BINGHAMTON COTJRIEE, 4s VUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY, per a n n u m , In Advance. - - — . - i '<3.F,ICE at J . R . O rton ’ s B ookstore . R A T E S O F A D V E R T I S I N G . Orie s q u a tc one week, - - $ 0 0 50 three weeks, — — — ■ 1 00 > i y e a r , - - . - 8 0 0 H a lfcolum n 1 year, — — — • 15 00 W'h'oTe colum n A y ear, — . — — 30 00 Professional Cardk not exceeding 10 lines, 5 00 A ?!jHEiej?&Iadverti§en 4 ents at the rates allowed by law. Li *' “ E q u a l P r o t e c t i o n t o a l l C l a s s e s . ” — J a m e s K . P o l k . VOL. VII. NO 12.] BINGHAMTON, N. Y —W E D N E SDAY, JUNE 11,1845. [WHOLE NO. 716. L a w s © r N e w Y o r k . g R etail. 'ORTGA G E SALE.—Mortgagor John G. Er- JL vine, Mortgagee H e n ry Mather, Assignee of M ortgage Ammi Dovibleday; Mortgage dated the eighth day o f M arch, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty two, Recorded in Brpome county clerks office, the ninth day of March', one thousand eight hundred and forty two, - atn in e o’clock A. M. in hook of Mortgages No. 10 pages 135 and 136, Amount claimed to be due at theffirst publieation of this notice, fourteen dollars, antourit to become due two hundred dollars with in terest from the eighth day o f March, one thousand eight hundred and forty five. Description ot Mort gaged premises, “ A ll those two certain lots or par cels of land lying in the village of Binghamton be ing lots number five and six (5 and 6 ) in Double day and Lewis’ subdivision of original lot number seventy eight (78) situated on the east side of the Chenango river and bounded as follows : southerly on Academy or H enry street: east by lot number seven (7); west by lot number four (4); and north erly by lands of H. Lewis, said lot number six ( 6 ) isTFfty'five feet front and fifty six feet rear and a- boutune hundred and eighty six feet deep. Said lot number five (5) is fifty five feet front and fifty six feet rear and about-one hundred and ninety five feet deep. Said mortgaged premises will be sold at public auction on Saturday the-10th day of July next, at 12 o’clock at noon, at the Court House in Bingharatonin the county of Broome. Dated April 12 th 1845. JNO. H . H. PARK, Att’y. A. D oubleday , Assignee. 4 S H E R IFF’S SALE.—By virtue o f one execution issued out of the office of the Clerk of the county of Broom?, and to me directed and deliver ed, against the goods and chattels, lands and tene ments of Thomas Horton in my bailiwick, I have levied on and shall expose to sale at publie auction as the law directs, at the Phenix Hotel now kept and occupied by Isaac B. Gere in the village of Binghamton, County of Broome and State of N. York, on Saturday the 19th day of July, in the year ot our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty five, at 10 o’clock in the forenoon of that day, ail the right, title, interest, claim and demand of the salcf Thomas Horton of in and to the following described premises to wit:—All that certain pie ;eor parcel ofland, situate lying and being in the toAvn Nanticoke and County of Broome and State of N. Y o rk,in the north east corner of lot number three hundred and .sixiy-fivp (365) ofthe Boston P u rchase so called; and hounded as follows: on the south by lands of Charles B. Van W arren, on the east by lands of George Randall, on the north by lands of George W . Wilson, and on the west by lands of Daniel Moon, containing fifty three acres of land be the same more or less': together with all and sin gular the hereditaments and appurtenances there unto belonging or in any wise appertaining.—Dated af Binghamton, this 31st day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-five. 11 JOSEPH B A R T L E T T , Sheriff. B Y ORDER of Robert Monell Circuit Judge of the sixth circuit, Notice is hereby given, that an attachment has issued against tlie estate of B ar-' ton P . Ticknor,latb ofthe town o f Triangle county of \Broome an absconding or concealed debtor, on due proof made to the said circuit Judge, pursuant to-the directions of the statute concerning “ Attach ments against absconding, concealed or non-resi dent debtors,” and that the same will be sold for the payment of his debts, unless lie the said Barton P. Tickner appear and discharge such attachment a c cording to. law within three months from the first publication oftliit notice—And that the payment of any debts, and the delivery of anjf property be longing tothe said debtor, to him, or for bis use, and the transfer ot any property. by him, for any pu’rpose whatever' are forbidden by law, and are void. Dated May 22 nd 1845. D W IG H T H. CLARKE, 10-w7 Att’y for attaching creditor.' OT-ICE.—In pursuance of an Order of John . R. Dickinson, Surrogale of the County of Jiroome, notice is hereby given, to all persons having claims against the estate of John W . T. Potter; late of Conklin in said county, deceased, to present the same, wiLh the vouchers thereof to the undersigned at h er residence in Conklin aforesaid on or before the 10th day of November next.