The McGrawville sentinel. (M'Grawville, Cortland Co., N.Y.) 1878-1887, October 15, 1885, Image 1

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'^frx^^ wmimmmmmimm ^ >.* -s^- ^*3 BERGGREN BBOS., Editors and Publishers. FOR THE PUBLIC GOOD. Terms, $1,00 per Tear in Adyance; Otherwise$1,25. Yol. Yfll. McGrawville, Cortland Co., N. Y. Thursday, October 15, 1885. No.. 17, FLOOD ROCK SHATTERED. BROKEN INTO A MILLION AND ONE PIECES. Ms- \\i 5 y^* > General Newton Expresses Himself / as Entirely Satisfied with the Explosion. NEW YOBK, Oct. 13.—Flood rock was successfully blown up Saturday morning. At fourteen minutes past eleven o'clock Mary Newton, the 11 year old daughter of General New- ton, touched the button that set free the electric current, and i n less than a second a tremendous volume of water in the vicinity of the reef rose to a height of 160 or 200 feet, mass- es of white foam in sunlight pre- senting the appearance of a fantastic iceberg lifted bodily upon a solid basis of water. For five or six sec- onds it trembled aloft and then sank into the river, upon which a yellow sulphurous glow rested for a minute after. Then the river resumed its wonted course. Flood Rock was situated in East River and was a great annoyance to vessels while passing it. At high tide it was scarcely visible above water, until recently. The govern- ment money has for a number of years past been used freely in exca- vating the rock beneath the water mark and building above but this^ method was unsatisfactory an* so a o-rand explosion was meditated and put into effect. Over 82,000 pounds \f of dynamite was placed in the rock —the largest quantity ever exploded at one time, which makes the record of the explosion intensely interest- ing. Immediately after the explosion a fire broke out in the wreck and burned amid the seething waters. Four instantaneous photographs were taken by officers of the corps of engineers from the fixing point at Astoria. General Newton expressed himself as entirely satisfied and re- ceived the congratulations of many friends. The upheaval of the : waters sent several tidal waves toward the shore. Fortunately the force of the water was not strong < enough to do any damage. When the air had a t length cleared every- body looked at the spot where the explosion had taken place to see how it had affected Fiood Rock. The entire island has settled down into the water until only three feet of it was visible. One of the engineers, in speaking of the work done by the dynamite, said that so far as his observations had extended the ex- plosion was eminently a success. As was predicted, Flood Rock was not buried out of sight. It sank, per- haps, three or four feet, and that was all. Some had affirmed that the bed of the river would be so broken V up and jagged with rocks that the . middle channel would become im- passable until the debris was re- moved! Such did not prove to be the fact. The Sound steamers have experienced no difficulty whatever in making their trips through the channel. Reports from many points in the city and in surrounding towns on Long Island and up the Hudson show that the phenomena of an earthquake were observed 'over a wide extent of territory. A large number of people visited the scene of the explosion and carried off me- mentos of the occasion. The north- ern end of the reef still projects from the water even at high tide, but the officer in charge declares the explosion a. complete success. He says that the projecting portion is so honeycombed with fissures that it will fall to pieces when operations are begun for its removal. If any further blastings are deemed neces- sary the system of surf ace blasts will be resorted to. The condition of the rock precludes any further min- ful blow with her trunk\ and threw him against one of the cages with such force as to disembowel him. He died shortly after being admitted to a hospital. The same animal killed a young man at O'Brien's circus grounds a few weeks ago. Suicide by a Razor Cut. ROCHESTER, N. Y., Oct. 13.—Rob- ert Kane, aged about .35, formerly of St. Catharines, Ont., committed suicide here Friday afternoon by cutting his throat with a razor. He was addicted to drink. He leltla long letter to his wife and brother giving the reasons for his self mur- der. Another Fire in Dakota. FLANDREAU, Dak., Oct. 11.