VOL. VIII. NO. 49. BINGHAMTON, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1847. * WHOLE NO. 805. C o g a l ffltitr t x s e n x t n t B * M \ ^ORTGAGESALE^*—H e n r y l t n ^ lown of Windsor, Broome County, N. Y., with H a rriet, h is wife and H iram W eeks of Bing hamton N. Y. with Emily his wife hath duly mortgaged to Jesse Day of the town of Hebron, county of W ashington, state of N. Y., all that cer tain lol piece and parcel ofland situate, lying and being in the county of Broome, state of N. Y., known and distinguished as subdivision lot No. l8 i n a t r a c t o f land of three thousand and nine acres lying between the Susquehannah and Che nango rivers. The same was surveyed and sub divided in Nov. 1803, by W m . M cClure, the said subdivision lot No. 18, being bounded as follows: Beginning at the south-east corner, a stake and heap of stones, thence north eighty-seven degrees, west twenty-eight chains, fifty-eight links to the south-west corner an Iron wood tree marked for four corners thence north three degrees east forty two chains, thirty-eight links to the north-west corner, astake & heap of stones, thence south eighty- seven degrees east twenty-fight chains, iorty-eignt links to the north east corner a stake e h e a p of stones thence south three degrees, west forty-one chains and ninety-five links to the place ol beginning containing one hundred and twenty acres and for ty-nine hundredths of an acre. The undivided half of the above described premises havtng been released by the said Jesse Day to the said H iram W eeks from the operation and lein of said mort gage on the 29th day o f June 1846, which mortgage thesaid Jesse Day duly assigned on the 29th day o l June 1846 to one George and H arper Dusen bury which they duly r signed on the 11th day of August 1846, to Silas S. Sage. The mortgage is dated July 9th, 1839, and it is recorded with the power to sell therein contained in Broome County Clerk’s office in hook of mortgages No. 8, pages 501 and 502. The amount now due thereon is $405,75 and default hath been made in the pay ment thereof. And the said Henry Knox and H a r riet his wife hath duly mortgaged to the said Jesse D a y one half o f chat certain piece or parcel o f land being fifty acres ofland off from the n orth end of lot N o . 15 inthe subdivision o f John Lawrence’s north west tract in W ind or so called, being the same fifty aeres of land conveyed by Frederic Ostrand to M a rtin Hawley, ChristopherEldridge and H azard Lew is, which mortgage the said Jesse Day duly assigned on tke 29th day of June 1846 tothe said George and H arper Dusenbury and by them as signed on the 11th day of August 1846, to the above siamedSilas S. Sage. The mortgage is dated the £>th day of July 1839 and it is recorded wilh the power to sell therein contained in the Clerk’s office of Broome County on the 16th day o f July 1839 in book of mortgages No. 8:, page 503. And the said H e n ry Knox'and H arriet his .wife, hath also duly mortgaged to thesaid Jesse Day the undivided half o f that certain lot piece or parcel o fland situate in the town of Conklin and bounded.as follows: Be ginning at a ehesaut stake marked (16) standing on the south sine of the road leading from Bingham lon to W indsor, thence east along said road sixteen rods tc another .ekesmtt stake marked (16,) thence south 16 rods to a small maple tree standing on the bank of tiie creek marked (16) thence west 16 rods to a small hemlock tree m arkedf 16) thence north 16 rods to the place o f beginning containing by estimation one acre and ninety-six square rods be the same more or less. Together with the free use t right to plow so muefa land on the creek flat east and above a certain mill or» the above described land as is or shall hereafter become necessary for raising a head of water of the heighth, that may now \be raised by the present mill-dam. on the above de scribed premises which mortgage the said Jesse Day duly assigned on the 29th day of June 1846 to the”above named George and H arper Dusenbuiy and by them duly assigned on the 11th day o f A u gust 1846 to the above named Silas S. Sage. The mortgage is dated July 91h 1839 and it is recorded with the power to sell therein contained in the C lerk’s office of Broome County in book of mort gages No. 8, pages 502 and 503. T h e two last mentioned mortgages were given to secure the pay ment of the sum of money secured by the first men tioned mortgage subject howeverin all respects to thesaid release executed by the said Jesse Day to the aforesaid H iram W eeks. And the said Henry Knox and H a rriet his wife, and H ezekiah Knox of the town of WindsoA afore said and Alrneda his wife hath duly mortgaged to Lyman Stilson and Anson Peet Trustees of town lands for the town of W indsor aforesaid, all that certain piece o r parcel of land being sixty acres on the west side of lot No. 1.7, Lawrence’s north west tract, town of Conklin, County of Broome and state of N. Y., to be run the whole length of said lot No. 17 in a parallel line with the west line ofsaid lot so as to contain sixty acres of land which inert 'age was duly assigned by Charles Rose and Joseph Stringham ifc g a l ^ H to c r t t s e n u n t f f . M ORTGAGE SALE.