variety of other meas- ures-of great public importance,'the formation of the new cabinet, and the effect of the passage Of ihe an­ nexation bill on the' British and Mexican ministers, will be looked for with \great interest-— Tbe last ru­ mor with Tespect to Mr.Polk’s cabinet is as follows: Mr. Buchanan, Secretary of State. Gov. Marcy,. Secretary, of the. Treasury, Senator Walker, Attorney General. Cave Johnson, Postmaster General. Postage Bill Passed! Postscript—The last advices from Washington give the gratifying intelligence of 1he safe passage of the postage bill through both H o u ses. I t s tands now five cen ts under 300 miles and ten. cents over tbit distance, and is to take effect on the 1st of July. E r On the 4th, the great flag and streamer which were wont to float from the top of the hickory pole in front of the Democratic Committee Room, were OliCe more given to the breeze in honor of tbe day and of the incoming of a new and democratic admin­ istration. That morning Also, the BCWS of the pa?* sage of the annexation bill, had reached u s ; and there upon our banner, the time-honored banner un­ der which we had fought the great campaign of ’44, looked down upon us, brightly and cheerily, the lone star of Texas. It was placed there amid contumely and reproach, alone upon the streamer, and there it had remained, until finally in the ascendent, it is now ready to be transferred to the broad field of the ban­ n e r , and tak e its place with the rest, making the 27th in the bright constellation of 8 tat.CS, O* In the distribution of the Literature Fund,made by the Regents on the 2 8 th ult., the Binghamton A- cadcmy, we perceive, receives $207 82 —the Owego Academy, $189 21 — the Elmira Academy, $313 28 —the Oxford Academy, $347 39— Ithaca Academy, $338 08. The Genesee Wesleyan Seminary receives the largest sum ef any institution in this Senate Dis­ trict, it being the very handsome gratuity.of $1,051 47. OX The Hudson River is open and the steamboats plying between New-York and Albany. Opening o f C a n a ls.—The canals of Pa. are to re- sume navigation on the 10th of March instant,— Cannot the C a n a ls of the State of N e w -Y o rk be got in readiness before the 20th of A p ril? Pennsylvania should not be allowed to have six weeks Ihe start of us, unless it is unavoidable. The difference in cli­ mate is something, it is tru e ; but it cannot be so great as to m a k e it necessary to yield to the canals of our sister State the whole of the carrying trade for the great far west, fora period of six weeks! The Slave Trade. Two messages from President Tyler will be found in our columns, the one on the subject of the negotia­ tions pending with Great Britain relative to the occu­ pancy a n d ow n ership of O regon ; and the other on the subject of the slave trade carried on between the coast of Africa and Brazil. This traffic is represented as extensive, and is conducted jointly by British cap­ italists, American traders, and Brazilian slave-deal- ers, who manage by one device and another to escape the penalties of the laws. The. facts were eommuni- cited by onr Brazilian Minister, Mr. Wise. The manner of conducting the trade, is as follows. The Brazilian alavo-dealers, aided by British brokcf8, pUf. dlMC American vessels, to be delivered on the coast of Africa. The vessel clears from the U- States for England, where she receives her cargo in merchan­ dize known as “coast then sails for Brazil, where she lakes on board an extra crew, and thence runs to tbe African coast, (still a U. States Vessel,), and discharges her cargo. The name of the vessel is then obliterated, her papers destroyed, the American crew discharged, and the ship placed in (he hands of the Brazilian Captain and crew, who receive slaves for her cargo, and return to Brazil.**\* The crews in these cases, are supposed to be kept in ignorSBCe, and are innocentparticipatora in the crim­ inal proceedings; and yet when one of these vessels is taken, they are tried and executed as pirates, while their employers uniformly escape. It is to be hoped that ths recommendations of the President will be carried out, and that such representations will be made to Great Britain, and such early and efficient action taken on the part ef dor government,*ms will lead to ths total suppression of this most infamopr traffic. I T Ths 98th Congressterminated lie txeU M I t t 14 .o'clock Mo* Jiy nifhL Do T iwidij iBftOfintitt OTtbO l»W President MMlYiee Finident Of the U. State* Advices are only received to Fri- r For the Courier.