—Fire caught in the praire grats about two miles east of this town from sparks from a passing locomotive at about noon to-day. A very high wind was blowing from the south and the fire burned north at a frightful rate of speed, destroying everything in its path. Grain, hay, harness, and houses were burned, and in some in- stances live stock in barns were burned, there not being men to move them. Hundreds of citizens from Flandreau were out during the even- ing fighting the fire, but owing to a high wind very little could be done in this direction. At this writing, 1 p. M., the fire is still framing to the north, and the damage already done will foot lip not leas than $100,000. The North Polar Regions. ANNAPOLIS, Oct. 14.—The United States naval institute, composed of officers of the navy discussed at the naval academy Friday night Lieu- tenant Danenhower's paper on North Pole researches in which he takes the ground that the only lands yet unknown are some small islands and groups of islands, and that the scien- tific knowledge yet to be obtained is not worth the loss of life and treas- ure that will be required for future expeditions. Chief Engineer Melville disagrees with Lieutenant Danenhower and urges that the explorations be con- tinued. Professor H. Rink of Nor- way supports Lieutenant Danenhow- er in his theory of the islands and groups of islands in the Polar basin, and believes that further Arctic re- search is not worth its cost. Herkimer's Criminals. YALTJABLE TO FARMERS. HEBHMEB, Oct. 12.—To the sur- prise of everybody, when Mary Druse was brought into court this morning- she pleaded guilty to murder in the second degree, and was immediately sentenced to Onondaga* Penitentiary for life. Mary is the daughter of Mrs. William Druse who was sen- tenced to be hung Wednesday, November 25. Frankie Gates, the nephew of Druse, and Georgie Druse, the young son, who took part in the murder, were discharged. The jury in the Richter murder trial came in on Saturday night at 10 o'clock, after being out about five hours, and reported a verdict of mur- der in the second degree. Doctor Richter received the verdict without emotion. This morning Richter was sentenced to Auburn prison for life. A Yirginia-Cortland Romance. Burned by a Prairie Fire. VALLEY CITY, Minn., Oct. 14.—A prairie fire a few miles southeast of here Saturday night burned the granary of A. C. Lee and consider- able grain belonging to other parties. The wife and child of Seth Stanley were fatally burned. An Elephant Disembowels Him. PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 14.—Sunday afternoon, while Bobert Whits, aged$5 years, an .employe of Fore- paughfe circus, was in .the winter gparte|s m$k some friends, the large ;dephan\fi^fafiress struck him *>~fear- The following story which bears a tone of slightly romantic nature comes to us and it being of local im- port we publish it: About three years ago Cliff ord Fuller of Cortland, was visited by a cousin from Vir- ginia, who told him that she had a cousin living near her, and requested him to correspond with her, which he did. After a short time they ex- changed photographs, and week be- fore last a meeting was arranged to take place in New York at a hotel. If they were suited with each other the lady was to come home with him and they were to be married at his father's house, about four miles west of Cortland. They met in the morn- ing, and the appearance of each was satisfactory to the other and they started for Cortland hxthe afternoon. The wedding was to have taken place last Thursday. A large num- ber of friends were invited, but the lady was taken seriously ill and the wedding was indefinitely postponed. Bitter Bark Biters Invigorate both body and:- mind. The grea^ttoniaalfei^t&^udblQod^pnBfler •*\TW'mi*Sanfcea.' Sola by druggists. The best farmers do not spread the manure and work necessary for one acre over two. That is foolish policy which none should follow. Many of the ills to which domestic animals are heir are directly trace- able to damp and unsuitable quarters. Keep this in mind, and repair and relieve of dampness all the stabling of the stock before bad weather comes. Farmers should meet together ocassionally_and. discuss the various phases of their occupation and the condition and welfare of the com- munity in every way. The roads, the school houses and the schools, and public interests in general, be- sides strictly agricultural topics, should all come up for consideration. Not only these things, but many others besides should receive atten- tion, although they may not come just within the range of one's actual affairs. Every man owes a duty to his fellow men and to society, and the farmer is no exception to the general rule. He has a duty to per- form to make his neighborhood a model in refined and cultured so- ciety, in morality and intelligence, and, by no means least, in business enterprise. Don't try to raise your hogs on corn alone, says an exchange. If you haven't a crop of potatoes, arti- chokes, pumkins and sugar beets for fall and spring