—Astrary Woolsey, late of the Town of Chenango, and County of Broome-, hath | duly mortgaged to Henry Mather, of Binghamton, and county aforesaid, “ All that certain lot or parcel of Land in the village df Binghamton, on the west side of the Che nango River, and is described as subdivision number three (3) in S. S. Hill’s location, as shown on a map, and sur veyed by Wm. Wentz, and is recorded in Clerk’s office. Said lot is bounded north by lot No. 2, westerly by Second street, easterly by land of Vincent Whitney, and souther ly by lot No. 4; said lot containing nineteen rods of land.” Said Mortgage is given for a part of the purchase money. Ija r f c ttJa r e ^ I t o f r t t s a n c n t s . Stove, Copper, Tin and Sheet-Iron ESTA B L ISH M E N T . LIVE AND LET LIVE. ISA A C W . O V E R H I S E R . H A VIN G purchased the interest of A. J. Coffin, in the above Establishment, would respectful ly inform the citizens of Binghamton, and the sur rounding country, that he is now opening forsale, at the “ Old stand of Overhiser & Coffin,” the'lar- E d w h ^ r t o ^ seat andbest variety of STO VES ever offered in ed to Samuel H. P. Hall, of Binghamton, and county a- this market, among which m ay he lound PREM I- foresaid. The Mortgage es dated the first day of April, UM , U NION, and ELEV A T E D OVEN Stoves, ot 1842, and it is recorded, with the power to sell, therein different patterns: contained, in Broome County Clerk’s Office, in Book of W A G E R ’S C E L E B R A T E D A I R T I G H T Mortgages No. 10, pp. 162 & 163, on the 23d day of April, 1842, at oh P. M. The amount due thereon, at the first publication of this notice, is $251 62 ; amount to become due on the first day of April, 1847, is $256 50; and de fault hath been made in the payment thereof. The sale of the said premises will be at Public Auction, and will take place at the Court. House, in the village of Bingham ton, on the 8th day of April, A. D. 1847, at 2 o’clock in the afternoon of that day.—Dated January 6,1847. SAMUEL H. P. HALL, Assignee of Mortgagee. W m . H enry P atterson , A tt’y. tds:42 M ORTGAGE SALE—Mortgagor W illiam Pratt formerly of Abington Mass.,now of Bingham- oerlv i ton N. Y.; M ortgagee W illiam M. W aterman ot Binghamton N. Y . ; assignee of Mortgage James Evans of Conklin, Broome Co. N. Y.—date of| Mortgage, 2 ls t January 1840, amount now claimed to be due $1854,43—description of Mortgaged prem ises : “ A ll that certain lot of land situate in the village of Binghamton,Broome county N. Y., boun ded as follows, beginning on the south line ’9 said to be the best in use. S#ix P late . B ox , and PA R L O R Stoves, o fevery variety and style. Also, C O P P E R - W A R E , T I N - W A R E A M D S T O V E P I P E , M anufactured and kept constantly on hand, for sale, as cheap as can he bought in the county. REPA IRING of all kinds, done on short notice, and all orders in his line promptly attended to. T h e subscriber thanklul for past favors, hopes by strict attention to business and the calls of his customers, to m erit a liberal share of tbe public patronage. I- W , OVERHISER. Binghamton, Nov. 4 ,1845._____________n33tf G R E A T IM P R O V E M E N T AT THE BINGHAMTON FOUNDRY. Court street on a line with the east line of the store now occupied by the said mortgagor and running along the east line to the south east corner o£ the store, thence southerly on a line with the east line of the store eleven feet, thence westerly parallel with the south line of the store about 31 feet to H az ard Lew is’ line, thence northerly along said line, ito the south line of Court street” tbence along the south line of Court stre_et to the place of b eginnnig., flny other ^ ^ ^ 1 in the state. T H E subscribers d uring the last year, havemade improvement in their M ACHINERY, and added largely to their Patterns for M ill Gearing, so that they now have several entire new sets of Patterns for G r i s t M i l l s & T a n n e r i e s , and are now able to execute orders for Machinery ofevery description upon very short notice , in a good style , and as REASONABLE TERM S as at , . - d . i - i anv other establishment in the state. T h e ir slock. Mortgage recorded m Broome county clerk s office January 27th 1840, at two o’clock P . M. in Book OI r 5 i A c:ir,cir, f?fD)fhn© of mortgages number 9, pages 86 and 87. Said I L tr l r \ U LI Le. LF* u\l premises will be sold at public auction by virtue ofl is such, that any individual wanting Machinery said mortgage, at the Phenix Hotel in the village 0t any description can have it furnished on reason- of Binghamton N. Y., on the 20th da\ of February able terms, and without charge for Patterns. They next, at one o’clock P, M. Dated November 20lli, have also the Patterns for an entire new style of 1846. 35tds G. W . H O T C H K I S S , Att’y. | CO O K IN G ST O V E , , which, so far as it has been tested, proves the best E X E C U T O R ’S NOTICE.—Tn pursuance of an st0Ve now in use. Also, PARLOR, BOX, and Order o f th e Surrogate of the County of q q OKING STOVES ofevery variety. Also, Broome, notice is hereby given to the creditors of Hollow W a re, ofevery description, Sleigh-Shoes, T-,—.otchkiss, ,ate .indsor Fire-Dogs and all other articles usually kepf at Coleridge pronounced the following sonnet, by the late Rev. I. Blanco White, the finest and most grandly con ceived in our language:— Night* “ Mysterious Night! when our first parent knew Thee/from report divine, and heard thy name, Did l i | not tremble for this lovely frame— This g^rious canopy of light and blue ? Yet ’negth a current of translucent dew, Bathed in the rays of the great settling flame, Hesperus with the hosts of heaven came, And, lo! Creation widened in man’s view. Who could have thought such darkness lay concealed, Within thy.beams, O sun ? or who could find, Whilst fly, and leaf, and insect stood revealed, Thatffi Sficli countless orbs thou mad’st us blind? Why do we, then, shun death with anxious strife— If light can thus deceive, wherefore not life ?” Frederick H l of W in said coun ty, deceased, that they are required to present their claims against the estate ofthe said deceased, wilh the vouchers thereof, to the undersigned /''mfc tlhe residence of Lambert Sanford, one of the'under- signed, iii the village of W indsor in said county on or before the 11th clay of May 1847. Nov. 6th. 1846. DAVID M. H O T C H K ISS, LA M B E R T SANFORD. 