—Da ted Mav. 8,1845. M ARGARET PO T T E R , - n7-Gm A d m inistratrix. A d m i n i s t r a t o r s n o t i c e —Tn pursu ance o f an Order ot John R. Dickinson, Sur rogate‘of tbe County ofBroome, notice is hereby given to'all persons having claims against Samuel W . Hinckley, late of Chenango in said County de ceased, hi present the same with lhe vouchers thereof, tothe undersigned, at the house of Mrs. Eunice Hinckley, in Chenangb aforesaid, on or before the 14th dav ol June next Dated Dec. 10, 1844. ELK AN A H HINCKLEY, 38-Gin ' A d m inistrator. ~ R E G I M E N T A L O R D E R S . ‘ Binghamton, June 2, 184-5. I N pursuance of the power vested in nie,by Chap. X. of the 1 st part of the Revised Statutes of this state, I, J..CA R T E R ROBIE, Colonel and com manding: officer ofthe 201 regiment o f Infantry of the militia of the stale o f New-York, do liereoy ap-. p o iu u r Regimental Court-Martial, for the trial ol all delinquents and deficiencies in th - said regi ment, to consist of three members, viz: Major W m. ‘T.'BTohdfootras President thereof, Captain Wm. Park, and Lieut. Carlos P. T u c k e r , as m em b ers. . The'said court \will convene oh the 4rh day of October next, at the house of W m. IT. Muzzy in the town of Chenango, and -adjourn from time to time, as shall become necessary for the transaction o f business. \ . - 11 4w- 1 J. CA R T E R ROBIE, Colonel. ■ New Plough Manufactory. F ARMERS TA K E N O T IC E —The-subscriber has commenced the manufacture of Ploughs, in the village \of Binghamton, and is now. prepared to furnish the Farm ers of Broome County with a superior article, made of the v erv best castings and timber, and of the latest and most approved-pat terns,. Persons wishing to purchase are invited to call at his manufaetorv, one door north of John A. Collief’s office i,n F ranklin st.‘, where the Ploughs may be examined, and where'they may be obtained as cheap as at any other establishment in the state of New York. ‘ Ploughs w ill also, he repaired at ffiiort notice, and by competent and experienced vyorkmen; and a ll‘kinds of farming produce will be received in payment. ' N- B; Ploughs and CASH exchanged for all kinds c f Lumber. • ‘ I. L. B A R T L E T T . Binghamton, April 2,1845: . nSi-tf * H A T A N D G A P ST O R E . ~“ REMOVAL, A B. ROGERS has removed to the store oppo- • site his former location, now occupied by W m . Pratt (2 doors west- of Rexford’s corner,- tponrt-sL) where he willbe happy to see his friends .and Customers, and where may be found a han'd- some assortment of H A T S , CAPS, and all articles in'his line.of business, all of which will be sold as usual’cheap and on the most favorable terms. Binghamton, March. 26.1845. ________ . ' To the* Ladies in particular, A ND to all who are desirous of a Y.outhfui, af- TfiiRANCK, or are troubled-with Pimples, Erup tions, recent Freckles; T inned \or Dried and Siiri v e lle p ’Skin, of Prem a ture \Wrinkles. - : t LE-BAUM E DE NINON, - ' ■ ’ . or . . . ; ■ - T H E FRENCH. B A L M DF BE A U T Y, w ill be found the best remedy ■ ever yet offered to the public. Price 5 0 ctspr Bottle. For sale by L, M. R E X F O R D , only agent at Binghamton. 6 The Hero’s Last Hoars. BY PARK BENJAMIN. - “ A few more days, and all must be over with Ihic Hero of tho Hermitage .”— Daily Paper. A few more days and he must sleep in death; A few more days, a n d unto God, who gave, The brave old Hero must resign his breath, And sink serenely to a tranquil grave ; Sink like the sun, more glorious at last Than when his rays in broad effulgence glowed, And oversea, and plain, andmounlain cast Meridian splendor from its high abode. For valor, wisdom, justice, truth renowned, By lyranls-hafed, and by freemen blessed, With all his country’s loftiest honors crowned, He goes to welcome his eternal rest; Rest, that his soul has sighed for many years, W ith the dear partner of his manhood’s prime ; Rest in a realm undimmed by doubts and fears, Beyond the power of change or sway.of lime. Statesman and warrior, patriot and sage! A nation weeps thy late and slow decay; First of the living great.on history’s page, Who will remain when thou hast passed away ? Who of that noble,band, the tried and stern, Men of the old heroic stamp and creed, On whom the present race may look and learn How to be wise in thought, and bold in deed ? A few more days, and over all the land The bell’s deep toll, the cannon’s solemn boom From west to east shall sound ihe sad command, “Ye people, mourn your hero in the tomb !” Him, slumbering peaceful, strife can reach no more; By glory’s halo circled is iiis name ; And long, oil freedom, as thy eagles soar, All thy new triumphs shall record his fame ! New York, May 18. — [Union. F ro m tlie A lbany C u ltivator. P r o f i t s o f P o u l t r y — K e e p i n g H e n s . M r . E ditor — I ask your attention, while I give you'a statement oi my attempt to profit in rearing .poultry. I am a mechanic, hire a house ancl lot; and [ wish to submit for the benefit of others in similar circumstances, the results of attempting to profit by poultry. 1 saw. in the Central Netv Y o r k Farmer, a statement of Master G e o r g e Berm-nt, upon the subject in question, and that has .induced me to ask a place iu your invaluable paper for this article. T h e result is for one year, ending the 1st of December, l844.