feeding, don't fail to have them next year. Vegetables are an excellent and economical food for the hog, and as variety of food is one of the greatest essentials in feeding successfully no farmer should fail to devote a portion of his time and land for their cultiva- tion. After heavy corn feeding they will cool the blood, relieve the bowels, retard the laying on of too much fat and substitute therefor muscular tissues. They may be pulped and fed in corn meal or fed alone, and in either event will give excellent results. Do not say it is easier to feed corn, as you do not work for ease \but profit, and the greatest profit will secure the great- est ease. The education of farmers' sons and daughters is often neglected, though a misapprehension on the part of both parents and children; they thinking that farmers do not need a higher education. This is all wrong. Farmers and farmers' wives and children need a good prac- tical education as much as any other class. It is the duty of every far- mer, where it is practicable, to see that his sons and daughters do not start out in life with less education and culture, and, consequently, a less intelligent preparation for the duties of life, than the minister's or doctor's sons and daughters. To deprive them of educational advan- tages is practically to send them out at a disadvantage, and certainly no farmer wishes to know that his chil- dren have not as .good a n education and are not as well prepared to bat- tle with life nor to fill as high po- sitions, as other people's children. Thirty Years a Detective. FROM OTHER COUNTRIES. KING MILAN MAY BE FORCED TO INYADE TURKISH TERRITORY. His Head and Throne Hanging in the Balance—The Porte Continuing War Preparations. Allen Pinkerton, the famous de- tective, was born in Glasgow, Scot- land, in the year 1819. He died m Chicago, July 1,1884. It is difficult in a brief sketch to estimate his life and public services. The mentaJ characteristics of Allen Pinkerton were judgment as to facts, knowl- edge of men, the ability to concen- trate his faculties on one subject, and the persistent power of will. A mysterious problem of crime against which his life was devoted, pre- sented to his thought, was solved al- most in an instant, and seemingly by his intuitions. With half-closed eyes he saw the scene in which the wrong was done, read every movement of the criminals, and reached invariably the correct conclusion as to the con- duct of the crime, and the guilt of those who committed it. He has left us in his writings a sufficient chronicle of his detective experien- ces, that this and future generations may know much of his useful life. We call attention to the advertise- ment in another column of his prin- cipal book \Thirty Years a Detec- tive,\ of which G. W. Carleton & Co., of New York are publishers. A vein of* water strongly impreg- nated with salt was sjtruek at Ithaca last Friday at a depth of 130 fieet through solid: rock.. t . « ',, ^ LONDON, Oct. 11.—It is believed that Turkey will recognize the union of Roumelia and Bulgaria as a fait accompli. The Servian minister, M. Tche- domille Mijatovich, said this even- ing that he was momentarily expect- ing to hear either of the murder of King Milan or of the entrance of the Servian army into Turkish terri- tory in an effort to regain posses- sion of Prisrend. M. Mijatovich believes the situation to be one of extreme gravity, and he \openly admits that the throne and life of King Milan are hanging in the bal- ance. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 11.—The Porte has sent another circular to the powers requesting a decision in regard to the Roumelian difficulty. The government, meanwhile, contin- ues extensive military preparations, and is well supplied with money from tithes, although trying to. arrange a loan. The Ottoman bank offers to loan £250,000, but the Porte asks more. Bulgarian peasants at Haskeni, Eastern Roumelia, have revolted against military duty, and have asked to be allowed to return to their homes. PHILIPPOPOLIS, Oct. 11.—M. Kara- velor, Bulgarian prime minister, in an interview to-day, said that Mace- donia would remain quiet, as in the event of war Greece and Servia would probably seize her territory. LONDON, Oct. 12.—The impression is increasing in the European capi- tals that diplomacy has failed to arrange the Roumelian difficulty, owing to the warlike attitude of Servia and Greece, both intending to fight against Bulgarian domi- nance unless the status quo be re- stored. QUEEN VICTORIA'S FORTUNE. LONDON, Oct. 11.