34-Gm Executors &c. of said deceased. W H E R E A S John Cliubbuck, of tliis village of Bing hamton, did, on the 27th day of November, A. D. 1844, mortgage for the purchase money, to Ammi Double day, of said village, the following described premises, to J w it: “All that left of land lying in the village of Bing hamton, part of original lot No. 19, beginning on Heniry- street, (late Aeademy-street,) a t the North-west corner o f I tiie lot occupied by B. D. Stockwell, and four rods west f of the north-east corner of the original lot, running thence southerly, along Stockwell’s west line, four rods west of-| the east \line of the original lot, ten rods, to the north line of a lot sold to Solomon O rcutt; thence westerly, on said Orcutt’s north line, about four rods, to the south-east cor ner of a lot sold to Mrs. Benton ; thence northerly, on I Mrs. Benton’s east line, to Henry-street; thence easter- I ly about four rods, to the place of beginnings containing one quarter of a n acre, more or less,” being the same piece conveyed the day of the date .of the Mortgage by said Doubleday to said Cliubbuck. And whereas default has been made in the payment of two years’ interest on the Bond accompanying said Mortgage, amounting to Eighty Four Dollars, which is the sum claimed to be due a t the date and first publication of this notice, therefore .notice is hereby given, that the said Mortgage will be foreclosed by a sale of mortgaged premises a t public auction, at the Broome County Court House, on Thursday, the 6 lh day j of May next, a t noon. The Mortgage was recorded 14th day of December, 1844, in Book of Mortgages No. 11, pages 456, '&c. Dated Februarv 1. 1847. 46 AMMI\ DOUBLEDAY, Mortgagee. establishments of the kind, all which they afford low. , . , f^-O L D IRON, and GRAIN ot every kind, ta ken in exchange for Castings. THEODORE A. TH A YER, B. H. OVERHISER. Binghamton, July 8,1846. ____________________ NEW LEATHER, M ( ORTGAGE SALE.—Mortgagor, Henry A. Squires then of Chenango; Mortgagee, Ammi Doubleday, of the. village of Binghamton; date of Mortgage, Februa ry 12tli, 1845; recorded in Book of Mortgages No.. 11, the legal successors iu office of I PaSes ^30 annd 531, on the 14th of February, 1845; ,i n r i __ n , amount claimed to be due at the date of first publication the said Lyman Stilson and Anson r e e t as trustees . . . . . . . . /*q „ e „ i o f town lands for the town of W indsor aforesaid, of l]le folIowjn| described premies, to wit: “ All that o n the 1 j t h day o f A n g u s t 1^46 to S i l a s S. S a g e . ^ I p*iece orparcel of land, situate in said village of Bingham- T h e mortgage is dated February 4th 1840, and it is j 0]1 j described in a Deed to said Doubleday from the Com' recorded w ith th e pow e r to s e ll therein contained, I missioners of Loans of Surplus Revenue, a sthe equal um in Broome County Clerk’s office on the 18th day of divided half partof the Lot, bounded on east byWater- June 1841 The amount now due thereon is $384,- street, north by land now owned by, or lately owned! by, John D. Sm ith; on the west by the Chenango R iver;; and south by land now, or lately, owned by George P ark, con taining one acre of land, more or less.” The Mortgage will be foreclosed by a sale of the mortgaged premises, on Thursday, the 20 th day o f May next , at noon, at the Broome County Court House.—Dated at Binghamton this 16th day of February, 1847. 48 ___________ AMMI DOUBLEDAY, Mortgagee. M ORTGAGE SALE.—Mortgagor, William A. Jarvis ; Mortgagee, James Filmore ; Mortgage dated the 15tli j day of May, 1844, and recorded in Broome County Clerk’s Office Book of Mortgages No. 11, pages 263 and 264.' There is due on said Mortgage, a t the date of the first pub lication of this notice, thesum of $414 20. The descrip tion of said mortgaged premises is as follows: “ All that certain part of Lot No. 13, in the Manor of Feronia, (or Cooper’s Patent,) which is bounded as follows: South by the north line of the Lydig tract, as the same was sur veyed by Joseph Chambers, Surveyor; W est by lot No. 12, in said P a ten t; East by lands of Hugh H a r t; and I _ North by lands of Thomas G. Waterman—containing six- inm n g in sa i d H ighw a y ,” thence south four de- I ty-four acres o f land, more or less.” The above described 84 and default hath been made in the payment thereof. And the said Henry Knox hath also duly mortgaged to Ira Knox of W indsor aforesaid, all those certain pieces or parcels of land lying in the towns of W indsor and Conklin aforesaid bounded as follows, to wit: Beginning at a large white ma ple tree standing on the east bank of the Susqnehati- nab river, thence south eighty-six degrees and thir ty minutes, east fifty-four chains to a white oak post and stones‘standing in the west bounds of what is called the Clinton tract, thence north three degrees east five chains and forty links to a w h ite oak post standing in the C linton line, thence north eighty- six degrees a n d thirty m inutes, west fifty-nine c h a ins