-as follows: P o u l t r y E s t a b l i s h m e n t 35 Hens, 1 Top knot cock and hen, New Goods at HalFs . ■ The cheapest S tore in town a n d no mistake TV A D IE S Summer Dress Goods, a large a ssort J _ J m ent c f summer Goods for'm e n and boys -C h e a p B roadcloths and Satinetts Yerj low — Sheet- ’in g cheaper than ever—Shawls, Gloves, ‘Calicoes 500pieces lower than the lowest. Always look for ‘H a l l ’s store before Purchasing. ’M a y l. 1845. _ .' - ft t r e m e n d o u s r u s h a t t h e e m p o r i - - UM OF F A S H IO N . - - f t H .N O L A N D has just returned \ from\ N e w . V * Y o r k , w ith the Spring* Fashions. Don’ \orget to.call and'See them. -- . - - Bingham ton A p ril-2,1845, 3 . Grain for feeding, D * Rent o(-barn and yard, Cost, 88 Hens, 1 Top knot cock and non, 3.115 E g g s , D r . '$ 4.38 1.00 15,00 18,67 Q9.05 O Cr. § 11,00 1,00 32.45 §44,45 39.05 $5.60 Thus you will see that I have a clear gain of $5.60, paying ihe enormous rent for the use of the barn and yard. My own labor I do not count, because it was given before and after each • O day’s labor. T h e yard in which the poultry were kept, iis a triangular area, surrounded by a high picket cnee ; through the cenire of this yard, a stream n f w a e r -passes, affording the poultry all Ihp drink they needed ; .and in tbercentre o( the yard ihere is a bed of coal d u s t ; anC whet .is. not a little singular, each hen had her particular place in which she a I ways rolled. I will however, state shat the stock of hens had increaseclifiom 35 to 88, and that the in crease is 53. I hope this effort wili spur on o.thers who think they u ill t r y . to d o some thing to make their wav through the world in the best manner possible for the convenience of them selves and families. Much can be done to ren der less the sufferings incident io man ; and-we are herebv admonished o f t h e truth-of the olid adage, “ fie (hat by the plough would thrive,” M u s t e i t h e r h o ld h im s e l f ,- o r d r i v e . ” , From the-Albany Argus. M r. Grump a t Home. Mr. Grump returns from. a.journey. His wife meets him at the front door. E h ! Susan— you are here ! All well I sup pose. W h a t! Children sick with the measles? Little T o m h a d a bad fall? W e l l ! it’s alw a y s so I think. A man need not expect to set foot in his o'wn house, without being greeted with e- vil tidings. Don’t keep me here in the draft. I’v e a s h o c k i p g cold. W a n t good nursing.— Suppose I can’t get it now, since children all un der the weathei. T h e y will\ be attended to no doubt, whatever becomes of me. G ive me some tea, as soon as you can, with a little toast Susan, not too brown remember, but just like mother’s toast ( if you can,) with a pickled oys ter or two, after my journey. Mind the tea is hot'. N o slops for me. W i l l I see the chil dren.? N o t now. After I’ve had my ten.— Can’t bear any thing more at present. Heigh- ho! “ A Bachelor leads an easy life.” Pity one can’t know when they’re well off! Tea not ready yet? W e ll;heaven grant me patience! It was never so at my mother’s, before I was noosed. She had always a nice oyster pie or something of that sort, i f one came home unex-’ peeled ly, or brought a friend to dinner. W h a t do you say? I desired you to economise as closely as possible, on account of that heavy en dorsement that is likelv to ruin rne! If I did, economise is one thing, anil meanness another, and saving about y o u r own useless trumpery, is a different matter from starving a. man fa his ow n house. T h e r a now I tears I d e c l a r e ! — W e ll, it’s always so— I can’t say a kind word by way of ad vice (which heaven knows every woman needs) but yon must fall to weeping.— I’m thankful that I’m patient man— that I can’t be disturbed by trifles, no nor by great e- vents either. Had that been possible, I should have been a dead man long ago. Then you m igh t have cried indeed, fo.t you w o u ld have been lett a lonely widow, to the end of your days. I’ll take my oath on it. I am glad if any thing stops your tears, but I thought such an ide- a w o u ld m a k e them flow the faster. T e a reaci- y you say ? W e l l I’ll see if you have any thing fit to eat, and you can stay in the room in case any thing should be wanted, It would be a wonder indeed if nothing was forgotten. o o Mr Grump seats himself at the table, and af ler sw a llow ing a plate full of buttered toast, four dozen of pickled oysters, and sixteen cup's o f tea, falls asleep in his chair”, to the great relief of his wife, who quietly glides up stairs .to her sick children. A n o t h e r M o n s t e r U n e a r t h e d — Dr. Albert C. Kock, the discoverer, in 1840, ofthe bones of the great Missouriujn, of Missouri'bns recently unearthed, in Washington cour.ty, Ala., a veiy nearly complete skeleton o f a most colos sal and terrible reptile, that may be justly term ed the king ofthe kings of reptiles. , Its length is o.ne hundred and fo u r feet —the solid portions of-the vertebras are from' 1 4 ‘to 18 inches in length and from 8 to 12 inches in diameter,each averaging 75 pounds in weight. Its greatly elongated-jaws armed with not less than forty incisors or cutting teeth, four canine teelh or fangs,:and eight ‘molars dr grinders.\ These teeth all fit into each- other‘when the jaws are closed, and itis-dear that the animal was of the carnivorous nature. .The eyes were evidently \largre\, and w e r e \ 'proi'h inehlly\ situated on the fo.reheac[ giving the animal the power of keep ing a constant- and vigorous .watch-far Us prey, The body had members attached resembling pad dles or fins, which m proportion to the size of the\ animal were small,, and were .doubtless■ in tended, to propel the body ofihis.enormous crea ture through the waters-of those .large rivers and seats, which it inhabited or- frequented.