- TO THE COMMISSIONERS OF EXCISE, OF THS TOWN OF CHENANGO. No. 1. / . \ Gentlemen —The time is approaching when you will be called upon in your official capacity, to decide an important question—a question which involves the welfare of, not only yourselves- and families, but of e v e r y individual-in the town. *■ The question to bo decided is, whether you will legalize the accursed traffic in intoxicating drinks for the ensuing year, ahd thereby become participators and eneouragers of all the evils which will result therefrom—or whether you will take the side of humanity,*snd refuse your assent. I Call upon you, by every consideration which should actuate men, placed by the suffrages of their fellow citiz e n s , in a position of great responsi­ bility, to adopt the latter course. I am not' disposed to read you a homily upon the performance' of your duty. I am too well acquainted with each member of your board, to suppose tha* you are ignorant , of w h a t y o u r d u ty is— and I humbly trust, that yOll tre resolutely inclined to perform it—unbiased by popu­ lar Clamor, uninfluenced by th e im p o r tu n ities o f R u m - se lle r s o r R u m - d r in k e r s — “ without fear, favor, par. tiality, or hope of reward.11 I know, that four at least, of the members of your board, are professed friends of the temperance cause— have taken the temperance pledge, and are members in good stand­ ing of a temperance society—and yet, if public rumor is to be credited, it is to be feared, that a majority have resolved on granting licenses—thereby aiding, directly, and inevitably, in perpetuating the evils of intem p e rance,and a ll th e horrible c o n sequences w h ich re s u lt from this beastly indulgence. It i> Under the influence of this fear, that I have been induced to make this public appeal, to conjure you to pause long, to deliberate seriously on the desolating consequen­ ces—before you decide to open the flood-gates of ini­ quity, and overwhelm this community in a sea of intemperance. Can men, occupying the enviable position you do, in the ranks of temperance, thus pander to the base passions of tho vicious —thus min* ister lo the groveling, depraved, morbid appetite of the inebriate ? I trust not. A W ashingtonian . New-York and Erie Railroad. O n the 3d da}* o f M a rch 1845, a m e e ting *.vas held a l the C o u rt House in Ihe village of Binghamton, composed of citizens of the tow n s of C h e n a n g o , U n - /Oil, Vestal and C o n k lin. T h e object of th e m e e ting was, to tak e into consideration the petitions of tile N. Y. and E. Railroad Co. now pending before the legislature Of this 6 late. T h e following gentlem e n w e re appointed officers of the m e e ting, to w it : — Maj. MARTIN HA W L E Y , of Chenango, Presi­ dent. Geu JO H N BAYLESS, of Conklin, Secre­ tary. The following preamble and resolutions, presented by T homas G. W aterman Esq., were, after discus­ sion, unanimously adopted. Whereas, w e are e n c o u raged lo believe th a t there is now a reasonable prospect th a t the great a n d favor- ite project o f the people of the southern and w e stern counties o f the s t a t e —the N. Y. and E. Railroad — m ay be a g a in revived and the work speedily recom ­ m e n c e d ;—th a t capitalists in the city of N e w -Y o rk, and elsew h e re, are prepared to subscribe the required am o u n t for its com p letion— b u t t h a t, in order to e n ­ sure such subscription, il is necessary th a t the law in relation to the lien of the slate and th e authority to tbe com p a n y lo issue bonds—should be so far modified as to render subscribers to the stock m o re secure in their investm e n ts. And whereas, we are assured— th a t th e result of the m o st careful surveys and estim a tions have fully proved th a t a g reat s a v ing in expense m a y be m ade, and a far belter road constructed, by adopting a line betw e e n the tow n s of C o n k lin & S a n d ford in Broome count}7, w h :ch shall follow J h e Susquehannah R iver around the G r e a t Bend, thus passing a short distance into the state of Pennsylvania, A n d we further learn, th a t it will becom e