to a hickory tree standing on the east bank of th e S u s q u e h a n n a h river, thence down said riv e r as it winds and tu rn s to the place o f b e g inning contain in g th ir ty acres of land be' the same m o re or less. A lso another piece of land in said lot, on the east side of the H ig h w a y leadin g down said riv e r be- premises will be sold at Public Auction, by virtue of the power of sale contained in said Mortgage, at the Phenix Hotel in the village of Binghamton, on the seventh day o f May next, at 9 o’clock A. M. Dated February 15th,, 1847. JAMES FILMORE, Mortgagee. B. N. L o o m i s , Att,y. 48 grees west sixty-six links to ihe south bounds of land deeded to the heirs of W illiam Knox deceas ed, thence along the same south eighty-six degrees east seven chains eighty-two links to its south-east corner, thence north four degrees east sixty-six links to its north east corner, thence north eighty- six degrees west seven chains eighty-two links to the place of beginning containing fifty-two hund- reth s o f an acre of land, resetving always to the . , T . 7 _ ^ Said heirs Of W illiam K n o x the privilege of a pass- T w National Insurance Company, Office, 62 w a y or lane to a certain spring on the above de- A Wall-strect, New-York. Capital, $150,000. scribed land, for the benefit o f watering cattle, al- Institution, will SO all the m iddle undivided third o f that certain lot Household Furniture, &c., on asfavorabfe'tems^byany o f land situate m W indsor aforesaid and in the j 0ther company. ’ ’ I n s u r a n c e . Clinton tract, and in that part set off to Elizabeth Stuart in partition, and known on a map of said partition as lot No. 16, bounded north by H arper’s Patent, west by Hammond’s Patent, south by lot No. 17 and on the east by lot No. 15; said whole lot containing one’ hundred and twenty-one acres and thirty-three hnndreths ot land ne the same more or less : said one third of said whole lot is bounded b y a n imaginary line, north on Ira Knox’s third and south on Hezekiah Knox’s third of said whole lot by a n imaginary line. Also a certain other lot of land lying in the towns of W indsor and Conklin, County of Broome, and bounded as follows, fo w it: on the north by lands owned by Alonzo Dwight, east by lands owned by. John Knowlton, south by lands owned by Lyman Stilson, west by lands own ed by Ambrose Hynes supposed to contain one hundred and ten acres.w h ieh mortgage thesaid S t e p h e n h o l t , Sec’y. Binghamton, Jan. 1, 1847. JOSEPH W . SAVAGE, Pres’t. E. M’KINNEY, Agent. ly:42 M u t u a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y of the citv and County of Albany.-*-This Company, with a capital of more than $300,000, witt thsure against loss and damage by Fire, on Buildings, Merchandize and Furniture, on the most reasonable terms, and a t low rates of premium. M. TROTTER, Sec’y ERASTUS CORNING, Pres’t. E. M’KINNEY, Agent. Binghamton, Jan. 1,1847. ly:42. W O O D E N-W AR E A N D FIN D ING STORE. A T T H E S I G N O F T H E P A D L O C K . G W , GREGORY, • would respectfully in f orm the inhabitants of Binghamton and vicinity t h at e h as t a Ite n the store No. 2. Ely Place, directly opposite the Phenix H o tel, recently occupied by W .M . & J .E .E lv a n d lt. C. Trivett, where he is now opening his stock of goods, consisting of a splendid assortment oi Table knives and Forks, T e a do. Carvers, Forks and Steels, P en and pock et Knives, bread and but- cner do. H a y and straw do. Scissors, shears, and razors, Brittania T e a and coffee Pots, brass and common Andirons,shov els and tongs, &c. &c. H OU S E TRIM M ING A R T ICLES, consisiing of Locks, Lat ches, Butts, screws, brads Nails, Bolts, patent win dow springs and blind fas tenings, shutter and sash fastenings, &c &c. A general assortment of TO O L S for Carpenters and Joiners, Cabinet and W a g o n makers, Masons and Blacksmiths, Shoe Makers, Tannersand Cur riers, Saddle and H a r n e ss m akers T o o ls and Trim m ings o f every description. F A R M I N G TO O L S Qf all kinds, together with a general assortment of rope and cordage. SO L E A N D U P P E R L E A T H E R . Harness and bridle Leather, Morocco and calf skins, lining and binding skins, together with a general assortment of Findings. S T O V E S A N D H O L L O W - W A R E . Wooden ware, W illow Cradles, W agons and bas kets, o f a ll descriptions &c. A ll of w hich he will sell as low as can be pur chased in any village west of the eity of New York. He confides in a generous public for a share o f pa nnage. N. B —All kinds of PRODUCE taken at the M arket Price, in Exchange for Goods. Binghamton., Nov 29,1845. 36-yl. HARDWARE! ‘ JU S T RECEIVED A T TH E O LD S i & S H l W & t a a a large ad dition to the former extensive stock, which makes it the largest of any in this section of coun try. It consists in part of Hand, Back, Slitting, Webb and Key-liole SAWS, FIRM E R and M ORTICE CH ISELS, Gouges, Plane Irons, Braces and Bitts, Augers, A u g er Bitts, Steel and Iron Squares; M ill S A W S and Files, of all kinds, Patent Saw Setts, T iying Squares; Chest, T ill, Closet, P ad, Mortice and Rim LO C K S ; Table and Door Butts, Palm er’s Patent W indow Blind Butts, Hooks and Hinges, Door Latches; Brittannia, Brass, Iron and Japaned LA M P S and CANDLE STIC K S ; Tea Kettles Sauce Pans, Glue Kettles, H ay and S traw Knives, Corn Hooks, Sickles, Grain Scoops, English and American Cast Steel Shovels and Tongs; Cut and W rot Nails of all sizes; Locket and Plate Castors, Curtain and Cloak Pin*; H u n t’s best Broad and narrow AXES, warranted; James’ best Screws of all sizes, &c. &e.