—Mr. Labou- chere, referring to-day to the denials of his statement that Queen Victoria had accumulated an immense fortune out of the savings from her official income, and had$5,000,000 invested in London land rents, said that the question of how her Majesty's sav- ings were invested was immaterial, but that they certainly amounted to an enormous sum. He said that she had not been spending anything like her total income'for the past twenty years, and that Mr. Gladstone had admitted that fact in answering a motion made by Mr. Labouchere in the house of commons. GERMANY'S NOTE TO SPAIN. MADRID, Oct. 11.—The note from the German government to the Spanish goyernment in relation to the Carolines affair intimates that Germany will be unable to reply finally until she has received full in- formation in regard to the recent events at Yap. RAIDED BY MOONLIGHTERS. LONDON, Oct. 11.—A body of \moonlighters\ last night raided a farm in County Kerry, Ireland, from which a tenant had been evicted. They slit the caretaker's ears and cropped his hair. A KING BEFORE MARRYING. Some time ago Prince Alexander of Bulgaria, proposed for the hand of a princess belonging to one of the great reigning families. Although the lady herself was not averse to the match, her parents scouted the idea, telling the suitor he must rise a good deal higher before he would be fit to mate with their daughter. The prince took this rebuff in good part, merely remarking: \Very well, then, since you will not accept a mere pwnce for a son-in-law, I must tiy to make myself a kins-.\ This was regarded at the time a mere idle vaunt, but' Prince Alexander's present enterprise gives the utterance something of the character of a prophecy. Farming in the Chemung Yalley. To editors of Mc Gratoville Sentinel: Our state is not so old that traces of the original wilderness cannot be seen here and there, and the steps by which it has been brought under cul- tivation. The eocene may be studied in the bold range of hills lying across the Pennsylvania line, bounding the valley of the Chemung on the south, which offer little re- ward for improvements. The log- slide denuded surfaces and night-fires show that the first crop of timber is nearly gathered from them with lit- tle care, for the second. On the other side the hills seem less prominent although they reach a respectable altitude at so me dis- tance from the river. There the presence of steam saw mills, bark teams, unkempt second growth and bad roads attest the transition stage. The later tertiary period we may find in the allivial soil and well-culti- vated farms on the flats through which the stream winds. But few of the oaks and chestnut trees remain with which they once were covered. A few groups of pine are seen but little pains has been taken to foster the elms, poplars, willows or maples which may add so much to the land- scape in the post-pleistocene. The farms have an air of general thrift but little of the picturesque. There are tidy fences but few- hedges and many of the houses are plain white with green blinds. There are exceptional farm-houses equaling any Queen Anne in the villages but on many places the painted out- buildings are more noticeable than the dwelling. One of these build- ings is sure to be a tobacco house for tobacco is the staple of this region. The country is red with buck- wheat. In Cortland county buck- wheat is considered a make shift, a sign of poor land or a lazy farmer, but here fine land is given up to it and it is considered one of the best paying crops. There are large fields of good corn. Wheat is i-aised but not in abundance. Dairying is en- gaged in but on what we should call a small scale. Many good farms have from six to twelve cows and but one near here has over fifty. Tobacco is the main reliance for the money crop with some buckwheat for incidental expenses before the tobacco can be marketed. Fruit is in fair amount and Concord grapes ripen well in many localities. The farmers themselves are English or better yet cannot trace their lineage beyond America. They do not seem to realize the hard times severely but still look after the dimes leaving the- dollars undis- turbed. In a future letter we may give some account of the tobacco business. KITTIWAKE. Interview With Jay Gould. Touching the general outlook for railways, Mr. Gould says: \ I have great confidence in the ability of the trunk line presidents to hold rates up to a paying basis, and I feel that the railway as well as the commer- cial interests of the whole country are upon the threshold of a season of great prosperity.