necessary, in order to avoid interference w ith the w o iks of the D e law a re and H u d -on canal com p a n y , and keep the road Oil il8 natural route by the D e law a re R iver— th a t the road should bc-consiruetcd about tw e n ty miles on the. w est side of the river in Pike co., P e n n s y lvania : T h e r e ­ fore, it is Resolved, T h a t, in the opinion of this m e e ting, public policy, and a due regard to the deepest inter­ ests of a large section of this s tate requires th a t e v ery reasonable encouragem e n t a n d facility should be given by our legislature to enable the com p a n y to proceed to a completion of this railro a d ; and th a t, if any alteration of the existing law in regard to the lien of tbe state upon the railroad can' be m a d e , so as to induce a successful progress in the work, such al­ teration should be m ade. Resolved, T h a t we believe th a t the interests of the public a t jarg e im p eriously reqtlifG— th a t tile llCBt practicable route for the railroad should be adopted in the outset. And from our knowledge of the coun­ try as well as by information derived from engineers employed by the company, we cannot doubt but that “ the Great Bend route,\ as it is called, between Binghamton and Deposit is, by a great difference to be preferred, and should therefore be adopted. Resolved, T h a t how ever m u c h we m ight d esire to ! sec our fellow c itizens of W indsor a n d Colesville (who have C-trnestly rem o n s trated-against the G reat Bund route) gratified in the location of the railroad, it is not to be forgotten t h a t they are rivals lu each other, an d therefore one or th e other m u s t, in any event be disappointed; and m o reover we are UH Willing to h3V6 this railroad w h ic h is destined lo becom e one of the m o st im p o rtant of the great c o m m ercial avenues be­ tw e e n the W e s tern L a k e s and the A tlantic, forced over a high range of hills for the m ere accom m o d a ­ tion of a lim ited sn d sparse population, and thereby subjecting th e whole eastern and w e stern population to tbe consequent delays and increased expenses, in all tim e to com e. Resolved, That we see no sufficient reason for de­ nying to this railroad c o m p a n y the pri vilege o f m a k ing a section of their road, as proposed, in Pike county We do not consider that the Del. and Hud. canal co, bare any such peculiar claim to public favor as could justify a sacrifice of the N. Y. and E- Railroad Co., to gratity their jealousies or secure them in exclusive and. monopolizing privileges. Resolved , That the fears which some pretend to indulge of diverting trade from New-York by allow ing the railroad fo cross the line of Pennsylvania are wholly groundless and idle. No one could sincerely iodulge any such apprehension wbo is acquainted With the course of trade as it now is, and always must be, from both ihe counties of Susquehannah and Pike. A n d were their trade even now in a different direction, this railroad when completed would, be yond a question, decide their choice of a market. Resolved, Thai the foregoing proceedings be sfgn- ed by the Chairman * Secretary .and published in the papers of this village and in. the Albany Argos and Evening Journal, and forwarded to oar Member of AflMfflbijf I t AlblDJi to fc presented by him fo the Legislature as onr MemorUt Ae. m a r t i n HAW L E Y , OkalrdHfi. Jobs B a tlus, Ssc’y. N e w Y o r k a n d E r i e R a i l Road. — A bill has been reported in the Pennsylvania Legisla­ ture, from the Committee on Inland N avigation, authorising the N e w Y o r k and E r ie Rail Road Com p a n y to extend their line of road from a point n e a r P o r t Jarvis, in O range co., N . Y .t a- Cl'OSS the D e law a re river (at some place between C a rpenter’s Point and the glass house,) into P ik e co., P a — follow the valley of the river up some 28 miles lo a point not exceeding 4 miles from the mouth of the Lackawarm. and then re­ cross the D e la w a re s triking Sullivan co., in N. Y . T h e Philadelphia papers object to the per­ mission being granted, a lleging, that it will in­ ju r e the buioness of Pvnsylvamu public works and divert trade from Philadelphia to N etv Y o r k .