—t S ’A ll of whieh will be sold CHEAPER than can he bought at other establish-, ment in town. Call and s e e ! Who wants Insurance? S H . P. H A L L as agent for the Hartford F ire | • Insurance Company will take suitable risks in Broome County. _ Also, as agent for the Etna Insurance Company Ira Knox duly assigned on the 18th day of August of Hartford, with a capital of 250 Thousand Dol- «_m__ r.. n mi x n a., lars, will insure on reasonable terms. Binghamton, July 1,1846. J. E. SAM P S O N. 1846 to Silas S Sage. T h e mortgage is dated A u gust 12th 1843, and it is recorded with the power to 'sell therein contained in the Clerk’s office of Broome eounty on the 24th day of August 1843,. in Book o f mortgages No. 11. pages 20 and 21. The amount now due thereon is eight hundred ninety- five dollars and forty-one cents, and default hath been made in the payment thereof. T h e sale o ' Policies insured upon application to „ , SAM ’L H . P. H A L L . Binghamton M a y 22, 1846. nlOtf HARDWARE. A N E W and. large supply just received at the “OLD H A R D W A R E STO R E .” Great in ducements are now offered to those who wish to pay C A S H , as the subscriber is determined not to be undersold by any Establishment west of New York. J. E. SA M P S O N . June 17,1846. _____ I RISH LINEN. —Swiss Muslin, Scotch Mull, I Vf 1 A A T A Cl • _ _ __ J • » . . ^ LARGE LO T OF EN G L ISH AND AM E R ICAN, Cast Steel, Saw M ill and X Saws, jus Victoria Lawn, Sarsinet Cambric, Jaconettdo., I received and for sale c h tap by pII ct/in nAmho DIL 1 _ ___ a _____ ,i J I T J, th f e itt the thereof. T h e sale of Shell side combs, B lk.Brussells and many other F ctnlses wm bs at Publie auction and will .styles Lace, Blk Silk Velvet, F ine bleached Can- take place at tbe house o f H . N. Bragg in W ind sor, oii the 13th day of M arch 1847. Dated W ind- sor, Dec. llrh 1846. F. G. W H E E L E R , *Att’v S ' S A G E ; AssiSnee: - Lace, B lk Silk Velvet, F in e bleached Can ton Flannel, &c. &c. all.of which we are selling at i very low prices. T h e attention of the Ladies is solicited. W M . M. & J . E. ELY. Dec. 2d, 1846. J. E. SAM P S O N . nO W L T N G PIECES.—A choice lot ol English L German and American, for sale cheap at July 1. ■ SAM P S O N ’S. j y r i u . ana cross cm Sa? s , a t No. „ Empire . R ’S ® CASHM E R E .n d a to dgd m __________________ J & C . R O G E R S. I ------------------------------ ^ B INDING—Goat aud Sheep, July 1^1846. an ■ R O G ERS. i in roll or skin, at A bbot & S on ’ s H A R D W A R E .- A good assortment o f S H E L F H ardware; choice lot of K n ives and Forks; also, Pocket K n ives.N ails, Shovels, &c. &c., at Sept. 23,1846. CARY’S. F OR GROCERIES of every kind, Tea, Sugar Molasses, Coffee,.&c., that will-suit; try at 1 Sept. 23,1846. ^A R Y ’S P ICKLED SALM ON, No 1 and 2 Shad and M ackerel, very fine, at July 1,1846. I B A B B O T T & S O N ’S T I — i- — - * * S Vl i l l i s f t i I a it £ . A m e r ic a n O r a t o r s . [W e continue our Sketches of Mr. W hitney’s “ Evenings with the American Orators and the Popular Poets.”] Repbrted for the New-York Emporium. Character (as Orators.) of H Clay, McDuffie, W . C. Preston, Rev. J. N. Maffil, Bo.scom, The Younger Adams, O. Hoffman , E ly Moore , etc. F o e tr y an d Eloquence. T o be a popular orator does not require the highest faculties of the human mind, but it re quires the highest exertion of the common fac; uities of our nature— the orator has no occasion to dive into the <|epihs of Science, or to soar a- Joft on angel’s wings. H e keeps upon the sur face, he stands firm upon the ground, but his form is majestic, and his eye sees far and near : he moves among his felfows, but he moves a- mong them as a’giant among common men— O O 9 w H e has ^to need to read the heavens, to unfold the system of the universe, or to create new worlds fpr the delighted fancy to dwell in. It is enough that he sees things as they are— that he know’s, and feels, and remembers the com mon circumstances and daily transactions that are passing in the world around him. H e is not raised above others for being superior to the common interests, and prejudices, andvpassions of mankind; but by feeling them in a~more in. tense degree than they do. Force then, is the sole characteristic excellence of an orator— it is almost (he only one£that can be of any service to him f and refinement, depth, elevation, deli cacy, originality, ingenuity, and invention are not wanted. H a must appeal to the sympathies of human nature; and whatever is not founded in. these, is foreign to his purpose. H e does not create; he can only imitate or echo back the public sentiment. His object is to call up the feelings of the human breast, but he cannot call up what is already there. T h e first duty of an orator is td*be clearly understood by every one; but it is evident that what all can under stand j? not in itself difficult of comprehension. He cannot rrdd anything to the materials afford ed him by the knowledge and experience of oth ers. Mr. Clay, in his speeches, is neither philoso pher nor poet. As to the latter, the difference between poetry and eloquence, I take to be this: that the object of the one is to delight the imag ination, that of the other to impel the will.