\ He deprecated labor strikes on ralroads, and did not believe there would ever be any if both sides could fully realize the intimate relations they hold to each other. He expresses a strong desire that the employees on his road should purchase homes for themselves along the line, and would be very glad to know that every employee of the Missouri Pacific was the \owner of some stock of the' company. This would give them all a personal inter- est in the property, and every man would do his best to increase its earning power. There would then be no labor problem to solve. Mr. Gould expressed decided op- position to a confederation of rail- roads, and said the proposition was absurd. What we want in this country, he said, is just what we have got,-sharp competition, but the cempetition should be confined to soliciting business on an agreed basis of the traffic tariffs. He was also opposed to national legislation for railroads, believing that the govern- ment would utterly fail if it under- took to do what competition and common business sense alone can accomplish. Jay Gould is physically not very imposing. He reminds one of whatj-wgrd—lost, the girh just returned from a Boston school, said whence saw a steam fire engine in operation: ^WSflfc would have dweairiedMihat a vewy Lost. It is of a beautiful young man—one who two years ago looked with pure, truthful eyes into the face of strang- ; er and friend, we write that sad I _ » He did pot go down in the terrible storm that wrecked scores of precious lives; he\ was not harmed-.jn the fearful- disaster -that; kql4?%mhjh.5vaffih^ This young man walks the streets of his native city to-day with little change of outward manner; but if you stop and look into his face, look- ing deeper for what the man's' soul says of itself through his counte- nance, you will understand in what sense we use the saddest of all terms —lost. The clear pure expression is clouded; the fair innocence of brow and lips gone. He is still as cour- teous, and almost as winning as be- fore; our hearts warm towards him, and then we go away with a deep, heavy sadness that the apostles words about \ evil communications \ are true of our friend. We had hoped and expected better things of him—of him who we had admired and trusted, and followed through many dangers with our prayers. It was, apparently, a small temp- tation to which he had yielded at first, one that appealed to curiosity rather than to desire; but when was ever a soul safe in looking in curios- ity upon a wrong. Curiosity in- dulged opening the door to further temptation, and then the man fol- lowed step by step until his strength to resist gave away, and he walked hand in hand with the sins. When one once becomes the com- panion of impure thoughts the moral downfall is speedy: nor does it take long for such companionship to write its record upon a young man's fall; and they who love him best are quickest to read signs. Oh, if there is a cause for sorrow upon earth it is to see one we love, with talent and promise for truth and goodness, turn away from purity and from God. Death is a light affliction when compared with this; lost has a cheerful meaning when it signifies change of state and not change of character. If angels could weep, such a loss as this would open the fountain of their tears. If saints redeemed and glorified look back upon the world they have left, this view of a soul knowing its duty, its privilege, its destiny by a given course, turning from uprightness to folly and wicked- ness, must excite all the grief, all the indignation heavenly spirits can feel. But now, not we who weep, or angels who stand to guard, or saints redeemed from their sin can feel as the Saviour who died for this' man's transgression feels at the sight of his folly and his loss. Better than we all, he knows what sin costs the sin- ner, and the infinite price at which alone it may be atoned. We have written to this youth the dread word lost; there is another word we long to inscribe on heart and page, saved. He has not gone down so far but that Christ and his own manhood may bring him up. Perhaps the last would fail; but we know that the other has almighty power. We have seen worse ills than his cured b y the great Physician. There was once a man who, against light, and knowledge, and conscience, went far astray from virtue and from God. At length he stopped to think what he was doing, and where these ways would lead. Led b y the spirit of God to repent he resolved to break the dreadful spell that bound him. For a time it was a hard struggle as he wrestled with long habits of shame and sin, calling with strong prayers and tears upon Christ, in the hour of temptation to save him. Through Christ he conquered; and he stood redeemed and renewed in the purity and integity of his manhood, a monument of the power and faithfulness of Christ to hold all who desire to be kept from falling. We have heard the testimony he gave of what Christ had