— Each of-these paddles or fins is composed of 2.1 bones, w hich form in union, seven freely articu-. lating joints-. T h e ribs a r e of- a very peculiar shape, and exceedingly vnum erous. T h e y are ibfee limes the thickness at the lower that they are at the superior extremity.\ i This is, in. sub stance,- the D o ctor’s description of his prize, which he. has removed to Mobile. W h e r e is B a rn u m ? . - . M uffs are sold as h ig h as $.150, in M aiden lane; pocket handkerchiefs hang in B roadway windows at $ 5 0 to $ 7 5 ; a flute of tortoise shell for 8120, while Black, Tom p k ins and Ball, successors to Marquand & Co., jeweller’s on Broadway, the day before N ew Yearns, retailed behind their counter fancy goods in their line to the amount o f five thousand and ninety dollars! So we go. This evening near lhe same store.— are seen'seated to wretched looking women, with emaciated infants in their arm*\ begging for bread!” . A L e t t e r E x t r a o r d i n a r y . — M r,. Jd h n S . P e t e r s , J r . w h o accom p a n ied .the A m e r ic a n E m b a s s y to C h in a , arriv e d y e s terday m o r n in g in th e s h ip B a z a a r , a n d states th a t th e E m p e r o r oi th e C e lestial dom inions h a s w ritten a letter, in t h e C h in e s e and M a n tch o u languages*\ to th e .P r e s id e n t o f t h e U n ited States, w h ich is s ix' feet Jong b y t h r e e feet w i d e ! Mr\. 'P e t e r s saw . th e letter. It i3 w r itte n on -yellow ' p a p e ^ inclosed in a y e l l o w s i l k case, a n d is now- iti th e hands of . Dr. Parker for translation'. It is expected, that it will be sent home in the next shipi—[News. Mav 29.* T h e F r e n c h m a n ’s D o g , o r a d o s e a d m i n i s t e r e d b y t h e D o c t o r — There is a class of men in this world who for the most tri vial cause, bluster and look big. T h e y are of the Bob Acres school, and will swagger and j © © swear they have killed or can kill a dozen men a day ; but once test their rnetal, and like’ the Vallieni- RrvK tl-...;.. . . . . . . . . ------- - - ' hnger’s ends. Let one of them be but met with a bold front, and like the friend of W illian Pat terson, so far from evincing a desire to personal chastisement, he is apt to become laudatory of the action at which he first affi cied to take off ence. W e will, as law’vers-say, quote a case in point. Yesterday, about the titpe theclock toiled three. Dr. and two f.iends entered the Blue Dial Restaurant wiih the view of dining there. Si multaneously with them there entered a fierce looking Fienchm a n , with a face all beard and a military frock all buttons. H e was accompan ied by a dog— a cur ofthe lowest degree. The animal happened to come in contact with the Doctor’s legs, and Irom his posi'ion there he turned up his snout, and gave a snarl at the \great imdicfae man.” which the laUer prompt ly iepaid with.a kick that sent the canine intru der a w a y yejping under his master’s leg?, wbo by this time had taken . his seat at one of the small tables. H e saw howr the Doctor’s foot had been ap plied lo the posteriors of his favorite dog, and how the latter calling upon him to avenge, as it were', the blow— sought for safely and for succor behind his chair. His first impulse seemed to. be to spring on the Doctor, who. by the way, though made of the .st'eriiesi stuff”, is not a Samp son in appearance; but a moment’s reflection appeared lo dissuade him from carrying out.his de?ign.. H e was. however, evidently far from being sathfied wiih things us they were. H e knocked the end ofhis cam violently against the ground, hurriedly stroked his beard, looked compassionately on the clog, and revengefully on the Doctor, and seemed by all his. gestur.es fully bent on \nursing his wrath to keep it warm.” . r . . . T h e doctor all this time took but little notice of him ; his dinnei over, he settled the bill for himself and two friendsj and was near the door on his way out when he was slapped from be hind on the shoulder. H e turned round and there stood the enraged Frenchman. H e look ed aLihe’doctor, and the doctor scowled at him as ferociously a s if he were about to amputate his arm or his leg. - • ' - • • .T h e F r e n c h m a n , g iv in g a tw irl to his ;canq said, “ W h a t for you k ick m y do.g— eh !- Y o u know m e one m an of hon.or— s h a ll have the sat isfaction for m y-dog at’de tfch pace duel— o h ? ,? “Idon’tknoiv who you. are, rpor do I care .What you a r e ” .saidthe.doctof. “ I .o n ly know .1 kicked .your dog, an d . I am anxious, to know w h a t you have g'ot to say about it ?” T h e Frenchm a n Unit his -brows, began to raise and compress his'-lids, put his cane quietly under his arm, and coolly replied: . “I have got djs o n e t i n g l o say, inonsieur-r dat I have one ,yera .large dog at -hom e, dat w.p.uld positive bile i f you kichhivv!™ T h e Frenchm a n look a pinch of snuff; polite-: ty touched his hat, and walked.put. T h e doc tor and.his friends followed, im p ressed-.w ith the belief that it is b y no m e a n s a s d a n g e rous to k ick som e F r e n c h m e h ’& d o g s a s it vvPuld seem to be.'. — [N: O. P ie. • ” ' H o w t h e - m o n e y -\ g o e s .