— T h e poet lolls and soothes the mind into a for getfulness of itself, and “ laps it into Elsium ;” the orator strives lo awaken it to a sense of its real interests, and to make it feel the necessity of taking tfie most effectual means to secure them T h e one dwells in an ideal world, the other is only conversant about realities. Hence, poetry must be more ornamented, must be richer and fuller and more delicate, because it is at liberty to select whatever images are naturally most beautiful, and likely to give most pleasure; whereas the orator is confined to particular facts, vvhich he may adorn as well as he can.and make the most of, but which he cannot strain beyond a certain point, without running into extrava gance and affectation, and losing his end. The vehement and-elegant style of McDuffie, Mr. C. Preston, E ly Moore, Legare, R. S. Hayne, and General Gaines, (w h o is an oratpr as well as a chieftain, vide his defence before the Court Martial,) is the best; as it gives a tone of masculine firmness to the will— it searches ev ery thread and fibre of the heart, and thence bra ces the sinews and muscles of the mind. “Oh, it oflends me to the soul,” to hear Maffit, Bas- com, Everett, and other parlor declaimers, in “ Words as smooth and soft as cream, In which there is neither depth nor stream,” delighting the sensibilities of incurable old maids, (pardon me, ladies; I mean no insinua tions,) and softening the minds of school-girls into voluptuous indolence, without producing any genuine operations of the hear£. “ When such tilings, 1 As smooth and tender as a girl, all essenced o’er With odors, and as profligate as sweet, Who sell their surplice for a myrtle wreath, And love when they should preach,” “play their fantastic tricks before high Heaven,” it is indeed enough “to make the angels weep.” - There are looking-glass orators, whose style and action are entirely artificial, in whom na ture dies, and whose power to*stir up genuine and healthy feeling in an audience, is as inade quate as the muslin rose to convey the fragrance and display the beauty of the natural flower.-— They are mere automatons, worked by their own power, as much the work of art as them selves, and dead to the influence of all external objects. This flowery and sentimental style is, of all others, the most intolerable in a public speaker: Ladies nnd Gentleman— “ P ray y o u Jtvoid it.” “1 shall only add in this lecture, that modes ty, impartiality, and candor, are not the virtues ot a public speaker. H e must be confident, in flexible, uncontrolable— overcoming all oppo. sition by his ardor and impetuosity. W e do not command others by sympathizing with them — but by power, by passion, by will. Calm in quiry, sober truth, and speculative indifference will never carry any point. T h e passions are contagious, and we cannot contend against op posite passions vvith nothing but U|ked reason. Concessions loan enemy are clear loss— he will take advantage of them, but make us none in re turn. H e will magnify tbe weak sides of our argument, but will be blind to whatever makes against himself. _ T h e multitude will a l w a y s be inclined to side with that party whose passions are the most in flamed, and whose prejudices are the most in veterate. Passion should, therefore, never be sacrificed to truth; it should, indeed, be govern- led by prudence, but it should yield nothing to reason or principle. Calhoun is a reasoner. Clay, McDuffie, E ly Moore, Ogden Hoffman, Mr. C. Preston, and T. F . M arshal are orators. T h e younger Adams is both a poet and an ora tor, and is, therefore still farther removed from that conformity with the vulgar notions and mechanical feelings of mankind, which will a l ways be necessary to give a man the chief sway in a popular assembly. T h e true secret of success in an orator, is the identification of himself with the master feelings of his audience. H e must possess an intuitive sagacity to discover those feeling, and that plas tic power of assimilation, which will make them at once seem his own.'” Mr. W h itney’s entertainments are admirably balanced with alternations from “grave to gay.” T h e sermon of Dr. Beecher was given with surprising force and perspicuity. But there is not in the whole round of his recitals, anything more strikingly just, appropriate, and energetic, w h ether in relation to action, character or ex pression, than his representation of St. Paul, whose apostolical dignity he renders very re markable. T h e manner in which he replies to the appalled and affrighted Festus— “ P aul, thou art beside thyself! much learning dost make thee mad.” “I am not mad. (applying his fin ger to his pulse,) most noble Festus; but speak forth the words of truth and soberness” vvas a wonderful example of intuitive perception. If some hypercritics should charge Mr. W hitney with anachronism, we would tel! them that Shakspeare is equally guilty in a similar scene of remorse between Ham let and his mother.— T h e latter s a y s : Q ueen .—This is the very coinage of your brain; - This bodiless creation, ecstaey Is very cunning in. H a m l e t . —Ecstacy! My pulse, as yours, doth temperately keep time, And makes as healthful music: it is not madness T h a t I have u ttered: bring me to the test. And I the matter will re-word; which madness Would gambol from. Mother, for love of grace, Lay not that flattering unction to your soul, T h a t not your trespass, b u t my madness, speaks; It will but skin and film the ulcerous p lace; W hile rank corruption mining all within, Infects unseen. Confess yourself to heaven; Repent what’s p a s t; avoid what is to come; And spread net the compost on the weeds To make them ranlcer: form me this, my virtue, For in the fatness of these pursy times, Virtue itself, of Vice, must pardon beg— Yea, curb and woo, for leave to do him good.” St. Paul “ spoke daggers” to Agrippa, but used none. Persons pricked and goaded on by “ covering remorse, can see no other mode of knavery’s plain face,” than by “ laying the flat tering unction to their souls,” that “ not their trespass,” but “ my madness speaks.” Shakspeare drew his characters all from the great volume of N a ture; and instances similar to Hamlet and St. Paul pass in melancholy review every day. T h e hiss of contempt and the murmur of indig nation are the music to which such persons should be compelled to march all their days.