been; of the debt of love and gratitude and obedience he could never repay. \ I have known,\ said he, \ much of this world; I have felt much in my own experience of its good and of its evil. And I do most earnestly and solemnly believe that no man once fallen from his standard of moral purity can rise up again by his own effort, or sustain of himself his aspiration for a new life. He can be renewed in spirit or in life only by Christ taking possession of bis heart; by Christ dwelling .within andf above, and around him, when he go#ontand when ike comes in. * It is GjMasti3b|8i^JHith the repenting sinner that makes and keeps him -Safe. Thisismv;assurance,my.tei dj^utiye^dMgg'' concern wdiSa. ^h|&^^pJ|^_ ^P* oYer his: lji^i *w swi-Nv FIFTY-SINE BAYS' FAST, AFTER WHICH THE FASTER SUC- CUMBS TO DEATH. Mrs. Bulla of Syracuse Beats Dr. Tanner's Record of Living with Nothing to Eat. OYertook his tram: he <!id not sicken •ia^^.^liil^ ^ttt\'i.-y^u.s- «. - - ^.± • whenr mg Dlascne swept OTer his.assiiur£*&£ && sw^»*-„„* „„a \3&s& nM^bes^ SYRACUSE, Oct. 12.—Mrs. Veronica Bulla of this city, who began to fast on August 10, and since that time her physicians and attendants assert has not partaken of a particle of solid food, died Thursday morning, at the beginning of the fifty-ninth day of her fast. Her weight, which at the beginning was about 140 pounds, was reduced to a little less than 100 pounds. Mrs. • Bulla be- came violently insane about sixteen years ago, and several times attempt- ed to take her life. Her insanity. continued in a milder form until the time of her death. She was a wom- an of remarkable will power. On August 10 she refused food, because she said her stomach would not bear it. After a few days she de- clared that she would never eat again. She has drunk as much water as she wanted, but could not be induced to take anything else. She would ask for fruit and smell of it with apparent satisfaction, but refused to taste it. From August 17 to September 1, her physician says, her bowls were totally inactive, and again for the last thirteen days. She coughed almost incessantly, and for the last few days complained of great pains in all parts of her body. Her respiration remained normal up to a' day or two before her death, when it increased from 18 to 22. Her pulse varied from 10 to 60 until Friday, when it increased to 1-24. She refused to take medicine or stimulants, and if she detected any in the water offered her she 'would not swallow it. During the last. three or four days one-eighth of a grain of morphine in half a glass of water was given to her several times, and water with turpentine and brandy, and plasters of mustard and flax-seed were applied. There has been no other treatment. Mr. Bulla lived in an insane asylum eight years ago. Mechanism of the Bee. An investigator into the mysteries of animal life asserts that a bee's working tools comprise a variety equal to that of the average me- chanic. He says that the feet of the common working bee exhibit the combination of a basket, a brush, and a pair of pinchers. The brush, the hairs of which are arranged in symmetrical rows, is only to be seen with the microscope. Witli this brush of fairy delicacy the bee brushes its velvet robe to remove the pollen dust with which it becomes loaded while sucking up the nectar. Another article, hollowed like a spoon, receives all the gleanings which the insect carries to the hive. Finally, by opening them, one upon another, by means of a hinge, these two pieces become a pair of pinchers, which render important service in the construction of the combs. A joke is a mystery to some peo- ple. In a certain court in this state on a time the proceedings were de- layed by the failure of a witness named Sarah Mony to arrive. After waiting a long time for Sarah the court concluded to wait no longer, and, wishing to crack his little joke, remarked, \ This court will adjourn without Sarah-mony.\ Everybody laughed except one man, who sat in solemn meditation for five minutes, and then burst into a hearty guffaw, exclaiming, \I s»e it! I -see it*!\ When he went home he tried to tell the joke to his wife. \There was° a witness named Mary Mony who didn't come,\ said he, \ and so the court said, ' We'll adjourn without Mary-mony.'\ \I don't see auy point to \hat,\ said his wife- \ I know it,\ said he, \ I didn't at first; but you will in about five minutes.\ A twelve-year-old boy entered a news stand, threw down fifteen cents and said u \ Gimme' The One- eyed Demon of the Ditches,'' Crim- son-Handed Bill; or; the King of the Highman;' and 'Sal Slumpkins, jtEejQaeen of^the Shdplifters,' of the half-dime series,.\ And yet an -review- -once- sneerih^y- m :M I