— T he follow ing e x am p le o f t h e progress of luxury in. the- great cities, is published i n n N e w H a v e n ,p a p e r , m •referencechiefly t 6 w h a t m a y be seen in Nevy. Y o f k : — \Tn the bookstores * o f tbis'city ah u n precedented num b e r of splendid an n u a ls a r e to be found som e of-them as h ig h '.as $ 3 0 . T h is for a- m e re fancy book, is no m ean sum . I saw fans to day in a fancy shop valued at $ 9 , but B o n fanti has theni as hig h -as 80 or 100 dollars^ T b e y a r e beautifully ornam ented..with- precious stonis and oblflfbg m irro r s \ofihe-jdze .of a dollar* and Bometimes ih addition, a m inute gold pencil 1** . .. 1.1 _*‘_1 iL . ’.L I. i U a . KftnnlA — Laconic Correspondence. [From the N. O. Picayune.] Brevity in epistolary correspondence has long since come to be regarded as a characteris tic of great minds \Whether the follow ingcor- respondence is to be regarded as the emanation of genius, a \discerning public must decide,” as the quack said when he spoke ofihe curative pow e rs of his patent medicine. The first letter is from a lady who keeps a boarding house in this municipality^ to one of her weeklies; the second is his reply: W e d n e s d a y , 10 o’clock a . ju. Mr. , Room No. 24, Sir—I send j’our account by my Bill, foot it imme diately, or quit the house. Yours, in want of money, J R , B i ll , w e w o u ld h e r e r e m a r k , is th e .ladies c o l ored servant, w e ll k n o w n to all tbe b o a i d e r s a s tbe “ m a n of all w o r k .” A few m o m e n ls after M a d a m e J R put h e r note in th e hands of Bill, he came running down stairs, crying as loudly as if some person had attempted to assas sinate him. The followingnote, which he held in his hand and handed lo his mistress, explain ed the cause of his wailing. , W ednesday , Room 24, about 10, a . m . Mrs. J- R- Madam Not finding it convenient to foot your account, I have footed your Bill. Yours,. T ----- S. L i e b i g w h e n a B o y . Liebig wasdistingushed at school as \booby the only talentlben cultivated in German schools being verbal memory. On one occasion being sneering ly asked bv the master what he propo sed to become, since he was so bad a scholar, and answering that he would be a chemist, the whole school burst into a laugh of derision.— Not long ago Liebig saw his old schoolmaster, who.feelingly lamented his own former blind ness. T h e only boy in the same school who ever disputed with’Liebig the station of \booby was one who never could learn his lesson by heart, but was continually composing music,and writing it down by stealth in school. T h issam e individual Liebig lately found at Vienna, distin guished as a composer, and conductor ofthe i m perial Opera House. 1 think his name isReu- ling. It is to be hoped thata more rational sys tem of School lnstrnr’ljnEt Lan any thing be tnore»abspra and detestable than a system which made W a lter Scott and Tusli.ce Liebig “boobies”- at school, and so effec tually concealed their natural talents, that for ex.~ ample, Liebig wa§ often lectured before the whole school on his being sure to cause misery and broken hearts to his parents, while he was all the time conscious, as the above anecdote proves, of the possession of talents similar in kind to those he has since displayed .?-^[Dr. Gre gory on tho head and character of Liebig, in the Phrenological Journal. ^ 0 1 ”k a m i E r i e R a i l r o a d . r Tbe N« Y , Journal of Commerce gives the fOlIovying synopsis of the law passed on the 14th •May m behalf of the New Y o rk & E rie R a il road Company • . . - . 1 ho. C ompany to be released from all liabili ty to the stale, provided they shall construct a singletiackfrom. the Hudson river to lake E r i e together with a branch to Newburgh, within six years, To effect which— djie law authorizes the company to issue three .millions of Bonds in liquidation of the Statelier), provided a subscription to their Cap- tal stock ofthree millions be’obtained within a year and a half, and 25 per cent be collected thereon and expended, and the real estate ol the Company be discharged from all incumbrances. T h e Bonds to have priority over all other liens, and the interest upon them from their date of is sue torthe tirne fixed for the completion of the road toTe deposited, with tbe Comptroller.- An A g e n t j s to be nominated by the company, with the approval of the Governor, who is to give surety in the sum of $59,000 for the faith ful appropriation of tho proceeds of the Bonds. T h e State reserves the privilege of purchas ing the Road within one year after its comple tion, on the repayment of its cost and 14 per cent, interest. T h e present stockholders are not to be sub ject to the provisions of the law, unless they shall within six months from its passage e x change two shares of their stock for one hereaf ter to be issued] the company being/required to pay into the treasury of the State all dividends that may accrue on any unexchanged stock, un til such dividends be sufficient to pay off such a proportionate amount of the State lien as the whole of outstanding stock now bears to that li en, which lien is equal to about double the am ount pf slock. Three competent engineers, Messrs. Jervis, Childs and Allen, are appointed to locate the Road through Broome and Sullivan counties: and in case a practicable or judicious route can not be obiained in Broom e county, permission is granted for the construction of a portion of tbe Road around the Great Bend of the Susque hannah river, in the State of Pennsylvania, the assent of that State thereto having already been obiained. A M ock D u e l a n d D e a t h .