— They should be branded with a m ark as indeli ble as that stamped by the hand of God Alm igh ty on the forehead o f Cain. On Mr. WVs next entertainment in the Tab ernacle, vve hope he may see the propriety of repealing the able aDd eloquent defence of St. Paul before A g rippa: as also “ Monterey,” which is an exquisite gem, sufficient o f itself to establish Hoffman’s name to the sacred title of poet: itis fraught with sublime imagery and lofty sentiments, and pronounced by Mr. W h it ney in a gallant swelling vein, that lifts and holds the soul into heroics. May we not hear it again ? W e have now discharged our most pleasing duty— awarded commendation where it is due; we have now come to a more painful task, point ing out the faults of Mr. W . W e think that his lecturing in the W estern cities has had a ten dency to fender his manner too arduous and im petuous. T h e frank, enthusiastic, vvarm.heart- ed cordiality in the South and West, require a profusion\ of o rnam ent, Mr. W h itney must re member that elegance is in a just m edium ; tho’ vve think the safer side to err is on that of abun- dance. H e employs too much of what the French call unction : in his level reading, we wish to hear him use more frequently the equal wave of intonation—that, is the plain melody formed by the voice in the rising or the falling of one or two notes on a syllable, and not the intervals which endow the utterance with what may be distinctly called expression. There are very few readers able to execute this plain mel ody in the beautiful simplicity of Shakspeare’s precept— “ trippingly on the tongue.” T h e im pressiveness of the higher intervals leaves such deep tracks upon the ear, that, when unduly em ployed, their identity becomes conspicuous and offensive; whereas the simple melody recom mended by the “Sweet swan of Avon,” like the smaller particles of speech, may be frequently repeated without producing a marked or tire some expression. This rate of delivery belongs to short quantity, and to gay expression. No one who has not made an analysis of this sub ject, or has not had its peculiar effect embossed upon the ear, by listening to the reading of the late G. F . Cook, can be aware of the light and beauty of this bounding modulation. To enter on an analysis of the style of this gentleman’s oratorical impersonations, would far exceed the limits which we have assigned to tbis article: but before vve part with him, vve will say, that the shades of the passions which he depicts are infinite. From the flexibility of his countenance, they might be all arranged by a systematic scale, of which the indifference of the Lady in the pow er qf Fashion, would be the lowest graduation, and the maniacal rage in the “Fem ale Maniac,” the highest. D u ring the terrific delineation of the heart-broken maniac, a lady fainted, and was carried o u t: we learn that she had a sister in the Bloomingdale Asylum. C a u s e s a n d A n t i d o t e o f C o n su m p tio n . T h e larger the lungs and the more perfect their developement, the less they are liable to pulmonary consumption. T h a t the more they are exercised, the larger they will become: that as we take active\ or laborious exercise, our lungs will be continually enlarging; and that on the contrary, indolence, want of exercise, &c., will rendei the lungs smaller and smaller, un til by the absence of air the _ air-cells w ill close up, and collapse their wails, as a bird folds up its plumage. By this we also learn that pure air, and even cold air. because more dense, is the best friend of the lungs, and should be resorted to with the greatest confidence, both to prevent and cure their diseases. It is found in the history of the American I n dians— at one time numbering many millions of people, and inhabiting from the most extrem e point north to Patagonia s o u th ; embracing all varieties of climate and location; resting in the frigid, temperate, and torrid zones; occupying every variety of situation, on the sea-board, on the borders of the lakes, on the top of the high est lands, and in the most secluded valleys; on the wide-spread and open p lanes, and in the most arid deserts; the countries of the greatest humid ity, and where it rarely ever rains, as in P e r u ; yet in all these countries, and everywhere, such a thing as a case of pulmonary consumption has never yet been observed, whilst those people remained in their savage state. B ring them in. to oflr settlements, civilize therh, educate them, and let. them adopt our habits, and they become as liable to consumption as we ourselves. B y what peculiarities is the Indian distfn* gushed'from the civilized American ? Ist, the American Indian is remarkable for the perfect symmetry o f his figure. ‘Straight as an Indian’ is an old proverb, whose truth is instantly re cognized by all who ever saw the wild Indian ; his chest ia perfect symmetry, his