— [T roy Budget. T h e S tjic ih e S p a n i a r d . — T h e evening M irror beguiled us, the other da}', into repres­ entations concerning the unhappy young man who threw himself from the top of a house in B arclay stree', which did great injustice to the parents, or at least the-father, by m a k ing it ap­ pear that an unreasonable exeereise of parental authority had been the p rim al cause of that men­ tal alienation which resulted in suicide. T h e C o u rier des E t a l s Unis puts a very different face upon the m atter by declaring that young Aldam a had for some years followed a.course of dissipation and debauchery, which at once just­ ly excited parental displeasure and w rought in­ juriously upon his bodily and mental health — Fie was sent to P a r is some years ago : but in­ stead of profinig by the opportunities .there af­ forded him for mental culture and'im provem ent he squandered in one year some fifteen or twen­ ty thousand dollars, amid the sensual pleasures of that gay metropolis. H e was therefore re­ called by his father and sent to N e w -Y o rk, with a limited allow ance o f a hon'd red dollars per m o n th— a sum of which - he complained bitterly as insufficient for his wants. T h e ardor of his attachm ent for a young lady in H avana did not prevent him. it seems, fioin keeping a mistress in N e w -Y o rk, or from indulging in excesses which did him neither good nor credit. In short he awful termination of his c a reer should sprve rather as a w a rning a g a inst vice than as a themo for romantic pity.— [N. Y . Corn. Adv. J o h n T y l e r . Jr. through the Madisonian, pronounces a rum o r w iiichriheN . Y . S u n s ta r­ ted about his. father’s having made $200,000 out of the Presidency, fa lse in its conception— base in i’s motives, and infamous in us object. A H I N T f o r t h e G i r l s : T h e G reen B a y (W is c o n s in ) R e p u b lican states, in earnest, that several d a m s e ls /u n m a r ried, can find good homea. and virtuous h u sb an d s in that vicinity. A n o t h e r — 1 he ladies o f Botton have ad­ opted the custom o f.wearing yarn stockings in cold weather. T h e r e is on foot a plan to Build a b ridge a- cross the Ohio, from Cincinnati to Covington. T h e cost as estimated by Col. Long, will be $185,000 T h e plan of the bridge propose* a height of 84 feet above high water m a rk. We select testimonials from every part of the coon- try, so as to give all an opportunity of satisfying themselves of the unparalleled efficacy of this medi- cine by personal consultation with those whom it ha* saved from protracted sickness or premature d.eath. The next is from Maine. P o r t l a n o , Me., Jan. 20,1844. This is to certify that 1 have for a long time been very badly afflicted with a disease of the longs. 1 used numerous medicines, but still found m/ielf in A very low condition, and failing fast. Having heard Of the great cares performed by Dr. Wistar’s Balsam of Wild Cherry, and being nearly discouraged, I stopped taking all other medicines, and began to use the Balsam, which I procured here. I took one bot­ tle according to the directions, and found immediate and complete relief. I can cheerfully recommend this Balsam to all who are afflicted with any disease of the lungs. WM. w . WrSWELL. 53\For sale by LEVI M. REXFORD, Bingham­ ton, New. York. S a n d s ’s S a e s a f a r i l l a ii a combination of vegetable medicines, differing entirely in tbeir proper­ ties from the various preparations of StARSAFAaiLLA which have at different times been offered to the public, and frdni the high state of perfection to which tbe apparatus used in the process has .been brought by the proprietors daring the many years of experience devoted to the subject, a medicine has been produced which is calculated to.be, and has been of more ben­ efit to tb e world, thaw any other discovery of the present century. Diseases have been cured, such as arc not furnislied in the records of time*p*st, and what it has already done for the thousand? who have nsed it, it is capable of doing for tbe millions still suffering and struggling with disease. For further particulars and conclusive, evidence; ef its superior value and efficacy, sec pamphlets, which may be obtsined of agents gratis. Prepared and sold, wholeMle and retail, by A. B. Sauds & Co., Druggists and Chemists, 273 Broadway j j « w -Y t W. P n e c j l per totlid • fix boltlM for Id* U F o r a l c RKXroRi>7 »>•*- bssstcn, Nsw-York. '■ \

xml | txt