— The keeper o f a hotel in Cincinnati. Robert Bland, was shot a few’days ago, by his friend and brother E n g lishman, Sami. Pownil, who keeps a variety s'ore. Bland died of his wounds, and Pownil was arraigned before a Justice on a charge of ,figh:ing a duel. ■ Lt appeared from the evidence that both had been drinking till they ivere tnu.ch intoxicated, when they commenced bragging of their skill in shooting with fowlingpieces,which terminated in boasting of their tact and courage in fighting duels. Bland, in order to test the courage of his friend, look down'two pistols and told him to lake his choice, assuring him that both were loaded-. Pownil, after examining th'e pistols to ascertain the fuel qf their being loaded, cho«e a brass one, and Bland told ’him he had chosen, the best. One then challenged th'e other to go out into the street, and decide the matter. They went out, each expecting the other would back out, w h e n P o w n il shot B land th ro u g h the\ body. P o w n il was deeply affected when he be came sober, and during the examination in court,' went into the most terrific convulsions, at the deed he- had perpetrated', and -the .consequences attached to it. W h a t m o re solem n w a rning • • i • could be cited against the evils and vices of in-- temperance?— [N. Y . Sun. C r i m . C o n . — There is great excitement this morning, May 20, among the curious ten thou sand to hear the trial o f a process issued by the court o f Chancery, to ascertain whether .a lady named. E l i z a Lockyear, has been false to her marriage; vow. T h e parties have moved;in j i respectable sphere,-and to make the matter more unique, we hear that the legal adviser ofthe hus band intends to produce th'e daughter of-the un happy wife tb testifvto lief mother’s criminality. — [N. Y . Gmfette.’ T h e Argus of the 24th May, contains the act relative to the State Census, passed on the 7th ult. A column or mare is taken up with forms of blank returns to be filled up by the Marshals. T h e duties of Tow n Clerks, County Clerks, Tow n Superintendents &c., in regard to the Census; are defined in the bill. T h e Tow n Su pervisor. T o w n Qlerk & T o w n Superintendent are on.or before the 1st Monday in July to meet aad appoint a Marshal tor each election distiict if there are more than one in a town, and a cer tificate of such appointments must be made by j , i. i , . i * * • - lorwarded to the town clerk of each town by the County Clerk on or before the 16th July. T h e duties of the Marshals close on - the 1st of September, by which time their labors must 15e completed. T h e compensation of the marshals, town superintendents & county clerks for servi ces in taking the census shall he-audited by the board ofsu per visors of each county and assessed as part of ihe contingent expenses of such coun ty, and paid as are such expenses. - As some men were blasting a rock at Swamp- scot, on Wednesday, Mr. Joseph R. Millet went up to it, and told'them he was going to touch it off with his cigar. They tried to persuade him not to do it, but finding him determined, they ran. tie immediately set fire to ihe powder,and as instantly his head was blown to, nieces, and when the men came up, he was dea<L— [Boston ,Beo. . S l a v e r y A. b o l i s h e d i n t h e I s l a n d or S t. B a r t h o l o m e w . — A letter from Stockhol‘m,da- ted 12ih of April, says that the Swedish Diet has responded lo the appeal qf the King and in a manner which secures freedom to the four or five hundred slaves belongingto the Stvedisb Is land of St. Bartholomew. The Estates acceded to the proposition of.the King by voting 10,000 piastres yearlyj.for five years, to be expended in redeeming th.e slaves of that island, ahd compen sating ihe loss of theij masters. . . T h e amount received by the Pittsburgh suff ered is $ 1 9 2 ,190,65, exclusive of the' $50,000 from ihe slate. • . Capt. Wilkes, of the- Exploring-Expedition, found an Irishman at the Fejee Islands, who was the father of forty eight ofthe “ N atives”— He had large expectations, but death stopped his career to the regret of “a large circle of wives -& children.” • R e d r e s s i n g W r o n g s . — The Picayune- states that the young man . who ran off from' Troy with another man’s wife, the’day he be came of age,‘ had been arrested in that city, up on a writ issued by the. agent of the deserted husband, who claimed 820,000 to heal the. wounds in his domestic peace. The agent, how ever; adopted the first of Nature’slaws, and took care of himself—he got the verdant youth to pay him $5,000 to settle the matter, and he acknowl edged the receipt of .82,000, as compensation forthe husband, and pocketed the rest for his trouble.— [Nf. y . Mirror. Four different languages are spoken in G reat Britain. ', There are something like 2,000,000 in Ireland who. speak Irish and cannot speak E n g ljsh--m a n y in Scotland, also, do not speak E n g lish. Tn the Isle of Man, there is a popula tion who speak a branch of the Teutonic tdngue. T h e b o a r d o f E x c i s e of th is tow n , after o n e o r tw o m e e tings, w h e n th e B o a r d w a s not f u ll, held th e i r final m e e ting, in th is v illag e , on M o n d a y last. C o u n s e l w a s heal'd before them , on th e subject o f g r a n t i n g licenses, after w h ic h , b y a vote of t h r e e 't o tw o , they ,d e c id e d a g a in s t g r a n tin g a n y licenses for th e e n s u in g y e a r .