shoulder blades are laid flat against the chest, and the whole weight of his arms, shoulders, and shoulder- blades, is thrown behind the chest; thus always expanding, instead of contracting i t ; the naked chest, and whole person is often exposed to the open a i r ; they are much out of doors; indeed, rarely in doors : breathe the pure air, never stoop in gait or walk, and pursue no avocations that contract the chest, o r prevent its free expan sion ; often wash themselves in pure cold w a ter; exercise the lungs freely by athletic exercise, running, the chase, frequent dancing, shouting, &c., most vehemently, nearly every day. T h e same holds true in regard to animals. Animals in their wild slate never have the consumption ;* while the same animals domesti cated have it— as the monkey, the rabbit, the horse, &c. Consumption is a child of civiliza tion ; results chiefly from loss of symmetry, and from effeminacy, induced by too much clothing, too luxurious living, dissipation, too little exer cise, and debilitating disease by occupation. If tbere is any appellation that would apply to us as a nation, it is round-shouldered. T h e habit of contracting the chest, by stooping, is formed in multitudes at school, byeitting at low tables or no tables, by silting all up in a heap, either in school o r out of school, by not holding themselves erect, either sitting or standing; and it is a matter of habit in a great d e g ree: tailors, shoemakers, machinists, clerks, students, seam stresses, in fact all, whose occupation causes them to stoop at their work, or at rest, or a t pleasure, or amusement. Practice wili soon make sitting perfectly erect more agreeable and less fatiguing, than a stoop ing posture. To persons predisposed to consump tion, these hints, as regards writing or reading desks, are of the greatest importance. In w a lk ing, the chest should be carried proudly erect and straight, the top of it pointing rather backwards than forwards. T h e N o rth A m erican Indians, who never had consumption, are remarkable for their perfectly erect, straight walk. Next to this, it is of vast importance to the consumptive, to breathe w ell; he should make it a practice of taking long breaths, sucking in all the air he can, and hold ing it in tbe chest as long as possible. On going into the cold air, instead of shrinking from it, draw in a long breath of the pure cold air. Do this a hundred, times a day, if you have any symptoms ofjveak lungs, as it will cure you j should you have a slight cold, be in the habit oi often drawing in a full chest of air. Luxurious feather or down beds should be avoided, as they greatly tend to effeminate the system and reduce the strength. F o r this rea son beds should be elastic, but rather firm ancl hard; straw beds, hair maltrasses, these on a feather bed a re well; a most excellent maitrass is made by combing out the husks or shuck* that cover the ear s of Indian corn. I first met these beds in Italy—they are delightful. Cold sleeping rooms are in general best especially for persons in health; they should never be much heated for any person; but all should be com fortably warm in bed.— Dr. S. S. Fitch , on Con sumption. M a r r ia g e . — N ature and nature’s God smiles upon the union that is sweetened by love and sanctified by law. T h e sphere of our af fections is enlarged, and our pleasure takes a wider range. W e become more important and respected among men, and existence itself is doubly enjoyed with our softer self. Misfortune loses half its anguish beneath the- soothing in fluence of her smiles, and triumph becomes more triumphant when shared with her. W ith out her what is man? A roving and restless being, driven at pleasure by romantic specula tion, and cheated into misery by futile hopes— the mad victim of untamed passions and disap pointed pursuer of fruitless joys. B u t with her he awakes to a new life. H e follows a path— wider and nobler than the narrow road to self- aggrandizement— that is scattered with more fragrant flowers, and illunu(iaU:4 kv a clearer light. A P leasant P arlor I nm ate . — Miss F u l ler. in her last letter communicated from Europe to the columns of the N . Y.JTribune, mentions having become acquainted with Dr. Southwood Smith, the welLknown philanthropist. “ On visiting him,” says the lady, “ we saw an object which I had heard celebrated and bad thought would be revolting, but found on the contrary, an agreeable s ight; this is the skele ton of J brem y B enth am . It was at Ben- tham’s request that the skeleton, dressed in the same dress that he habitually wore, stuffed out to aa exact resemblance of life, with a portrait mask in wax, the very best I ever saw, sits there as assistant to Dr. Smith in tbe entertainment of his guests and companion of his studies. The figure leans a little forward, resting the hands on a stout stick which Bentham always carried, and had named ‘ Dapple.’ T h e attitude is quite easy; the expression of the whole mild, winning, yet highly individual. “ It is well known that Bentham, in order to oppose in the most convincing manner the pre judices against dissection of the* human subject, willed his body to the surgeons, and in a codicil, subsequently written, made a final bequest d f his skeleton to bis friend Dr.-Smith. “ S u n n y S ip e s ” is the name of W ashington Irving’s country residence on the banks of tbe Hudson. Pretty and poetical, and characteristic of the owner, who in a ll his writings shows a cheerful spirit, and one that looks upon the brightest side of life.