— [ P o u g h k e e p s ie T e l e g r a p h . It is stated that'an oldTady in Iow.a, while re cently in the woods, was bitten on the end of her uose.tiy a Yattlesndke. T h e old lady-recovered, but the snake died I; Coroner’s verdict— pois oned'• by- the snuff ! ' . * - • y * . • . . - ' ■■*— - \ \A't present, the Scotch pbora'Te not fed; tbey exist on the recollection of-what.-they ate.in for m e r v e a r s !” \ 'So sayS an Irish p a p e r . \ . T a k in g it C o o l l y .— T he* N e w B e d ford Murcury, a whig paper, thus records lhe-result of the .Virginia election:' ' • “T h e whigs have-cafried all the members of Congress except fourteen, and lack only fifty or sixty o f a majority in joint ballot \of the legisla ture. W e l l done, gallant w h iga of Virgin ia ! ” ' -G r e e n , th e reform e d g a m b ler, say s th e g a m e of F a t o is a thousand per cent stronger than s t e a l i n g ! . T h a t m i g h t be called a tough game. ‘ “T h e m o ther of Jacob F r e d e r i c k C a rock, now w idow C o o n rod, s e v e n ty-five y e a r s old,re^ sides in H a r t f o r d ,\S u s q u e h a n n a c o u n t y P a — She cam e from G e r m a n y tw e n ty-six y e a r s ago, parted w ith h e r son soon after h e r a r r i v a l in this c o u n tr y , and h a s n o t seed him s i n c e ' an d n o w sh e hum b ly ask s editors o f - n e w s p a p e r s th r o u g h o u t th e 'S tates, to in s e r t th is notice to aid a lo n e ly w idow in e n q u i r i n g after a n only, but still d e a r ly beloved son.” ’ - - Art Act relating to Excise,, and’to lieensin ers o f Intoxicating Liquors. • - PassedM ayl4,J845. The People, o f the State o f New- Yor7c, represented in Senate and Assembly, do m a d as follows j _ § 1. O n the T u e s d a y next preceding, the first Monday in tlie m onth. of M ay next, the electors of the s e v e ral towns and cities i n this state, s h a ll de- termin e by ballot w hether the board o r boards ot ex cise, in their respective towns and cities, \shall o r shall not grant licenses ior the sale'of intoxicating liquors. 5 2. The officer? in each, town cr w ard, who hold town meetings,-or ward elections for' charter offi.- cers. at the place of places of holding th e last p r e ceding town meeting or election, shall, on the day specified in the first section, proceed at the tim e o f day, a n d in the .manner provided b y l a w for s u c h meetings and elections, to receive the ballots o fthe electors qualified to vote in such town or w a rd for town and ward 'officers, in which ballots shall be written or printed, on the inside thereof, the word “ license,” or tlie words “no license,” and deposit the same in a box provided for thatpurpose, and the same shall be canvassed by said officers, and the r e sult thereof shall be entered in the book kept by the town clerk, or other officers, in which the proceed ings of town-meetings and charter elections in cities are usually ent|red. All the provisions of law for ascertaining t l # qualifications o f electors a t tow n or ward elections, and to punish false swearing an d fraudulent voting thereat, - shall be applicable to e- lections or proceedings under this act, to determine whether licenses shall or shall not be granted. § 3. I f at such meetings or elections, a m a jority ofsuch electors in suchtown or city present an a vo ting shall cast .tbeir votes for “no license,” it shall not at any. time thereafter be, lawful for the hoard or boards of excise o f said town or city, to g rant to any person whatever any license to sell .intoxicating or spirituous Ifquors of wines, in such town or city, until such determination, shall have been reversed by vote, as hereinafter provided. § 4. W henever a decision shall have been made by the electors of any town or city, as hereinbefore provided, and whenever one-fourth as many legal voters of such town or city, as shall have voted at the last preceding election, shall,in writing, request the justices of such town, or mayor of such city, to present the question of “license,” or “no license,” again to the electors, then such justices, or mayor, shall, at least lour weeks previous to such election, notify the electors by public notice, posted in three conspicuous placOs in each town, and in each city, published once a week in a newspaper, that the said question willbe again presented for their decision; and the same .shall be again decided in the manner, and at the time provided for in the first and second sections of this act. § 5. W henever, by the provisions of this act, the electors of any town or city shall have determined that no license shall be granted in such town or ci ty, whoever shall sell by retail, any intoxicating,or spirituous liquors or wines, or in any manner, or by any device, shall sel] by retail within such town o r city, shall be liable to all the penalties imposed by title nine, of part first, chapter twenty, o f the Revis ed Statutes, for selling of strong or spirituous li quors or wines, without license; Provided, that the restriction shall not extend lo any physician pre scribing or administering such liquors or wines for medical purposes. § 6 . W henever a majority of the electors of any town or city, present and voting, shall have -voted to giant licenses according to the provisions o l this act, the board or boards o f excise of such town o r city shall have tl-e same power and discretion to grant or refuse licenses, which they bad p rior to the passage of this act; but no charge shall be made for such license.- § 7\ In case the overseers of the poor shall neg lect lor ten days to prosecute for any penalty provi ded by'title nine, part first, chapter twentieth, ofthe Revised Statutes, any other person may prosecute therefor in the name of sucli officer, by giving se curity to the court or officer, before whom he prose cutes, lor the payment of all costs, if he shall iail to recover judgment; and in such case, if prosecut ed to effect, the penalty shall be applied as now p ro vided by law ; and any property made necessary for a tavern-keeper to have to entitle him to a license, shall be liable to any execution to be issued, on any judgment recovered for any such penalty, except such property as isnow exempt from levy and sale, by execution and distress for rent. § 8 . The provisions, o f this act shall-not extend, Yorkr*\* ---------------------------------------~ - § 9. All laws conflicting with the provisions o f this act are hereby repealed. • § 10. This.act shall take effect immediately. TH E BRIGHT SIDE OF HUMAN NATURE. [In a letter published in. the Lynn (Mass.) Pioneer, giving a description of the fire in Pittsburgh, we find the following passage.] “T h e big church below me kept the flames- in check, and not until the buildings beyond me had-done their worst did my house take fire. I was sitting upon a trunk, my wife beside me, . and Jesse behind us. in the open- cross street, a little east o f o u r house, when four or five of the mass came to me and. asked w h ere my house was. I pointed to it, and accordingly they went to work and cleared every room in the house, bringing out everything, I believe, that it con tained, the kitchen furniture only excepted, th e y brought out every bedstead, every bureau; -they brought my lip salve, my tooth brush, all m y books and papers, every straggling pam p h let and newspaper, and finally, pulled my sign off the window-shuiter. N o r-did they-stop at this; they procured a dearborn wagon and never slopped till they had.carried every article to a place of safety, taking glass and breakable arti cles in theif hands. I -do not.'know -the'nafne of one pf them. T w o black girls of 14 or. 15 years of age, carried out a good furniture wagon load of articles, taking them up to the new co u r t house, and watching .them till they..\vere finally removedj and all refused not only compensation or wages, but they refused to accept presents.-:— T o one man I presented a mantle clock, because I believed it could .not be - saved . but by- being- carefully carried to the country. H e took it a- way. Yesterday I went out and left-my office door open, and when I came back, theclock wa* on the m antle piece, keeping tjme and exactly right. My goods were carried to six or seven different places upon the hill above, the town ; they have all been returned to me I believe, and all that I have paid for trouble taken was two dollars to the Wagoner. Y e sterday a colored woman brought home our first Washing of white clothes since the fire, and begged that we would accept the trifling favor from her, because Wp had done .so much- for ‘her kind of people.’— Mrs. E - saw a. -bundle of her 'clothes upon a cart on the evening, of the fire, as she was going up the hill; she took hold of lt, flfid (he cart went on, leaving the heavy bundle.on the road with her. T w o little ragamuffin- boys, less than 12 years old, came to her assistance, and carried, it a great way to the house o f a n ac q u a in tance ; when she took out h e r p u r s e to p a y rthem, there was not a cent in it. It was a hand some bead purse;, she offered it to them. ‘N o , indeed,’ s a id o n e o f them , ‘w e ’d b e ash a m e d to take any thing from you a t such a tim e as this .5 ” F r o m an d after th e 3 0 th M a y , convicts from the. 3 d 4 th ah d 5 t h S e n a t e d istricts,-are to be s e n t to' t h e N e v y Y o r k S tate P r i s o n B u i l d i n g s in C lin to n C o ., instead of A u b u r n an d S in g S ing, as. h e retofore. _ * T h e P il l o r y an d t h e w h ipping-post still form a p a r t o f th e in s tr u m e n ts o f .punishm e n t in D e la w a r e . W m . M . P o r t e r w a s tried a n d con victed a t N e w C a s tle d u r i n g th e last w e ek, o f h o r s e stealin g . H e w a s sentenced to receive th i r t y - n i n e lash e s on th e b a r e back, an d to re m a in in th e pillory-one h o u r , w h ich p u n ish m e n t w a s inflicted on h im on M onday. H e is to b e sen t to N e w B runsw ick on th e 3d of J u n e , w h e r e h e w ili ag a in be tried fo r a sim ila r of fence. _____________ _______ _ G o n e a t l a s t — S e n a to r A l l e n h a s b§en m a rried in O h io to M iss C o o n s - A co n tem p o ra r y referring to his c o n s is tent c o u rse, s a y s , “ h e never th o u g h t t h a t M r. A l l e n w o u ld g o oS an d jo in the C o o n s .” T h a d d e u s Stevens, o f P e n n ., received $ 5 ,0 0 0 as a fee in one law suit, recen tly .